Social Victorians/People/Villiers

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Villiers
  • Earl of Clarendon[1]
    • George William Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon (1838 – 27 June 1870)[2]
    • Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon (27 June 1870 – 2 October 1914)[3]
    • George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon (2 October 1914 – 13 December 1955)[4]
  • Countess of Clarendon
    • Lady Caroline Agar Villiers (27 June 1870 – 9 May 1894)
    • Emma Mary Augusta Hatch Villiers (5 August 1908 – 9 March 1935)
    • Hon. Adeline Verena Ishbel Cocks Villiers (2 October 1914 – )
  • Lord Hyde, Baron Hyde, title of the heir apparent to the earldom
    • Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon (11 February 1846 – 27 June 1870)[1]
    • George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon (7 June 1877 – 2 October 1914)[1]
  • Other people are named Villiers, including the family of the Earl of Jersey and Robert Edwin Villiers

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1886 July 21, people from this family attended the ball at Marlborough House.

1891 July 9, people from this family attended the garden party at Marlborough House.

1893 October 18, Wednesday, the funeral of Rev. Charles Villiers, who had been tutor to Victoria and Albert's son, Alfred Duke of Edinburgh in the 1850s. A number of Villiers attended, including Mr. E. Villiers.[5]

1894 May 9, Lady Caroline Agar Villiers, Countess of Clarendon, died.[6]

1897 July 2, Friday, Edward Villiers, 5th Earl Clarendon, his daughter Lady Edith Villiers, and his son George Herbert Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House. Mr. E. Villiers also attended.

1898 January 20, Thursday, the funeral of Charles Pelham Villiers, attended by many Villiers, including Mr. E. Villiers, as well as representatives of the Queen and the Prince of Wales.[7]

1898 April 30, Ernest Amherst Villiers and Hon. Elaine Augusta Guest married.[8]

1905 August 5, George Herbert Hyde Villiers and Hon. Adeline Verena Ishbel Cocks married.[9]

1908 August 5, Edward Villiers, 5th Earl Clarendon, and Emma Mary Augusta Hatch married.[10]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

Black-and-white photograph of a standing man richly dressed in an historical costume
The Earl of Clarendon in costume as William Villers, Lord Grandison after Vandyck. ©National Portrait Gallery, London.
Colorful portrait of a gentleman
William Villiers, 2nd Viscount Grandison, c. 1640, school of Anthony van Dyke

Edward Villiers, 5th Earl Clarendon[edit | edit source]

Edward Villiers, 5th Earl Clarendon (at 65) attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball. He wife died in 1894, which of course is why she did not attend.

  • He was dressed as "Earl of Clarendon (Villiers, Viscount Grandison, after portrait by Vandyke), crimson satin doublet; breeches embroidered with gold; white hose; hat and ostrich plume."[11]:p. 34, Col. 1b
  • He was dressed as "Villiers Viscount Grandison, after a portrait by Vandyke in his own possession. Crimson satin doublet and breeches, richly embroidered with gold, large point lace Vandyke collar, white hose, and hat with ostrich plume."[12]:p. 8, Col. 1a
  • "The costume of the Earl of Clarendon, as Viscount Grandison, after a portrait by Vandyke in his own possession, consisted of crimson satin doublet and breeches, richly embroidered with gold large point lace, Vandyke collar, white hose, and hat with ostrich plume."[13]:p. 3, Col. 4b

Frederick Downer's portrait of "Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon as William Villers, Lord Grandison after Vandyck" in costume is photogravure #62 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[14] The printing on the portrait says, "The Earl of Clarendon as William Villers Lord Grandison after Vandyck."[15]

While the clothing worn by the Viscount Grandison in the 17th-century portrait is not identical to what was worn by the Earl of Clarendon, the newspapers' descriptions are such that this painting might be an original for this photograph. Provenance locating it in his collection would go further to establish the connection.

Three members of this family are in the Album made as a gift for the Duchess of Devonshire, a copy of which is now in the National Portrait Gallery: Edward Villiers, 5th Earl Clarendon, Lady Edith Villiers, and George Herbert Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde.

Black-and-white photograph of a standing man richly dressed in an historical costume with two upright feathers in his cap
George Herbert Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde in costume as Romeo. ©National Portrait Gallery, London.

George Herbert Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde[edit | edit source]

George Herbert Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde (at 294) was dressed as Romeo in the Italian procession, escorting Miss Enid Wilson as Giulietta.[12][16] His costume was made of "green brocade and velvet mantle."[11]:p. 34, Col. 1b

Henry Van der Weyde's portrait of "George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon when Lord Hyde as Romeo" in costume is #97 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[14] The printing on the portrait says, "Lord Hyde as Romeo."[17]

Lady Edith Villiers[edit | edit source]

Black-and-white photograph of a standing woman richly dressed in an historical costume
Lady Edith Villiers in costume as Lady Melbourne, after Cosway. ©National Portrait Gallery, London.

Lady Edith Villiers (at 282) was Lady Melbourne and part of the Cosway Quadrille. Alice Hughes's portrait of "Edith (née Villiers), Countess Mount Edgcumbe when Lady Edith Villiers as Lady Melbourne after Cosway" in costume is photogravure #61 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[14] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Edith Villiers as Lady Melbourne after Cosway."[18] It is possible that, as with Violet Manners, Lady Edith Villiers is wearing a costume "after Cosway" and yet is not part of the Cosway quadrille.

Lady Melbourne was Elizabeth, Viscountess Melbourne (1751–1818), Whig political hostess, friend of Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire.[19] She had a number of affairs and the paternity of most of her children is not clear, but she was sufficienty discreet that she never lost her political access and influence.

The Ladies Villiers[edit | edit source]

While it is not certain right now, it seems more likely that at least one of the Ladies Villiers, who were in a quadrille with the Ladies Ker, was the daughter of Victor and Margaret Child-Villiers, Earl and Countess of Island of Jersey than other young women in this family. Lady May Julia Child-Villiers (at 372) is the most likely choice for the other Lady Villier. But it is possible they are from the extended family of the Earl of Clarendon, as Mr. E. Villiers probably is.

Mr. E. Villiers[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Mr. E. Villiers (at 326) was dressed as a Yeoman in the Queen Elizabeth procession. He was one of the six halberdiers attending on the Queen, their costumes copied from Holbein's picture at Hampton Court.[20]:p. 5, Col. 7a

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: British[3]

Family[edit | edit source]

  • George William Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon (26 January 1800 – 27 June 1870)[21]
  • Lady Katherine Grimston (18 April 1810 – 4 July 1874)[22]
  1. Lady Constance Villiers (1840 – 17 April 1922)
  2. Lady Alice Villiers (17 September 1841 – 23 November 1897)
  3. Lady Emily Theresa Villiers (9 September 1843 – 22 February 1927)
  4. Edward Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde (30 January 1845 – 26 February 1846)
  5. Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon (11 February 1846 – 2 October 1914)
  6. Colonel Hon. George Patrick Hyde Villiers (27 September 1847 – 10 January 1892)
  7. Lady Florence Margaret Villiers (21 September 1850 – 25 August 1851)
  8. Rt. Hon. Sir Francis Hyde Villiers (13 August 1852 – 18 November 1925)


  • Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon (11 February 1846 – 2 October 1914)[3]
  • Lady Caroline Agar, the Countess of Clarendon (21 March 1857 – 9 May 1894)[6]
  1. George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon (1877–1955)
  2. Lady Edith Villiers (8 November 1878 – 1 August 1935)


  • George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon (7 June 1877 – 13 December 1955)[4]
  • Hon. Adeline Verena Ishbel Cocks (1886 – 6 February 1963)[9]
  1. George Herbert Arthur Edward Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde (6 May 1906 – 27 April 1935)
  2. Lady Nina Joan Edith Virgina Villiers (10 December 1908 – 28 October 1971)
  3. William Nicholas Somers Laurence Hyde Villiers (17 July 1916 – 24 February 2000)

Different Villiers[edit | edit source]

  • Charles Villiers (1830 – 15 October 1893)[24]
  • Florence Mary Tyssen-Amherst ( – 7 October 1927)[25]
  1. Gertrude Mary Amelia Villiers (- 30 August 1949)
  2. Charles Hyde Villiers (– 23 May 1947)
  3. Florence Margaret Rose Villiers (- 20 January 1952)
  4. Gwendolyn Villiers – 1961)
  5. Ernest Amherst Villiers (14 November 1863 – 26 September 1923)
  6. William Noel Villiers (1864 –)
  7. Bertram Villiers (1865 –)
  8. Edward Cecil Villiers (16 February 1866 – 16 April 1939)
  9. Evelyn Fountaine Villiers (male) (4 May 1875 – January 1955)


  • Ernest Amherst Villiers (14 November 1863 – 26 September 1923)[26]
  • Hon. Elaine Augusta Guest ()[8]
  1. George Villiers ()
  2. Barbara Villiers (1899 – 23 December 1971)
  3. Charles Amherst Villiers (9 December 1900 – 12 December 1991)
  4. Veronica Villiers (1909 – 5 November 1998)

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Lady M. Villiers (at 433) is probably Lady Margaret Child-Villiers. More people were named Villiers than the family of the Earls of Clarendon, like the family of the Earl of Jersey and Robert Edwin Villiers and the Mr. E. Villiers of the entertainment industry.
  2. Emma Mary Augusta Hatch Villiers had been married before she married Edward Villiers, to Major Hon. Edward Roden Bourke, and they had 5 children.
  3. All of the surviving daughters of the 4th Earl had married by 1897, so they all had different last names by then and none could have been a Miss Villiers.
  4. A Mr. E. Villiers was the secretary of Rachel, Countess of Dudley in 1885.[27] In 1905, Mr. E. Villiers was a Liberal M.P., from Brighton. Mr. E. Villiers was a member of the Pelican Club in 1890.[28]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Earl of Clarendon". Wikipedia. 2020-10-05. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Earl_of_Clarendon&oldid=982006139. 
  2. "George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon". Wikipedia. 2021-09-05. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Villiers,_4th_Earl_of_Clarendon&oldid=1042549410.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Villiers,_4th_Earl_of_Clarendon.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Edward Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon". Wikipedia. 2020-09-10. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Edward_Villiers,_5th_Earl_of_Clarendon&oldid=977778661. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  5. "Death of the Rector of Croft." Yorkshire Herald 21 October 1893 Saturday: 15 [of 16], Col. 2b [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000500/18931021/147/0015.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Lady Caroline Elizabeth Agar." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  7. "Funeral of Mr. Villiers." London Evening Standard 21 January 1898 Friday: 2 [of 10], Col. 4a [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000183/18980121/007/0002.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Hon. Elaine Augusta Guest." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Hon. Adeline Verena Ishbel Cocks." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  10. "Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  11. 11.0 11.1 “The Duchess of Devonshire’s Ball.” The Gentlewoman 10 July 1897 Saturday: 32–42 [of 76], Cols. 1a–3c [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0003340/18970710/155/0032.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  13. “The Ball at Devonshire House. Magnificent Spectacle. Description of the Dresses.” London Evening Standard 3 July 1897 Saturday: 3 [of 12], Cols. 1a–5b [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000183/18970703/015/0004.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  15. "Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon as William Villers, Lord Grandison after Vandyck." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158416/Edward-Hyde-Villiers-5th-Earl-of-Clarendon-as-William-Villers-Lord-Grandison-after-Vandyck.
  16. "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1a–4c The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  17. "George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon when Lord Hyde as Romeo." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158457/George-Herbert-Hyde-Villiers-6th-Earl-of-Clarendon-when-Lord-Hyde-as-Romeo.
  18. "Edith (née Villiers), Countess Mount Edgcumbe when Lady Edith Villiers as Lady Melbourne after Cosway." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158415/Edith-ne-Villiers-Countess-Mount-Edgcumbe-when-Lady-Edith-Villiers-as-Lady-Melbourne-after-Cosway.
  19. "Elizabeth Lamb, Viscountess Melbourne". Wikipedia. 2021-11-16. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elizabeth_Lamb,_Viscountess_Melbourne&oldid=1055528346.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_Lamb,_Viscountess_Melbourne.
  20. "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  21. "George William Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  22. "Lady Katherine Grimston." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  23. "Emma Mary Augusta Hatch." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  24. "Rev. Charles Villiers." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  25. "Florence Mary Tyssen-Amherst." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  26. "Ernest Amherst Villiers." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  27. "Dudley." Stourbridge Observer 04 July 1885 Saturday: 4 [of 4], Col. 3c [of 7[. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0002974/18850704/053/0004.
  28. "The Pelican Club." Sporting Life 09 January 1890 Thursday: 4 [of 4], Col. 1a [of 6]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000893/18900109/056/0004.