Social Victorians/1897 Fancy Dress Ball/Quadrilles Courts

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The Procession and Quadrilles[edit | edit source]

After they arrived and had been greeted by the 20-year old William, Duke of Manchester (grandson of Louisa, Duchess of Devonshire) at the bottom of the famous Devonshire House stairs and the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire at the top, the Royals apparently led the processions into "the White and Gold Saloon," where a dais had been set up for them.[1]: p. 7, Col. 4C? Then the guests who had organized themselves into groups — typically the court of a Queen, but also thematically based groups like Duchesses, Goddesses, and "Oriental" figures — formally presented themselves before the Royals often with a type of square dance called a quadrille, a custom at other fancy-dress balls or costume parties as well. Not everyone was part of a larger group.

We do not know how these processions or quadrilles were formed. We know that the groups doing quadrilles were expected to have rehearsed, so it seems likely that some were worked out ahead of time. The members of some groups perhaps planned their costumes so that they would be part of that group. The Innes-Ker sisters, for example, wore dresses that matched, making up part of the Cosway Quadrille; another group of sisters had dresses made from Watteau paintings. The Queen Elizabeth group met for dinner the night before the party to rehearse.

It seems possible that individuals might have attached themselves to a pre-existing and more loosely formed group like one of the processions, the Duchess, Goddess or "Oriental" procession, for example. Perhaps in conversations people discovered others wearing costumes similar enough to suggest a grouping or even, perhaps, after having seen each other in their costumes at the party. Not much joining this late could have occurred since people were presented to the Royals by way of the processions and quadrilles, which occurred at the beginning of the party almost as soon as the Royals had arrived and made their way to the dais.

The processions were first, followed by the quadrilles; some and perhaps all the processions did quadrilles when in front of the Royals, and newspaper reports seem to be using both terms interchangeably.

The Western Gazette describes the quadrilles and processions in the introduction of its story on the ball:

The most sumptuous epochs of the most sumptuous Courts were represented, and that with a dazzling completeness which made the times live again all their glitter of precious stuffs, of gold brocades, and imposing arrays of jewels beyond price. There was a noble diversity, yet a satisfying consistency, for the main theory was to reproduce the Courts of princes famous for their love of sumptuary display, and notably the reign of Queen Elizabeth, as perhaps the richest in brave apparel, with the contemporaneous outlook of the French and Spanish Courts of the same era, and these afforded every opportunity for gorgeous display. It might be said that as a panorama of historical costume on these lines no such opportunity has ever occurred of seeing and realising the glories of dress, and the consistent reproduction of historical personages in all their traditional bravery to the fullest advantage.[2]:2, Col. 7A

"[T]he quadrilles took place" after or as part of the procession.[1]:7, Col. 4C A quadrille is a choreographed "square" dance, though not technically the very specific kind of dance called a Square Dance in the U.S.; apparently fancy-dress balls often included quadrilles, especially those with costumes of the past and bals poudres, typically balls with 18th-century costumes and powdered hair. The Western Gazette describes the quadrilles under "The Dancing":

The dancing was of the most desultory description. There was the Royal quadrille and there were the quadrilles danced by the Venetians, and the Russian quadrille. In the quadrilles the dancers did their best to vie with the old-fashioned courtliness and grace. Some of their courtesies were quite beautifully done. If all did not fall in with the spirit of their times it was excusable, as there were no rehearsals. Not until the chaperons and those who merely went to see had left or gone down to supper was there space for ordinary dancing, and even then so few of the dresses were fitted for the waltz and the gardens were so temptingly cool with all their coloured lights that the latter attracted the majority.[2]:2, Col. 7C

This article suggests that there was a "Royal quadrille," possibly danced by the Royals present? and that the people did not rehearse their quadrilles.

The Royals On the Dias[edit | edit source]

No definitive list exists so far of who exactly was counted among the Royals who were on the dais, though it seems likely it would be the Prince of Wales's immediate family, including his siblings and children as well as the Princess of Wales.

The Prince and Princess of Wales's Children and Their Families[edit | edit source]

  • Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (at 1 in the list of people who attended the ball), as Grand Master of the Knights Hospitalier of Malta in the court of Queen Elizabeth
  • Alexandra, Princess of Wales (at 2), as Margaret of Valois
  • Prince George of Wales, Duke of York (at 3), as George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland and thus in Elizabethan dress
  • Mary of Teck, Duchess of York (at 4), as a lady in attendance on Margaret of Valois (Alexandra, Princess of Wales)
  • Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife (at 177), as one of the ladies of the court of Margaret of Valois (Alexandra, Princess of Wales)
  • Alexander Duff, Duke of Fife (at 15), as a courtier of late Elizabethan Period, the time of Henri II
  • Maud of Wales, Princess Charles of Denmark (at 159), accompanying the Princess of Wales as one of the ladies of the court of Margaret of Valois
  • Prince Charles of Denmark (at 144), accompanying the Prince and Princess of Wales as a gentleman of the Court of Denmark in the time of Elizabeth
  • Princess Victoria of Wales

The Prince of Wales's siblings and Their Families[edit | edit source]

Many of these costumes are from the Elizabethan period, but the royals wearing them would not have been in the Elizabethan procession or quadrille. One newspaper report noticed this as well.

Other Royals Possibly on the Dais

These people were closely related but not of Victoria's immediate family and thus perhaps not eligible for the same obeisances? So perhaps they were not on the dais.

Also, it does not seem likely that Louisa, Duchess and Spencer Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire took part in one of the courts or quadrilles. They welcomed the Prince and Princess of Wales to their home and would have been presented, if they were, at that time.

Processions[edit | edit source]

Speaking of the processions before the Albert Edward, Prince of Wales and Alexandra, Princess of Wales the Morning Post describes the scene:

One after the other they entered by one door, advanced up the middle of the ball room, made obeisance, and left by another door. Those who did not belong to any particular group lined the room and crowded the doorways. After this the quadrilles took place.[1]:7, Col. 4C

The Graphic published this drawing, by W. Hatherell and J. Gulich, of a member of one of the processions bowing before the Prince and Princess of Wales. Given the attendant train bearers, the woman might be who?

("Duchess of Devonshire's Costume Ball, The: The Procession of Guests Bowing to the Royal Group in the White and Gold Saloon. Drawn by W. Hatherell and J. Gulich." The Graphic 10 July 1897: 17–18 [of 34].)

It seems that the processions came in to the White and Gold Saloon and then formed in front of the Royals to do their quadrilles, so any group might be called a procession or a quadrille, depending on what exactly they did. According to the Morning Post, which in this list apparently mixes up "courts" and processions, "The following processions were formed shortly after the assembling of the guests, and passed through the ball-room":

  1. "Oriental" (their word for it, and repeated twice more later in the list)
  2. Duchess
  3. Venetians
  4. Austrian
  5. Russian, led by the "Trumpeters of the Imperial Guard"
  6. Louis XVI
  7. Elizabethan
  8. Oriental and Goddesses
  9. Oriental

Some of these were "courts" rather than processions? The Morning Post story highlighted the "Oriental" procession, possibly in part to focus on the exotic, by listing it first even though it apparently was not the first procession. Also, the Morning Post article attempted to illustrated how people were arranged in the processions by the way their names were typeset.

The Duchesses Procession[edit | edit source]

The members of this procession included the following:

  1. Katherine Osborne, the Duchess of Leeds (at 35), as the fictional Persian character Lalla Rookh
  2. Lady Dudley: Rachel, Countess of Dudley (at 31), as Queen Esther (Possibly another Lady Dudley could have walked in this procession: Rachel, Countess of Dudley was the wife of an earl, not a duke; her surname was not Dudley but Ward.)
  3. Gwladys de Grey, possibly as Cleopatra (according to the Carlisle Patriot, she headed the "Oriental" procession, but the Morning Post visualization puts her with the Duchesses)[3]
  4. Lady Randolph Churchill (at 132), as Empress Theodora of Byzantium
  5. Alexandra Harriet Paget, Lady Colebrooke
  6. Mrs. Maguire (the Morning Post has her both in the Oriental and the Duchesses processions)
  7. Adele Grant Capell, Countess Essex (at 194)
  8. Mrs. Asquith
  9. Mrs. Leo
  10. Louisa Acheson, Lady Gosford (at 140), as a lady in Charles V.'s Court(?)
  11. Edith Glyn, Baroness Wolverton (at 130), as Britannia
  12. Lady A. Stanley (Lady Alexandra Louise Elizabeth Acheson Stanley), not sure if this is the right person for Lady A. Stanley
  13. L. Brassey
  14. Lady A. Acheson — Lady Alexandra Louise Elizabeth Acheson — (at 254), in Hunting Costume, period of Louis XV
  15. Lord Acheson, Archibald Charles Montagu Brabazon Acheson (at 255), as Raoul di Nangis
  16. Lady J. Stanley
  17. W. Stanley
  18. Lady Alice Maude Olivia Montagu Stanley (not taken from the list below but from the description of her in the newspaper visualization, though she could be Lady A. Stanley, #12)

The Morning Post typeset a visualization of the procession, more or less, like this, suggesting that everybody except Lady de Grey and Lady Wolverton was walking or perhaps dancing side by side in pairs.

              Duchess of Leeds.                 Lady Dudley.
                                 Lady de Grey.
              Lady Randolph Churchill.          Lady Colebrooke.
              Mrs. Maguire.                     Lady Essex.
              Mrs. Asquith.                     Mrs. Leo.
              Lady Gosford.                     E. Stanley.
                                Lady Wolverton.
              Lady A. Stanley.                  L. Brassey.
              Lady A. Acheson.                  Lord Acheson.
              Lady J. Stanley.                  W. Stanley.

Venetians Procession[edit | edit source]

This group is also made up of subgroups: the Italian Procession, the Venetians and the 17th Century, each smaller procession with its own leader.

called the Venetian or 17th-century or Italian Procession or Quadrille. These are the names in the visualization in the Morning Post story.

Italian Procession[edit | edit source]

  1. The Countess Mar and Kellie (at 160), as Beatrice
  2. Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, 4th Baron Kenyon (at 167) as Guido Cavalcanti
  3. Lady St. Oswald (at 284), as Duchessa di Caluria in the Italian procession or a Venetian lady of the 14th century
  4. Mr. George Wyndham (at 221), as Signor di Samare
  5. Miss Blanche Forbes (at 285), as Donna Lucrezia Arcella
  6. Mr. Schreiber (at ?), as Duca d'Iripolda
  7. Mrs. Higgins (at ?), as Donna Valeria Bodessa
  8. Mr. W. Grenfell (at ?), as Signor di Argentina
  9. Mrs. Von André (at ?), as Desdemona
  10. Mr. Murray Guthrie (at ?), as Otello
  11. Lady Alice Montagu (at ?), as Laura and escorted by Giles Fox-Strangways
  12. Giles Fox-Strangways (at 78), Lord Stavordale, as Petrarch
  13. Miss Enid Wilson (at ?), as Giulietta
  14. Lord Hyde (at ?), as Romeo

The Venetians[edit | edit source]

  1. The Earl of Lathom (at 125), as Il Doge, Giovannino de Medici
  2. Hon. Ivor Guest (at 295), as Marco (Redi Cipri)
  3. Hon. Seymour Fortescue (at ), as Avocato
  4. Mildred Cadogan, Viscountess Chelsea (at 162), Venditrice di Fiori, a Veronese lady
  5. Hon. S. Greville (at ), as Cipriano
  6. Mr. Clarence Wilson (at ), as Buffone
  7. The Hon. Mrs. George Curzon (at 301), as Marchesa Malaspina in the Venetians procession
  8. Hon. George Peel (at 302), as Luigi Giorgi
  9. Mrs. W. Grenfell (at ), as Contessa Maria Cicogna
  10. The Hon. Evan Charteris (at ), as Cavaliere Vittorio
  11. Lady Lettice Grosvenor (at ), as Bianca Capelli
  12. Lord Alexander Thynne (at ), as Marino Grimani
  13. Mrs. Cavendish Bentinck (at 264), as Grandezza degli Antenati
  14. Hon. Cecil Brownlow (at ), as Nicolo Danabi
  15. Mrs. Guthrie (at ), as Marguerita Grimani
  16. Mr. Herbert Wilson (at ), as Antonio Priali

17th-Century Procession[edit | edit source]

  1. Louise (Mrs. Arthur) Sassoon (at 202), as La Dogaressa, led in the 17th-century procession
  2. Arthur Wellesley Peel, 1st Viscount Peel (at 74), as Il Doge
  3. Winifred, Duchess of Portland (at 29), as Duchessa di Savoia (The story in the Morning Post says Partland rather than Portland.[1])
  4. William, Duke of Portland (at 28), as Duca Filiberto di Savoia (This is from the Morning Post[1] and the Times[4]; the London Daily News[5] and the Pall Mall Gazette[6] say he went as the Duke of Buckingham.)
  5. Lady Helen Vincent (at 215), as Contessa Valentina Gateago
  6. Sir Edgar Vincent (at 226), as II Conte Oravio or Orayio
  7. Mrs. Gerard Leigh (at ), as Lucrezia de Rossi
  8. Mr. Higgins (at ), as Sanchio di Sedilla
  9. Mrs. Drummond (at ), as Donna Caranado
  10. Mr. Henry White (at 310), as Giovanni Felici[1] or Henri de Lorraine, Duc de Guise[7]
  11. Miss Mildred Grenfell (at 30), as Bianci di Piacoma, accompanying Winifred, Duchess of Portland
  12. Mr. Norton (at ), as Guyman di Silva
  13. Captain Fraser (at ), as Duca di Tarsis
  14. The Earl of Dunraven (at ), as Cardinal Mazzarin, one of the "Visitors to the Court of Savoia"
  15. The Duchess of Manchester (at 175), as Anne d'Autriche
  16. Mr. Jean Bérand (at ), as Cinq Mars

Not Listed in the Morning Post story, But Still[edit | edit source]

...but said somewhere to have been in the Italian Procession

  1. Lady Edward Cecil, probably Violet Georgina Maxse Gascoyne-Cecil (at 102)
  2. Evelyn Achille de Rothschild (at 669), as a page to the Doge's Wife
  3. Anthony Gustav de Rothschild (at 670), as a page to the Doge's Wife

The Morning Post Visualization[edit | edit source]

In the Morning Post visualization of the procession, Beatrice, the Countess of Mar and Kellie led the procession. The typeset visualization looks, more or less, like this:

                                 ITALIAN PROCESSION
                 Beatrice,                            Guido Cavalcanti,
    The Countess of Mar and Kellie.                      Lord Kenyon.
            Duchessa di Caluria,                      Signor di Samare,
              Lady St. Oswald.                       Mr. George Wyndham.
          Donna Lucrezia Arcella,                      Duca d'Iripolda,
           Miss Blanche Forbes.                         Mr. Schreiber.
          Donna Valeria Bodessa,                     Signor di Argentina,
              Mrs. Higgins.                            Mr. W. Grenfell.
                Desdemona,                                 Otello,
             Mrs. Von André.                         Mr. Murray Guthrie.
                 Laura,                                  Petrarch,
          Lady Alice Montagu.                         Lord Stavordale.
               Giulietta,                                 Romeo,
           Miss Enid Wilson.                             Lord Hyde.

                                    Venetians
       Il Doge (Giovannino de Medici),                Marco (Redi Cipri),
            The Earl of Lathom.                        Hon. Ivor Guest.
        Avocato,                Venditrice di Fiori,             Cipriano,
 Hon. Seymour Fortescue         Viscountess Chelsea.        Hon. S. Greville.
                                    Buffone,
                              Mr. Clarence Wilson.
            Marchesa Malaspina,                         Luigi Giorgi,
         Hon. Mrs. George Curzon.                     Hon. George Peel.
           Contessa Maria Cicogna,                        Cavaliere Vittorio,
             Mrs. W. Grenfell.                           Hon. Evan Charteris.
              Bianca Capelli,                              Marino Grimani,
         Lady Lettice Grosvenor.                       Lord Alexander Thynne. 
        Grandezza degli Autenati,                          Nicolo Danabi,
         Mrs. Cavendish Bentinck.                       Hon. Cecil Brownlow.
           Marguerita Grimani.                             Antonio Priali,
              Mrs. Guthrie.                              Mr. Herbert Wilson.

                                  17th CENTURY
              La Dogaressa,                                  Il Doge,
           Mrs. Arthur Sassoon.                           Viscount Peel.
            Duchessa di Savoia,                      Duca Filiberto di Savoia,
         The Duchess of Partland.                       The Duke of Portland.
        Contessa Valentina Gateago,                        II Conte Oravio,
            Lady Helen Vincent.                           Sir Edgar Vincent.
             Lucrezia de Rossi,                          Sanchio di Sedilla,
             Mrs. Gerard Leigh.                              Mr. Higgins.
               Donna Caranado,                             Giovanni Felici,
               Mrs. Drummond.                                Mr. H. White.
             Bianci di Piacoma,                            Guyman di Silva,
           Miss Mildred Grenfell.                             Mr. Norton.
                                  Duca di Tarsis,
                                  Captain Fraser.
                          Visitors to the Court of Savoia.
      Cardinal Mazzarin,         Anne d'Autriche,                Cinq Mars,
    The Earl of Dunraven.    The Duchess of Manchester.       Mr. Jean Bérand.

Austrian[edit | edit source]

The Austrian procession or what the Morning Post says was a quadrille, was headed up by the Marchioness of Londonderry, as Marie Thèrése of Austria. It had 4 or 5 archduchesses in attendance:

  • "four beautiful young Archduchesses in white and silver with pale blue ribbons, and wearing white plumes in their powdered hair"[5]:5, Col. 7A
  • "five Archduchesses and five Archdukes. The former, all attired exactly alike in white and silver brocade, were Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Beatrice Butler, Lady Beatrix FitzMaurice, Lady Alexandra Hamilton, and Miss Stirling."[8]

Possibly this quite-large group had subsections: the Morning Post (or the Times?) says Lady Helen Stewart-Murray was "in the Archduchess Marie-Karoline and Emperor Joseph II section of the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille."[1]:7, Col. 6B[4]

  1. Section 1
    1. Theresa Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Marchioness of Londonderry (at 42), as Marie Thérèse of Austria
    2. Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, Marquis of Lansdowne (at 558), as Prince Kaunitz
    3. Maud Hamilton Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marchioness of Lansdowne (at 51), as Lady Keith, wife of the British Ambassador at the Court of Marie Thérèse
    4. Augustus, Marquis of Winchester, as a Coldstream Guard at Vienna
  2. Section 2: Archduchess Marie-Karoline and Emperor Joseph II section of the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille
    1. Archduchesses
      1. Lady Beatrice Butler (at 45), Archduchess Marie-Karoline
      2. Lady Alexandra Hamilton (at 46), Archduchess Marie-Josepha
      3. Lady Beatrix Petty-FitzMaurice (at 44), as Archduchess Marie Anna
      4. Lady Helen Stewart (Vane-Tempest-Stewart) (at 43), as the Archduchess Marie Christine of Austria
    2. Charles Stewart Henry Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh (at 73), attended as Maria Thérèse's son Emperor Joseph II (Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh, was the Marchioness of Londonderry's son.)
    3. Mr. Gathorne-Hardy (), as Archduke Leopold
    4. Charles William Reginald Duncombe, Viscount Helmsley (at 353), as Archduke Charles in the Archduchess Marie-Karoline and Emperor Joseph II section of the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille
    5. Lord William Lurgan (at 165), as Duke Albert von Sachsen-Texhen or Sachsentexhen
  3. Small Group of 4
    1. Lady Magheramorne (), as Maria-Amelia, Princess of Lorraine
    2. Lady Aline Beaumont (), as Queen of Sardinia
    3. Lord Ava (), as Archduke Maximilian
    4. Mr. C. Willoughby (), as Grand Duke Charles of Tuscany
  4. Small Group of 4
    1. Mrs. G. Beckett (), as Princess Elenora of Lichtenstein
    2. Count Clary (), as General Count Nadasdy in the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille.
    3. Mrs. R. Beckeet [sic] (), as Princess Isabella of Parma
    4. Count Hadik (), as Field-Marshal Hadik in the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille
  5. Small Group of 4
    1. Lady Cranborne (at 196), as Princess Josepha of Bavaria
    2. Schomberg McDonnell, Mr. Schomberg M'Donnell (at 104), as Duke Ferdinand of Modena in the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille
    3. Lady Hilda Charteris Brodrick (at 362, Lady H. Brodrick), as Princess Marie Künigunde of Saxony in the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa
    4. Mr. Jack Graham Menzies (at 363), as Freiherr von Bartenstein in the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille
  6. Small Group of 4
    1. Mrs. James (), as Archduchess Elizabeth
    2. Lady C. FitzMaurice (at 365), as Secretary to Kaunitz, personated as listed above by Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, Marquis of Lansdowne (at 558)
    3. Muriel Duncombe, Viscountess Helmsley (at 354), as Princess Charlotte of Lorraine in the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille
    4. Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, Earl of Kerry (at 72), as Count Mercy d'Argentau
  7. Small Group of 4
    1. Lady E. Cavendish (probably Lady Evelyn Cavendish, at 164), as Countess Trautmannsdorf
    2. Mr. F. B. Mildmay (at 95), as "Field-Marshal Count Charles of Batthyany" in the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille
    3. Lady M. Cavendish (probably Lady Moyra Cavendish, at 366
    4. Lord Athlumney (at )
  8. Small Group of 2? (or they belong above, her with the Archduchesses?)
    1. Miss Stirling (at 47), as Countess Kinskey in the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille
    2. Mr. Brodrick, possibly William St. John Freemantle Brodrick (), as Count Kinskey
  9. People not in the Morning Post visualization but elsewhere said to have been in this procession:
    1. Charles Vane-Tempest-Stewart, the Marquess of Londonderry (at 558), in the procession according to the Morning Post story
    2. Edmond Fitzmaurice (at 627), a Courtier of the Empress Marie Thérèse

The Morning Post typeset a visualization of the procession, more or less, like this[1]:7, Col. 6B:

Lady Londonderry . . . . . Empress Maria Theresa.
Lord Lansdowne . . . . . . Prince Kaunitz.
Lady Lansdowne . . . . . . Lady Keith.
Lord Winchester  . . . . . A Coldstream Guard at Vienna.

Lady B. Butler . . . . . . Archduchess Marie-Karoline.
Lord Castlereagh . . . . . Emperor Joseph II.
Lady A. Hamilton . . . . . Archduchess Marie-Josepha.
Mr. Gathorne-Hardy . . . . Archduke Leopold.
Lady B. FitzMaurice  . . . Archduchess Marie Anna.
Lord Helmsley  . . . . . . Archduke Charles.
Lady Helen Stewart . . . . Archduchess Marie Christine. 
Lord Lurgan  . . . . . . . Duke Albert von Sachsen-Texhen. 

Lady Magheramorne . . . . . Maria-Amelia, Princess of Lorraine. 
Lady Aline Beaumont . . . . Queen of Sardinia. 
Lord Ava  . . . . . . . . . Archduke Maximilian. 
Mr. C. Willoughby . . . . . Grand Duke Charles of Tuscany. 

Mrs. G. Beckett . . . . . . Princess Elenora of Lichtenstein. 
Count Clary . . . . . . . . General Count Nadasdy. 
Mrs. R. Beckeet [sic] . . . Princess Isabella of Parma. 
Count Hadik . . . . . . . . Field-Marshal Hadik. 

Lady Cranborne  . . . . . . Princess Josepha of Bavaria. 
Mr. M'Donnel  . . . . . . . Duke Ferdinand of Modena. 
Lady H. Brodrick  . . . . . Princess Marie Künigunde of Saxony. 
Mr. Menzies . . . . . . . . Freiherr von Bartenstein.

Mrs. James  . . . . . . . . Archduchess Elizabeth. 
Lady C. FitzMaurice . . . . Secretary to Kaunitz. 
Lady Helmsley . . . . . . . Princess Charlotte of Lorraine. 
Lord Kerry  . . . . . . . . Count Mercy d'Argentau. 

Lady E. Cavendish . . . . . Countess Trautmannsdorf. 
Mr. Mildmay . . . . . . . . Field-Marshal Count Charles of Batthyany. 
Lady M. Cavendish . . . . . Countess Lützau (A Lady-in-Waiting to Maria Theresa). 
Lord Athlumney  . . . . . . Prince Metternich. 

Miss Stirling . . . . . . . Countess Kinskey. 
Mr. Brodrick  . . . . . . . Count Philip Kinsky.

[images missing]

(MornPost Fancy 1897-07-03: 7, Col. 6B)

Russian[edit | edit source]

  1. The "Trumpeters of the Imperial Guard" led the procession
  2. The first group, if they did break into subgroups
    1. Lord Henry Bentinck (probably Lord Henry Cavendish Bentinck) (at 262), as Count Poneatowski (afterwards King of Poland)
    2. Grace Denison, Viscountess Raincliffe (at 75), as Catherine II of Russia (after the picture by Lambi)
    3. Count Heeren (at ), as Duc de Ligne
    4. Addison Francis Baker-Cresswell (Mr. A. F. B. Cresswell) (at 103), as Count Lausköi, Chamberlain of the Empress Catherine II of Russia
  3. The second group
    1. Prince Henry of Pless (at 40), as Count Orloff
    2. Mrs. H. T. Barclay (at ), Princess Shakofsky
    3. Mr. Biddulph (at ), as Count Soltykoff
  4. The third group, with the 8 "Imperial Guard" walking along the outside (or at least typeset that way) of the "Ladies and Gentlemen of the Court"
    1. Imperial Guards: left side
      1. William Denison, Viscount Raincliffe (at 76)
      2. Captain Cook (at )
      3. Hon. Gerald Ward (at )
      4. James Stewart Forbes (at 273)[5]:5, Col. 7a
    2. Imperial Guards: right side
      1. Lord Romilly (at )
      2. Mr. H. T. Barclay (at )
      3. The Hon. Cecil Campbell (at )
      4. Mr. T. W. Wilson (at )
    3. Ladies and Gentlemen of the Court
      1. Consuelo Vanderbilt Spencer-Churchill, the Duchess of Marlborough (at 174)
      2. Charles Richard John "Sunny" Spencer-Churchill, the Duke of Marlborough (at 142), one of the Gentlemen of the Court of Catherine II of Russia
      3. Kathleen Florence May Candy Pelham-Clinton, Duchess of Newcastle (at 150)
      4. Charles Anderson-Pelham, Earl of Yarborough (at 61), with Lady Yarborough, was among Ladies and Gentlemen of the Court
      5. Marcia Anderson-Pelham, Countess of Yarborough (at 54)
      6. Lord Cardross (at )
      7. Lady Cardross (at )
      8. Mr. Stourton (at )
      9. the Hon. M. (Mrs.) Erskine (at )[8]
      10. Mr. Elliot (at )
      11. Lady Henry Bentinck (Lady Henry Cavendish Bentinck) (at 263)
      12. N. Boulatzell (at 280), as Prince of Mingrelia, one of the Gentlemen of the Court in the procession of the Empress Catherine II of Russia
      13. Lady Margaret Spicer (at ), as Countess Soltykoff
      14. M. Nicholas Gourko (at 108)
      15. Lady Mildred Denison (at 283)
      16. Charles Henry John Chetwynd-Talbot, 20th Earl of Shrewsbury (at 101), as a member of the Court of Catherine II of Russia
      17. "Black Attendants"

The Guernsey Star suggests that the Hon. Mrs. Erskine's daughter was in this procession, but the Morning Post does not list her.[8] The Hon. Cecil Lambton was also there, apparently, and sold his costume to Arthur Collins, who directed The White Heather.[9]

The Morning Post's visualization of the procession looks more or less like this[1]:7, Col. 5b:

                             Trumpeters of the Imperial Guard.
Count Poneatowski            Empress Catherine II. of Russia           Duc de Ligne,
(afterwards King of Poland),  (after the picture by Lambi),            Count Heeren.           
Lord Henry Bentinck.                 Lady Raincliffe.                  Count Lausköi,
                                                                       Mr. Cresswell.
Count Orloff,                     Princess Shakofsky,                Count Soltykoff,
Prince Henry of Pless.            Mrs. H. T. Barclay.                   Mr. Biddulph.

["Imperial Guard." — typeset vertically up the left and down the right side of the column, with 2 vertical rules separating the two columns of names.]

                 Lord Raincliffe.   |           |   Lord Romilly.
                    Captain Cook.   |           |   Mr. H. T. Barclay.
                Hon. Gerald Ward.   |           |   Hon. Cecil Campbell.
                   Mr. J. Forbes.   |           |   Mr. T. W. Wilson.
                            Ladies and Gentlemen of the Court.
                 Duchess of Marlborough.      Duke of Marlborough.
                 Duchess of Newcastle.        Earl of Yarborough.
                 Countess of Yarborough.      Lord Cardross.
                 Lady Cardross.               Mr. Stourton.
                 Hon. M. Erskine.             Mr. Elliot.
                 Lady Henry Bentinck.         M. Botalzell.
                 Lady Margaret Spicer.        M. Gourko.
                 Lady Mildred Denison.        Earl of Shrewsbury.
                                   Black Attendants.

Louis XV and XVI Period[edit | edit source]

The Morning Post calls this one a quadrille rather than a procession, the quadrille of the Louis XV and XVI Period (MornPost),[1]:7, Col. 6B This procession or quadrille was organized and led by Daisy, Countess of Warwick[10]:5, Col. 9C.

  1. Headed by Daisy, Countess Warwick (at 53) as Marie Antoinette[8], as La Reine Marie Antoinette[1]
    1. Plus 4 boys dressed as pages[11]
  2. Georgiana Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill Curzon, Viscountess Curzon (at 168), as La Reine Marie Leszuiska in the quadrille of the period of Louis XV and XVI
  3. Lady Kilmorey (at ), as Madame du Barry
  4. Lady Algernon Gordon-Lennox (at 333), as Princesse de Lamballe
  5. Lady Burton (at ), as Madame de Tençin
  6. Lady Garvagh (at ), as Comtesse d'Artois
  7. The Hon. Mrs. Greville (at ), as Madame Elizabeth de France
  8. Alice (the Hon. Mrs. George) Keppel (at 231), as Madame de Polignac
  9. Lady Rose Leigh (at ), as Duchesse de Villars
  10. Mrs. Farquharson (at ), as L'Archiduchesse Louise
  11. Miss Naylor (at ), as Comtesse de Charny
  12. The Hon. Mrs. Sackville West (at ), as Duchess of Dorset
  13. Henry Arthur Cadogan, Viscount Chelsea (at 163), as Le Roi Louis XV in the quadrille of the Louis XV. and Louis XVI. Period
  14. Lord Camden (at ), as Duc de Richelieu
  15. The Hon. Humphrey Sturt, M.P. (at 120), as an Abbé de l'Epoque
  16. Lord Burton (at ), as Cardinal Dubois
  17. Mousquetaires et Militaires de l'Epoque
    1. Lord Annaly (at )
    2. Lord Tullibardine (at )
    3. Lord George Murray (at )
    4. Frederick Edward Guest, the Hon. F. Guest (at 345), as one of the Mousquetaires et Militaires de l'Epoque in the Quadrille of the Louis XV. and Louis XVI.
    5. Sir Samuel Scott, Bart., (at 99) one of the Mousquetaires et Militaires de l'Epoque in the Quadrille of the Louis XV. and Louis XVI
    6. Captain Gordon Wilson (at 96), one of the Mousquetaires et Militaires de l'Epoque in the Quadrille of the Louis XV. and Louis XVI
    7. Captain the Hon. W. Lambton (at 346), likely Hon. Sir William Lambton, one of the Mousquetaires et Militaires de l'Epoque in the Quadrille of the Louis XV. and Louis XVI.
    8. Captain Gilbert Elliot (at )
    9. Mr. Frank Dugdale (at 348)
  18. Mr. Clive Wilson (at ) as Le Comte de Ferson in the Quadrille of the Louis XV. and Louis XVI
  19. Mr. W. M. Lowe (at ), as Gentilhomme de la Cour Louis XVI
  20. Rt. Hon. Arnold Morley (at), was dressed as a Gentilhomme de la Cour Louis XV in the Quadrille of the Louis XV. and Louis XVI.was dressed as Le Comte de Ferson in the Quadrille of the Louis XV. and Louis XVI
  21. Not listed in the visualization in the Morning Post but mentioned elsewhere as having been dressed in a costume of this period:
    1. Millicent, Duchess of Sutherland (at 33), "belonged to the Louis Seize group of the Countess of Warwick"[8]
    2. The Right Hon. Joseph Chamberlain (at 93), as a gentleman of the Louis XVI period
    3. Lady Sarah Wilson (at 392), as Madame de Pompadour
    4. Mr. Gerald Loder, M.P. (at 100), as a Gentleman of the Court of Louis XVI
    5. Sir George Frederick Stanley (at ), as Maro (period of Louis XVI)
    6. Hon. Frederick William Stanley (at ), in hunting dress (period of Louis XVI).
    7. Lady Isobel Stanley (at ), in hunting costume, period of Louis XVI
    8. Jacobo Fitz-James Stuart y Falcó, Lord Alva (at 405), as as a courtier of Louis XV
    9. Charles Carington, the Earl Carington (at 69), as Louis Seize
  22. Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury (at 101), either a Gentleman of the Court of Lois XV. or a Gentleman of the Court of the Empress Catherine II of Russia

The Morning Post typeset a visualization of the procession, more or less, like this:

Louis XV. and Louis XVI. Period. 
Lady Warwick . . . . . . . . . . La Reine Marie Antoinette. 
Lady Curzon  . . . . . . . . . . La Reine Marie Leszuiska. 
Lady Kilmorey  . . . . . . . . . Madame du Barry. 
Lady Algernon Gordon-Lennox  . . Princesse de Lamballe. 
Lady Burton  . . . . . . . . . . Madame de Tençin. 
Lady Garvagh . . . . . . . . . . Comtesse d'Artois. 
The Hon. Mrs. Greville . . . . . Madame Elizabeth de France. 
The Hon. Mrs. George Keppell . . Madame de Polignac. 
Lady Rose Leigh  . . . . . . . . Duchesse de Villars. 
Mrs. Farquharson . . . . . . . . L'Archiduchesse Louise. 
Miss Naylor  . . . . . . . . . . Comtesse de Charny. 
The Hon. Mrs. Sackville West . . Duchess of Dorset. 
Lord Chelsea . . . . . . . . . . Le Roi Louis XV. 
Lord Camden  . . . . . . . . . . Duc de Richelieu. 
The Hon. Humphrey Sturt  . . . . Abbé de l'Epoque. 
Lord Burton  . . . . . . . . . . Cardinal Dubois. 
Lord Annaly  . . . . . . . . . . )
Lord Tullibardine  . . . . . . . )
Lord George Murray . . . . . . . )
The Hon. F. Guest  . . . . . . . )
Sir Samel Scott  . . . . . . . . ) Mousquetaires et Mili- 
Captain Gordon Wilson  . . . . . ) taires de l'Epoque. 
Captain the Hon. W. Lambton  . . )
Captain Gilbert Elliot . . . . . )
Mr. Dugdale  . . . . . . . . . . )
Mr. Clive Wilson . . . . . . . . Le Comte de Ferson. 
Mr. W. M. Lowe . . . . . . . . . Gentilhomme de la Cour Louis XVI. 
Mr. Arnold Morley  . . . . . . . Gentilhomme de la Cour Louis XV.[1]:7, Col. 6B

Elizabethan[edit | edit source]

The Elizabethan procession was led by Fanny Marjoribanks, Lady Tweedmouth (at 85) as Queen Elizabeth, but she did not come first in the procession.

  1. Heralds
  2. First two rows
    1. Mr. E. Beckett (at ), as Sir Walter Raleigh
    2. Mr. H. Warrender (at ), as Sir P. Sydney
    3. Sir Charles Hall, Q.C., M.P. (at 127), as Sir Francis Drake at the head of the Queen Elizabeth procession
    4. Sir F. Jeune (at ), as Lord Chief Justice
    5. Edward Montagu, 8th Earl of Sandwich (at 71), dressed as Lord Burleigh
    6. Earl of Lonsdale, Sir Richard Lowther (Lord High Falconer)
  3. Group of 9 people followed the first row
    1. as Lord Burleigh,

These people were in Elizabethan dress at the ball but not listed as being in the Elizabeth procession or quadrille:

The Morning Post typeset a visualization of the procession, more or less, like this:

                               QUEEN ELIZABETH PROCESSION.
                                      Heralds. 
Sir Walter Raleigh,                 Sir P. Sydney,                Sir F. Drake,
Mr. E. Beckett.                    Mr. H. Warrender.               Sir C. Hall.
Lord Chief Justice,                 Lord Burleigh,           Sir Richard Lowther
Sir F. Jeune.                     Earl of Sandwich.         (Lord High Falconer),
                                                                Earl of Lonsdale.
                                                         
Lady Herbert of Cherbury,       Countess of Shrewsbury,       Countess of Lennox,
Countess of Powis.               Duchess of Roxburghe.          Countess Spencer.
     Countess of Essex,                                      Elisabeth Cavendish.
    Countess of Lonsdale.                                       Mrs. A. James. [p. 7, Col. 5–6]

                                Lord Darnley
                          (carrying Sword of State),
                                Colonel Leslie.

Lord Leicester,                                                    Earl of Essex,
Lord Tweedmouth.                                                   Earl of Essex.
             Yeoman,                                    Yeoman,
       Duke of Roxburghe.                        Hon. D. Marjoribanks.

      Spanish Envoy,               | CANOPY. |                  French Ambassador,
      Mr. Ephrussi.                                           H. E. M. de Courcel.
                                 Queen Elizabeth,
                                 Lady Tweedmouth.
             Yeoman,                                    Yeoman,
       Captain Mann Thomson.                            Mr. Rose.
Duc d'Alençon,                     Will Somers                 Sir A. Brown, First
Sir A. Edmonstone.                (Court Jester).                 Viscount Montagu.
                                   Mr. Holden.                      Earl Spencer.

             Yeoman,                                    Yeoman,
         Mr. E. Villiers.                          Mr. Harold Brassey.
Cardinal Loraine,                 Swiss Burgher,          Archbishop of Canterbury.
  Earl of Arran.                 Lord Rothschild.                      Lord Rowton.

 Mary Seaton,                   Mary Queen of Scots,                  Mary Hamilton,
Hon. Mrs. Greville.                 Lady Edmonstone.            Duchess of Hamilton.
          Lady Hunsdon,                                 Lady Burleigh,
         Lady Battersea.                               Lady de Ramsey.
Casimir Count Patatine of Bavaria  Lord Herbert of Cherbury,            Lord Hunsdon,
Baron F. de Rothschild.                Earl of Powis.                 Lord Battersea.
Martin Frobisher,               Lord James Murray,                Sir Thomas Gresham,
Mr. Godfrey Webb.                   Lord Glenesk.                  Hon. S. Lyttelton.
                             C. Maguire (Lord of Fermanagh),
                                   Mr. R. Maguire.[1]:7, Col. 5C–6B

"Oriental" and Goddesses Procession[edit | edit source]

The "Oriental" procession included the following people:

  1. Lady Cynthia Graham (at 220)[4][1]:7, Col. 5b
  2. Daisy (Mary Theresa) Cornwallis-West, Princess Henry of Pless (at 38), as the Queen of Sheba
    1. Miss Cornwallis West, Shelagh Cornwallis-West (at 383), as her "Ethiopian attendant"[5]:5, Col. 7c
  3. The Suite of Ladies following the two Queens of Sheba
    1. Miss West
    2. Miss Goelet
    3. Lady C. Grosvenor
    4. Miss Oppenheim
  4. The Suite of Men following the two Queens of Sheba
    1. The Hon. George Keppel (at 39), as King Solomon, in the Suite of Men following the two Queens of Sheba (Lady Cynthia Graham and Princess Henry of Pless)[4][1]:7, Col. 5b
    2. Wilfred Wilson
    3. Arthur Portman
    4. The Hon. A. Bourke
  5. Lady Alicia Duncombe (at 453), as a Greek Slave
  6. Hon. Mrs. A. Bourke
  7. Minnie Paget (at 90), Mrs. Arthur Paget, as Cleopatra
  8. Gerald Paget Paget (at ), as Marc Antony
  9. Lady De Trafford
  10. Two women walking together for some reason
    1. Hon. Mrs. Julia Peel Maguire (the Morning Post has her both in the Oriental and the Duchesses processions)
    2. Miss Muriel Wilson
  11. Miss Keith Fraser
  12. Lady Elcho
  13. Mrs. Hope-Vere

The Morning Post typeset a visualization of the procession, more or less, like this:

  Lady Cynthia Graham .................. Queen of Sheba.
  Princess Pless ....................... Queen of Sheba.
          Miss West .................. )
          Miss Goelet ................ )
          Lady C. Grosvenor .......... ) Suite of Ladies.
          Miss Oppenheim ............. )
          The Hon. G. Keppel ......... )
          Wilfred Wilson  ............ )
          Arthur Portman ............. ) Suite of Men.
          Gordon Wood ................ )
          The Hon. A. Bourke ......... )
  Lady Alicia Duncombe ................  Greek Slave.
  Hon. Mrs. A. Bourke .................. Salambo.
  Mrs. Arthur Paget .................... Cleopatra.
  Gerald Paget Paget ................... Marc Antony.
  Lady De Trafford
  Hon. Mrs. Maguire ................   )
  Miss Muriel Wilson ................  )
  Miss Keith Fraser
  Lady Elcho
  Mrs. Hope-Vere

Goddesses[edit | edit source]

The women who walked in the procession of goddesses included these women listed in the Morning Post list:

Others who may have walked in this procession include the following, although perhaps more likely is that they attended in their costumes without having joined a procession or quadrille:

The Morning Post typeset a visualization of the procession, more or less, like this[1]:7, Col. 5B:

Goddesses were:
           Lady Gerard.
           Lady Westmorland.
           Lady Lurgan.
           Lady S. [Sophie?] Scott.
           Mrs. Talbot.
           Miss de Brienen.
           Mrs. Leslie.

Other Groups[edit | edit source]

Other processions or quadrilles existed, not captured fully by the Morning Post but mentioned in, for example, the London Daily News story about the ball.The Morning Post is not complete in other ways as well, judging by other newspaper accounts or even descriptions from later in the big Morning Post story. Both the Knights of the Round Table of King Arthur procession and the Cosway Quadrille are examples of processions or quadrilles not detailed in the Morning Post.

The Court of Marguerite de Valois[edit | edit source]

Theoretically, the court of Marguerite de Valois could have been included among the Elizabeth procession, but some of the people in this court, which was led by the Alexandra, Princess of Wales, might have been on the dais with her, so perhaps it was a court but not a procession.

  • Alexandra, Princess of Wales, as Marguerite Valois
  • Evelyn, Lady Alington (at 41), as Duchesse de Nevers
  • Princess Charles of Denmark (Princess Maud of Wales)
  • Prince Charles of Wales was in this court? He was photographed with Princess Charles of Denmark and Princess Victoria of Wales; this photograph is in the Album.[12]
  • Mary Teck, Duchess of York, attended by
    • Lady Mary Lygon (at 547), as Marie de Lorraine, a lady of the Court of Marguerite de Valois
    • Sir Charles Cust (at 152)
  • the Duchess of Fife
  • Princess Victoria of Wales
  • Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein

Queen Guinevere and the Knights of the Round Table of King Arthur procession[edit | edit source]

Even though the members are not listed in the article in the London Morning Post, according to both the London Daily News and the Morning Post, a procession represented King Arthur's Round Table. This quadrille is mentioned in the story in the Times. The ladies included Lady Ormonde, Lady Constance Butler, Lady Ashburton and Miss Chaplin. The knights included Lord Rodney, Hon. R. Grosvenor, Earl Bathurst, Hon. G. Hood, Lord Ashburton, Lord Ampthill, and Lord Beauchamp.[1]:8, Col. 1B[5]:5, Col. 7A

  1. Elizabeth Butler, the Marchioness of Ormonde (at 373), was dressed as Guinevere
  2. Corisande, Baroness Rodney (at 472) was also dressed as Queen Guinevere, according to her portrait in the Album in the National Portrait Gallery,[13] but she may not have been in this procession, although George, Baron Rodney was, as a Knight of the Round Table.
  3. Lady Constance Butler (Elizabeth Butler's daughter) was Lynette or Elaine
  4. Lady Ashburton
  5. Miss Chaplin
  6. John Lister Kaye (at 97) as Sir Kay
  7. Captain R. Peel (at 614), as Sir Bedivere
  8. Margaret Russell, Lady Ampthill (at 419), as a Lady in Waiting at the Court of King Arthur
  9. Knights of the Round Table (first four, Morning Post; first two plus last three are London Daily News)
    1. Lord Rodney: George, Baron Rodney (at 80)
    2. Earl Bathurst (at 82)
    3. Hon. R. Grosvenor (at 81)
    4. Hon. G. Hood (at 83). The printing on the portrait that was in the Album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire says, "The Hon. Grosvenor Hood as Sir Galahad."[14]
    5. Lord Ashburton
    6. Oliver Russell, Baron Ampthill (at 77)
    7. William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp (at 60)

The Cosway Quadrille[edit | edit source]

The "Cosway" quadrille, with the Ladies Innes-Ker and the Ladies Villiers, is not mentioned in the Morning Post article. This description suggests that there were two Ladies Ker and two Ladies Villiers: "Very artistic was the "Cosway" quadrille, in which the Ladies Ker and the Ladies Villiers took part. The long clinging gowns of Oriental cream satin were veiled in pink muslin, and had very short waists and coloured silk sashes — two of blue and two of pink."[5]:6, Col. 1A These costumes seem to have been based on portraits by Maria rather than Richard Cosway.[5]:6, Col. 1A The Ladies Innes-Ker had the blue and the Ladies Villiers had the pink sashes.

Lady Margaret Innes-Ker (at 23) and Lady Victoria Innes-Ker (at 668) are in the album given to the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire by some of the people attending the ball.[12] They are named there and identified with Cosway, so it seems likely they are the two Ladies Ker in the Cosway Quadrille. Of the Ladies Villers, both Lady Edith Villiers (at 653), as Lady Melbourne, and Violet Manners, Marchioness of Granby (at 448) are both named in the Album and associated with Cosway. Lady Edith Villiers is said to be part of the Cosway Quadrille. Further, while Violet Manners is said to have been photographed "after Cosway,"[15] she is not a Villiers.

So if Lady Edith Villiers (at 653) is one of the Cosway Quadrille, we need one more Villiers. One possible choice is Lady Margaret Childs-Villiers (at 433), called Lady M. Villiers. We know Lady Margaret Villiers was at the ball: her portrait as Madame Henriette Duchess d'Orleans is in the Album. She is not part of the same family Lady Edith came from, which was that of the Earl of Clarendon; Lady Margaret Childs-Villiers is part of the family of the Earl of Jersey. Another young woman from that family was Lady May Julia Child-Villiers.

In this uncertainty, a placeholder exists in the list of people who attended the ball for the Ladies Villiers (at 397); this is in addition to the individual entries for

  1. Lady Margaret Innes-Ker (at 23)
  2. Lady Victoria Innes-Ker (at 668)
  3. Lady Edith Villiers (at 653)
  4. Lady Margaret Childs-Villiers (at 433)

Courts of Charles I (and Henrietta Maria, Queen) and Charles II[edit | edit source]

A number of people were identified as being a member of the courts of Charles I or Charles II, even though no such group is listed in the major stories. This is Charles II of England; the Duke of Devonshire was dresses as Charles V of Germany, so this was not a group forming around him. Relevant people would be Cromwell, the Roundheads, and so on.

People Who Came as Individuals or Are Not Listed as Part of a Procession or Quadrille[edit | edit source]

The Royals, obviously, would not have been part of any procession or quadrille because they were on the dais instead. Others, whose costumes are described in enough detail for us to know how they were dressed are listed here.

  1. Hon. Oliver Borthwick (at 89), dressed as Marshal Turenne (reign of Louis XIV)
  2. Colonel Arthur Paget (at 91), dressed as Edward the Black Prince
  3. Arthur Balfour (at 86), The Right Hon. A. J. Balfour , in a Dutch costume of 1660
  4. Sir William Harcourt (at 128) as Sir Simon Harcourt, the first Lord Harcourt, in 1712, as Lord Chamberlain
  5. Lady Gwendolen Cecil (at 404), as Portia
  6. Lady Edward Cavendish (at 393) as Madame de Maintenon
  7. Alfred Rothschild (at 633), as a French noble of the 16th century
  8. Sir Charles Hartopp , as Napoleon I
  9. Mr. Montague Guest (at 115), as Montague Bertie, second Earl of Lindsey
  10. Beatrix, Countess Cadogan (at 55), as Elizabeth Queen of Bohemia, after a painting by Honthorst
  11. Lady Ethel Meysey Thompson (at 391), as Elizabeth Queen of Bohemia
  12. Mr. Arthur Wilson (at 118), in a Costume from a portrait by Velasquez
  13. Mary (Mrs. Arthur) Wilson (at 395) wore a dress in the Georgian period
  14. Lady Edith Wilbraham (at 119), as Peg Woffington
  15. Lord James of Hereford (at 122), as Sir Thomas More
  16. Miss James (at 396), as Eugénie Hortense de Beauharnais, Louis Bonaparte's wife
  17. Lord Edmund Talbot (at 123), as a Gentleman of the Spanish Court of the early 17th Century
  18. Mr. C. , M.P., as the Emperor John Polaeologus II.
  19. Colonel Sir Charles Wyndham Murray , "Mr. C. Wyndham , M.P.," (at 124), as the Emperor John Polaeologus II. on his State visit to Venice in 1438.
  20. Lilian Maud Spencer-Churchill (at 634), as a Watteau shepherdess
  21. Norah Beatrice Henriette Spencer-Churchill (at 635), as a Watteau Shepherdess
  22. John Lambton, 3rd Earl of Durham , as the Duc de Nemours, period Henri III
  23. Isabella, Countess Howe (at 489), as Lady Howe of 1758
  24. Richard George Penn Curzon, Viscount Curzon (at 197), as Admiral Lord Howe, husband of the 1758 Lady Howe, accompanied his mother
  25. George Holford was dressed as Philip IV. of Spain.
  26. Francis Gathorne-Hardy as in either the Archduchess Marie-Karoline and Emperor Joseph II section of the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille or a gentleman of the Court of Louis XV.
  27. The Grand Duke Michael of Russia (at 8), as Henri IV of Navarre and France, first married to Marguerite de Valois but father to the children of Gabrielle d'Estrées, personated by Sophia Nicholaievna, Countess de Torby (at 184), his morganatic wife.
  28. Louisa Jane, Duchess of Buccleuch (at 24), as Elizabeth, Duchess of Buccleuch, after a painting by Sir Joshua Reynolds.
  29. William, Duke of Buccleuch (at 20), as either William Cavendish, Duke of Newcastle or Charles I.
  30. Lady Constance Montagu-Douglas-Scott (at 26), as a Watteau shepherdess.
  31. William, Earl of Dudley (at 63), as Prince Rupert, so he could have been in the Charles I or Charles II procession but is not listed in any of the newspaper reports as being in a procession or quadrille; his wife, Rachel, Countess of Dudley is probably the Lady Dudley in the Duchesses procession.
  32. Carlos, 16th Duke of Alba (at 32), as his ancestor at the Court of Philip II of Spain
  33. Katherine Grosvenor, Duchess of Westminster (at 34), as Queen Elizabeth of Bavaria, who might not be Elizabethan, but Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild, as Casimir Count Patatine of Bavaria was in this procession. Lady Cranborne (at 196), as Princess Josepha of Bavaria, was in the Austrian procession.
  34. Constance Stanley, Countess of Derby (at 36), as Duchess of Orleans. (Members of her family, the Stanleys, are in the Duchesses and the Louis XV and Louis XVI court processions.
  35. Lady Angela St. Clair-Erskine Forbes (at 37), as Queen of Naples.
  36. Lawrence Dundas, Earl of Ronaldshay (at 529), as Sir Peter Teazle
  37. Lady Eva Greville Dugdale (at 609), as great-aunt Lady Anne Bingham
  38. Francis Egerton, 3rd Earl of Ellesmere (at 68), as James I
  39. Count Franz Deym (at 66), as General Wallenstein
  40. Countess Isabel Deym (at 67), as the Princesse de Lamballe, one of Napoleon's sisters, along with Countess Clary and Countess Kinsky, though another Princess de Lamballe, Lady Blanche Gordon-Lennox, appeared in the Louis XV and XVI procession
  41. Emily, Lady Ampthill (at 420), also as the Princess de Lamballe[16]
  42. Beatrix Palmer, Countess Selborne (at 557), as Lady Percy, after a picture by Vandyk
  43. William Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne (at 70), as an officer of the Duke of Marlborough's Army
  44. John Seymour Wynne-Finch (at 681), as Cosmo, Grand Duke of Tuscany
  45. Lady Muriel Fox Strangways (at 403), as one of Queen Charlotte's bridesmaids
  46. Frederick, Baron Wolverton (at 79), as King Richard, Coeur de Lion
  47. Lewis Harcourt (at 678), as 1st Viscount Nuneham, c. 1750
  48. Lady Natica Lister-Kaye (at 499), as Duchesse de Guise in the time of Henri III
  49. Maria Chaine (at 490) as Madame Sans Gêne, from Victorien Sardou and Émile Moreau's 1893 play Madame Sans Gêne
  50. Margaret Jane Stuart-Wortley Chetwynd-Talbot, Lady Talbot (at 485), as a Valkyrie
  51. Lady Robert Cecil — Eleanor Lambton Gascoyne-Cecil — (at 450), as Valentina Visconti (XV Century)
  52. Hon. Victor Cavendish (at 121), as a Tudor or an Elizabethan ambassador, from a Holbein in the National Gallery
  53. Mr. S. Cavendish (at 656), as Count Chotak
  54. Louisa Montefiore, Lady de Rothschild (at 674), as Lady Vaux, after a picture by Holbein
  55. Mr. Leopold de Rothschild (at 567), as Duc de Sully
  56. Mrs. Leopold (Marie Perugia) Rothschild (at 568), as Zobeida
  57. Alfred Rothschild (at 633), as King Henry III
  58. The Right Hon. W. H. Long, M.P., (at 117) was dressed as a cavalier from the time of Charles II, after a picture by Sir Peter Lely.
  59. Mrs. Doreen Long (at 484) as Urania, Goddess of Astronomy
  60. Lady Elspeth Angela Campbell (at 632), in white with gold wings
  61. Madame Marie-Elisabeth Chodron de Courcel (at 182), as Night
  62. Mademoiselle Henriette Chodron de Courcel (at 371), as a Valkyrie
  63. Mademoiselle Chodron de Courcel (at 498), as a Valkyrie
  64. M. Luis de Soveral (at 135), as Count d'Almada, A.D. 1640
  65. Frederick Oliver Robinson, Earl de Grey (at 679), as Admiral Coligny
  66. Archibald, Earl of Rosebery (at 139), as Horace Walpole
  67. Archibald Acheson, 4th Earl of Gosford (at 143), as Robert de la Marck (the rest of his family was in the Duchesses procession)
  68. Beatrix Herbert, Countess Pembroke (at 146), as Mary Sidney, Countess of Pembroke, after the picture by Marcus Gheeraedts
  69. Sidney Herbert, Earl Pembroke (at 181), as William, 1st Earl of Pembroke after Holbein
  70. Lady Beatrix Frances Gertrude Herbert (at 658), as Signora Bacelli after Gainsborough
  71. Ana, Countess Casa de Valencia (at 148), as Nuit d'Espagne
  72. Daisy (Mrs. Henry) White (at 151), as Morosina Morosini Dogaressa of Venice
  73. Anne (Alice Anne), Duchess of Buckingham (at 155), as Caterina Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus
  74. Lord Wilbraham Egerton of Tatton (at 591), as the Doge Morosini
  75. Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Walter Hamilton (at 683), as John of Gaunt
  76. Kathleen, Viscountess Falmouth (at 471), as Madame Recamier

Notes and Questions[edit | edit source]

  1. Work this info in:

There is intense excitement (says a lady correspondent) about the Duchess of Devonshire's historical and fancy dress ball to take place to-night. One of the prettiest of Princesses, daughter of a lovely Irish mother, goes as Queen of Sheba, her sister representing an Ethiopian attendant. An illustrious personage is to head the list of old-world knights, and a beautiful Marchioness is to represent Guinevere, her fair young daughter going as Elaine. A most lovely lady is to personate Queen Marie Thérèse, surrounded by her Court. There is to be a procession of young girls dressed after Cosway's miniatures, and an Elizabethan quadrille is to be danced, in which the Virgin Queen herself is to appear, as well as Essex, Raleigh, Shakespeare, and other well-known characters. Another quadrille will be made up of ladies and gentlemen costumed after the style of Catherine II.'s Russian Court, but none will be more pictorially effective than that in which Catherine de Medici will appear, some of the gentlemen representing Henri II., Francis II., Charles IX., Henri III., Gaspard de Collini, Comte de la Marck, and the Duc de Guise.[17]

Bibliography for Courts[edit | edit source]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 1.16 1.17 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4A–8 Col. 2B. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The Duchess of Devonshire's Great Ball. Remarkable Social Function. Crowds of Mimic Kings & Queens. Panorama of Historical Costume. An Array of Priceless Jewels." Western Gazette 9 July 1897: 2 [of 8], Col. 7A–C. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000407/18970709/009/0002.
  3. "Fancy Dress Ball: Unparalleled Splendour." Carlisle Patriot Friday 9 July 1897: 7 [of 8], Col. 4A–B. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000365/18970709/084/0007.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "Ball at Devonshire House." Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1A–4C The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6A–6, Col. 1B. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  6. 6.0 6.1 “The Devonshire House Ball. A Brilliant Gathering.” The Pall Mall Gazette 3 July 1897, Saturday: 7 [of 10], Col. 2A–3A. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000098/18970703/019/0007.
  7. "Margaret ('Daisy') Stuyvesant Rutherford White (née Rutherfurd) as Morosina Morosini, Dogaressa of Venice and Henry White as Henri de Lorraine, Duc de Guise Margaret ('Daisy') Stuyvesant Rutherford White (née Rutherfurd) as Morosina Morosini, Dogaressa of Venice and Henry White as Henri de Lorraine, Duc de Guise." Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball Album. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158371/Margaret-Daisy-Stuyvesant-Rutherford-White-ne-Rutherfurd-as-Morosina-Morosini-Dogaressa-of-Venice-and-Henry-White-as-Henri-de-Lorraine-Duc-de-Guise.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy-Dress Ball. Brilliant Spectacle." The [Guernsey] Star 6 July 1897, Tuesday: 1 [of 4], Col. 1–2. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000184/18970706/003/0001.
  9. "The Morning’s News." London Daily News 18 September 1897, Saturday: 5 [of 8], Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970918/027/0005.
  10. "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6A–6, Col. 1B. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  11. “The Duchess of Devonshire’s Ball.” Chelmsford Chronicle9 July 1897, Friday: 2 of 8. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000322/18970709/008/0002.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  13. "Corisande Evelyn Vere." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158471/Corisande-Evelyn-Vere-ne-Guest-Lady-Rodney-as-Queen-Guinevere.
  14. "Grosvenor Hood as Sir Galahad." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158513/Grosvenor-Arthur-Alexander-Hood-5th-Viscount-Hood-as-Sir-Galahad.
  15. "Violet Manners, Duchess of Rutland as Mary Isabella, Duchess of Rutland after Cosway." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Galleryhttps://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw123678/Violet-Manners-Duchess-of-Rutland-as-Mary-Isabella-Duchess-of-Rutland-after-Cosway.
  16. "Emily, Lady Ampthill as The Princesse de Lamballe." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158626/Emily-Theresa-ne-Villiers-Lady-Ampthill-as-the-Princess-de-Lamballe.
  17. "This Morning's News." London Daily News 2 July 1897, Friday: 5 [of 10], Col. 3B. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970702/026/0005.