Social Victorians/People/Ashburton

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Baring
  • Louisa Baring, Lady Ashburton
  • Louisa Baring, the Right Honorable Lady Ashburton
  • Frances Donnelly was also known as Frances Belmont.[1]
  • Baron Ashburton
    • Francis Denzil Edward Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton (18 July 1889 – 27 March 1938)[2]
  • Baroness Ashburton
    • Louisa Baring, Lady Ashburton (17 November 1858 – 25 July 1889)[3]
    • Hon. Mabel Edith Hood (25 July 1889 – 18 January 1904)[4]
    • Frances Donnelly (19 February 1906 – 27 March 1938)[5]

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: Baring, British;[1] Donnelly, American;[1] Louisa Baring, Lady Ashburton, Scottish

Residences[edit | edit source]

Louisa, Lady Ashburton[edit | edit source]

  • Kent House, Knightsbridge (1892, probably before and after as well)[6]

Family[edit | edit source]

  • William Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton (June 1799 – 23 March 1864)[7]
  • Lady Harriet Mary Montagu (14 May 1805 – 4 May 1857)[8]
    1. Alexander Montagu Baring (10 November 1828 – 5 February 1830)
  • Louisa Caroline Mackenzie (5 May 1827 – 2 February 1903)[3]
    1. Hon. Mary Florence Baring (26 June 1860 – 1 June 1902)


  • Francis Denzil Edward Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton (20 July 1866 – 27 March 1938)[2]
  • Hon. Mabel Edith Hood (26 May 1866 – 18 January 1904)[4]
  1. Hon. Venetia Marjorie Mabel Baring (30 Apr 1890 – 15 Jul 1937)
  2. Hon. Aurea Versa Baring (11 August 1891 – 26 November 1975)
  3. Hon. Angela Mildred Baring (9 December 1893 – 13 March 1995)
  4. Hon. Violet Alma Madeline Baring (12 September 1895 – 18 July 1924)
  5. Alexander Francis St. Vincent Baring, 6th Baron Ashburton (7 April 1898 – 12 June 1991)
  • Frances Donnelly (1885 – 31 March 1959)[5]

Relations[edit | edit source]

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Louisa Baring, Lady Ashburton[edit | edit source]

Friends[edit | edit source]

Romantic Relationship[edit | edit source]

  • Robert Browning[6]
  • Harriet Hosmer[6]
  • Margaret Trotter, Hon. Mary Baring's tutor[6]

Organizations and Social Networks[edit | edit source]

  • Louisa, Lady Ashburton was one of the centers of a community of lesbians, especially women in the arts.

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1858 November 17, Louisa Caroline Mackenzie and the widowed William Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton married.[3]

1889 July 25, Francis Baring and Hon. Mabel Hood married at St. George's Church, Hanover Square, London.[4]

1892 April 5, Louisa, Lady Ashburton wrote Arnold Dolmetsch to thank him for performing with his "Consort of Viols" at Kent House, her home in Knightsbridge.[10] (46).

1897 July 2, Lord and Lady Ashburton attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House.

1906 February 19, Francis, Baron Ashburton and Frances Donnelly married.[5]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

Mabel, Lady Ashburton[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Lady Ashburton (at 375) was

  • Enid in the Round Table procession.[11]:5, Col. 7a
  • "Lady Ashburton as Enid, in white embossed velvet, with a girdle of diamonds and a veil of white chiffon edged with silver embroidery."[12]

Lafayette's portrait of "Mabel Edith (née Hood), Lady Ashburton as Enid in Tennyson's 'King Arthur'" in costume is #126 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[13] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Ashburton as Enid in Tennyson's King Arthur."[14]

Francis, Lord Ashburton[edit | edit source]

Lord Ashburton (at 376) was one of the knights of the Round Table:

  • "Lord Ashburton (Knight of the Round Table), knight's tabard of white silk, beautifully embroidered on the neck, sleeves, and end of tabard with bars and pattern of fine gold; on the breast large crest; on skirt of tabard and above the embroidery three small crests; knight's mantle, royal blue Sicilian silk; on the left shoulder of mantle a large crest of Lord Ashburton, the reverse of that on tabard being a silver shield and a blue star; altogether a very magnificent dress."[15]:41, Col. 2b
  • "white satin tabard, royal blue cloak embroidered in scarlet and gold over chain mail armour, with helmet, spurs, and two-handed sword complete, each with his own crest embroidered on his tabard."[11]:5, Col. 7a
  • "Lord Ashburton, as one of the Knights of the Round Table, wore a magnificent dress, consisting of chain armour under a white satin tabard embroidered in gold, and his own coat of arms, a silver helmet, and a mantle of royal blue velvet, also embroidered."[16]:6, Col. 1a
  • "Lord Ashburton was a magnificent Knight of the Round Table."[17]:Col. 1

Lafayette's portrait of "Francis Denzil Edward Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton as Geraint" in costume is #127 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[13] The printing on the portrait says, "Lord Ashburton as 'Geraint.'"[18]

Notes and Questions[edit | edit source]

  1. According to the Morning Post and the Gentlewoman, the Knights of the Round Table were George, Baron Rodney; Hon. R. Grosvenor; Seymour Henry Bathurst, 7th Earl Bathurst; and Hon. Grosvenor Hood.[19]:8, Col. 1b [15]:40, Col. 1c According to the Daily News, the Knights of the Table Round were "Lord Ashburton, Lord Rodney, Lord Bathurst, Lord Ampthill, and Lord Beauchamp."[11]:5, Col. 7a George, Baron Rodney was 40 at the time of the ball; Seymour Henry Bathurst, 7th Earl Bathurst was nearly 33; Hon. Grosvenor Hood was 29;  Lord Francis Ashburton was nearly 31; Lord Ampthill was 28; Lord Beauchamp was 25.
  2. Francis Donnelly, who married Francis, Baron Ashburton in 1906, was one of the "Floradora sextet" in the New York production of the musical.[20]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Battersea, Constance. Reminiscences. London: Macmillan, 1923.
  • Pope-Hennessy, James. Lord Crewe, 1858-1945, The Likeness of a Liberal. London, Constable [1955].
  • Surtees, Virginia. The Ludovisi Goddess: The Life of Louisa Lady Ashburton. Salisbury, Wiltshire: M. Russell, 1984.
  • Vicinus, Martha. Intimate Friends: Women Who Loved Women, 1778-1928. Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press, 2004.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Francis Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton". Wikipedia. 2021-04-05. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Francis_Baring,_5th_Baron_Ashburton&oldid=1016186984. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Francis Denzil Edward Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://www.thepeerage.com/p1628.htm#i16273.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Louisa Caroline Mackenzie." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://thepeerage.com/p3027.htm#i30265.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 "Hon. Mabel Edith Hood." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://www.thepeerage.com/p8064.htm#i80632.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Frances Donnelly." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://www.thepeerage.com/p8431.htm#i84306.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 6.7 6.8 "Louisa Baring, Lady Ashburton". Wikipedia. 2021-04-04. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Louisa_Baring,_Lady_Ashburton&oldid=1015962700.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louisa_Baring,_Lady_Ashburton
  7. "William Bingham Baring, 2nd Baron Ashburton." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://thepeerage.com/p1348.htm#i13472.
  8. "Lady Harriet Mary Montagu." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://thepeerage.com/p2613.htm#i26130.
  9. "Hon. Mary Florence Baring." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-28. https://thepeerage.com/p3027.htm#i30264.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Campbell, Margaret. Dolmetsch: The Man and His Work. University of Washington Press, 1975.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  12. “The Devonshire House Ball. A Brilliant Gathering.” The Pall Mall Gazette 3 July 1897, Saturday: 7 [of 10], Col. 2a–3a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000098/18970703/019/0007.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  14. "Mabel Edith née Hood." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158489/Mabel-Edith-ne-Hood-Lady-Ashburton-as-Enid-in-Tennysons-King-Arthur.
  15. 15.0 15.1 “The Duchess of Devonshire’s Ball.” The Gentlewoman 10 July 1897 Saturday: 32–42 [of 76], Cols. 1a–3c [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0003340/18970710/155/0032.
  16. "The Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Dress Ball. Special Telegram." Belfast News-Letter Saturday 03 July 1897: 5 [of 8], Col. 9c [of 9]–6, Col. 1a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000038/18970703/015/0005.
  17. “The Duchess’s Costume Ball.” Westminster Gazette 03 July 1897 Saturday: 5 [of 8], Cols. 1a–3b [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0002947/18970703/035/0005.
  18. "Lord Ashburton as Geraint." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158490/Francis-Denzil-Edward-Baring-5th-Baron-Ashburton-as-Geraint.
  19. "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  20. "Baron Ashburton". Wikipedia. 2021-05-20. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baron_Ashburton&oldid=1024193792.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baron_Ashburton.