Social Victorians/People/Cavendish

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Cavendish
  • Duke of Devonshire (peerage of England)[1]
    • William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire (18 January 1858 – 21 December 1891)[2]
    • Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (21 December 1891 – 24 March 1908)[3]
  • Duchess of Devonshire
  • Subsidiary titles for the eldest son and heir apparent of each title holder[1]
    • Marquis or Marquess of Hartington, eldest son of the Duke of Devonshire
    • Earl of Burlington, eldest son of the Marquis of Hartington
    • Lord Cavendish, eldest son of the Earl of Burlington

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: English

Residences[edit | edit source]

  • Family estate: Derbyshire
  • Chatsworth House

Family[edit | edit source]

  • William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire (27 April 1808 – 21 December 1891)[2]
  • Blanche Georgiana Howard Cavendish (11 January 1812 – 27 April 1840)
  1. Louisa Caroline Cavendish ( – 21 September 1907)
  2. William Cavendish (8 October 1831 – 15 May 1834)
  3. Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire (23 July 1833 – 24 March 1908)
  4. Frederick Charles Cavendish (30 November 1836 – 6 May 1882)
  5. Edward Cavendish (28 January 1838 – 18 May 1891)



  • Edward Cavendish (28 January 1838 – 18 May 1891)[4]
  • Hon. Emma Elizabeth Lascelles Cavendish (17 November 1838 – 24 September 1920)[5]
  1. Victor Christian William Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire (31 May 1868 – 6 May 1938)
  2. Rt. Hon. Lord Richard Frederick Cavendish (31 January 1871 – 7 January 1946)
  3. Major John Spencer Cavendish (25 March 1875 – 20 October 1914)


  • Rt. Hon. Lord Richard Frederick Cavendish (31 January 1871 – 7 January 1946)
  • Lady Moyra de Vere Beauclerk (20 January 1876 – 7 February 1942)[6]
  1. Elizabeth Vere Cavendish (22 Jan 1897 – 5 Jun 1982)
  2. Alix Cavendish (5 Aug 1901 – 29 Jun 1925)
  3. Mary Katherine Cavendish (20 Jul 1903 – 20 Nov 1994)
  4. John Edward Compton Cavendish (10 Oct 1907 – 29 May 1908)
  5. Diana Cavendish (15 Sep 1909 – 1992)
  6. Sybil Moyra Cavendish (10 Aug 1915 – 3 Aug 2004)
  7. Richard Edward Osborne Cavendish (23 Nov 1917 – 14 Aug 1972)


  • Victor Christian William Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire (31 May 1868 – 6 May 1938)[7]
  • Lady Evelyn Emily Mary Petty-FitzMaurice Cavendish (27 August 1870 – 2 April 1960)[8]
  1. Edward William Spencer Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire (6 May 1895 – 26 November 1950)
  2. Lady Maud Louisa Emma Cavendish (20 April 1896 – 30 March 1975)
  3. Lady Blanche Katherine Cavendish (2 February 1898 – 1987)
  4. Lady Dorothy Evelyn Cavendish (28 July 1900 – 21 May 1966)
  5. Lady Rachel Cavendish (22 January 1902 – 2 October 1977)
  6. Lord Charles Arthur Francis Cavendish (29 August 1905 – 23 March 1944)
  7. Lady Anne Cavendish (20 August 1909 – 1981)

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1865 August 3, Edward Cavendish and Hon. Emma Elizabeth Lascelles married.[5]

1892 July 30, Victor Cavendish and Evelyn Petty-Fitzmaurice married.[9]

1892 August 16, Spencer Compton Cavendish (8th Duke) and Louisa Friederike Auguste Gräfin von Alten Montagu, the Duchess of Manchester, married in Christ Church, Mayfair.[3]

1897 July 2, Spencer, 8th Duke and Luisa, Duchess of Devonshire hosted the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House. Also attending were Lady Edward Cavendish (at 393), Mr. R. Cavendish (possibly Rt. Hon. Lord Richard Cavendish, at 107, because at the time he might have bee a Mr.), the Hon. Victor Cavendish (at 121), and Lady E. Cavendish (probably Lady Evelyn Cavendish, at 164). Also, a Lady M. Cavendish, who if Moyra was married to Richard Frederick Cavendish, was present (at 366).

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

Members of the family who attended the 1897 Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House:

  • Spencer, 8th Duke and Luisa, Duchess of Devonshire, as hosts
  • Lady Edward Cavendish (at 393)
  • Mr. R. Cavendish (possibly Rt. Hon. Lord Richard Cavendish, at 107, because at the time he might have been a Mr.)
  • The Hon. Victor Cavendish (at 121)
  • Lady E. Cavendish (probably Lady Evelyn Cavendish, at 164)
  • Lady M. Cavendish, who if Moyra was married to
  • Richard Frederick Cavendish (at 366)

Lady Edward Cavendish[edit | edit source]

Lady Edward Cavendish (probably Emma Cavendish, at 393)

  • was dressed as "Madame de Maintenon."[10]:5, Col. 7c
  • "came as Madame de Maintenou [sic?], in violet velvet and grey satin, embroidered with diamonds and silver."[11]

Mr. R. and Lady Moyra Cavendish[edit | edit source]

Mr. R. Cavendish, probably Rt. Hon. Lord Richard Cavendish, (at 107) was present (not Lord Cavendish until 1908 and Mr. Cavendish because he was a Member of Parliament). Lord Richard Frederick Cavendish was married to Lady Moyra Cavendish. Mr. R. Cavendish wore

  • "(period of Marie Thérèse), maroon brocade, with maroon cords and steel."[12]:36, Col. 3b
  • a "Costume of the period of Marie Thérèse, in maroon brocade, trimmed maroon cords, and steel."[13]:8, Col. 1c

Lady M. Cavendish (probably Lady Moyra Cavendish, at 366) was dressed as Countess Lützau "(a lady-in-waiting to Maria Theresa)" in the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille.[13][14] So if Lazan, as used in the Album, is the same as Lützau, then this is Lady Moyra Cavendish.

Gunn & Stuart's portrait of "Lady Moyra de Vere Cavendish (née Beauclerk) as Countess Lazan" in costume was included in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[15] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Moyra Cavendish as Countess Lazan," with a Long S in Countess.[16]

The Hon. Victor Cavendish[edit | edit source]

The Hon. Victor Cavendish (at 121) was seated for dinner and

  • was wearing the "Costume of an Ambassador, copied from Holbein's picture in the National Gallery. (The figure to the left of the spectator is the one represented.)"[13]:8, Col. 2a
  • "was admirably dressed in a black velvet Tudor coat and a cerise shirt, slashed and puffed with cream-coloured satin, the revers of the coat faced with light-hued fur, and wearing a little quaintly-fashioned black cap. The costume was a copy of one worn by an Ambassador in Holbein’s famous pictures in the National Gallery."[17]
  • "The Hon. Victor Cavendish (Ambassador, from Holbein's picture in the National Gallery)."[12]:40, Col. 1c

Lafayette's portrait of "Victor Christian William Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire as an Ambassador after Holbein's picture in the National Gallery" in costume was included in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[15] The printing on the portrait says, "Mr. Victor Cavendish as an Ambassador after Holbein's picture in the National Gallery," with a Long S in Ambassador.[18]

Lady E. Cavendish[edit | edit source]

Lady E. Cavendish (probably Lady Evelyn Cavendish, at 164) sat at Table 5 and was dressed as Countess Trautmannsdorf in the Austrian Court of Maria Theresa Quadrille, leading one section of the quadrille with Mr. Mildmay.[13][14] Lafayette's portrait of "Evelyn Emily Mary Cavendish (née Petty-Fitzmaurice), Duchess of Devonshire when Lady Evelyn Cavendish as a Lady of the Court of Marie Therese" in costume was included in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[17] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Evelyn Cavendish as a Lady of the Court of Marie Therese."[19]

Mr. S. Cavendish[edit | edit source]

A Mr. S. Cavendish (at 656) was also present. Gunn & Stuart's portrait of "S. Cavendish as Count Chotak" in costume was included in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[15] The printing on the portrait says, "Mr. S. Cavendish as Count Chotak."[20]

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Mr. S. Cavendish's name is a possible error in the Album. He is not mentioned in any press reports findable at this time (summer 2021) in the British Newspaper Archive 1990–1900 (except for an American explorer named S. H. Cavendish or H. S. H. Cavendish who was in London about this time), which suggests that no Mr. S. Cavendish notable enough to be invited to the party existed. His portrait was in the commemorative album of portraits, however, suggesting that he was quite notable. One Count Chotek — Johann Karl, Count Chotek of Chotkow and Wognin (29 October 1704 – 8 November 1787) — knew Marie Thérèse when she was Empress.[21] It is conceivable, then, because Mr. S. Cavendish's photographer was Gunn & Stuart, who also took Lady M. Cavendish's portrait, that Mr. S. Cavendish is actually Mr. R. Cavendish.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Duke of Devonshire". Wikipedia. 2021-06-22. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Duke_of_Devonshire&oldid=1029878561.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duke_of_Devonshire.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "William Cavendish, 7th Duke of Devonshire." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  4. "Lord Edward Cavendish." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Hon. Emma Elizabeth Lascelles." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  6. "Lady Moyra de Vere Beauclerk." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  7. "Victor Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire". Wikipedia. 2020-10-05. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Victor_Cavendish,_9th_Duke_of_Devonshire&oldid=982008303. 
  8. "Lady Evelyn Emily Mary Petty-FitzMaurice." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  9. "Victor Christian William Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-21.
  10. "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  11. “The Devonshire House Ball. A Brilliant Gathering.” The Pall Mall Gazette 3 July 1897, Saturday: 7 [of 10], Col. 2a–3a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000098/18970703/019/0007.
  12. 12.0 12.1 “The Duchess of Devonshire’s Ball.” The Gentlewoman 10 July 1897 Saturday: 32–42 [of 76], Cols. 1a–3c [of 3]. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0003340/18970710/155/0032.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1a–4c The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  16. "Lady Moyra de Vere Cavendish (née Beauclerk) as Countess Lazan." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158417/Lady-Moyra-de-Vere-Cavendish-ne-Beauclerk-as-Countess-Lazan.
  17. 17.0 17.1 “Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House. A Brilliant Spectacle.” Derbyshire Advertiser and Journal 10 July 1897, Saturday: 6 [of 8], Cols. 5a–6a. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0001084/18970710/136/0006.
  18. "Victor Christian William Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire as an Ambassador after Holbein's picture in the National Gallery." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158399/Victor-Christian-William-Cavendish-9th-Duke-of-Devonshire-as-an-Ambassador-after-Holbeins-picture-in-the-National-Gallery.
  19. "Evelyn Emily Mary Cavendish (née Petty-Fitzmaurice), Duchess of Devonshire when Lady Evelyn Cavendish as a Lady of the Court of Marie Therese." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158398/Evelyn-Emily-Mary-Cavendish-ne-Petty-Fitzmaurice-Duchess-of-Devonshire-when-Lady-Evelyn-Cavendish-as-a-Lady-of-the-Court-of-Marie-Therese.
  20. "S. Cavendish as Count Chotak." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158418/S-Cavendish-as-Count-Chotak.
  21. "Johann Karl, Count Chotek of Chotkow and Wognin". Wikipedia. 2020-11-19. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Johann_Karl,_Count_Chotek_of_Chotkow_and_Wognin&oldid=989519966.  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Karl,_Count_Chotek_of_Chotkow_and_Wognin.