Social Victorians/People/Curzon

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Curzon and Curzon-Howe
  • Viscount Curzon, courtesy title for the eldest son and presumptive heir of the Earl of Howe.
  • Baron Scarsdale
    • Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon, 4th Baron Scarsdale (12 November 1856 – 23 March 1916)[1]
    • George Nathaniel Curzon, 5th Baron Scarsdale (23 March 1916 – 20 March 1925)[2]
  • Baron Curzon of Kedleston (Ireland peerage, created 11 November 1898)
    • George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Baron Curzon of Kedleston (11 November 1898 – 20 March 1925)[2]
  • Viscount Scarsdale (remainder to George Curzon's father)[2]
    • George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Viscount Scarsdale (2 November 1911 – 20 March 1925)[2]
  • Earl Curzon of Kedleston
    • George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Earl Curzon of Kedleston (2 November 1911 – 20 March 1925)[3]
  • Baron Ravensdale (remainder to George Curzon's daughters)[2]
    • George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Baron Ravensdale (2 November 1911 – 20 March 1925)[2]
  • Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
    • George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (28 June 1912 – 20 March 1925)[2]

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Hon. George Curzon[edit | edit source]

  • Romantic relationship: Elinor Glyn, who found out he was engaged to his second wife by reading it in the newspapers, while she was visiting him at his house[3]

Organizations[edit | edit source]

Hon. George Curzon[2][edit | edit source]

  • Eton College
  • Balliol College, Oxford University
  • Member, The Souls
  • Assistant Private Secretary to 3rd Marquess of Salisbury (1885)
  • Member of Parliament for Lancashire, Southport Division (1886–1889)
  • Under-Secretary of State for India (1891–1892)
  • Privy Counsellor (P.C.) (1895)
  • Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (1895–1898)
  • Viceroy of India (January 1899 – 1905)

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1895 April 22, George Nathaniel Curzon and Mary Victoria Leiter married.[4]

1897 July 2, Friday, The Hon. George Curzon and the Hon. Mrs. George Curzon attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House.

1902 May 1, Grace Elvina Hinds and Alfred Hubert Duggan married.[5]

1917 January 2, George Nathaniel Curzon and Grace Elvina Hinds married.[5]

Black-and-white photograph of a standing woman richly dressed in an historical costume with a large hat and a long train
The Hon. Mrs. George (Mary) Curzon in costume as Valentina Visconti of Milan, A.D. 1447. ©National Portrait Gallery, London.

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

Hon. Mrs. Mary Curzon[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, the Hon. Mary Curzon (at 301) was dressed as Marchesa Malaspina in the Venetians procession[6] or as Valentina Visconti of Milan, A.D. 1447. The Westminster Gazette says, "In the same quadrille [as Enid Wilson] was the Hon. Mrs. George Curzon, a perfect picture in white and gold brocade, silver sleeves, and a big blue velvet hat."[7]:p. 5, Col. 1

Alice Hughes's portrait of "Mary Victoria (née Leiter), Lady Curzon of Kedleston as Valentina Visconti of Milan, A.D. 1447" in costume is photogravure #190 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[8] The printing on the portrait says, "The Hon. Mrs George Curzon as Valentina Visconti of Milan, A.D. 1447."[9]

Lady Robert Cecil went as Valentia Visconti, probably Valentina Visconti, according to her portrait in costume. A 15th-century Lady Valentia Visconti is difficult to identify. Two notable Valentina Viscontis lived at the end of the 14th century: Valentina Visconti, Queen of Cyprus (c. 1357 – before September 1393),[10] and Valentina Visconti, Duchess of Orléans (1371 – 4 December 1408).[11] Both were born in Milan.

Hon. George Curzon[edit | edit source]

The Hon. George Curzon (at 495) was dressed as a "Spanish Admiral" in "black velvet."[12]:p. 40, Col. 2a–b

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Nationality[edit | edit source]

  • Mary Victoria Leiter Curzon, American[13]
  • Grace Elvina Hinds, American[5]

Family[edit | edit source]

  • Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon, 4th Baron Scarsdale (12 July 1831 – 23 March 1916)[1]
  • Blanche Senhouse ( – 4 April 1875)[14]
  1. Hon. Sophia Caroline Curzon (20 Nov 1857 – 12 March 1929)
  2. George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st and last Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (11 January 1859 – 20 March 1925)
  3. Colonel Hon. Alfred Nathaniel Curzon (12 March 1860 – 20 September 1920)
  4. Hon. Mary Eveline Curzon (c. 1861 – 4 May 1862)
  5. Hon. Blanche Felicia Curzon (18 April 1861 – 23 April 1928)
  6. Hon. Eveline Mary Curzon (16 February 1864 – 15 June 1934)
  7. Hon. Francis Nathaniel Curzon (15 December 1865 – 8 June 1941)
  8. Hon. Assheton Nathaniel Curzon (10 May 1867 – 20 August 1950)
  9. Hon. Elinor Florence Curzon (13 February 1869 – 11 March 1939)
  10. Hon. Geraline Emily Curzon (8 May 1871 – 17 May 1940)
  11. Hon. Margaret Georgina Curzon (23 December 1873 – 19 July 1957)


  • George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston (11 January 1859 – 20 March 1925)[2]
  • Mary Victoria Leiter ( – 18 July 1906)[4]
  1. Mary Irene Curzon, Baroness Ravensdale of Kedleston (20 January 1896 – 9 February 1966)
  2. Cynthia Blanche Curzon (23 August 1898 – 16 May 1933)
  3. Alexandra Naldera Curzon (20 March 1904 – 7 August 1995)
  • Grace Elvina Hinds ( – 29 June 1958)[5]

Relations[edit | edit source]

Notes and Questions[edit | edit source]

A number of people named Curzon attended the Duchess of Devonshire's ball:

  1. Viscount and Viscountess Curzon are treated on the page for the Earl of Howe.
  2. The Times article[15] lists both Mrs. George Curzon and then later Mr. and Mrs. Curzon; was this another couple? Several people are treated this way, mentioned earlier in the Times article and then apparently showing up later, with fewer honorifics, especially if they are Hon.'s.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Alfred Nathaniel Holden Curzon, 4th Baron Scarsdale." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-21. https://www.thepeerage.com/p5349.htm#i53482.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 "George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st and Last Marquess Curzon of Kedleston." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-21. https://www.thepeerage.com/p5356.htm#i53558.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston". Wikipedia. 2020-11-12. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Curzon,_1st_Marquess_Curzon_of_Kedleston&oldid=988354081.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Curzon,_1st_Marquess_Curzon_of_Kedleston.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Mary Victoria Leiter." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-21. https://www.thepeerage.com/p14314.htm#i143134.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Grace Elvina Hinds." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-12-05. https://www.thepeerage.com/p27943.htm#i279426.
  6. "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  7. “The Duchess’s Costume Ball.” Westminster Gazette 03 July 1897 Saturday: 5 [of 8], Cols. 1a–3b [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0002947/18970703/035/0005.
  8. "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  9. "Hon. Mrs George Curzon as Valentina Visconti." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158553/Mary-Victoria-ne-Leiter-Lady-Curzon-of-Kedleston-as-Valentina-Visconti-of-Milan-AD-1447.
  10. "Valentina Visconti, Queen of Cyprus". Wikipedia. 2021-07-01. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Valentina_Visconti,_Queen_of_Cyprus&oldid=1031354412.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valentina_Visconti,_Queen_of_Cyprus.
  11. "Valentina Visconti, Duchess of Orléans". Wikipedia. 2021-09-17. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Valentina_Visconti,_Duchess_of_Orl%C3%A9ans&oldid=1044888748.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Valentina_Visconti,_Duchess_of_Orléans.
  12. “The Duchess of Devonshire’s Ball.” The Gentlewoman 10 July 1897 Saturday: 32–42 [of 76], Cols. 1a–3c [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0003340/18970710/155/0032.
  13. 13.0 13.1 "Mary Curzon, Baroness Curzon of Kedleston". Wikipedia. 2020-11-16. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mary_Curzon,_Baroness_Curzon_of_Kedleston&oldid=989054984. 
  14. "Blanche Senhouse." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-21. https://www.thepeerage.com/p7216.htm#i72159.
  15. "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1a–4c The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.