Social Victorians/People/Atholl

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Murray or Stewart-Murray
  • Duke of Atholl
    • John James Hugh Henry Stewart-Murray (7th Duke of Atholl), 16 January 1864 – 20 January 1917
    • John George Stewart-Murray (8th Duke of Atholl), 20 January 1917 – 16 March 1942
  • Duchess of Atholl
    • Louisa Moncreiffe Stewart-Murray, 16 January 1864 – 8 July 1902
    • Title unoccupied 8 July 1902 – 20 January 1917
    • Katharine Marjory Ramsay Stewart-Murray, 20 January 1917 – 21 October 1960
  • Marquess of Tullibardine
    • John George Stewart-Murray, Marquess of Tullibardine ( – 16 March 1942)
  • Atholl or Athole; a number of subsidiary titles are associated with the dukedom of Atholl, including the Marquess of Tullibardine for the heir apparent to the Duke of Atholl; the heir apparent to the Marquess of Tullibardine has the courtesy title Earl of Strathtay and Strathardle; the heir apparent to the Earl of Strathtay has the courtesy title Viscount Balquhidder. Another courtesy title associated with the Duke of Atholl is Baron (or Lord) Percy. The Duke of Atholl is the chief of Clan Murray.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: Scots

Family[edit | edit source]

  • John James Hugh Henry Stewart-Murray, 7th Duke of Atholl (6 August 1840 – 20 January 1917)
  • Louisa Moncreiffe Stewart-Murray (11 June 1844 – 8 July 1902)
  1. Dorothea Louisa Stewart-Murray (25 Mar 1866 – 28 Dec 1937)
  2. Helen Stewart-Murray (20 April 1867 – 1 December 1934)
  3. Evelyn Stewart-Murray (17 March 1868, – 30 July 1940)
  4. John Stewart-Murray, Marquess of Tullibardine (30 August 1869 – 31 August 1869)
  5. John George Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl (15 December 1871 – 16 March 1942)
  6. George Stewart-Murray (17 February 1873 – 14 September 1914)
  7. James Thomas Stewart-Murray, 9th Duke of Atholl (18 August 1879, – 8 May 1957)

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1863 October 29, John James Hugh Henry Stewart-Murray and Louisa Moncreiffe married, at Moncreiffe House.

1895 February 5, Dorothea Louisa Stewart-Murray and Harold Goodeve Ruggles-Brise married.

1897 July 2, Helen Stewart-Murray attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House, as did John George Stewart-Murray, Marquess of Tullibardine and Lord George Stewart-Murray.

1899 July 20, John George Stewart-Murray (8th Duke) and Katharine Marjory Ramsay married at St. Margaret's Church, Westminster, in London.

1902 July 8, Louisa Moncreiffe Stewart-Murray died.

1916 December 28, Helen Stewart-Murray and David Alexander Tod married.

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, along with Lady Beatrix Fitzmaurice, Lady Beatrice Butler, Lady Alexandra Hamilton, and Miss Stirling, Helen Stewart-Murray (at 43) attended the Marchioness of Londonderry, who was dressed as Marie Thérèse. Lady Helen Stewart (in fact, all these women), were dressed alike. Helen Stewart-Murray, then, went as an Archduchess, possibly "as Archduchess Marie-Christine in the Archduchess Marie-Karoline and Emperor Joseph II section of the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille" (MornPost Fancy 1897-07-03: 7, Col. 6B; Times 1897-07-03).

  • <quote>Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Beatrix Fitzmaurice, Lady Beatrice Butler, Lady Alexandra Hamilton and Miss Stirling as Archduchesses in waiting on Marie Thérèse - were dressed alike in stiff silver brocatelle, with deep pointed bodices of silver tissue, veiled with white lisse and half-hoops of old-fashioned blue satin ribbon, large paniers of white lisse, and quaint sleeves with frills and bows of blue ribbon</quote> (MornPost Fancy 1897-07-03: 7, Col. 7C).
  • <quote>Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Beatrix Fitzmaurice, Lady Beatrice Butler, Lady Alexandra Hamilton and Miss Stirling as Archduchesses in Waiting on Marie Thérèse were dressed alike in stiff silver brocatelle, with deep-pointed bodices of silver tissue, veiled with white lisse and half hoops of old-fashioned blue satin riband; large flounces of white lisse, and quaint sleeves, with frills and bows of blue riband.</quote> (Times 1897-07-03).
  • <quote>The archduchesses were Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Alexandra Hamilton, Lady Beatrice Fitzmaurice, Lady Beatrice Butler, and Miss Seymour [sic]. Their dresses were particularly admired, and were of beautiful silver brocade, made with corsages of silver cloth under soft lisse, and with wide blue ribbons tied high at the side</quote> (Belfast 3 July 1897: 5, Col. 9C).
  • Lady Helen Stewart was dressed as Archduchess Marie-Christine in the Archduchess Marie-Karoline and Emperor Joseph II section of the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille (MornPost Fancy 1897-07-03: 7, Col. 6B; Times 1897-07-03).
  • <quote>Lady Londonderry, as the Empress Thèrése of Austria, was dressed in cream-coloured satin, and was attended by five Archduchesses and five Archdukes. The former, all attired exactly alike in white and silver brocade, were Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Beatrice Butler, Lady Beatrix FitzMaurice, Lady Alexandra Hamilton, and Miss Stirling.</quote> (Guernsey Star 1897-07-06).
  • <quote>Lady Londonderry was attended by five Arch-Duchesses, Lady Helen Stewart, Lady Alexandra Hamilton, Lady Beatrice Butler, Lady Beatrix Fitzmaurice, and Miss Stirling, dressed alike in gowns of white and silver, with bodices of silver gauze, trimmed with blue ribbon and masses of white chiffon</quote> (Pall Mall Gazette 1897-07-03).

John George Stewart-Murray, Marquess of Tullibardine (at 343) and Lord George Stewart-Murray (at 344) dressed as one of the Mousquetaires et Militaires de l'Epoque in the Quadrille of the Louis XV. and Louis XVI.

Lafayette's portrait of "John George Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl when Marquess of Tullibardine and Lord George Stewart-Murray as two Highland gentlemen, A.D. 1745" in costume is #253 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery ("album"). The printing on the portrait says, "The Marquess of Tullibardine and Lord George Stewart-Murray as two Highland gentlemen, A.D. 1745" ("Marquess of Tullibardine and Lord George Stewart-Murray").

Notes and Questions[edit | edit source]

  1. I have both Helen Stewart-Murray, daughter of the Duke of Atholl, at 43 and Lady Mary Stewart, Helen Mary Theresa Vane-Tempest-Stewart, daughter of the Marquess of Londonderry, at 657, both as the Archduchess Marie Christine in the Austrian procession. The NPG portrait says "Helen Mary Theresa (née Vane-Tempest-Stewart), Countess of Ilchester when Lady Helen Stewart." So this Lady Helen Stewart is probably wrong unless she is in there in her own right dressed as somebody else.

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

Works Cited on Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's Ball[edit | edit source]