Social Victorians/People/Tweedmouth

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Marjoribanks
  • Baron Tweedmouth of Edington
    • Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth of Edington (12 October 1881 – 4 March 1894)[1]
    • Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth (4 March 1894 – 15 September 1909)[2]
  • Baroness Tweedmouth
    • Isabella Hogg Marjoribanks (12 October 1881 – 4 March 1894, his death)
    • Lady Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill Marjoribanks (4 March 1894 – 5 August 1904)

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1873 June 9, Lady Fanny Spencer-Churchill and Edward Majoribanks married.[3]

1894 March 4, Edward Majoribank acceded to the title Baron Tweedmouh.

1897 July 2, Friday, Lady and Baron Tweedmouth, as well as their son, Dudley Marjoribanks and his cousin Henry Duke of Roxburghe attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House.

1901 November 30, Dudley Churchill Marjoribanks and Lady Muriel Brodrick married.[4]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

Black-and-white photograph of a seated woman and a standing man richly dressed in historical costumes
Fanny, Lady Tweedmouth in costume as Queen Elizabeth I; Edward, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth in costume as the Earl of Leicester. ©National Portrait Gallery, London.

Fanny, Baroness Tweedmouth[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Fanny Marjoribanks, Baroness Tweedmouth (at 85) was dressed as Queen Elizabeth:

  • "Lady Tweedmouth, as Queen Elizabeth, had on a gown of old brocade in white and gold, the skirt being in the shape of a large hoop; the front of the skirt trimmed with very fine old gold tissue with crevés satin blanc certis pearls. The bodice was of brocade, pointed with large sleeves, and the stomacher of old gold tissue with crevés of white satin certis pearls. The vertugadin was of brocade, the cherusque and cuffs of old lace and gold, and the coiffure all in pearls. The front of the bodice was ornamented with rows of pearls, and a pearl necklace was worn."[5]:p. 3, Col. 2b
  • "Lady Tweedmouth took the part of Her Majesty, and her costume was an exact reproduction of Queen Elizabeth's portrait in the National Portrait Gallery. Her skirt of rich old white and gold brocade was held in place by the old-fashioned hoops, the bodice and front of gold tissue embroidered in old jewels were finished by stiffened cuffs and large wired collar of old lace wrought with gold."[6]:p. 32, Col. 3c
  • She wore "White and gold brocade with insertion cloth of gold, richly embroidered in pearls and diamonds. Front of corsage was encrusted Cinque Cento jewels, crown of pearls, diamonds, and cabuchon emeralds."[7]:p. 8, Col. 1b
  • "Lady Tweedmouth made a magnificent representative of that sovereign [Queen Elizabeth] in glistening cloth and white satin, richly embroidered in gold, and wearing superb jewels."[8]:p. 6, Col. 1a
  • From "Notes — Mainly Personal" from the Dundee Evening Telegraph: "Lady Tweedmouth — although from her appearance no one would suspect her of it — has a son in his 24th year. He is an only child, and, with his cousin, the young Duke of Boxburghe [sic], and two of his brother officers in the Royal Horse Guards, carried the canopy over his mother when, as Queen Elizabeth, she attended in full state the Duchess of Devonshire's Ball."[9]:p. 2, Col. 1b
  • Lady Tweedmouth was dressed "as Queen Elizabeth in a £400 frock."[10]
  • According to the "London Correspondent" of the Dundee Evening Telegraph, "Lord and Lady Tweedmouth have had a very happy thought; she is going as Queen Elizabeth, he in attendance as the Earl of Leicester. Lady Tweedmouth’s costume, copied from a well-known portrait of Queen Elizabeth, cost, I am told, £400."[11]
  • "Lady Tweedmouth as Queen Elizabeth, in a magnificent dress of white and gold brocade, with pearls and cloth of gold."[12]

Queen Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) reigned from 17 November 1558 until her death.[13]

Lafayette's portrait of "Fanny Octavia Louisa (née Spencer-Churchill), Lady Tweedmouth as Queen Elizabeth I; Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth as the Earl of Leicester" in costume is photogravure #242 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[14] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Tweedmouth as Queen Elizabeth. Lord Tweedmouth as the Earl of Leicester."[15]

The original costumes of both Lord and Lady Tweedmouth's original costume appeared in the Drury Lane production of The White Heather.[16]

Black-and-white photograph of a man richly dressed in a striking red coat and trunks
Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester. ©National Portrait Gallery, London.

Edward Baron Marjoribanks[edit | edit source]

Edward Marjoribanks, Baron Tweedmouth (at 109) was at Table 11 in the first supper seating; Lady Tweedmouth is not listed as having been seated at supper. He was dressed

  • "(gentleman of the Court of Queen Elizabeth), in ruby velvet embroidered in gold; collar of the Order of the Garter."[6]:p. 36, Col. 3b
  • as the "Earl of Leicester of the Court of Queen Elizabeth, in ruby velvet, embroidered with gold, and wearing a magnificent Holbein chain and pendant."[7]:p. 8, Col. 1c
  • in "ruby velvet and gold, and wearing the Collar of the Order of the Garter."[17]:p. 5, Col. 7a

The portrait (right) of Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester (24 June 1532 – 4 September 1588)[18] was acquired for the National Portrait Gallery, London, in 1877, and so could easily have been the original for Henry, Baron Tweedmouth's costume.[19] It is the only portrait the NPG has of him dressed in red velvet and satin, although, of course, he could have seen other portraits in places other than the NPG.

Hon. Dudley Marjoribanks[edit | edit source]

Old painting of a big meeting with lots of soldiers
The Field of the Cloth of Gold
Old painting of a richly dressed king on a white horse and surrounded by soldiers
Detail of the Field of the Cloth of Gold, focusing on Henry VIII and showing soldiers' uniforms

The "Hon. D. Majoribanks" is their son Dudley Marjoribanks (at 319), who was dressed as a Yeoman in the Queen Elizabeth procession.

  • "Four yeomen held a canopy over Her Majesty's head. Their uniforms were exactly copied from the picture of the Field of the Cloth of Gold at Hampton Court. These were the Duke of Roxburghe, the Hon. Dudley Marjoribanks, Captain Maunde Thompson, and Mr. Rose attired in scarlet and black."[6]:p. 32, Col. 3c
  • He was one of the six halberdiers attending on the Queen, their costumes copied "from Holbein's picture at Hampton Court."[17]:p. 5, Col. 7a

And Henry, "the young Duke of [R]oxburghe," their nephew, is at 49; two "brother officers in the Royal Horse Guards" are at 637 and 638.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: British[20]

Family[edit | edit source]

  • Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth of Edington (29 December 1820 – 4 March 1894)[1]
  • Isabella Hogg (– 20 March 1908)[21]
    1. Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth of Edington (8 Jul 1849 – 15 September 1909)
    2. Hon. Mary Georgiana Marjoribanks (1850 – 14 March 1909)
    3. Stewart Marjoribanks (23 July 1852 – 22 January 1864)
    4. Hon. Annie Grizel Marjoribanks (c. 1855 – 20 August 1856)
    5. Dame Isabel Maria Marjoribanks (14 March 1857 – 18 April 1939)
    6. Hon. Coutts Marjoribanks (6 December 1860 – 1 November 1924)
    7. Hon. Archibald John Marjoribanks (25 November 1861 – 4 September 1900)


  • Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth (8 July 1849 – 15 September 1909)
  • Lady Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill Marjoribanks (29 January 1853 – 5 August 1904)[3]
  1. Dudley Churchill Marjoribanks, 3rd Baron Tweedmouth of Edlington (2 March 1874 – 23 April 1935)

Notes and Questions[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth of Edington." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  2. "Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth of Edington." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Lady Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  4. "Dudley Churchill Marjoribanks, 3rd Baron Tweedmouth of Edlington." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  5. “The Ball at Devonshire House. Magnificent Spectacle. Description of the Dresses.” London Evening Standard 3 July 1897 Saturday: 3 [of 12], Cols. 1a–5b [of 7]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000183/18970703/015/0004.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 “The Duchess of Devonshire’s Ball.” The Gentlewoman 10 July 1897 Saturday: 32–42 [of 76], Cols. 1a–3c [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0003340/18970710/155/0032.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  8. "The Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Dress Ball. Special Telegram." Belfast News-Letter Saturday 03 July 1897: 5 [of 8], Col. 9c [of 9]–6, Col. 1a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000038/18970703/015/0005.
  9. “Notes — Mainly Personal.” Dundee Evening Telegraph 23 August 1897, Monday: 2 [of 4], Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000453/18970823/001/0002.
  10. “London Letter. From Our Correspondent.” Gloucester Journal 3 July 1897, Saturday: 5 [of 8], Col. 4b. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000532/18970703/031/0005.
  11. “The Devonshire Ball.” Dundee Evening Telegraph 2 July 1897, Friday: 3 [of 6]. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000453/18970702/017/0003.
  12. “The Devonshire House Ball. A Brilliant Gathering.” The Pall Mall Gazette 3 July 1897, Saturday: 7 [of 10], Col. 2a–3a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000098/18970703/019/0007.
  13. "Elizabeth I". Wikipedia. 2021-12-31. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elizabeth_I&oldid=1062929087.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_I.
  14. "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  15. "Lady and Lord Tweedmouth." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158605/Fanny-Octavia-Louisa-ne-Spencer-Churchill-Lady-Tweedmouth-as-Queen-Elizabeth-I-Edward-Marjoribanks-2nd-Baron-Tweedmouth-as-the-Earl-of-Leicester.
  16. "The Morning’s News." London Daily News 18 September 1897, Saturday: 5 [of 8], Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970918/027/0005.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  18. "Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester". Wikipedia. 2021-12-31. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Dudley,_1st_Earl_of_Leicester&oldid=1062988702.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Dudley,_1st_Earl_of_Leicester.
  19. "NPG 447; Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester - conservation research - National Portrait Gallery". www.npg.org.uk. Retrieved 2022-01-06. https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portraitConservation/mw03851/Robert-Dudley-1st-Earl-of-Leicester?LinkID=mp02686&search=sas&sText=dudley+leicester&displayNo=60&role=sit&rNo=0.
  20. "Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth". Wikipedia. 2020-09-06. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Edward_Marjoribanks,_2nd_Baron_Tweedmouth&oldid=976948136. 
  21. "Isabella Hogg." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.