Social Victorians/People/Ripon

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Robinson
  • Marquess of Ripon
    • George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon (23 June 1871 – 9 July 1909)[1]
    • Frederick Oliver Robinson, 2nd Marquess of Ripon ( 9 July 1909 – 22 September 1923)
  • Marchioness of Ripon
  • Earl of Ripon
    • George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 2nd Earl of Ripon (28 January 1859 – 9 July 1909)[1]
  • Countess of Ripon
    • Henrietta Anne Theodosia Vyner Robinson (28 January 1859 –)
    • Constance Gwladys Herbert Robinson ()
  • Earl de Grey
    • George Frederick Samuel Robinson, Earl de Grey (23 June 1871 – 9 July 1909)
    • Frederick Oliver Robinson, Earl de Grey (1871–1909)
  • Countess of de Grey
    • Constance Gwladys Herbert Robinson (2 May 1885 – 1909)
  • Earl de Grey and Ripon
    • George Frederick Samuel Robinson (28 January 1859 – 1871)
  • Viscount Goderich
    • George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 2nd Viscount Goderich (28 January 1859 –1859)[1]
    • Frederick Oliver Robinson, 3rd Viscount Goderich (1859 and 1871)

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: George Frederick Samuel Robinson, British[1]

Family[edit | edit source]

  • George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon (24 October 1827 – 9 July 1909)[2]
  • Henrietta Anne Theodosia Vyner Robinson (17 April 1833 – 28 February 1907)[3]
  1. Frederick Oliver Robinson, 2nd Marquess of Ripon (29 January 1852 – 22 September 1923)
  2. Mary Sarah Robinson (16 July 1857 – 3 July 1858)


  1. Lady (Gladys Mary) Juliet Lowther (9 April 1881 – 23 September 1965)
  • Frederick Oliver Robinson (29 January 1852 – 23 September 1923)[6] was Earl de Grey –1909
  • Edith (servant; relationship with Frederick Robinson and paternity of her children theorized)
  1. Freda
  2. Frederick

Relations[edit | edit source]

  • Frederick Oliver Robinson married the widowed Constance Gwladys Herbert Lowther, and Edith, a servant at the estate, claimed that Robinson was the father of her children.

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Friends[edit | edit source]

Gwladys Robinson[edit | edit source]

  • Oscar Wilde (dedicated A Woman of No Importance to Gwladys Robinson, Lady de Grey)[7]
  • Nellie Melba
  • Nijinsky
  • Diaghilev

Frederick Oliver Robinson[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1885 May 7, Constance Gwladys Herbert Lowther and Frederick Oliver Robinson married.

1897 July 2, Constance Gwladys, Lady de Grey Constance Gwladys Herbert Robinson attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House, attended by an Ethiopian or Nubian. Frederick Oliver Robinson, Earl de Grey also attended.

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, accompanied by a real Ethiopian or Nubian attendant, Gwladys Robinson, Countess de Grey (at 136) was Cleopatra, Lysistrate, or (at least in June) Zenobia. She walked in the Duchess group in the "Oriental" Procession and sat at Table 2. She had "a great diamond bird in her hair and a golden bird in her hand"[8] and was dressed as Cleopatra, Lysistrate or Zenobia, perhaps:

  • Lady de Grey was "Cleopatra, [with] a real Ethiopian attendant."[9]:5, Col. 7c
  • "The Orientals were the first to pass [before the Prince of Wales], headed by Lady de Grey. Her train was borne by a Nubian in gorgeous and correct dress."[10]:Col. 2c
  • "There were also two Cleopatras — Lady de Grey was one mass of beautiful embroideries ...."[11]:32, Col. 2c
  • "The manteau was of crepon de chine, covered with embroidered gauze and applique of coloured satin, and studded with jewels; a ceinture and pendent were of white satin, with cerise applique and embroidery, and she wore a jewelled headdress, she was Lysistrate."[12]
  • The Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald, on 12 June 1897, says that Lady de Grey was "going as Zenobia, and is getting her dress from Doucet;[13] since the Duchess of Devonshire was dressed as Zenobia, perhaps Lady de Grey decided against that, if she could have known?
  • The Carlisle Patriot provides more detail than any other paper (perhaps because the de Greys were local?): "The Orientals were headed by Lady de Grey in magnificent attire, rich with gems and gold and silver, a great diamond bird in her hair and a golden bird in her hand. Her train was borne by a Nubian in gorgeous and correct dress."[8]

W. & D. Downey's portrait of "Gwladys Robinson, Marchioness of Ripon when Countess de Grey as Cleopatra" in costume is #281 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[14] The printing on the portrait says, "Countess de Grey as Cleopatra," with a Long S in Countess.[15]

Frederick Oliver Robinson, Earl de Grey (at 679) also attended. Walery's portrait of "Frederick Oliver Robinson, 2nd Marquess of Ripon when Earl de Grey as Admiral Coligny" in costume is #213 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[14] The printing on the portrait says, "Earl de Grey as Admiral Coligny."[16]

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Oscar Wilde dedicated A Woman of No Importance to Gwladys Robinson, Lady de Grey.[7]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "George Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon". Wikipedia. 2020-08-16. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Robinson,_1st_Marquess_of_Ripon&oldid=973232157. 
  2. "George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  3. "Henrietta Anne Theodosia Vyner." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  4. "Lady Constance Gwladys Herbert." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  5. "St George Lowther, 4th Earl of Lonsdale". Wikipedia. 2017-09-09. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=St_George_Lowther,_4th_Earl_of_Lonsdale&oldid=799748653. 
  6. "Frederick Robinson, 2nd Marquess of Ripon". Wikipedia. 2020-08-14. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Frederick_Robinson,_2nd_Marquess_of_Ripon&oldid=972888603. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Gwladys Robinson, Marchioness of Ripon". Wikipedia. 2020-07-02. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gwladys_Robinson,_Marchioness_of_Ripon&oldid=965652983. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Fancy Dress Ball: Unparalleled Splendour." Carlisle Patriot Friday 9 July 1897: 7 [of 8], Col. 4a–b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000365/18970709/084/0007.
  9. "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  10. “The Duchess’s Costume Ball.” Westminster Gazette 03 July 1897 Saturday: 5 [of 8], Cols. 1a–3b [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0002947/18970703/035/0005.
  11. “The Duchess of Devonshire’s Ball.” The Gentlewoman 10 July 1897 Saturday: 32–42 [of 76], Cols. 1a–3c [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0003340/18970710/155/0032.
  12. "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1a–4c The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  13. "Gleanings in the Peak." Derbyshire Times & Chesterfield Herald 1897-07-24 July 1897, Saturday: 6 [of 8], Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000228/18970724/026/0006.
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  15. "Countess de Grey as Cleopatra." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw65859/Gwladys-Robinson-Marchioness-of-Ripon-when-Countess-de-Grey-as-Cleopatra.
  16. "Earl de Grey as Admiral Coligny." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158576/Frederick-Oliver-Robinson-2nd-Marquess-of-Ripon-when-Earl-de-Grey-as-Admiral-Coligny.