Social Victorians/People/Balfour

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Balfour
  • Arthur Balfour
  • The Right Hon. A. J. Balfour
  • 1st Earl of Balfour
    • Arthur James Balfour (25 July 1848 – 19 March 1930

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: Scots-English

Family[edit | edit source]

  • James Maitland Balfour (5 January 1820 – 23 February 1856)[1]
  • Lady Blanche Mary Harriet Gascoyne-Cecil Balfour ( – 16 May 1872)[2]
  1. Evelyn Georgiana Mary Balfour Strutt ( – 7 April 1934)
  2. Eleanor Mildred Balfour Sidgwick ( – 10 February 1936)
  3. Alice Blanche Balfour ( – 12 June 1936)
  4. Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour (25 July 1848 – 19 March 1930)
  5. Cecil Charles Balfour (22 October 1849 – 5 April 1881)
  6. Francis Maitland Balfour (10 November 1851 – 19 July 1882)
  7. Gerald William Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour (9 Apr 1853 – 14 January 1945)
  8. Colonel Eustace James Anthony Balfour (8 June 1854 – 14 February 1911)


  • Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour (25 July 1848 – 19 March 1930)[3]

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Friends[edit | edit source]

Romantic Relationships[edit | edit source]

  • May Lyttelton
  • Margot Tennant, later Margot Asquith
  • Mary Charteris (née Wyndham), Lady Elcho, later Countess of Wemyss and March

Organizations[edit | edit source]

  • Trinity College, University of Cambridge
  • The Souls
  • Conservative Party
  • House of Commons (on and off until 1922)
  • Prime Minister of England, 1902– December 1905
  • Society for Psychical Research

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1871 July 19, Evelyn Georgiana Mary Balfour and John William Strutt (3rd Baron Rayleigh of Terling Place as of 14 June 1873), married.[4]

1876, Eleanor Mildred Balfour and Henry Sidgwick married.[5]

1897 July 2, Arthur Balfour and a Miss Balfour (possibly Alice Balfour, who kept house for him) attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House.

1902 July, Arthur Balfour became Prime Minister.[3]

1905 December, Arthur Balfour resigned from the post of Prime Minister.[3]

1922 May 5, Arthur Balfour was made Earl of Balfour and Viscount Thaprain, of Whittingehame, in the county of Haddington.[6]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Arthur Balfour (at 86) dressed in a

  • "Dutch costume of 1660. Black broché tunic embroidered with jet; full breeches, black silk cloak, and large hat of the period."[7]:8, Col. 1b
  • "Mr A. J. Balfour — Dutch costume of 1660, black broché tunic embroidered with jet, full breeches, black silk cloak and large hat of the period."[8]

Arthur Balfour (at 86) was photographed in his costume with Sir William Harcourt (at 128) and Ettie Grenfell (at 200). Lafayette's portrait of "Ethel Anne Priscilla ('Ettie') Grenfell (née Fane), Lady Desborough as Marie de Medici; Sir William Vernon Harcourt as Simon, Lord Harcourt, Lord Chancellor 1710; Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour as a gentleman of Holland" in costume is #272 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[9] The printing on the portrait says, "Hon. Sir W. V. Harcourt as Simon, Lord Harcourt, Lord Chancellor 1710. Hon. A. J. Balfour, M.P. as a gentleman of Holland. Mrs Grenfell as Marie de Medici." [10]

Miss Balfour — probably Alice Balfour as all of his other sisters were married, and she kept house for him[11] — (at 486) was also present.

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Arthur Balfour's sister Alice kept house for him.[11]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. "James Maitland Balfour." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  2. "Lady Blanche Mary Harriet Gascoyne-Cecil." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Arthur Balfour". Wikipedia. 2020-10-18. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arthur_Balfour&oldid=984213070. 
  4. "Evelyn Georgiana Mary Balfour." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  5. "Eleanor Mildred Balfour." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  6. "Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.
  7. "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  8. "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1a–4c The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  9. "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  10. "Harcourt, Balfour, Grenfell." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw16538/Ethel-Anne-Priscilla-Ettie-Grenfell-ne-Fane-Lady-Desborough-as-Marie-de-Medici-Sir-William-Vernon-Harcourt-as-Simon-Lord-Harcourt-Lord-Chancellor-1710-Arthur-James-Balfour-1st-Earl-of-Balfour-as-a-gentleman-of-Holland.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Alice Blanche Balfour." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-18.