Social Victorians/People/Roxburghe

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Innes-Ker
  • Duke of Roxburghe[1]
    • James Henry Robert Innes-Ker, 7th Duke (1879 – 23 October 1892)
    • Henry John Innes-Ker, 8th Duke (1892 – 29 September 1932)
  • Duchess of Roxburghe
    • Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill Innes-Ker,
    • Mary (May) Goelet Innes Ker (1903–1932)
  • Courtesy Titles
    • Marquis of Bowmont and Cessford is the title of the Duke of Roxburghe's eldest son.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: Scots

Residences[edit | edit source]

  • Floors Castle, near Kelso, Scotland

Family[edit | edit source]

  • James Henry Robert Innes-Ker, 7th Duke of Roxburghe (5 September 1839 – 23 October 1892)[2]
  • Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe (14 November 1854 – 20 June 1923)[3]
  1. Lady Margaret Frances Susan Innes-Ker Ewing (1875–1930)
  2. Henry John Innes-Ker, 8th Duke of Roxburghe (24 July 1876 – 29 September 1932)
  3. Lady Victoria Alexandrina Innes-Ker Villiers (1877– 22 May 1970)
  4. Lady Isabel Innes-Ker Wilson (1879–1905)
  5. Lord Alastair Robert Innes-Ker (1880–19??)
  6. Lady Evelyn Anne Innes-Ker (1882–1958)
  7. Lord Robert Edward Innes-Ker (22 July 1885 – 19 July 1958)


  • Henry John Innes-Ker, 8th Duke of Roxburghe (24 July 1876 – 29 September 1932)[4]
  • Mary Goelet (6 October 1878 – 26 April 1937)
  1. George Victor Robert John Innes-Ker (7 September 1913 – 26 September 1974)[5]

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1874 June 11, Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill and James Henry Robert Innes-Ker married.[3]

1897 July 2, Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill, at that point still the Duchess of Roxburghe though her son was Duke, attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball along with two of her daughters: Lady Margaret Innes-Ker, who would have been about 22, and Lady Victoria Innes-Ker, who was about 20.

1898 July 25, Lady Margaret Frances Susan Innes-Ker and James Alexander Orr Ewing married.

1900 May 26, James Alexander Orr Ewing died in South Africa.

1901 August 17, Lady Victoria Alexandrina Innes-Ker and Charles Hyde Villiers married.

1903 November 10, Henry John Innes-Ker and Mary Goelet married.

1904 June 23, Lady Isabel Innes-Ker and Guy Greville Wilson married.

1907 October 10, Lord Alastair Robert Innes-Ker and Anne Breese married.

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Anne Emily, Duchess of Roxburghe (at 22) sat at Table 4 and

  • was dressed in an "Elizabethan costume. Black velvet gown, with white satin front, embroidered in pearls; pointed bodice, jewelled girdle, and lace ruff; the big satin sleeves were inserted with white satin squares, edged with pearls, and the black velvet cap and tulle veil were bordered with the same."[6]:7, Col. 7A
  • "wore a splendid Elizabethan dress, which, like all the gowns of that period, as well as the Louis XVI. dresses, was well bunched out on the hips."[7]:5, Col. 7A
  • "was a Queen Elizabeth in black velvet and white satin, embroidered in pearls."[8]:6, Col. 1A
  • was "in an Elizabethan costume."[9]

The sources are in disagreement. The only source that says she was dressed as Queen Elizabeth, however, is the Belfast News-Letter; the Duchess of Tweedmouth was Queen Elizabeth. Most newspaper reports says she was in Elizabethan dress; the Album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire says she was Bess of Hardwicke, likely to be more true than a newspaper report.[10] (Somewhere someone says she was dressed as the Countess of Shrewsbury?)

Lafayette's portrait of "Anne Emily (née Spencer-Churchill), Duchess of Roxburghe as Bess of Hardwick" in costume is #159 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "The Duchess of Roxburghe as Bess of Hardwick," with a Long S in Duchess and Bess.[11]

The Duke of Roxburghe (at 49), her son, sat at Table 8 and was dressed as

  • "One of the six Halberdiers attending on Queen Elizabeth, from Holbein's picture in Hampton Court Palace."[6]:7, Col. 7C
  • The London Daily News has almost exactly the same description: "The Duke of Roxburghe was one of the six halberdiers attending on the Queen, their costumes copied from Holbein's picture at Hampton Court."[7]:5, Col. 7A
  • He walked as a Yeoman in the Queen Elizabeth procession[6]:7, Col. 6B

The Duke of Roxburgh was dressed as a halberdier attending on Queen Elizabeth. His original costume appeared in the Drury Lane production of The White Heather.[12]

Also present were Lady Margaret Innes-Ker (at 23) and Lady Victoria Innes-Ker (at 668), identified in the papers as "the Ladies Innes-Ker." The Ladies Innes-Ker were in the "Cosway" quadrille with the Ladies Villiers (at 397). They were dressed as a group based on miniatures by late 18th-, early 19th-century painter Maria Cosway:

  • "The Ladies Innes-Ker wore dresses copied from Cosway miniatures, made of soft white satin, covered with lisse, with short-waisted sash of narrow blue satin ribbon; the hair powdered and threaded with blue ribbon."[6]:7, Col. 7A
  • "Very artistic was the "Cosway" quadrille, in which the Ladies Ker and the Ladies Villiers took part. The long clinging gowns of Oriental cream satin were veiled in pink muslin, and had very short waists and coloured silk sashes — two of blue and two of pink."[7]:6, Col. 1A
  • "Very artistic was the "Cosway" quadrille, in which the Ladies Ker and the Ladies Villiers took part. The long, clinging gowns of Oriental cream satin were veiled in sink [sic] muslin, and had very short waists and coloured silk sashes — two of blue and two of pink."[8]:5, Col. 9C

Lafayette's portrait of "Lady Margaret Frances Susan Orr-Ewing (née Innes-Ker) as Lady Eglinton and Lady Victoria Alexandrina Villiers (née Innes-Ker) as Elizabeth Linley, after miniatures by Cosway" in costume is #160 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Margaret Innes-Ker as Lady Eglinton. Lady Victoria Innes-Ker as Elizabeth Linley / after miniatures by Cosway."[13]

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. The Duchess of Roxburghe was the mother of the Ladies Innes-Ker — not sure how many of her daughters attended: Lady Margaret Innes-Ker would have been about 22 and Lady Victoria Innes-Ker about 20. These are the Ladies Innes-Ker associated with the Cosway Quadrille in the Album.
  2. Lady Isabel Innes-Ker was about 18 and Lady Evelyn Innes-Ker about 15.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. "Duke of Roxburghe". Wikipedia. 2020-09-19. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Duke_of_Roxburghe&oldid=979225009. 
  2. "James Innes-Ker, 7th Duke of Roxburghe". Wikipedia. 2020-09-26. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=James_Innes-Ker,_7th_Duke_of_Roxburghe&oldid=980441760. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Anne Innes-Ker, Duchess of Roxburghe". Wikipedia. 2020-07-06. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anne_Innes-Ker,_Duchess_of_Roxburghe&oldid=966292493. 
  4. "Henry Innes-Ker, 8th Duke of Roxburghe". Wikipedia. 2020-09-26. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Henry_Innes-Ker,_8th_Duke_of_Roxburghe&oldid=980441969. 
  5. "George Innes-Ker, 9th Duke of Roxburghe". Wikipedia. 2020-07-18. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Innes-Ker,_9th_Duke_of_Roxburghe&oldid=968275663. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4A–8 Col. 2B. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6A–6, Col. 1B. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "The Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Dress Ball. Special Telegram." Belfast News-Letter Saturday 03 July 1897: 5 [of 8], Col. 9 [of 9]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000038/18970703/015/0005.
  9. "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1A–4C The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515 (accessed February 2020).
  11. "Duchess of Roxburghe as Bess of Hardwick." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158522/Anne-Emily-ne-Spencer-Churchill-Duchess-of-Roxburghe-as-Bess-of-Hardwick (accessed February 2020).
  12. "The Morning’s News." London Daily News 18 September 1897, Saturday: 5 [of 8], Col. 2B. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970918/027/0005.
  13. "Lady Margaret and Lady Victoria Innes-Ker." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158523/Lady-Margaret-Frances-Susan-Orr-Ewing-ne-Innes-Ker-as-Lady-Eglinton-and-Lady-Victoria-Alexandrina-Villiers-ne-Innes-Ker-as-Elizabeth-Linley-after-miniatures-by-Cosway(accessed February 2020).