Social Victorians/People/Lansdowne

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Petty-FitzMaurice
  • Marquess of Lansdowne
    • Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne (5 June 1866 – 3 June 1927)[1]
    • Maud Evelyn Hamilton (8 November 1869 – 3 June 1927)
  • Courtesy Titles
    • Viscount Clanmaurice
    • Earl of Kerry
      • Henry William Edmund Petty-FitzMaurice (1872 – 3 June 1927)[2]
    • Lord Nairne

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: British

Residences[edit | edit source]

  • Bowood House, County Kerry, Ireland
  • Derreen House, Lauragh, County Kerry, Ireland
  • Lansdowne House, Berkeley Square, London

Family[edit | edit source]

  • Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne (14 January 1845 – 3 June 1927)[3]
  • Maud Evelyn Hamilton (17 December 1850 – 21 October 1932)[4]
  1. Evelyn Emily Mary Petty-FitzMaurice (27 August 1870 – 2 April 1960)
  2. Henry William Edmund Petty-FitzMaurice, 6th Marquess of Lansdowne (14 January 1872 – 5 March 1936)
  3. Charles George Francis Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMaurice (12 February 1874 – 30 October 1914)
  4. Beatrix Frances Petty-FitzMaurice (25 March 1877 – 5 August 1953)[5]


  • Henry William Edmund Petty-FitzMaurice, Earl of Kerry and later 6th Marquess of Lansdowne (14 January 1872 – 5 March 1936)[6]
  • Elizabeth Caroline Hope (4 March 1885 – 25 March 1964)[7]
    1. Katherine Evelyn Constance Petty-FitzMaurice, Lady Nairne (22 June 1912 – 20 October 1995)
    2. Henry Maurice John Petty-FitzMaurice, Earl of Kerry (7 October 1913 – 12 September 1933)
    3. Charles Hope Petty-FitzMaurice, 7th Marquess of Lansdowne (9 January 1917 – 20 August 1944)
    4. Lord Edward Norman Petty-FitzMaurice (28 July 1922 – 11 August 1944)
    5. Lady Elizabeth Mary Petty-FitzMaurice (16 March 1927 – 28 June 2016)


  • Edmond George Petty Petty-FitzMaurice, 1st and last Baron FitzMaurice (19 June 1846 – 21 June 1935)[8]
  • Caroline Fitzgerald (– 1911; an American)

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Organizations[edit | edit source]

  • House of Lords
  • William Gladstone's government
  • Unionists (Conservative and Liberal Unionist peers in the House of Lords)

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1869 November 8, Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice and Maud Evelyn Hamilton married in Westminster Abbey.

1889 November 23, Edmond George Petty Petty-FitzMaurice and Caroline Fitzgerald married.

1894 October 22, the marriage between Edmond George Petty Petty-FitzMaurice and Caroline Fitzgerald was annulled, case heard in camera.

1897 July 2, Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess and Maud Hamilton Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marchioness of Lansdowne attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House, as did their daughter, Beatrix Petty-FitzMaurice. Also present were Henry William Edmund Petty-FitzMaurice, his son, the Earl of Kerry (at 72), Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice's brother, Edmund Fitzmaurice (at 627), and a Lady C. Fitzmaurice (at 365).

1897 October 16, Beatrix Frances Petty-FitzMaurice and Henry de la Poer Beresford married.

1904 February 16, Henry William Edmund Petty-FitzMaurice, Earl of Kerry, and Elizabeth Caroline Hope married at St. Marylebone Church, London.

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

Maud Hamilton Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marchioness of Lansdowne[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Maud Hamilton Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marchioness of Lansdowne (at 51),

  • was dressed as Lady Keith, a "Lady of the Court of Marie Thérèse. A white brocaded sacque elaborately embroidered in gold, and under-dress worked in coloured silk and gold."[9]:7, Col. 7c
  • "went as a Lady of the Court of Queen Marie Thérèse, wearing a white brocade sacque richly embroidered in gold over satin, elaborately sewn with gold and coloured silks."[10]:5, Col. 7a
  • was dressed as "as a lady of the Court of Marie Thérèse - a white brocaded sacque, elaborately embroidered in gold, and under dress worked in coloured silk and gold."[11]
  • came "as a lady of the Court of Marie Thérèse — a white brocaded sacque, elaborately embroidered in gold, and under dress worked in coloured silk and gold."[12]:2, Col. 7b

Lafayette's portrait of "Maud Evelyn (née Hamilton), Marchioness of Lansdowne as Lady Keith, wife of the British Ambassador at the Court of Maria Therese" in costume is #171 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[13] The printing on the portrait says, "The Marchioness of Lansdowne as Lady Keith wife of the British Ambassador at the Court of Maria Therese," with a Long S in Marchioness and Ambassador.[14]

The Marchioness and the Marquis of Lansdowne were in the first section of the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille with Lady Londonderry and the Marquis of Winchester.[9][11]

Two brothers of Maud Hamilton Petty-Fitzmaurice, the Marchioness of Lansdowne's — Frederick Hamilton and Ronald Hamilton — attended the ball as well as her niece, Alexandra Hamilton, who was in the Marie Thérèse process with Beatrice FitzMaurice (they are on the Abercorn page).

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne[edit | edit source]

Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquess of Lansdowne (at 52) was dressed as Prince Kaunitz or Count Konitz, Minister to Empress Marie Thérèse[11]:

  • "Count Konitz, Minister to Empress Marie Thérèse. In a uniform of black velvet, elaborately embroidered in gold, with Orders, &c."[9]:7, Col. 7c
  • "Count Konitz, Minister to Queen Marie Thérèse, in a handsome uniform of black velvet elaborately embroidered in gold, with orders and jewels."[10]:5, Col. 7a
  • "Count Kaunitz, Minister to the Empress Marie Thérèse, in a uniform of black velvet, elaborately embroidered in gold, with orders, &c.[11]
  • The Marquis Lansdowne came as "Count Kaunitz, Minister to the Empress Marie Thérèse, in a uniform of black velvet, elaborately embroidered in gold, with orders, &c."[12]:2, Col. 7b

Lady Beatrix Petty-Fitzmaurice[edit | edit source]

Along with Lady Mary Stewart, Helen Mary Theresa Vane-Tempest-Stewart (at 43), Lady Beatrice Butler (at 45), Lady Alexandra Hamilton (at 46), Miss Stirling (at 47), and Lady Beatrix Fitzmaurice (at 44) were in attendance on Theresa Vane-Tempest-Stewart, Marchioness of Londonderry, who led the Austrian procession as Marie Thérèse. Lady Mary Stewart was 20 years old, as were Lady Beatrix Petty-Fitzmaurice and Lady Beatrice Butler; Lady Alexandra Hamilton was 21 and Miss Stirling, if she was Evelyn Mary Caroline Lilah Stirling, was 19. All these young women were dressed alike:

  • "Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Beatrix Fitzmaurice, Lady Beatrice Butler, Lady Alexandra Hamilton and Miss Stirling as Archduchesses in waiting on Marie Thérèse - were dressed alike in stiff silver brocatelle, with deep pointed bodices of silver tissue, veiled with white lisse and half-hoops of old-fashioned blue satin ribbon, large paniers of white lisse, and quaint sleeves with frills and bows of blue ribbon."[9]:7, Col. 7c
  • "Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Beatrix Fitzmaurice, Lady Beatrice Butler, Lady Alexandra Hamilton and Miss Stirling as Archduchesses in Waiting on Marie Thérèse were dressed alike in stiff silver brocatelle, with deep-pointed bodices of silver tissue, veiled with white lisse and half hoops of old-fashioned blue satin riband; large flounces of white lisse, and quaint sleeves, with frills and bows of blue riband."[11]
  • "The archduchesses were Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Alexandra Hamilton, Lady Beatrice Fitzmaurice, Lady Beatrice Butler, and Miss Seymour [sic]. Their dresses were particularly admired, and were of beautiful silver brocade, made with corsages of silver cloth under soft lisse, and with wide blue ribbons tied high at the side."[15]:5, Col. 9c
  • "Lady Londonderry, as the Empress Thèrése of Austria, was dressed in cream-coloured satin, and was attended by five Archduchesses and five Archdukes. The former, all attired exactly alike in white and silver brocade, were Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Beatrice Butler, Lady Beatrix FitzMaurice, Lady Alexandra Hamilton, and Miss Stirling."[16]
  • "Lady Londonderry was attended by five Arch-Duchesses, Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Alexandra Hamilton, Lady Beatrice Butler, Lady Beatrix Fitzmaurice, and Miss Stirling, dressed alike in gowns of white and silver, with bodices of silver gauze, trimmed with blue ribbon and masses of white chiffon."[17]

Other Fitzmaurices[edit | edit source]

Edmond Fitzmaurice (at 627), brother of Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, attended as a "Courtier of the Empress Marie Thérèse." His original costume appeared in the Drury Lane production of The White Heather.[18]

"Lady C. FitzMaurice" (at 365) attended as "Secretary to Kaunitz" in the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille.[9][11]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. "Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne". Wikipedia. 2020-10-05. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Henry_Petty-Fitzmaurice,_5th_Marquess_of_Lansdowne&oldid=981936774. 
  2. "Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 6th Marquess of Lansdowne". Wikipedia. 2020-08-05. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Henry_Petty-Fitzmaurice,_6th_Marquess_of_Lansdowne&oldid=971313124. 
  3. "Henry Charles Keith Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  4. "Lady Maud Evelyn Hamilton." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  5. "Lady Beatrix Frances Petty-FitzMaurice." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  6. "Henry William Edmund Petty-FitzMaurice, 6th Marquess of Lansdowne." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  7. "Elizabeth Caroline Hope." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  8. "Edmond George Petty Petty-FitzMaurice, 1st and last Baron FitzMaurice." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-07.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1a–4c The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "The Duchess of Devonshire's Great Ball. Remarkable Social Function. Crowds of Mimic Kings & Queens. Panorama of Historical Costume. An Array of Priceless Jewels." Western Gazette 9 July 1897: 2 [of 8], Col. 7a–c. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000407/18970709/009/0002.
  13. "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515 (accessed February 2020).
  14. "Marchioness of Lansdowne as Lady Keith." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158534/Maud-Evelyn-ne-Hamilton-Marchioness-of-Lansdowne-as-Lady-Keith-wife-of-the-British-Ambassador-at-the-Court-of-Maria-Therese (accessed February 2020).
  15. "The Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Dress Ball. Special Telegram." Belfast News-Letter Saturday 03 July 1897: 5 [of 8], Col. 9 [of 9]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000038/18970703/015/0005.
  16. "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy-Dress Ball. Brilliant Spectacle." The [Guernsey] Star 6 July 1897, Tuesday: 1 [of 4], Col. 1–2. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000184/18970706/003/0001.
  17. “The Devonshire House Ball. A Brilliant Gathering.” The Pall Mall Gazette 3 July 1897, Saturday: 7 [of 10], Col. 2a–3a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000098/18970703/019/0007.
  18. "The Morning’s News." London Daily News 18 September 1897, Saturday: 5 [of 8], Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970918/027/0005.