Social Victorians/People/Beauchamp

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Lygon
  • Earl Beauchamp
    • Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp ( – 19 February 1891)
    • William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp (1891 – 14 November 1938)
  • Viscount Elmley
    • William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp (– 1891)

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: English

Family[edit | edit source]

  • Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp (10 November 1830 – 19 February 1891)[1]
  • Lady Mary Catherine Stanhope (3 February 1844 – 30 June 1876)[2]
  1. Lady Mary Lygon (26 February 1869 – 12 September 1927)
  2. Lady Susan Lygon (24 May 1870 – 28 January 1962)
  3. William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp (20 February 1872 – 15 November 1938)
  4. Lieutenant Hon. Edward Hugh Lygon (17 July 1873 – 23 March 1900)
  5. Lady Margaret Lygon (8 October 1874 – 12 December 1957)
  • Lady Emily Annora Charlotte Pierrepont (16 March 1853 – 11 May 1935)[3]
  1. Lt.-Col. Hon. Robert Lygon (9 August 1879 – 13 January 1952)
  2. Lady Agnes Lygon (1880–1960)
  3. Lady Maud Lygon (1882 – 27 December 1962)
  4. Hon. Henry Lygon (1884–1932)


  • Lady Mary Lygon (26 February 1869 – 12 September 1927)[4]
  • Lt.-Col. Hon. Henry Walter Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis (8 December 1864 – 2 June 1948)[5]
  1. Henry Trefusis (4 June 1908 – 27 April 1975)


  • William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp (20 February 1872 – 14 November 1938)[6]
  • Lettice Mary Elizabeth Grosvenor Lygon (25 December 1876 – 28 July 1936)[7]
  1. William Lygon, 8th Earl Beauchamp (3 July 1903 – 3 January 1979)
  2. Hon. Hugh Patrick Lygon (2 November 1904 – 19 August 1936)
  3. Lady Lettice Lygon (16 Jun 1906–1973)
  4. Lady Sibell Lygon (10 October 1907 – 31 October 2005)
  5. Lady Mary Lygon (12 February 1910 – 27 September 1982)
  6. Lady Dorothy Lygon (22 February 1912 – 13 November 2001)
  7. Hon. Richard Edward Lygon (25 December 1916–1970)

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Organizations[edit | edit source]

  • Liberal

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1897 July 2, William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp, and his sister Lady Mary Lygon attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House. He and Lettice Grosvenor Lygon had not yet married.

1902 July 26, William Lygon married Lettice Grosvenor at Eccleston, Cheshire.[7]

1931, William Lygon's homosexuality was revealed publicly.[6]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp, (at 60) was dressed as a

  • "Knight 1400. Suit of steel armour, with embroidered heraldic tabard and blue velvet mantle reaching to the ground, with arms of the Garter embroidered on the shoulder and a gilt crown with pearls."[8]:8, Col. 1a
  • Along with the other knights of the Round Table, he wore a "white satin tabard, royal blue cloak embroidered in scarlet and gold over chain mail armour, with helmet, spurs, and two-handed sword complete, each with his own crest embroidered on his tabard."[9]:5, Col. 7A
  • "Lord Beauchamp wore the dress in which the first Lord Beauchamp was painted."[8]:7, Col. 4c

His costume was made by "Simmons and Sons, of the Haymarket."[8]:8, Col. 2a

Thomas Bennett & Sons's portrait of "William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp as Baron Beauchamp of Powyke (XIV Century)" in costume is #154 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "Earl Beauchamp as Baron Beauchamp of Powyke (XIV Century)."[11]

Lady Mary Lygon (at 547) was at the ball attending the Duke and Duchess of York (at 3 and 4), with Charles Cust (at 152). Thomas Bennett & Sons's portrait of "Lady Mary Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis (née Lygon) as Marie de Lorraine, a lady of the Court of Marguerite de Valois" in costume is #153 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Mary Lygon as Marie de Lorraine, a lady of the Court of Marguerite de Valois."[12]

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. "Lord Beauchamp is often assumed to be the model for the character Lord Marchmain in Evelyn Waugh's novel Brideshead Revisited."[6]
  2. William Lygon's second son, Hugh Patrick Lygon, is "said to be the model for Sebastian in Brideshead Revisited."[6]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. "Frederick Lygon, 6th Earl Beauchamp." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
  2. "Lady Mary Catherine Stanhope." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
  3. "Lady Emily Annora Charlotte Pierrepont." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
  4. "Lady Mary Lygon." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
  5. "Lt.-Col. Hon. Henry Walter Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp". Wikipedia. 2020-10-08. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=William_Lygon,_7th_Earl_Beauchamp&oldid=982467595. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Lady Lettice Mary Elizabeth Grosvenor." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-11.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  9. "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  11. "Earl Beauchamp as Baron Beauchamp." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158517/William-Lygon-7th-Earl-Beauchamp-as-Baron-Beauchamp-of-Powyke-XIV-Century.
  12. "Lady Mary Lygon as Marie de Lorraine." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158516/Lady-Mary-Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis-ne-Lygon-as-Marie-de-Lorraine-a-lady-of-the-Court-of-Marguerite-de-Valois.