Social Victorians/People/Tweedmouth

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Marjoribanks
  • Baron Tweedmouth of Edington
    • Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth of Edington (12 October 1881 – 4 March 1894)[1]
    • Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth (4 March 1894 – 15 September 1909)[2]
  • Baroness Tweedmouth
    • Isabella Hogg Marjoribanks (12 October 1881 – 4 March 1894, his death)
    • Lady Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill Marjoribanks (4 March 1894 – 5 August 1904)

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: British[3]

Family[edit | edit source]

  • Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth of Edington (29 December 1820 – 4 March 1894)[1]
  • Isabella Hogg (– 20 March 1908)[4]
    1. Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth of Edington (8 Jul 1849 – 15 September 1909)
    2. Hon. Mary Georgiana Marjoribanks (1850 – 14 March 1909)
    3. Stewart Marjoribanks (23 July 1852 – 22 January 1864)
    4. Hon. Annie Grizel Marjoribanks (c. 1855 – 20 August 1856)
    5. Dame Isabel Maria Marjoribanks (14 March 1857 – 18 April 1939)
    6. Hon. Coutts Marjoribanks (6 December 1860 – 1 November 1924)
    7. Hon. Archibald John Marjoribanks (25 November 1861 – 4 September 1900)
  • Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth (8 July 1849 – 15 September 1909)
  • Lady Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill Marjoribanks (29 January 1853 – 5 August 1904)[5]
  1. Dudley Churchill Marjoribanks, 3rd Baron Tweedmouth of Edlington (2 March 1874 – 23 April 1935)

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1873 June 9, Lady Fanny Spencer-Churchill and Edward Majoribanks married.[5]

1894 March 4, Edward Majoribank acceded to the title Baron Tweedmouh.

1897 July 2, Fanny and Edward Marjoribanks, Lady and Baron Tweedmouth, as well as their son, Dudley Marjoribanks and his cousin the Duke of Roxburghe attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House.

1901 November 30, Dudley Churchill Marjoribanks and Lady Muriel Brodrick married.[6]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Fanny Marjoribanks, Baroness Tweedmouth (at 85) was dressed as Queen Elizabeth:

  • She wore "White and gold brocade with insertion cloth of gold, richly embroidered in pearls and diamonds. Front of corsage was encrusted Cinque Cento jewels, crown of pearls, diamonds, and cabuchon emeralds."[7]:8, Col. 1b
  • "Lady Tweedmouth made a magnificent representative of that sovereign [Queen Elizabeth] in glistening cloth and white satin, richly embroidered in gold, and wearing superb jewels."[8]:6, Col. 1a
  • From "Notes — Mainly Personal" from the Dundee Evening Telegraph: "Lady Tweedmouth — although from her appearance no one would suspect her of it — has a son in his 24th year. He is an only child, and, with his cousin, the young Duke of Boxburghe [sic], and two of his brother officers in the Royal Horse Guards, carried the canopy over his mother when, as Queen Elizabeth, she attended in full state the Duchess of Devonshire's Ball."[9]:2, Col. 1b
  • Lady Tweedmouth was dressed "as Queen Elizabeth in a £400 frock."[10]
  • According to the "London Correspondent" of the Dundee Evening Telegraph, "Lord and Lady Tweedmouth have had a very happy thought; she is going as Queen Elizabeth, he in attendance as the Earl of Leicester. Lady Tweedmouth’s costume, copied from a well-known portrait of Queen Elizabeth, cost, I am told, £400."[11]
  • "Lady Tweedmouth as Queen Elizabeth, in a magnificent dress of white and gold brocade, with pearls and cloth of gold."[12]

Lafayette's portrait of "Fanny Octavia Louisa (née Spencer-Churchill), Lady Tweedmouth as Queen Elizabeth I; Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth as the Earl of Leicester" in costume is #242 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery ("album").[13] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Tweedmouth as Queen Elizabeth. Lord Tweedmouth as the Earl of Leicester."[14]

The original costumes of both Lord and Lady Tweedmouth's original costume appeared in the Drury Lane production of The White Heather.[15]

Edward Marjoribanks, Baron Tweedmouth (at 109) was at Table 11 in the first supper seating; Lady Tweedmouth is not listed as having been seated at supper. He was dressed

  • as the "Earl of Leicester of the Court of Queen Elizabeth, in ruby velvet, embroidered with gold, and wearing a magnificent Holbein chain and pendant."[7]:8, Col. 1c
  • in "ruby velvet and gold, and wearing the Collar of the Order of the Garter."[16]:5, Col. 7a

The "Hon. D. Majoribanks" is their son Dudley Marjoribanks (at 319), who was dressed as a Yeoman in the Queen Elizabeth procession. He was one of the six halberdiers attending on the Queen, their costumes copied "from Holbein's picture at Hampton Court."[16]:5, Col. 7a

And "the young Duke of [R]oxburghe," their nephew, is at 49; two "brother officers in the Royal Horse Guards" are at 637 and 638.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Dudley Coutts Marjoribanks, 1st Baron Tweedmouth of Edington." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  2. "Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth of Edington." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  3. "Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth". Wikipedia. 2020-09-06. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Edward_Marjoribanks,_2nd_Baron_Tweedmouth&oldid=976948136. 
  4. "Isabella Hogg." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Lady Fanny Octavia Louise Spencer-Churchill." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  6. "Dudley Churchill Marjoribanks, 3rd Baron Tweedmouth of Edlington." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  8. "The Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Dress Ball. Special Telegram." Belfast News-Letter Saturday 03 July 1897: 5 [of 8], Col. 9c [of 9]–6, Col. 1a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000038/18970703/015/0005.
  9. “Notes — Mainly Personal.” Dundee Evening Telegraph 23 August 1897, Monday: 2 [of 4], Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000453/18970823/001/0002.
  10. “London Letter. From Our Correspondent.” Gloucester Journal 3 July 1897, Saturday: 5 [of 8], Col. 4b. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000532/18970703/031/0005.
  11. “The Devonshire Ball.” Dundee Evening Telegraph 2 July 1897, Friday: 3 [of 6]. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000453/18970702/017/0003.
  12. “The Devonshire House Ball. A Brilliant Gathering.” The Pall Mall Gazette 3 July 1897, Saturday: 7 [of 10], Col. 2a–3a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000098/18970703/019/0007.
  13. "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  14. "Lady and Lord Tweedmouth." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158605/Fanny-Octavia-Louisa-ne-Spencer-Churchill-Lady-Tweedmouth-as-Queen-Elizabeth-I-Edward-Marjoribanks-2nd-Baron-Tweedmouth-as-the-Earl-of-Leicester.
  15. "The Morning’s News." London Daily News 18 September 1897, Saturday: 5 [of 8], Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970918/027/0005.
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.