Social Victorians/People/Marlborough

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Spencer-Churchill
  • the Duke of Marlborough[1]
    • John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke (1 July 1857[2] – 4 July 1883)
    • George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke (4 July 1883 – 9 November 1892)
    • Sunny (Charles Richard John) Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke (9 November 1892 – 30 June 1934)
  • the Duchess of Marlborough
    • Frances Anne Emily Vane Spencer-Churchill (1 July 1857 – 4 July 1883)
    • Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton Spencer-Churchill (4 July 1883 – 20 November 1883, divorce date)
    • Lily Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (29 June 1888 – 30 April 1895)
    • Consuelo Vanderbilt Spencer-Churchill Balsan (6 November 1895 – 1921?, divorce; 4 July 1921? 2nd marriage; 19 August 1926? annulment; 6 December 1964, death)
  • the Dowager Duchess of Marlborough
    • Jane Francis Clinton Stewart Spencer-Churchill, 3rd wife of the 6th Duke (1840 – March 1897)[2]
    • Frances Anne Emily Vane Spencer-Churchill (4 July 1883 – 16 April 1899)
  • The dukedom of Marlborough permits suo jure female inheritance of the title.
  • The subsidiary titles associated with the dukedom of Marlborough include the following:
    • the Marquess of Blandford, a courtesy title for the duke's eldest son and heir presumptive
      • John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Marquess of Blandford (1 July 1857 – 4 July 1883)[3]
      • George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Marquess of Blandford ( – 16 April 1883)[4]
      • Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill, 9th Marquess of Blandford (4 July 1883 – 9 November 1892)[5]
    • Marchioness of Blandford
      • Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton Spencer-Churchill (20 November 1883 – 7 January 1932)
    • the Earl of Sunderland, a courtesy title for the eldest son and heir presumptive of the Marquess of Blandford
      • John Winston Spencer-Churchill (1 July 1857 – 4 July 1883)[3]
      • George Charles Spencer-Churchill (16 April 1883 – 9 November 1892)[4]
      • Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill (13 November 1871 – 4 July 1883)[5]
    • Lord Churchill

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: English
  • Lily Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough: American

Residences[edit | edit source]

  • Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire

Family[edit | edit source]

  • John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough (2 June 1822 – 4 July 1883)[6]
  • Frances Anne Emily Vane Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (15 April 1822 – 16 April 1899)[7]
  1. George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough (13 May 1844 – 9 November 1892)
  2. Frederick John Winston Spencer-Churchill (2 February 1846 – 5 August 1850)
  3. Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill Guest (17 September 1847 – 22 January 1927)
  4. Rosamund Jane Frances Spencer-Churchill Fellowes (died 3 December 1920)
  5. Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill (13 February 1849 – 24 January 1895)
  6. Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill Marjoribanks (29 January 1853 – 5 August 1904)
  7. Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill Innes-Ker (14 November 1854 – 20 June 1923)
  8. Charles Ashley Spencer-Churchill (1856 – 11 March 1858)
  9. Augustus Robert Spencer-Churchill (4 July 1858 – 12 May 1859)
  10. Georgiana Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill Curzon (14 May 1860 – 9 February 1906)
  11. Sarah Isabella Augusta Spencer-Churchill Wilson (1865 – 22 October 1929)


  • George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough (13 May 1844 – 9 November 1892)
  • Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (29 July 1847 – 7 January 1932)[8]
  1. Frances Louisa Spencer-Churchill Gresley (15 September 1870 – 13 November 1954)
  2. Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough (13 November 1871 – 30 June 1934)
  3. Lillian Maud Spencer-Churchill Grengell (9 July 1873 – 4 January 1951)
  4. Norah Beatrice Henriette Spencer-Churchill Bradley-Birt (1 September 1875 – 28 April 1946)
  • Edith Peers-Williams ( – 1897) (not married)
  1. Guy Bertrand Spencer (4 November 1881 – 31 March 1950)
  • Lily (Lilian Warren Price) Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (10 June 1854 – 11 January 1909)[9]
  • Commodore Cicero Price ()
  • Elizabeth Homer Paine Price ()[10]
  1. unknown number of children
  2. Lily (Lilian) Warren Price (10 June 1854 – 11 January 1909)


  • Lily (Lilian Warren Price) Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough (10 June 1854 – 11 January 1909)[10]
  • Louis Carré Hamersley ()
  • George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough (13 May 1844 – 9 November 1892)
  • John Beresford, 4th Marquess of Beresford ()


  1. John Albert William Spencer-Churchill, 10th Duke of Marlborough (18 September 1897 – 11 March 1972)[13]
  2. Ivor Spencer-Churchill (14 October 1898 – 17 September 1956)[14]

Relations[edit | edit source]

  • Lord Edward Spencer-Churchill (28 March 1853 – 5 May 1911) was the half-brother of John Winston Spencer-Churchill (7th Duke of Marlborough)[15]; he was married to Augusta Warburton Spencer-Churchill (1854 – 1 September 1941).[16]
  • Maria Yznaga Lister-Kaye and Consuelo Iznaga were sisters, daughters of Antonio Modesto Yznaga del Valle and Ellen Maria Clement.[17]

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Acquaintances[edit | edit source]

Friends[edit | edit source]

Enemies[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1843 July 12, John Winston Spencer-Churchill and Frances Anne Emily Vane married at St. George Street, Mayfair, London.[3][18]

1869 November 8, George Charles Spencer-Churchill and Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton married at Westminster Palace.[19]

1873 June 9, Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill and Edward Marjoribanks married.[20]

1874 April 14, Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill and Jennie Jerome married at the British Embassy in Paris; his parents refused to attend.[21]

1874 June 11, Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill and James Innes-Ker married.[22]

1875, through Christie's John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough sold "the Marlborough Gems" £10,000 and the "Sunderland Library" for £60,000.[3]

1877 July 12, Rosamund Jane Frances Spencer-Churchill and William Fellowes married.[23]

1883, Louis Carré Hamersley, Lily (Lilian) Warren Price Hamersley's first husband, died in New York City.[10]

1883, John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough sold the "Blenheim enamels" for more than £73,000.[3]

1883 June 4, Georgiana Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill and Richard George Penn Curzon married.[24]

1883 November 20, George Charles and Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton Spencer-Churchill divorced.[25]

1884–1885, John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough sold eleven pictures from the Marlborough collection, "with two (Raphael's 'Madonna degli Ansidei' for £70,000 and Vandyke's 'Equestrian portraits of Charles I' for £17,500) purchased for the nation."[3]

1888 May, Lilian Warren Price Hamersley and George Charles Spencer-Churchill married in a civil ceremony.[10]

1888 June 29, George Charles Spencer-Churchill became the 8th Duke of Marlborough, and Lilian Warren Price Spencer-Churchill became the Duchess of Marlborough.

1891 November 21, Sarah Isabella Augusta Spencer-Churchill and Gordon Chesney Wilson married.[26]

1892, George Charles Spencer-Churchill died.

1893 June 6, Frances Louisa Spencer-Churchill and Robert Gresley married.[27]

1895 April 30, "Lily" Spencer-Churchill and Lord William Leslie de la Poer Beresford married, and she became Lady William Beresford.[10]

1895 November 6, Sunny (Charles Richard John) Spencer-Churchill and Consuelo Vanderbilt married at St. Thomas Church, New York City, New York.[12]

1897 July 2, a number of the members of this family attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House: Consuelo, Duchess of Marlborough (at ); Lily, Duchess of Marlborough (at 193) and William Beresford, her husband (at 581); Lady Randolph Churchill (at 132); Lady Georgiana Spencer-Churchill Curzon (at 168); Lillian Maud Spencer-Churchill (at 634); Norah Beatrice Henriette Spencer-Churchill (at 635). Also Lord Churchill.

1897 December, The "Ladies Lilian and Norah Spencer Churchill, the Hon. Mrs. A. Bourke, Mr. and Mrs. Henry White, and Mr. H. Milner" were at a party at Blenheim Palace in December 1897 in which people did tableaux that got reported on, many of whom wore the costumes from the Duchess of Devonshire's ball.[28] Of this group, Mr. Henry White is at 310; Lilian Maud Spencer-Churchill is at 634; Norah Beatrice Henriette Spencer-Churchill is at 635; the Hon. Mrs. A. Bourke is at 236; Captain G. Milner, who is probably not Mr. H. Milner but may be related, is at 617.

1898 October 6, Lillian Maud Spencer-Churchill and Cecil Grengell married.[29]

1899 April 21, Frances Anne Emily Vane Spencer-Churchill's funeral was held.[18]

1906, Sunny (Charles Richard John) Spencer-Churchill and Consuelo Vanderbilt Spencer-Churchill separated.[12]

1909 January 11, Lillian Warren Price Hamersley Spencer-Churchill Beresford died, in Dorking, Surrey.[10]

1920 December 1, Norah Beatrice Henriette Spencer-Churchill and Francis Bradley Bradley-Birt married.[30]

1921, Sunny (Charles Richard John) Spencer-Churchill and Consuelo Vanderbilt Spencer-Churchill divorced.[12]

1926 August 19, the marriage between Sunny (Charles Richard John) Spencer-Churchill and Consuelo Vanderbilt Spencer-Churchill was annulled.[12]

Costumes at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

Spencer-Churchill Family Attending[edit | edit source]

Consuelo, Duchess of Marlborough[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Consuelo Vanderbilt Spencer-Churchill, the Duchess of Marlborough (at 174) was one of the Ladies and Gentlemen of the Court of Catherine II of Russia.[31][32] She was 7 months pregnant at the time; she sat at Table 7 in the first supper seating.

  • "Lady Raincliffe took the part of Catherine II. of Russia in a dress of white satin. The front was wrought in raised gold in a large pattern of conventionalised pomegranate spinging [sic] from a crown raised in gold at the hem, the fruit studded with rubies. In her suite were Lady Margaret Spicer as Countess Soltykoff, the Duchess of Marlborough in a superbly-handsome dress of the same period; the Duchess of Newcastle; Lady Henry Bentinck; the Countess of Yarborough; Lady Mildred Denison; and the Hon. Mrs. Erskine and her daughter."[33]
  • "The young Duchess of Marlborough was charming in a pale green sacque costume, with pink roses and silver embroidery, and black feathers and roses in her slightly powdered hair."[34]
  • "The Duchess of Marlborough came in a pale green and silver dress with Watteau back, and garlanded with little pink roses, matching those worn with black plumes in her hair."[35]:Col. 1

Alexander Bassano's portrait of "Consuelo Vanderbilt as the wife of the French Ambassador at the Court of Catherine of Russia" in costume is #111 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery[36] The printing on the portrait says, "The Duchess of Marlborough as the wife of the French Ambassador at the Court of Catherine of Russia," with a Long S in Duchess, Ambassador and Russia.[37]

Charles, Duke of Marlborough[edit | edit source]

Sunny (Charles Richard John) Spencer-Churchill, the Duke of Marlborough (at 142) sat at Table 2. He

  • was one of the Gentlemen of the Court of Catherine II of Russia.[31][32]

Alexander Bassano's portrait of "Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough as the French Ambassador at the Court of Catherine of Russia" in costume is #112 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[36] The printing on the portrait says, "The Duke of Marlborough as the French Ambassador at the Court of Catherine of Russia," with a Long S in Ambassador and Russia.[38]

Lily, Duchess of Marlborough and William Beresford[edit | edit source]

Lily, Duchess of Marlborough (at 193) sat at Table 7 in the first supper seating, escorted in by Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, Marquis of Lansdowne.[32] William Beresford (at 581) also attended.

Lord Churchill[edit | edit source]

Lord Churchill (at 653) was dressed as Columbus, wearing "brown silk tunic beautifully embroidered and slashed with satin of a paler shade; trunks to correspond; brown brocaded robe with satin revers; sword, hat, and feathers."[39]:34, Col. 3a

He was also at the January 1898 party at Blenheim Palace[40] when people wore their costumes again.

This Lord Churchill may be Lord Edward Spencer-Churchill (28 March 1853 – 5 May 1911), the half-brother of John Winston Spencer-Churchill (7th Duke of Marlborough).[15] He was married to Augusta Warburton Spencer-Churchill (1854 – 1 September 1941)[16]; if Lord Churchill is Lord Edward Spencer-Churchill, did Lady Augusta Spencer-Churchill attend?

Marchioness of Blandford[edit | edit source]

Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton Spencer-Churchill, Marchioness of Blandford (at 694) was dressed as as "Abbess of sixteenth century": "grey satin gown; train lined ermine; bodice embroidered with cross; rosary and cross."[39] (34, Col. 3a)

She was Sunny Churchill's mother, and he was Duke of Marlborough at this point.

Lilian and Norah Spencer-Churchill[edit | edit source]

Lillian Maud Spencer-Churchill (at 634) went as

  • a Watteau shepherdess.[41]

Norah Beatrice Henriette Spencer-Churchill (at 635) went as

  • a Watteau shepherdess.[41]

Alexander Bassano's portrait of "Lady Norah Beatrice Henriette Bradley-Birt (née Spencer Churchill) and Lady Lilian Maud Grenfell (née Spencer-Churchill) as Watteau Shepherdesses" in costume is #113 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[36] The printing on the portrait says, "The Ladies Churchill as Watteau Shepherdesses," with a Long S in Shepherdesses.[42]

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton Spencer-Churchill was technically Albertha, Duchess of Marlborough, after her divorce, but she returned to the title Albertha, Marchioness of Blandford.[25]

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

  • Svenson, Sally E. Lily, Duchess of Marlborough. Dog Ear Publishing, 2011.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. "Duke of Marlborough (title)". Wikipedia. 2020-08-18. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Duke_of_Marlborough_(title)&oldid=973610373. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "George Spencer-Churchill, 6th Duke of Marlborough". Wikipedia. 2020-07-27. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Spencer-Churchill,_6th_Duke_of_Marlborough&oldid=969815326. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 "John Winston Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-01.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "George Charles Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-14.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-14.
  6. "John Spencer-Churchill, 7th Duke of Marlborough". Wikipedia. 2020-10-13. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Spencer-Churchill,_7th_Duke_of_Marlborough&oldid=983323842. 
  7. "Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-01.
  8. "Lady Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-01.
  9. "Lillian Warren Price." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-01.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 "Lily Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough". Wikipedia. 2020-10-08. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lily_Spencer-Churchill,_Duchess_of_Marlborough&oldid=982565369. 
  11. "Charles Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough". Wikipedia. 2020-10-05. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_Spencer-Churchill,_9th_Duke_of_Marlborough&oldid=982046375. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 "Consuelo Vanderbilt." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-01.
  13. "John Spencer-Churchill, 10th Duke of Marlborough". Wikipedia. 2020-08-18. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Spencer-Churchill,_10th_Duke_of_Marlborough&oldid=973711217. 
  14. "Lord Ivor Spencer-Churchill". Wikipedia. 2020-01-17. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lord_Ivor_Spencer-Churchill&oldid=936299974. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 "Lord Edward Spencer-Churchill." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-15.
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Augusta Warburton." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2021-05-15.
  17. "Antonio Modesto Yznaga del Valle." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-20.
  18. 18.0 18.1 "Frances Anne Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough". Wikipedia. 2020-10-12. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Frances_Anne_Spencer-Churchill,_Duchess_of_Marlborough&oldid=983089048. 
  19. "George Spencer-Churchill, 8th Duke of Marlborough". Wikipedia. 2020-08-18. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Spencer-Churchill,_8th_Duke_of_Marlborough&oldid=973610672. 
  20. "Lady Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-01.
  21. "Lady Randolph Churchill". Wikipedia. 2020-08-28. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lady_Randolph_Churchill&oldid=975347328. 
  22. "Lady Anne Emily Spencer-Churchill." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  23. "Lady Rosamond Jane Frances Spencer-Churchill." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  24. "Lady Georgiana Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  25. 25.0 25.1 "Albertha Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough". Wikipedia. 2020-10-09. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Albertha_Spencer-Churchill,_Duchess_of_Marlborough&oldid=982645969. 
  26. "Lady Sarah Isabella Augusta Spencer-Churchill." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  27. "Lady Frances Louisa Spencer-Churchill." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  28. "Politics and Persons." St. James' Gazette 31 December 1897, Friday: 13 [of 16]. British Newspaper Archive.
  29. "Lady Lillian Maud Spencer-Churchill." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  30. "Lady Norah Beatrice Henriette Spencer-Churchill." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  31. 31.0 31.1 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1a–4c The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  33. "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy-Dress Ball. Brilliant Spectacle." The Guernsey Star 6 July 1897, Tuesday: 1 [of 4], Col. 1–2. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000184/18970706/003/0001.
  34. “The Devonshire House Ball. A Brilliant Gathering.” The Pall Mall Gazette 3 July 1897, Saturday: 7 [of 10], Col. 2a–3a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000098/18970703/019/0007.
  35. “The Duchess’s Costume Ball.” Westminster Gazette 03 July 1897 Saturday: 5 [of 8], Cols. 1a–3b [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0002947/18970703/035/0005.
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  37. "Consuelo Vanderbilt." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158473/Consuelo-Vanderbilt-as-the-wife-of-the-French-Ambassador-at-the-Court-of-Catherine-of-Russia.
  38. "Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158474/Charles-Richard-John-Spencer-Churchill-9th-Duke-of-Marlborough-as-the-French-Ambassador-at-the-Court-of-Catherine-of-Russia.
  39. 39.0 39.1 “The Duchess of Devonshire’s Ball.” The Gentlewoman 10 July 1897 Saturday: 32–42 [of 76], Cols. 1a–3c [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0003340/18970710/155/0032.
  40. "Politics and Persons." St. James's Gazette 31 December 1897, Friday: 13 [of 16]. British Newspaper Archive.
  41. 41.0 41.1 du Toit, Herman, ed. Pageants and Processions: Images and Idiom as Spectacle. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009.
  42. "Ladies Churchill as Watteau Shepherdesses." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158475/Lady-Norah-Beatrice-Henriette-Bradley-Birt-ne-Spencer-Churchill-and-Lady-Lilian-Maud-Grenfell-ne-Spencer-Churchill-as-Watteau-Shepherdesses.