Social Victorians/People/Ashburton

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Baring
  • Louisa Baring, Lady Ashburton
  • Louisa Baring, the Right Honorable Lady Ashburton
  • Frances Donnelly was also known as Frances Belmont.[1]
  • Baron Ashburton
    • Francis Denzil Edward Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton (18 July 1889 – 27 March 1938)[2]
  • Baroness Ashburton
    • Louisa Baring, Lady Ashburton (17 November 1858 – 25 July 1889)[3]
    • Hon. Mabel Edith Hood (25 July 1889 – 18 January 1904)[4]
    • Frances Donnelly (19 February 1906 – 27 March 1938)[5]

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Louisa Baring, Lady Ashburton[edit | edit source]

Friends[edit | edit source]

Romantic Relationship[edit | edit source]

  • Robert Browning[6]
  • Harriet Hosmer[6]
  • Margaret Trotter, Hon. Mary Baring's tutor[6]

Organizations and Social Networks[edit | edit source]

  • Louisa, Lady Ashburton was one of the centers of a community of lesbians, especially women in the arts.

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1858 November 17, Louisa Caroline Mackenzie and the widowed William Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton married.[3]

1889 July 25, Francis Baring and Hon. Mabel Hood married at St. George's Church, Hanover Square, London.[4]

1892 April 5, Louisa, Lady Ashburton wrote Arnold Dolmetsch to thank him for performing with his "Consort of Viols" at Kent House, her home in Knightsbridge.[7] (46).

1897 July 2, Friday, Lord and Lady Ashburton attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House.

1906 February 19, Francis, Baron Ashburton and Frances Donnelly married.[5]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

Mabel, Lady Ashburton[edit | edit source]

Black-and-white photograph of a standing woman richly dressed in an historical costume
Mabel, Lady Ashburton in costume as Enid in Tennyson's King Arthur. ©National Portrait Gallery, London.

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Lady Ashburton (at 375) was

  • Enid in the Round Table procession.[8]:p. 5, Col. 7a
  • "Lady Ashburton as Enid, in white embossed velvet, with a girdle of diamonds and a veil of white chiffon edged with silver embroidery."[9]

Lafayette's portrait of "Mabel Edith (née Hood), Lady Ashburton as Enid in Tennyson's 'King Arthur'" in costume is photogravure #126 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Ashburton as Enid in Tennyson's King Arthur."[11]

Black-and-white photograph of a standing man richly dressed in armor and holding a helmet
Francis Denzil Edward Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton in costume as Geraint. ©National Portrait Gallery, London.
Brightly colored shield with an upright lion facing to the left
Crest of the Barons Ashburton

Francis, Lord Ashburton[edit | edit source]

Lord Ashburton (at 376) was one of the knights of the Round Table:

  • "Lord Ashburton, as a Knight of the Round Table, wore a Knight's tabard of white silk reaching to the knees, open at the sides to the hips. The long Knight's mantle, which extended from the shoulders to the ground, was of Royal Blue Sicilian silk, draped over the left shoulder, and fastened with a gold chain and clasp round the neck. On the left shoulder of the mantle was a large crest of Lord Ashburton. The Knight's helmet, of silver, was of Indian shape, with a chain mail hanging from the back and on to the shoulders, and bound with gold bars and a gold star in front."[12]:p. 3, Col. 4c
  • "Lord Ashburton (Knight of the Round Table), knight's tabard of white silk, beautifully embroidered on the neck, sleeves, and end of tabard with bars and pattern of fine gold; on the breast large crest; on skirt of tabard and above the embroidery three small crests; knight's mantle, royal blue Sicilian silk; on the left shoulder of mantle a large crest of Lord Ashburton, the reverse of that on tabard being a silver shield and a blue star; altogether a very magnificent dress."[13]:41, Col. 2b
  • "white satin tabard, royal blue cloak embroidered in scarlet and gold over chain mail armour, with helmet, spurs, and two-handed sword complete, each with his own crest embroidered on his tabard."[8]:p. 5, Col. 7a
  • "Lord Ashburton, as one of the Knights of the Round Table, wore a magnificent dress, consisting of chain armour under a white satin tabard embroidered in gold, and his own coat of arms, a silver helmet, and a mantle of royal blue velvet, also embroidered."[14]:p. 6, Col. 1a
  • "Lord Ashburton was a magnificent Knight of the Round Table."[15]:p. 5, Col. 1

Lafayette's portrait of "Francis Denzil Edward Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton as Geraint" in costume is photogravure #127 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "Lord Ashburton as 'Geraint.'"[16]

The crest of the Barons Ashburton was apparently on the left shoulder of the cloak.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: Baring, British;[1] Donnelly, American;[1] Louisa Baring, Lady Ashburton, Scottish

Residences[edit | edit source]

Louisa, Lady Ashburton[edit | edit source]

  • Kent House, Knightsbridge (1892, probably before and after as well)[6]

Family[edit | edit source]

  • William Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton (June 1799 – 23 March 1864)[17]
  • Lady Harriet Mary Montagu (14 May 1805 – 4 May 1857)[18]
    1. Alexander Montagu Baring (10 November 1828 – 5 February 1830)
  • Louisa Caroline Mackenzie (5 May 1827 – 2 February 1903)[3]
    1. Hon. Mary Florence Baring (26 June 1860 – 1 June 1902)


  • Francis Denzil Edward Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton (20 July 1866 – 27 March 1938)[2]
  • Hon. Mabel Edith Hood (26 May 1866 – 18 January 1904)[4]
  1. Hon. Venetia Marjorie Mabel Baring (30 Apr 1890 – 15 Jul 1937)
  2. Hon. Aurea Versa Baring (11 August 1891 – 26 November 1975)
  3. Hon. Angela Mildred Baring (9 December 1893 – 13 March 1995)
  4. Hon. Violet Alma Madeline Baring (12 September 1895 – 18 July 1924)
  5. Alexander Francis St. Vincent Baring, 6th Baron Ashburton (7 April 1898 – 12 June 1991)
  • Frances Donnelly (1885 – 31 March 1959)[5]

Relations[edit | edit source]

Notes and Questions[edit | edit source]

  1. According to the Morning Post and the Gentlewoman, the Knights of the Round Table were George, Baron Rodney; Hon. R. Grosvenor; Seymour Henry Bathurst, 7th Earl Bathurst; and Hon. Grosvenor Hood.[20]:p. 8, Col. 1b [13]:p. 40, Col. 1c According to the Daily News, the Knights of the Table Round were "Lord Ashburton, Lord Rodney, Lord Bathurst, Lord Ampthill, and Lord Beauchamp."[8]:p. 5, Col. 7a George, Baron Rodney was 40 at the time of the ball; Seymour Henry Bathurst, 7th Earl Bathurst was nearly 33; Hon. Grosvenor Hood was 29;  Lord Francis Ashburton was nearly 31; Lord Ampthill was 28; Lord Beauchamp was 25.
  2. Francis Donnelly, who married Francis, Baron Ashburton in 1906, was one of the "Floradora sextet" in the New York production of the musical.[21]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Battersea, Constance. Reminiscences. London: Macmillan, 1923.
  • Pope-Hennessy, James. Lord Crewe, 1858-1945, The Likeness of a Liberal. London, Constable [1955].
  • Surtees, Virginia. The Ludovisi Goddess: The Life of Louisa Lady Ashburton. Salisbury, Wiltshire: M. Russell, 1984.
  • Vicinus, Martha. Intimate Friends: Women Who Loved Women, 1778-1928. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Francis Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton". Wikipedia. 2021-04-05. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Francis_Baring,_5th_Baron_Ashburton&oldid=1016186984. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Francis Denzil Edward Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://www.thepeerage.com/p1628.htm#i16273.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Louisa Caroline Mackenzie." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://thepeerage.com/p3027.htm#i30265.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Hon. Mabel Edith Hood." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://www.thepeerage.com/p8064.htm#i80632.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Frances Donnelly." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://www.thepeerage.com/p8431.htm#i84306.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 "Louisa Baring, Lady Ashburton". Wikipedia. 2021-04-04. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louisa_Baring,_Lady_Ashburton&oldid=1015962700.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louisa_Baring,_Lady_Ashburton
  7. 7.0 7.1 Campbell, Margaret. Dolmetsch: The Man and His Work. University of Washington Press, 1975.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  9. “The Devonshire House Ball. A Brilliant Gathering.” The Pall Mall Gazette 3 July 1897, Saturday: 7 [of 10], Col. 2a–3a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000098/18970703/019/0007.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  11. "Mabel Edith née Hood." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158489/Mabel-Edith-ne-Hood-Lady-Ashburton-as-Enid-in-Tennysons-King-Arthur.
  12. “The Ball at Devonshire House. Magnificent Spectacle. Description of the Dresses.” London Evening Standard 3 July 1897 Saturday: 3 [of 12], Cols. 1a–5b [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000183/18970703/015/0004.
  13. 13.0 13.1 “The Duchess of Devonshire’s Ball.” The Gentlewoman 10 July 1897 Saturday: 32–42 [of 76], Cols. 1a–3c [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0003340/18970710/155/0032.
  14. "The Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Dress Ball. Special Telegram." Belfast News-Letter Saturday 03 July 1897: 5 [of 8], Col. 9c [of 9]–6, Col. 1a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000038/18970703/015/0005.
  15. “The Duchess’s Costume Ball.” Westminster Gazette 03 July 1897 Saturday: 5 [of 8], Cols. 1a–3b [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0002947/18970703/035/0005.
  16. "Lord Ashburton as Geraint." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158490/Francis-Denzil-Edward-Baring-5th-Baron-Ashburton-as-Geraint.
  17. "William Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://thepeerage.com/p1348.htm#i13472.
  18. "Lady Harriet Mary Montagu." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://thepeerage.com/p2613.htm#i26130.
  19. "Hon. Mary Florence Baring." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://thepeerage.com/p3027.htm#i30264.
  20. "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  21. "Baron Ashburton". Wikipedia. 2021-05-20. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baron_Ashburton&oldid=1024193792.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baron_Ashburton.