Social Victorians/People/Villiers

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Villiers
  • Earl of Clarendon[1]
    • George William Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon ( – 27 June 1870)
    • Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon (27 June 1870 – 2 October 1914)
    • George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon (2 October 1914 – 13 December 1955)
  • Countess of Clarendon
    • Lady Caroline Agar Villiers (27 June 1870 – 9 May 1894)
    • Emma Mary Augusta Hatch Villiers (5 August 1908 – 9 March 1935)
    • Hon. Adeline Verena Ishbel Cocks Villiers (2 October 1914 – )
  • Baron Hyde, title of the heir apparent to the Earldom
    • Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon (11 February 1846 – 27 June 1870)
    • George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon (7 June 1877 – 2 October 1914)
  • Other people are named Villiers, including the family of the Earl of Jersey.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: English

Family[edit | edit source]

  • George William Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon (26 January 1800 – 27 June 1870)[2]
  • Lady Katherine Grimston (18 April 1810 – 4 July 1874)[3]
  1. Lady Constance Villiers (1840 – 17 April 1922)
  2. Lady Alice Villiers (17 September 1841 – 23 November 1897)
  3. Lady Emily Theresa Villiers (9 September 1843 – 22 February 1927)
  4. Edward Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde (30 January 1845 – 26 February 1846)
  5. Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon (11 February 1846 – 2 October 1914)
  6. Colonel Hon. George Patrick Hyde Villiers (27 September 1847 – 10 January 1892)
  7. Lady Florence Margaret Villiers (21 September 1850 – 25 August 1851)
  8. Rt. Hon. Sir Francis Hyde Villiers (13 August 1852 – 18 November 1925)


  • Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon (11 February 1846 – 2 October 1914)[4]
  • Lady Caroline Agar, the Countess of Clarendon (21 March 1857 – 9 May 1894)[5]
  1. George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon (1877–1955)
  2. Lady Edith Villiers (8 November 1878 – 1 August 1935)
  • Emma Mary Augusta Hatch Villiers (1855 – 9 March 1935)[6]


  • George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon (7 June 1877 – 13 December 1955)[7]
  • Hon. Adeline Verena Ishbel Cocks (1886 – 6 February 1963)[8]
  1. George Herbert Arthur Edward Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde (6 May 1906 – 27 April 1935)
  2. Lady Nina Joan Edith Virgina Villiers (10 December 1908 – 28 October 1971)
  3. William Nicholas Somers Laurence Hyde Villiers (17 July 1916 – 24 February 2000)

Different Villiers[edit | edit source]

  • Charles Villiers (1830 – 15 October 1893)[9]
  • Florence Mary Tyssen-Amherst ( – 7 October 1927)[10]
  1. Gertrude Mary Amelia Villiers (- 30 August 1949)
  2. Charles Hyde Villiers (– 23 May 1947)
  3. Florence Margaret Rose Villiers (- 20 January 1952)
  4. Gwendolyn Villiers – 1961)
  5. Ernest Amherst Villiers (14 November 1863 – 26 September 1923)
  6. William Noel Villiers (1864 –)
  7. Bertram Villiers (1865 –)
  8. Edward Cecil Villiers (16 February 1866 – 16 April 1939)
  9. Evelyn Fountaine Villiers (male) (4 May 1875 – January 1955)


  • Ernest Amherst Villiers (14 November 1863 – 26 September 1923)[11]
  • Hon. Elaine Augusta Guest ()[12]
  1. George Villiers ()
  2. Barbara Villiers (1899 – 23 December 1971)
  3. Charles Amherst Villiers (9 December 1900 – 12 December 1991)
  4. Veronica Villiers (1909 – 5 November 1998)

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1886 July 21, ball at Marlborough House.

1891 July 9, garden party at Marlborough House.

1894 May 9, Lady Caroline Agar Villiers, Countess of Clarendon, died.[5]

1897 July 2, Edward Villiers, 5th Earl Clarendon, his daughter Lady Edith Villiers, and his son George Herbert Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House.

1898 April 30, Ernest Amherst Villiers and Hon. Elaine Augusta Guest married.[12]

1905 August 5, George Herbert Hyde Villiers and Hon. Adeline Verena Ishbel Cocks married.[8]

1908 August 5, Edward Villiers, 5th Earl Clarendon, and Emma Mary Augusta Hatch married.[13]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Edward Villiers, 5th Earl Clarendon (at 65) was dressed as

  • "Villiers Viscount Grandison, after a portrait by Vandyke in his own possession. Crimson satin doublet and breeches, richly embroidered with gold, large point lace Vandyke collar, white hose, and hat with ostrich plume."[14]:8, Col. 1a

Three members of this family are in the Album made as a gift for the Duchess of Devonshire, a copy of which is now in the National Portrait Gallery: Edward Villiers, 5th Earl Clarendon, Lady Edith Villiers, and George Herbert Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde.

Frederick Downer's portrait of "Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon as William Villers, Lord Grandison after Vandyck" in costume was included in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[15] The printing on the portrait says, "The Earl of Clarendon as William Villers Lord Grandison after Vandyck."[16]

George Herbert Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde (at 294) was dressed as Romeo in the Italian procession, escorting Miss Enid Wilson as Giulietta (MornPost Fancy 1897-07-03, Times 1897-07-03). Henry Van der Weyde's portrait of "George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon when Lord Hyde as Romeo" in costume is #97 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[15] The printing on the portrait says, "Lord Hyde as Romeo."[17]

Lady Edith Villiers (at 653) was Lady Melbourne and part of the Cosway Quadrille. Alice Hughes's portrait of "Edith (née Villiers), Countess Mount Edgcumbe when Lady Edith Villiers as Lady Melbourne after Cosway" in costume was included in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[15] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Edith Villiers as Lady Melbourne after Cosway."[18]

The Ladies Villiers were in a quadrille with the Ladies Ker and, possibly, some men:

  • "Very artistic was the "Cosway" quadrille, in which the Ladies Ker and the Ladies Villiers took part. The long clinging gowns of Oriental cream satin were veiled in pink muslin, and had very short waists and coloured silk sashes — two of blue and two of pink."[19]:6, Col. 1a
  • "Very artistic was the 'Cosway' quadrille, in which the Ladies Ker and the Ladies Villiers took part. The long, clinging gowns of Oriental cream satin were veiled in sink [sic] muslin, and had very short waists and coloured silk sashes — two of blue and two of pink."[20]:5, Col. 9c

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. The Album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire by some of the attending guests has a portrait of only two Innes-Ker daughters (at 23 and 433), and the report from the London Daily News, repeated perhaps in the Belfast News-Letter suggests that 2 Villiers daughters made up the quadrille. (That is, two young women had pink sashes, and two had blue.) One of the Villiers daughters was Lady Edith Villiers (at 653). Lady Margaret Villiers (at 433) belonged to a different family, that of the Earl of Jersey.
  2. Possibly another group of young women similarly dressed occurs here: "three young girls were noticeable as Reynolds's "Three Ladies Waldegrave"[21] (11, 4a) The 1780–81 Joshua Reynolds' The Ladies Walgrave shows 3 young women, probably in "Oriental cream satin," but no "coloured silk sashes" are apparent: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Ladies_Waldegrave#/media/File:Sir_Joshua_Reynolds_-_The_Ladies_Waldegrave_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg. Cosway is not Reynolds, so unless one of the reports made a mistake, these are not the same young women.
  3. A Lady M. Villiers is at 433, probably Lady Margaret Child-Villiers, and Mr. E. Villiers is at 326. Also, there are more Villiers than the family of the Earls of Clarendon.
  4. Emma Mary Augusta Hatch Villiers had been married before she married Edward Villiers, to Major Hon. Edward Roden Bourke, and they had 5 children.
  5. All of the surviving daughters of the 4th Earl had married by 1897, so they all had different last names by then.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. "Earl of Clarendon". Wikipedia. 2020-10-05. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Earl_of_Clarendon&oldid=982006139. 
  2. "George William Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  3. "Lady Katherine Grimston." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  4. "Edward Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon". Wikipedia. 2020-09-10. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Edward_Villiers,_5th_Earl_of_Clarendon&oldid=977778661. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Lady Caroline Elizabeth Agar." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  6. "Emma Mary Augusta Hatch." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  7. "George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Hon. Adeline Verena Ishbel Cocks." "Person Page". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  9. "Rev. Charles Villiers." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  10. "Florence Mary Tyssen-Amherst." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  11. "Ernest Amherst Villiers." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Hon. Elaine Augusta Guest." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  13. "Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  14. "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  16. "Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon as William Villers, Lord Grandison after Vandyck." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158416/Edward-Hyde-Villiers-5th-Earl-of-Clarendon-as-William-Villers-Lord-Grandison-after-Vandyck.
  17. "George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon when Lord Hyde as Romeo." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158457/George-Herbert-Hyde-Villiers-6th-Earl-of-Clarendon-when-Lord-Hyde-as-Romeo.
  18. "Edith (née Villiers), Countess Mount Edgcumbe when Lady Edith Villiers as Lady Melbourne after Cosway." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158415/Edith-ne-Villiers-Countess-Mount-Edgcumbe-when-Lady-Edith-Villiers-as-Lady-Melbourne-after-Cosway.
  19. "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  20. "The Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Dress Ball. Special Telegram." Belfast News-Letter Saturday 03 July 1897: 5 [of 8], Col. 9c [of 9]–6, Col. 1a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000038/18970703/015/0005.
  21. "The Duchess of Devonshire’s Historic Ball. Some of the Fancy Costumes." Leister Chronicle 10 July 1897: 11 [of 12], Col. 4a–b. British Newspaper Archive.