Social Victorians/People/John Milton Hay

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Hay
  • A Mr and Mrs. Alistair Hay and a Mr. Claude Hay attended social events at this time, may not be related.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: American

Residences[edit | edit source]

  • London: "a Georgian house on Carlton House Terrace, overlooking Horse Guards Parade, with 11 servants"[1]

Family[edit | edit source]

  • John Milton Hay (October 8, 1838 – July 1, 1905)[1]
  • Clara Stone (1849–1914)
  1. Helen Hay Whitney (11 March 1875 – 24 September 1944)[2]
  2. Adelbert Barnes Hay
  3. Alice Evelyn Hay Wadsworth Boyd
  4. Clarence Leonard Hay

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Friends[edit | edit source]

  • Abraham Lincoln
  • John George Nicolay
  • William McKinley
  • Theodore Roosevelt
  • Alvey A. Adee

Organizations[edit | edit source]

  • U.S. Union Army
  • N.Y. Tribune
  • U.S. Department of State
    • Ambassador to the Court of St. James's (3 May 1897 – 3 September 1898)

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1874, John Milton Hay and Clara Stone married.[1]

1876 December 29, the collapse of the bridge over Ohio's Ashtabula River holding a train that crashed, killing 92 people, was blamed on Clara Stone's father, Amasa Stone.[1]

1883, Amasa Stone killed himself.[1]

1897 May 3, John Hay was appointed ambassador to the Court of St. James's.

1897 July 2, Mr. and Mrs. Hay and Miss Hay attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House.[3]:p. 12, Col. 4c

1898 August 14, John Hay received a telegram from William McKinley, asking him to be Secretary of State. According to John Taliaferro, he accepted and took his leave from Queen Victoria, who "invited him again the following day, and subsequently pronounced him, 'the most interesting of all the Ambassadors I have known.'"[1]

1902, Helen Hay and Payne Whitney married.[2]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

Mr. John and Mrs. Clara Hay[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, John Hay (at 187) sat at Table 9 and Clara Hay (at 153) sat at Table 4. The Westminster Gazette says, "Mrs. John Hay was one of the various Princesses de Lamballe."[4]:p. 5, Col. 1

Miss Helen Hay[edit | edit source]

Miss Hay, probably Helen Hay (later Whitney) (at 508), was dressed as a "lady of the Court of Louis XV.," in a "Louis XV. bodice of cerise satin, opening over a waistcoat of Pompadour brocaded silk, trimmed bows and ruches of muslin; short skirt of Pompadour brocaded silk, paniers of cerise satin."[5]:p. 42, Col. 3a

Notes and Questions[edit | edit source]

  1. The Morning Post says "the Speaker and Mrs. J. Hay" came to the ball.[6] The Speaker of the House of Commons was not Mr. J. Hay, of course, who was Ambassador to the Court of St. James, but William Court Gully, who went to the ball with his wife and daughter.

Hay's Works[edit | edit source]

  • The Bread-Winners, 1883 (anti-labor?)

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "John Hay". Wikipedia. 2020-11-09. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Helen Hay Whitney". Wikipedia. 2020-08-11. 
  3. "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12 [of 20], Cols. 1a–4c [of 6] The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  4. “The Duchess’s Costume Ball.” Westminster Gazette 03 July 1897 Saturday: 5 [of 8], Cols. 1a–3b [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive
  5. “The Duchess of Devonshire’s Ball.” The Gentlewoman 10 July 1897 Saturday: 32–42 [of 76], Cols. 1a–3c [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive
  6. "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive