Social Victorians/1897 Fancy Dress Ball/Photographs

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Photographs at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

People Wanted Portraits of Themselves in Their Costumes[edit | edit source]

According to Russell Harris, the Duke of Devonshire invited Lafayette "to set up a tent in the garden behind the house to photograph the guests in costume during the Ball."[1] Lafayette was the firm both founded and directed by James Stack Lauder and what Lauder himself was called: that is, M. Lafayette.

In an interview with St James's Budget the following year Mr. Lafayette, acknowledging that he had been kept very busy since he opened a studio in London, described how he photographed the guests at the Devonshire House Ball: "I created a temporary studio in the garden, with a powerful installation of electric light; and though it may sound immodest to say so, the appearance of 'a gay photographer' at such a function was considered highly original, and was openly spoken of as a feature of the historic occasion."[1]

Lafayette brought a great deal of equipment as well as furnishings, backdrops and props to provide an environment in which the guests to the ball could pose. Harris says,

in order to capture the sense of event and location, the studio prepared a new backdrop (a painted canvas stretched on a wooden frame) which represented the lawn and gardens of Devonshire House complete with statuary. In the event of guests desiring a different background, the studio also transported its baronial hall and country estate backdrops as well as some studio balustrade, a piece of wall and a Turkish carpet.[1]

Assistants were present to help photograph the large number of guests who wanted their portraits taken in their costumes:

In a newspaper interview the following years, James Lafayette claimed to have photographed 200 sitters in four and a half hours – a staggering speed of 1 minute 21 seconds per photograph! Black & White claimed that "he photographed up to five in the morning, when the [camera-]operators had to abandon their task from sheer fatigue" [interpolation Harris's].[1]

The St. James's Gazette reports on the Lafayette photographs made at the ball:

Many of the guests at the Duchess of Devonshire fancy-dress ball on Friday were photographed at Devonshire House by M. Lafayette. Among those whose portraits were taken in their costumes were the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Duke and Duchess of York, the Duke and Duchess of Connaught, the Duke and Duchess of Teck, the Duke and Duchess of Fife, Princess Victoria of Wales, the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire, Princess Henry of Pless, the Duchess of Roxburghe, the Duke and Duchess of Portland, the Marchioness of Londonderry, Lady Randolph Churchill, Mr. Balfour, and Sir William Harcourt.[2]

Typical of copy-and-paste editing practices of this time, the article in the St. James's Gazette is reprinted exactly in the 7 July 1897 Dublin Daily Express.[3]:p. 4, Col. 9b

According to Harris, "In an interview for The Lady's Realm three years after the Ball, Lafayette claimed to have photographed 'no less than fourteen Royalties, who seemed to prefer the fun of having their photographs taken to dancing.'"[1]

A number of portrait-style photographs exist from this event as well as some apparently taken in Lafayette's studio. Because Lafayette had been granted a Royal Warrant to photograph the royal family, he was a natural choice for this party, and many of the guests would have been familiar with his work already. But not everybody who had a photographic portrait in their costume used Lafayette. For one, according to the Times a week after the ball, "Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein yesterday morning honoured Mr. Alfred Ellis at his studio in Upper Baker-street with a sitting for photographs in the fancy dress worn by her at the Duchess of Devonshire's ball.[4]

Apparently some people framed their photographs and hung them as art on their walls. The Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser described Humphrey Francis de Trafford as having "photographs of the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, in which Lady de Trafford figured as the Queen of Sheba" as well as paintings and photographs of dogs, horses, hunting and so on hanging on his walls.[5]

The Album of Photographs, Plus Other Surviving Images[edit | edit source]

A committee assembled 286 photographs of individuals and very small groups of people in costume, whether by Lafayette or by other photographers, into a book, an album, as a gift for the Duchess of Devonshire.[6] Russell Harris says

The knowledge that an album would be published with portraits of the guests in costume may well have led those who were not satisfied with the results of the hurried photographic session at the Ball to visit the Lafayette studio once or twice more with their costumes – some people up to six months after the event. The record of the event was finally published privately in 1899 with 286 sepia photogravure reproductions by Walker & Boutall and contains 114 plates by Lafayette, 22 by Bassano, 14 by Alice Hughes, 22 by J. Thomson, 23 by Henry Van der Weyde and others. The Lafayette archive at the V&A contains the only known surviving negatives by any photographer from the occasion.[1]

The title page reads


JULY 2nd 1897





For Harris, the three "clues" that hint at the contents of the album are the title, the names of the people on the "committee," and the names of the people who sat (or stood) for the portraits:

The album itself, measuring 33 cm x 25 cm and entitled simply Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball, is an extreme example of a sub-culture in-joke. It was never intended to be seen the general public, and contains no more clue to what is going on inside the covers than its title, a list of those who must have been instrumental in choosing whom to include and who then presented the album to the Duchess of Devonshire and the names of the people whose portraits in costume are reproduced in the album. The plates in the album were prepared for photogravure by Walker & Boutall (Sir Emery Walker & Walter Boutall), and the album 'Committee' acknowledged "the courtesy of the photographers, whose names are engraved below the portraits, in lending the negatives from which these plates have been made." The commission from the Duchess of Devonshire to photograph the Ball would have brought enormous publicity value to the firm of Lafayette who opened their first London studio in 1897 to capitalise on the capital's commercial bulge during the jubilee year. Indeed, contact sheets found in display albums from the London studio show that the firm's regular customers could order prints of the Ball's guests in costume. Only some very few original prints from the Ball are known to exist.[1]

Each page in the album contains a portrait of one person, or occasionally a small group of people, most often a married couple or perhaps 3 or so individuals who apparently chose to be photographed together, perhaps for thematic reasons. Each portrait — almost all of which are photographs — is accompanied by what looks to be letterpress printing that names the people whose portrait it is and who they are dressed as. This letterpress is in a cursive typeface that uses the Long s for a double ess, old-fashioned and reminiscent of earlier printing practices.

The Photographs from the Album[edit | edit source]

The album is at the National Portrait Gallery, which has digitized its copy here:

Not all the portraits are photographs taken by John Stack Lauder, or Lafayette; some are photographs taken by other photographers, a very small number are drawings and one appears to be a painting. They are all "photogravure by Walker and Boutall, photogravure, 1897; published 1899."[6]

Photographers in the Album[edit | edit source]

  • James Stack Lauder, Lafayette, 139 photographs
  • John Thomson, 24 photographs
  • Henry Van der Weyde, 23 photographs
  • Alexander Bassano, 22 photographs
  • Alice Hughes, 14 photographs
  • Alfred Ellis, 12 photographs
  • Henry Bullingham, 11 photographs
  • Elliott & Fry, 7 photograph
  • W. & D. Downey, 6 photographs
  • Gunn & Stuart, 5 photographs
  • Robert Faulkner & Co., 2 photographs
  • Esmé Collings, 2 photographs
  • Thomas Bennett & Sons, 2 photographs
  • Maull & Fox, 2 photographs
  • Walery, 2 photographs
  • Byrne & Co., 2 photographs
  • Sir Edward John Poynter, 1st Bt., 1 drawing or painting
  • Le Conteur, 1 drawing or painting
  • Otto (Otto Wegener), 1 drawing or painting
  • Frederick Downer, 1 photograph
  • Martin John Jacolette, 1 photograph
  • Mendelssohn, 1 photograph
  • "Unknown Artist," 1 drawing or painting
  • Charles Reutlinger, 1 photograph
  • Reginald Haines, 1 photograph
  • Frederick Hollyer, 1 drawing or painting
  • London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company, 1 photograph

Errors in the Letterpress on the Portraits[edit | edit source]

Errors in People's Names

It seems that occasionally errors may occur in the names on the portraits in the Album. Some possible errors are here:

  1. A portrait in the NPG Album has a Duncan Dawson, of whom no other trace exists, even in the newspapers or census records. The portrait of Duncan Dawson, however, resembles a Spy cartoon of Douglas Dawson, Vesey Dawson's younger brother according to census records.
  2. According to the portrait in the commemorative album held by the NPG, Lord Archibald Acheson was Raoul di Nangis; Douglas Dawson, whose first name is wrong on his portrait in the commemorative album, is also listed as being Raoul di Nangis, from Les Huguenots. The specificity of the account in the Gentlewoman account lends it credibility, but it is impossible to be certain from this evidence.
  3. The newspaper accounts identify the diplomat at the Austro-Hungarian Embassy as Count Max Hadik and record his arrival in 1892 at and his departure in 1898 from the Embassy in London; no mention exists of an Omar Hadik in any newspaper report in the British Newspaper Archive (as of July 2021). Max Hadik is likely Count Miksa Hadik de Futak (or Maximilian Graf Hadik von Futak) (1868–1921), who has a very brief page in Wikipedia. The letterpress on the portrait in the album in the National Portrait Gallery identifies Count Omar Hadik as having attended the ball, and it looks like this same piece of evidence informs the record at the British Library as well. If the letterpress is wrong, then the most logical choice for the man who attended the ball is Count Max Hadik. The Times and the Morning Post call him Count Hadik, without a forename at all.
  4. Gunn & Stuart's portrait of "S. Cavendish as Count Chotak" in costume was included in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire now in the National Portrait Gallery. The printing on the portrait says, "Mr. S. Cavendish as Count Chotak."[7] Mr. S. Cavendish is not mentioned in any press reports findable at this time (summer 2021) in the British Newspaper Archive 1990–1900 (except for an American explorer named S. H. Cavendish or H. S. H. Cavendish who was in London about this time). One Count Chotek — Johann Karl, Count Chotek of Chotkow and Wognin (29 October 1704 – 8 November 1787) — knew Marie Thérèse when she was Empress.[8] Because Mr. S. Cavendish's photographer was Gunn & Stuart, who also took Lady Moyra Cavendish's portrait, which is also in the album, it is conceivable that Mr. S. Cavendish is actually Mr. R. Cavendish, whose costume is described as being of the Marie Thérèse period, like that of his wife.

Other Errors

The people sitters for the portraits are said to be personating is inconsistent between the newspaper accounts and the letterpress on the portraits very often, also often contributing to inconsistencies or disagreements in the newspaper accounts. For some more simple examples:

  1. Mr. Henry White (at 310) is said by the newspapers to have been dressed as Giovanni Felici in the 17th-century procession, but portrait #19 in the album says he was dressed as Henri de Lorraine, Duc de Guise.

The Photographs[edit | edit source]

The 286 portraits in this album are of the following people (first link is to the portrait in the NPG, second one to the Wikiversity Social Victorians page and the number to their place in the list of invitees to the ball):

  1. "Violet Manners, Duchess of Rutland as Mary Isabella, Duchess of Rutland after Cosway, by John Thomson." [Violet Manners at the ball as Lady Granby, the Marchioness of Granby.]
  2. "Kathleen Florence May (née Candy), Duchess of Newcastle as Princess Dashkova, by Esmé Collings." [Kathleen Florence Candy May, Duchess of Newcastle ]
  3. "Haakon VII, King of Norway when Prince Charles of Denmark with Maud, Queen of Norway when Princess Charles of Denmark and Princess Victoria of Wales as Ladies of the Court of Marguerite de Valois, by Lafayette." [Prince Charles of Denmark ]
  4. "Natica (née Yznaga), Lady Lister-Kaye as the Duchesse de Guise in the time of Henri III, by Lafayette." [Lady Natica Lister-Kaye, at 499]
  5. "Louise Frederica Augusta Cavendish (née von Alten), Duchess of Devonshire (formerly Duchess of Manchester) as Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra, by Lafayette." [Louisa Montagu Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, at 18]
  6. "Spencer Compton Cavendish, 8th Duke of Devonshire as The Emperor Charles V, by Lafayette." [Spencer Compton Cavendish, Duke of Devonshire, at 19]
  7. "Queen Alexandra when Princess of Wales as Queen Marguerite de Valois and Hon. (Alexandra) Louvima Elizabeth Checkley (née Knollys) as her page), by Lafayette." [Alexandra, Princess of Wales, at 2]
  8. "King Edward VII when Prince of Wales as Grand Prior of the order of St John of Jerusalem, by Lafayette." [Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII, at 1]
  9. "Queen Mary when Duchess of York as a Lady of the Court of Marguerite de Valois and King George V when Duke of York as George Clifford, Earl of Cumberland, by Lafayette." [Mary of Teck, Duchess of York (at 4), and Prince George of Wales, Duke of York (at 3)]
  10. "Alexander William George Duff, 1st Duke of Fife and Princess Louise, Duchess of Fife in costume of the period of Henri II, by Lafayette." [Alexander William George Duff, 1st Duke of Fife (at 15), and Louise Victoria Alexandra Dagmar, Duchess of Fife (at 177)]
  11. "Princess Louise, Duchess of Connaught (née Princess of Prussia) as Anne of Austria, by Lafayette." [Princess Louise, Duchess of Connaught, at 9]
  12. "Prince Arthur, 1st Duke of Connaught and Strathearn as Effingham, by Lafayette." [Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, at 369]
  13. "Princess Mary Adelaide, Duchess of Teck as The Electress Sophia, mother of George I, by Lafayette." [Mary Adelaide of Cambridge, at 12]
  14. "Prince Francis, Duke of Teck as Capitaine de la Garde du Roy, XVI Century, by Lafayette." [Francis Duke of Teck, at 11]
  15. "Prince Alfred of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as Duke Robert of Normandy, A.D. 1060, by Lafayette." [Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, at 5]
  16. "Princess Helena Victoria of Schleswig-Holstein as Princess Elizabeth, eldest daughter of James I, by Alfred Ellis." [Helena Augusta Victoria, at 7]
  17. "Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein as Duke Adolphus of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp, A.D. 1560, by Alexander Bassano." [ Christian of Schleswig-Holstein, at 6]
  18. "Michael Mikhailovich, Grand Duke of Russia as Henri IV and Sophia Nicholaievna, Countess de Torby as Gabrielle d'Estray, by Lafayette." [ Grand Duke Michael of Russia (8) and Sophia Countess de Torby (at 184)]
  19. "Margaret ('Daisy') Stuyvesant Rutherford White (née Rutherfurd) as Morosina Morosini, Dogaressa of Venice and Henry White as Henri de Lorraine, Duc de Guise, by Henry Van der Weyde." [ Daisy and Henry White (at 151 and 310)]
  20. "Count Omar Hadik as Field Marshal Count Hadik, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Count Omar Hadik, at 361]
  21. "Count Albert Mensdorff-Pouilly-Dietrichstein as Henri III, King of France, by John Thomson." [Count Mensdorff, at 180]
  22. "Chevalier de Souza Corrêa as a Knight Templar, XIV Century, by Alexander Bassano." [João Arthur Souza Corrêa, at 178]
  23. "Marie Elizabeth (née Texier), Baroness de Courcel as Night, by Alfred Ellis." [Marie de Courcel, at 182]
  24. "Alphonse Chodron de Courcel, Baron de Courcel as Duc de Buillon, Ambassador from Henri Quatre to Queen Elizabeth, by Alfred Ellis." [Alphonse de Courcel, at 133]
  25. "Mademoiselle de Courcel as a Valkyrie, by Alfred Ellis." [Mademoiselle de Courcel, at 498]
  26. "Mademoiselle Henriette de Courcel as a Valkyrie, by Alfred Ellis." [Mademoiselle Henriette de Courcel, at 371]
  27. "Madame Baudon de Mony as Princess of Navarre, by Alfred Ellis." [Madame de Courcel Baudon de Mony, at 568]
  28. "Monsieur Baudon de Mony as a musketeer in the time of Louis XIII, by Alfred Ellis." [Monsieur Baudon de Mony, at 567]
  29. "Julia Caroline (née Stonor), Marquise d'Hautpoul de Seyre) as Elsa from "Lohengrin", by Lafayette." [Julia Stonor, Marchioness d'Hautpoul de Seyre, at 388]
  30. "Luis Maria Augusto Pinto de Soveral, Marquess de Soveral as Count d'Almada, A.D. 1640, by W. & D. Downey." [Luis Pinto de Soveral, at 135]
  31. "N. Boulatzell as Prince of Mingrelia, by W. & D. Downey." [N. Boulatzell, at 280]
  32. "Lady ('Dona') Ana, Countess of Casa Valencia as Nuit d'Espagne, by Alexander Bassano." [Countess of Casa de Valencia at 148]
  33. "Mademoiselle de Alealo Galiano as The Queen of the Fairies, by Alexander Bassano." [Mademoiselle de Alcalo Galiano, at 631]
  34. "Consuelo de Alealo Galiano as Veure de Pierrot, by Alexander Bassano." [Consuelo de Alcalo Galiano, at 632]
  35. "Jesusa Murrieta del Campo Mello y Urritio (née Bellido), Marquisa de Santurce as the Infanta of Spain, by Lafayette." [Marquisa de Santurce, at 643]
  36. "Thérèse (née Kinsky), Countess Clary-Aldringen as the Queen of Naples, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Countess Clary Aldringen, at 191]
  37. "Prince Siegfried von Clary-Aldringen when Count von Clary-Aldringen as Count Nadasdy, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Count Clary Aldringen, at 205]
  38. "Princess of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (née Countess Josephine Kinsky) as Princess Pauline Borghese, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Josephine, Countess Kinsky, at 394]
  39. "Edith Isabella Georgina Fitzwilliam (née Lane-Fox) after a picture by Romney, by Lafayette." [Edith Wentworth- Fitzwilliam (Mrs. Hon. Reginald Wentworth-Fitzwilliam), at 635]
  40. "Hon. (William) Reginald Fitzwilliam as Nelson, by Lafayette." [Hon. Reginald Wentworth- Fitzwilliam, at 636]
  41. "Florence (née Davis), Marchioness of Dufferin and Ava (later Countess Howe) when Lady Terence Blackwood as Flora Goddess of Flowers, by Gunn & Stuart." [Lady Florence Hamilton Temple Blackwood, at 637]
  42. "Terence John Temple Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 2nd Marquess of Dufferin and Ava when Lord Terence Blackwood as Captain Blackwood, R.N., by Gunn & Stuart." [Terence Hamilton Temple Blackwood, at 638]
  43. "Emilie (née Packe), Viscountess Farquhar as Duchess de Mailly, Lady in Waiting to Queen Marie Antoinette, by Lafayette." [Emily Scott Lady Farquhar, at 639]
  44. "Horace Brand Farquhar, 1st Earl Farquhar as Count Egmont, by Lafayette." [Horace Brand Farquhar, at 380]
  45. "Evelyn Emily Mary Cavendish (née Petty-Fitzmaurice), Duchess of Devonshire when Lady Evelyn Cavendish as a Lady of the Court of Marie Therese, by Lafayette." [Lady Evelyn Cavendish, at 164]
  46. "Victor Christian William Cavendish, 9th Duke of Devonshire as an Ambassador after Holbein's picture in the National Gallery, by Lafayette." [Victor Cavendish, at 121]
  47. "Frederic Glyn, 4th Baron Wolverton as King Richard Coeur de Lion, by Lafayette." [Frederic Glyn, Baron Wolverton, at 79]
  48. "Eugenie Louise Judith Sassoon (née Perugia) as La Dogeressa, by Alice Hughes." Louise (Mrs. Arthur) Sassoon, at 202]
  49. "Arthur Abraham David Sassoon as Chief of the Janissaries, by Lafayette." [ Arthur Sassoon, at 553]
  50. "Princess Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (Laura Williamina (née Seymour), Countess von Gleichen) as Margravine of Anspach (Ansbach), by Henry Bullingham." [ Laura Williamina Seymour of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, Princess Victor of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, at 16]
  51. "Dame Margaret Helen Greville (née Anderson) as Mary Seaton in the Elizabethan Procession, by Alice Hughes." [Lady Margaret Greville, at 298]
  52. "Montague John Guest as Montague Bertie, 2nd Earl of Lindsey, K.G., by Henry Van der Weyde." [Montague John Guest, at 115]
  53. "Henry James, 1st Baron James of Hereford as Sir Thomas More, by Alexander Bassano." [ Henry James, Baron Hereford, at 122]
  54. "Henry Holden as Will Somers, Court Jester to Queen Elizabeth, by Lafayette." [ Henry Holden, at 325]
  55. "Charles Edward Swaine as an officer of the XI Light Dragoons, A.D.1742, by Martin John Jacolette." [Charles Edward Swaine, at 415]
  56. "Probably (Sybil Aimée) Geraldine Webber (née Magniac) as Dawn, by Lafayette. [Geraldine Magniac, at 640]
  57. "Amelia Catherine (née Bischoffsheim), Lady Fitzgerald as Marie Joséphe, Queen of Poland, A.D. 1737, by Lafayette." [Amelia, Lady Fitzgerald, at 599]
  58. "Mary Frances ('Fanny') Ronalds (née Carter) as Euterpe, by Lafayette." [ Fanny Ronalds, at 92]
  59. "Mrs Gerard Leigh as a Lady in Waiting to the Duchess of Genoa XVII century, by Alexander Bassano." [Mrs. Marion Leigh, at 308]
  60. "Maud Julia Mary (née Winn), Lady Stuart-Wortley as Madame La Motte, by Lafayette." [The Hon. Maud Julia Winn, at 642]
  61. "Edith (née Villiers), Countess Mount Edgcumbe when Lady Edith Villiers as Lady Melbourne after Cosway, by Alice Hughes." [Lady Edith Villiers, at 282]
  62. "Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon as William Villers, Lord Grandison after Vandyck, by Frederick Downer." [Edward Villiers, 5th Earl Clarendon, at 65]
  63. "Lady Moyra de Vere Cavendish (née Beauclerk) as Countess Lazan, by Gunn & Stuart." [Lady Moyra Cavendish, at 366]
  64. "S. Cavendish as Count Chotak, by Gunn & Stuart." [Mr. S. Cavendish, at 700]
  65. "Margaret Elizabeth Child-Villiers (née Leigh), Countess of Jersey as Anne of Austria, by Alexander Bassano." [Lady Jersey (Margaret Child-Villiers, Countess of Jersey, at 432]
  66. "Margaret Child (née Child-Villiers), Lady Dynevor when Lady Margaret Villiers as Madame Henriette, Duchess d'Orleans, by Alexander Bassano." [Lady Margaret Villiers, at 433]
  67. "Alice Beatrice (née Lister), Lady Glenesk as Egeria, by Robert Faulkner & Co." [Alice Borthwick, Lady Glenesk, at 88]
  68. "Algernon Borthwick, 1st Baron Glenesk as Lord James Murray, by Robert Faulkner & Co." [Algernon Borthwick, Baron Glenesk, at 87]
  69. "Sir Schomberg Kerr McDonnell as Duke Ferdinand of Modena, by Alexander Bassano." [Mr. Schomberg McDonnell (Mr. Schomberg M'Donnell), at 104]
  70. "Prince Victor Albert Jay Duleep Singh as Akbar, by Alexander Bassano." [Prince Victor Duleep Singh, at 558]
  71. "Charles Henry John Chetwynd-Talbot, 20th Earl of Shrewsbury as a member of the Court of Catherine II of Russia, by Lafayette." [Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, at 101]
  72. "Maud Frederica Elizabeth (née Dundas), Countess Fitzwilliam when Viscountess Milton as Madame Le Brun, by Lafayette." [Lady Milton (Maud Frederica Elizabeth Dundas Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, at 501]
  73. "Montagu William Lowry Corry, Baron Rowton as Archbishop of Canterbury in the Elizabethan Procession, by Lafayette." [Lord Rowton (Montagu William Lowry-Corry, 1st Baron Rowton), at 189]
  74. "Cyril Flower, 1st Baron Battersea as Lord Hunsdon in the Elizabethan Procession, by Elliott & Fry." [Cyril Flower, Lord Battersea, at 110]
  75. "Katherine Mary Drummond (née Antrobus) as a lady from the time of Charles II, by Alexander Bassano." [Katherine Mary Drummond, at 309]
  76. "Louisa Augusta Beatrice (née Montagu), Countess of Gosford as Minerva (period of Louis XV), by Lafayette." [Louisa Acheson, Lady Gosford, at 140]
  77. "Archibald Brabazon Sparrow Acheson, 4th Earl of Gosford as Robert de la Marck', by Alfred Ellis." [Archibald Acheson, 4th Earl of Gosford, at 143]
  78. "Lady Alexandra Louise Elizabeth Stanley (née Acheson) in Hunting Costume, period of Louis XV, by Alfred Ellis." [Lady A. Acheson (Lady Alexandra Louise Elizabeth Acheson), at 254]
  79. "Archibald Charles Montagu Brabazon Acheson, 5th Earl of Gosford when Viscount Acheson as Raoul di Nangis, by Alfred Ellis." [Lord Acheson (Archibald Charles Montagu Brabazon Acheson), at 255]
  80. "Lawrence John Lumley Dundas, 2nd Marquess of Zetland when Earl of Ronaldshay as Sir Peter Teazle, by Lafayette." [Lawrence John Lumley Dundas, Earl of Ronaldshay, 529]
  81. "Susan Violet Erskine (née Ashley-Cooper), Countess of Mar and Kellie as Dante's Beatrice, by Alice Hughes." [Lady Lady "Violet" Susan Violet Erskine, the Countess of Mar and Kellie, at 160]
  82. "Sybil Mary (née St Clair-Erskine), Countess of Westmorland as Hebe, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Sybil Fane, the Countess of Westmorland, at 219]
  83. "Helen Venetia (née Duncombe), Viscountess D'Abernon as a Genoese Lady, after Vandyck, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Lady Helen Venetia Duncombe Vincent, at 215]
  84. "Edgar Vincent, Viscount d'Abernon as a Dutch Stadtholder after Frans Hals, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Sir Edgar Vincent, at 226]
  85. "Mary Theresa Olivia ('Daisy') (née Cornwallis-West), Princess of Pless as Cleopatra, by Lafayette." [Mary Theresa (Daisy) Cornwallis-West, Princess Henry of Pless, at 38]
  86. "Alexandra Harriet (née Paget), Lady Colebrooke as Roxana, by Lafayette." [Alexandra Harriet Paget, Lady Colebrooke, 246]
  87. "Louisa Jane (née Hamilton), Duchess of Buccleuch as Elizabeth, Duchess of Buccleuch, by John Thomson." [ Louisa Jane Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch, at 24]
  88. "Katharine Mary (née Montagu-Douglas-Scott), Viscountess Hampden as Marie Stuart, by John Thomson." [Lady Katharine Mary Montagu Douglas Scott, at 25]
  89. "Lady Constance Anne Cairns (née Montagu-Douglas-Scott) as a Shepherdess, by John Thomson." [Lady Constance Anne Montagu Douglas Scott, at 26]
  90. "Giles Stephen Holland Fox-Strangways, 6th Earl of Ilchester when Lord Stavordale as Petrarch, by Lafayette." [Giles Fox-Strangways, Lord Stavordale, at 78]
  91. "Mary Emmeline Laura (née Milner), Lady Gerard as Astarte, Goddess of the Moon, by Mendelssohn." [Lady Mary Milner Gerard, at 256]
  92. "Arnold Morley as the Duc de Choiseul, by Lafayette." [Arnold Morley, at 351]
  93. "Alice Emily (née White), Countess of Leicester when Viscountess Coke, by Alexander Bassano." [Alice Emily White Coke, Viscountess Coke, at 643]
  94. "Katherine Frances (née Lambton), Duchess of Leeds as Lalla Rookh, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Katherine Frances Lambton Osborne, the Duchess of Leeds, at 35]
  95. "Kathleen (née Douglas-Pennant), Viscountess Falmouth as Madame Recamier, by Alice Hughes." [Kathleen Douglas-Pennant Boscawen, Viscountess Falmouth, at 471]
  96. "Mary Caroline (née Grey), Countess of Minto as Princess Andrillon, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Mary Caroline Grey Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, Countess Minto, at 544]
  97. "George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon when Lord Hyde as Romeo, by Henry Van der Weyde." [George Herbert Hyde Villiers, Lord Hyde, at 294]
  98. "Muriel Wilson as Queen Vashti, by Henry Bullingham." [Miss Muriel Wilson, at 242]
  99. "Susannah Graham Menzies (née Wilson, later Lady Holford) as Titania, Queen of the Fairies, by Alice Hughes." [Mrs. Susannah Wilson Graham Menzies, at 378]
  100. "Alice Maud Olivia (née Montagu), Countess of Derby when Lady Alice Stanley as Diana, by Lafayette." [Lady Alice Maude Olivia Montagu Stanley, at 157]
  101. "Sir George Frederick Stanley as Maro (period of Louis XVI), by Lafayette." [Right Hon. George Frederick Stanley, at 249]
  102. "Hon. Frederick William Stanley in hunting dress (period of Louis XVI), by Lafayette." [Lord Frederick William Stanley, also called Lord W. Stanley, at 654]
  103. "Constance (née Villiers), Countess of Derby as Duchess of Orleans, by Lafayette." [Constance Villiers Stanley, Countess of Derby, at 36]
  104. "Lady Isobel Constance Mary Gathorne-Hardy (née Stanley) in hunting costume, period of Louis XVI, by Lafayette." [Lady Isobel Constance Mary Stanley, at 655]
  105. "Walter Murray Guthrie as Cassio, by Lafayette." [ Walter Murray Guthrie, at 290]
  106. "Theresa Susey Helen (née Talbot), Marchioness of Londonderry as Maria Theresa, by Lafayette." [Theresa Chetwynd-Talbot Vane-Tempest-Stewart, the Marchioness of Londonderry, at 42]
  107. "Helen Mary Theresa (née Vane-Tempest-Stewart), Countess of Ilchester when Lady Helen Stewart as the Archduchess Marie Christine of Austria, by Lafayette." [Lady Mary Stewart, Helen Mary Theresa Vane-Tempest-Stewart, at 43]
  108. "Charles Stewart Henry Vane-Tempest-Stewart, 7th Marquess of Londonderry when Viscount Castlereagh as the Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria, by Lafayette." [Viscount Castlereagh, as the Emperor Joseph, at 73]
  109. "Corisande Evelyn Vere (née Guest), Lady Rodney as Queen Guinevere, by Lafayette." [Edith Rodney, Lady Rodney, at 472]
  110. "George Rodney, 7th Baron Rodney as King Arthur of the Round Table, by Lafayette." [Lord Rodney, at 80]
  111. "Consuelo Vanderbilt as the wife of the French Ambassador at the Court of Catherine of Russia, by Alexander Bassano." [ Consuelo Vanderbilt Spencer-Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, at 174]
  112. "Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill, 9th Duke of Marlborough as the French Ambassador at the Court of Catherine of Russia, by Alexander Bassano." [Charles Richard John "Sunny" Spencer-Churchill, the Duke of Marlborough, at 142]
  113. "Lady Norah Beatrice Henriette Bradley-Birt (née Spencer Churchill) and Lady Lilian Maud Grenfell (née Spencer-Churchill) as Watteau Shepherdesses, by Alexander Bassano." [Norah Beatrice Henriette Spencer-Churchill, at 572; Lilian Maud Spencer-Churchill, at 571]
  114. "Marie Rothschild (née Perugia) as Zobeida, by Alice Hughes." [Mrs. L. (possibly Marie Perugia) Rothschild, at 528]
  115. "Leopold de Rothschild as Duc de Sully, by John Thomson." [Mr. Leopold Rothschild, at 527]
  116. "Beatrix Frances Gertrude (née Herbert), Countess of Wicklow as Signora Bacelli after Gainsborough, by Alice Hughes." [Lady Beatrix Frances Gertrude Herbert, at 648]
  117. "Marcia Amelia Mary (née Lane-Fox), Countess of Yarborough as a Lady of the Court of Catherine II of Russia, by Lafayette." [Marcia Anderson-Pelham, Countess of Yarborough, at 54]
  118. "Charles Alfred Worsley Pelham, 4th Earl of Yarborough as a Russian Courtier, by Lafayette." [Charles Anderson-Pelham, 4th Earl of Yarborough, at 61]
  119. "Mary Endicott Carnegie (née Endicott) (formerly Chamberlain) as Madame d'Epinay, by Henry Bullingham." [Mrs. Mary Chamberlain, at 491]
  120. "Violet Anne Blanche Dunville (née Lambart) as Edith Plantaganet, by Elliott & Fry." [Violet Dunville, at 650]
  121. "John Dunville as the Emperor Yuan of China, by Elliott & Fry." [Lt.-Col. John Dunville Dunville, at 649]
  122. "Adolf, Baron von André as Benvenuto Cellini, by Lafayette." [Herr Adolf Von André, at 386]
  123. "Sir John Pepys Lister-Kaye, 3rd Bt as Sir Kaye Morte d'Arthur, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Sir John Lister Kaye, Bart., at 97]
  124. "Lord Arthur Vincent Hay; William George Montagu Hay, 11th Marquess of Tweeddale; Candida Louise, Marchioness of Tweeddale as the Empress Josephine, by Lafayette." [Candida Hay, Marchioness of Tweeddale, at 399, with her 2 sons as pages]
  125. "Lady (Susan Elizabeth) Clementine Waring (née Hay) as Valentina; William Montagu Hay, 10th Marquess of Tweeddale as St Bris (Les Huguenots), by Lafayette." [William Montagu Hay, the Marquis of Tweeddale, at 400; Lady Clementine Hay, at 629]
  126. "Mabel Edith (née Hood), Lady Ashburton as Enid in Tennyson's 'King Arthur', by Lafayette." [Mabel, Lady Ashburton at 375]
  127. "Francis Denzil Edward Baring, 5th Baron Ashburton as Geraint, by Lafayette." [Francis, Baron Ashburton at 376]
  128. "Guendoline Irene Emily Bourke (née Sloane-Stanley) as Salammbô, by Lafayette." [Hon. Mrs. A. (Guendoline) Bourke, at 236]
  129. "Hon. Algernon Henry Bourke as Izaak Walton, by Lafayette." [The Hon. Algernon Bourke, at 235]
  130. "Aileen May (née Wyndham-Quin), Countess of Meath as Queen Hortense, by Gunn & Stuart." [Lady Aileen May Wyndham-Quin, at 661]
  131. "Windham Thomas Wyndham-Quin, 4th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl as Cardinal Mazarin, by Lafayette." [Windham Thomas Wyndham-Quin, 4th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl, at 662]
  132. "Blanche (née Craven), Countess of Coventry as Barbara St John, Countess of Coventry, after Liotard, by Elliott & Fry." [Blanche, Countess of Coventry, at 663]
  133. "Princess Anne Blanche Alice Singh (née Coventry) as Serena, after Romney, by Elliott & Fry." [Lady Anne Coventry, at 664]
  134. "Lady Dorothy Fraser (née Coventry) as Serena after Romney, by Elliott & Fry." [Lady Dorothy Coventry, at 665]
  135. "Alice Anne (née Montgomery), Duchess of Buckingham and Chandos (later Lady Egerton) as Caterina Cornaro, Queen of Cyprus, by John Thomson." [Alice Anne Graham-Montgomery Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville Edgerton, Duchess of Buckingham, at 155]
  136. "Wilbraham Egerton, 1st Earl Egerton of Tatton as the Doge Morosini, by John Thomson." [Lord Wilbraham Egerton of Tatton, at 591]
  137. "Alice (née Villiers), Countess of Lathom as Catherine of Aragon, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Lady Alice Villiers Bootle-Wilbraham, the Countess of Lathom, at 213]
  138. "Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, 1st Earl of Lathom as the Doge Giovannius de Medici, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, the Earl of Lathom, at 125]
  139. "Leonie Blanche (née Jerome), Lady Leslie as Brunhild, by Lafayette." [Mrs. Leonie Leslie, at 260]
  140. "Sir John Leslie, 2nd Bt as Earl Darnley, by John Thomson." [Colonel John Leslie, at 261]
  141. "Lady Sophie Beatrix Mary Scott (née Cadogan) as Megaera, by Lafayette." [Lady Sophie Scott, at 57]
  142. "Emily Julia (née Cadogan), Lady Lurgan as Alecto, by Lafayette." [Lady Emily Lurgan, at 56]
  143. "Helena Violet Alice (née Fraser), Countess of Stradbroke as Delilah, by Lafayette." [Helena Violet Alice Fraser, at 243]
  144. "Hugh Fraser as Duke of Tarsis, by Lafayette." [Keith Alexander Fraser, at 244]
  145. "Mary ('Minnie', née Stevens), Lady Paget as Cleopatra, by John Thomson." [Mary Paget, Mrs. Arthur Paget, at 90]
  146. "Sir Arthur Henry Fitzroy Paget as Edward, the Black Prince, by John Thomson." [Colonel Arthur Paget, at 91]
  147. "Ethel Adeline (née Pottinger), Lady Knaresborough as Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia, by Lafayette." [Lady Meysey-Thompson, at 391]
  148. "Henry Meysey Meysey-Thompson, 1st Baron Knaresborough as John De Witt, by Lafayette." [Sir Henry Meysey-Thompson, at 116]
  149. "Hilda Mary (née Dundas), Lady Southampton as Beatrice, by Lafayette." [Hilda FitzRoy, Lady Southampton, at 402)]
  150. "Grosvenor Arthur Alexander Hood, 5th Viscount Hood as Sir Galahad, by Lafayette." [Hon. Grosvenor Hood, at 83]
  151. "Lucy Charlewood Cole-Hamilton (née Thorold) as Amy Robsart, by Lafayette." [Lucy Charlewood Cole-Hamilton, at 666]
  152. "Claud George Cole-Hamilton as Edmund Tressilian, by Lafayette." [Claud George Cole-Hamilton, at 667]
  153. "Lady Mary Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis (née Lygon) as Marie de Lorraine, a lady of the Court of Marguerite de Valois, by Thomas Bennett & Sons." [Lady Mary Lygon, at 547]
  154. "William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp as Baron Beauchamp of Powyke (XIV Century), by Thomas Bennett & Sons." [William Lygon, 7th Earl Beauchamp, at 60]
  155. "Maria Henrietta Sophia Chaine (née Phipps) as Madame Sans Gêne, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Maria Chaine, at 490]
  156. "William Chaine as Sir William Temple, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Colonel William Chaine, at 98]
  157. "Lady Sarah Isabella Augusta Wilson (née Spencer-Churchill) as Madame de Pompadour, by John Thomson." [Lady Sarah Wilson, at 392]
  158. "Gordon Chesney Wilson as a Captain in the Blues, 1680, by Lafayette." [Captain Gordon Wilson, at 96]
  159. "Anne Emily (née Spencer-Churchill), Duchess of Roxburghe as Bess of Hardwick, by Lafayette." [The Duchess of Roxburghe, at 22]
  160. "Lady Margaret Frances Susan Orr-Ewing (née Innes-Ker) as Lady Eglinton and Lady Victoria Alexandrina Villiers (née Innes-Ker) as Elizabeth Linley, after miniatures by Cosway, by Lafayette." [Lady Margaret Innes-Ker, at 23; Lady Victoria Innes-Ker, at 668]
  161. "Georgiana Elizabeth (née Spencer-Churchill), Countess Howe when Lady Curzon as Maria Leszczynska, by Lafayette." [Viscountess Curzon, Georgiana Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill Curzon, at 168]
  162. "Richard George Penn Curzon, 4th Earl Howe when Viscount Curzon as Admiral Earl Howe, by Lafayette." [Viscount Curzon, Richard George Penn Curzon, at 197]
  163. "Mabel Susan (née Forbes), Lady St Oswald as Duchessa di Caluria, a Venetian Lady of the XVI Century, by Lafayette." [Lady St. Oswald, at 284]
  164. "Rowland Winn, 2nd Baron St Oswald as an officer of the Regiment de Pondichery, 1772, by Lafayette." [Lord St. Oswald, at 650]
  165. "Evelyn Achille de Rothschild as a page to the Doge's Wife, by Alice Hughes." [Evelyn Achille de Rothschild, at 669]
  166. "Anthony Gustav de Rothschild as a page to the Doge's Wife, by Alice Hughes." [Anthony Gustav de Rothschild, at 670]
  167. "Stephen Frederick Wombwell as George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, by Lafayette." [Stephen Frederick Wombwell, at 671]
  168. "Catherine Dorothea Mary Grosvenor (née Simeon) as Marie Louise, by Lafayette." [Mrs. Algernon (Catherine) Grosvenor, at 510]
  169. "Lady Evelyn Clementia Ewart (née Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby) as the Duchess of Ancaster, Mistress of the Robes to Queen Charlotte, 1757, after a picture by Hudson, by Henry Bullingham." [Lady Evelyn Ewart, at 401]
  170. "Sir Harry Stonor as Lohengrin, by Lafayette." [Hon. Harry Julian Stonor, at 389]
  171. "Maud Evelyn (née Hamilton), Marchioness of Lansdowne as Lady Keith, wife of the British Ambassador at the Court of Maria Therese, by Lafayette." [Maud Hamilton Petty-Fitzmaurice, the Marchioness of Lansdowne, at 51]
  172. "Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby as an officer of the Grenadier Guards, XVII Century, by Lafayette." [Lord Edward George Villiers Stanley, at 188]
  173. "Isabella Maria Katherine (née Anson), Countess Howe as Lady Howe, A.D. 1796, after Gainsborough, by Lafayette." [Isabella Curzon-Howe, Countess Howe, at 489]
  174. "Margaret Jane (née Stuart-Wortley), Lady Talbot as a Valkyrie, by Alexander Bassano." [Mrs. Talbot, Margaret Jane Stuart-Wortley Chetwynd-Talbot, at 485]
  175. "Edward Cecil Guinness, 1st Earl of Iveagh as a gentleman of the time of Louis XIII, by Lafayette." [Edward Cecil Guiness, Lord Iveagh, at 382]
  176. "Gwendoline Sophia Alice Lowther (née Sheffield) as Madame de Tallion (Incroyable), by Lafayette." [The Hon. Mrs. Gwendoline Lowther, at 672]
  177. "Duncan Dawson as Raoul de Nangis, Les Huguenots, by Lafayette." [Col. Duncan or Douglas Dawson, at 673]
  178. "Eleanor Frances Weston (née Van de Weyer), Viscountess Esher when Hon. Mrs Brett as Manon Lescaut, by Lafayette." [Hon. Mrs. Eleanor Brett, at 604]
  179. "Reginald Baliol Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher as a gentleman of France, by Lafayette." [Hon. Mr. Reginald Baliol Brett, at 603]
  180. "Winifred Anna (née Dallas-Yorke), Duchess of Portland as Duchess of Savoy, by Alice Hughes." [Winifred Anna Dallas-Yorke Cavendish-Bentinck, the Duchess of Portland, at 29]
  181. "Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery as a gentleman of the XVIIIth Century, by Lafayette." [Archibald Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery, at 139]
  182. "Louisa (née Montefiore), Lady de Rothschild as Lady Vaux (after Holbein), by Henry Van der Weyde." [Louisa Montefiore, Lady de Rothschild, at 674]
  183. "James Herbert Gustavus Meredyth Somerville, 2nd Baron Athlumney as Prince Metternich at the time of Maria Theresa, by Lafayette." [James Somerville, 2nd Baron Athlumney, at 367]
  184. "Nellie Lisa (née Bass), 2nd Baroness Burton when Hon. Mrs Baillie as Mrs James Baillie, from the family group by Gainsborough, by Lafayette." [Nellie Baillie, 2nd Baroness Burton, at 675]
  185. "Sir Seymour John Fortescue as a Venetian Lawyer, after the picture by Moroni in the National Gallery, by Unknown artist." [The Hon. Seymour Fortescue, at 296]
  186. "Beatrix Maud (née Cecil), Countess of Selborne after a picture of Lady Percy by Vandyk at Hatfield, by Lafayette." [Beatrix Palmer, Lady Selborne, at 557]
  187. "William Waldegrave Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne as an officer of the Duke of Marlborough's Army, by Lafayette." [William Waldegrave Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne, at 70]
  188. "Eleanor (née Lambton), Viscountess Cecil of Chelwood as Valentina Visconti (XV Century), by Alfred Ellis." [Lady Robert Cecil (Eleanor Lambton Gascoyne-Cecil), at 450]
  189. "Sir Ernest Joseph Cassel as Velasquez, by Lafayette." [Mr. Ernest Joseph Cassel, at 462]
  190. "Mary Victoria (née Leiter), Lady Curzon of Kedleston as Valentina Visconti of Milan, A.D. 1447, by Alice Hughes." [The Hon. Mrs. George Curzon, at 301]
  191. "Lady Alice Eleanor Louise Montagu as Laura de Sade, A.D. 1300, by Lafayette." [Lady Alice Eleanor Louise Montagu, at 292]
  192. "Hon. Alexander McDonnell as Mercutio, by Lafayette." [Hon. Alexander McDonnell, at 676]
  193. "Jeanette ('Jennie') Churchill (née Jerome), Lady Randolph Churchill as the Empress Theodora, wife of Justinian, by Lafayette." [Lady Randolph Churchill, at 132]
  194. "Dame Edith Sophy Lyttelton (née Balfour) after a picture by Romney, by Lafayette." [Edith Sophy Balfour Lyttelton, at 580]
  195. "Margaret (née Coke), Lady Belper, by John Thomson." [Margaret, Lady Belper, at 560]
  196. "Herbert Marmaduke Joseph Stourton as a member of the Court of Catherine II of Russia, by Henry Bullingham." [Mr. Herbert Marmaduke Joseph Stourton, at 277]
  197. "Adela (née Grant), Countess of Essex as Berenice, Queen of Palestine, by Henry Bullingham. [Adele Grant Cappell, Countess Essex, at 194]
  198. "Ernest William Beckett, 2nd Baron Grimthorpe as Sir Walter Raleigh, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Mr. Ernest William Beckett, at 313]
  199. "Emilia Yznaga as Cydalise of the Comedie Italienne from the time of Louis XV, by Charles Reutlinger." [Emilia Yznaga, at 360]
  200. "Sydney Charlotte Keith-Falconer (née Montagu), Countess of Kintore as Jane, Duchess of Gordon; Lady Hilda Madeline Keith-Falconer, by Alexander Bassano." [Sydney, Countess Kintore, at 608; Lady Hilda Madeleine Keith-Falconer, at 677]
  201. "Reuben David Sassoon as a Persian Prince, by Maull & Fox." [ Reuben David Sassoon, at 571]
  202. "Evelyn Henrietta (née Leigh), Lady Alington as Duchesse de Nevers, Dame de la Cour de S.M. Marguérite de Valois, by Henry Bullingham." [Lady Evelyn Alington, at 41]
  203. "Lewis Harcourt, 1st Viscount Harcourt as Viscount Nuneham, A.D. 1750, by Reginald Haines." [Lewis Harcourt, at 678]
  204. "Lady Hilda Madeline Keith-Falconer as Lady Susan Gordon, afterwards Duchess of Manchester, by Alexander Bassano." [Lady Hilda Madeleine Keith-Falconer, at 677]
  205. "Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe as Philip II of Spain, by Frederick Hollyer." [Robert Crewe-Milnes, Earl of Crewe, at 169]
  206. "Edward George Henry Montagu, 8th Earl of Sandwich as Lord Burleigh, by Lafayette." [Edward Montagu, 8th Earl of Sandwich, at 71]
  207. "Margaret (née Lygon), Lady Ampthill as a Lady-in-Waiting at the Court of King Arthur, by Lafayette." [Margaret Russell, Lady Ampthill, at 419]
  208. "(Arthur) Oliver Villiers Russell, 2nd Baron Ampthill as a Knight of King Arthur's Round Table, by Lafayette." [Oliver Russell, Lord Ampthill, at 77]
  209. "Lord Charles William Augustus Montagu as King Charles I and Mildred Cecilia Harriet, Lady Montagu as an Italian Flower girl, by Lafayette." [Lord Charles Montagu, Charles William Augustus Montagu, at 162; Mildred Cadogan, Viscountess Chelsea, at 162]
  210. "Lady Muriel Augusta Digby (née Fox-Srangways) as Lady Sarah Lennox, one of the bridesmaids of Queen Charlotte A.D. 1761, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Lady Muriel Fox Strangways, at 403]
  211. "Lord Alwyne Frederick Compton as Sir William Compton - time of Charles I, by London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company." [Lord Alwyne Frederick Compton, at 434]
  212. "Miss Sassoon as a Japanese Lady, by Esmé Collings." [Louise Judith Sassoon, at 572]
  213. "Frederick Oliver Robinson, 2nd Marquess of Ripon when Earl de Grey as Admiral Coligny, by Walery." [Frederick Oliver Robinson, Earl de Grey, at 679]
  214. "Madeline Cecilia Carlyle Brodrick (née Stanley), Countess of Midleton as Lady Hopeton, after a miniature by Cosway, by Lafayette." [Madeline Cecilia Carlyle Stanley, at 552]
  215. "Violet Sylvia Blanche Bingham (née Clay), Countess of Lucan when Lady Bingham, by John Thomson." [Lady Violet Bingham, at 586]
  216. "George Charles Bingham, 5th Earl of Lucan when Lord Bingham, by John Thomson." [Lord George Charles Bingham, at 585]
  217. "Rose Riversdale Towneley-Bertie (née Glyn), Lady Norreys as a Paysanne Galante from the time of Louis XVI, by Lafayette." [Rose Towneley-Bertie, Lady Norreys, at 680]
  218. "Ferdinand James Anselm de Rothschild, Baron de Rothschild as Casimir Count Palatine, by Lafayette." [Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild, at 330]
  219. "Rosamond Jane Frances (née Spencer-Churchill), Lady de Ramsey as Lady Burleigh, by Lafayette." [Rosamond Fellowes, Lady de Ramsey, at 329]
  220. "Sir Ralph Barrett Macnaghten, 9th Bt as Jerome Buonaparte, King of Westphalia, by Lafayette." [Sir Ralph Blois, at 593]
  221. "Miss B. Forbes as Donna Lucrezia Arcalla, by Lafayette." [Miss Blanche Forbes, at 285]
  222. "Sir Henry Irving as Cardinal Wolsey, by W. & D. Downey." [Sir Henry Irving, at 414]
  223. "Margaret Alice Montagu-Douglas-Scott (née Bridgeman), Duchess of Buccleuch when Countess of Dalkeith as Helen, Countess of Dalkeith, by Lafayette." [Margaret Montagu-Douglas-Scott, Countess of Dalkeith, at 460]
  224. "Alfred Charles de Rothschild as King Henry III, by John Thomson." [Alfred Rothschild, at 605]
  225. "Florence Elizabeth Mary (née Glyn), Lady Portal and Sir William Wyndham Portal, 2nd Bt as Comte and Comtesse de Candale from 'Un Mariage sous Louis XV', by Lafayette." [Mrs. William Portal, at 550; Mr. William Portal, at 549]
  226. "Hon. Julia Beatrice Maguire (née Peel) as Dido, Queen of Carthage; John Seymour Wynne-Finch as Cosmo, Grand Duke of Tuscany, by Lafayette." [Hon. Mrs. Julia Maguire, at 240; Major John Seymour Wynne-Finch, at 681]
  227. "(Agnes Blanche) Marie (née Hay-Drummond), Baroness von Hindenburg as Mademoiselle Andrée de Taverney A.D. 1775, by Lafayette." [Agnes Blanche Marie Hay-Drummond, at 682]
  228. "Alice Florence (née de Bretton), Lady Garvagh, by Alexander Bassano." [Florence Canning, Lady Garvagh, at 336]
  229. "Eddy Hamilton as John of Gaunt, by Maull & Fox." [Sir Edward Walter Hamilton, at 683]
  230. "Mrs Farquharson as Louise, wife of the Archduke Leopold of Austria, by Alfred Ellis." [Mrs. Zoë Farquharson, at 338]
  231. "Marguerite Hyde ('Daisy', née Leiter), Countess of Suffolk when Miss Leiter, by John Thomson." [Marguerite Hyde "Daisy" Leiter, at 684]
  232. "Joseph Harry Lukach as Henri de Rohan, by Lafayette." [Joseph Harry Lukach, at 685]
  233. "Marie Elizabeth Françoise Hope-Vere (née Guillemin) as Medusa, by John Thomson." [Marie Hope-Vere, at 245]
  234. "Lady Margaret Mary Spicer (née Fane) as Countess Zinotriff, Lady-in-Waiting to the Empress Catherine of Russia, by John Thomson." [Lady Margaret Spicer, at 281]
  235. "Ludwig Neumann as Le Duc de Joyeuse (from the time of Henri III), by Lafayette." [Mr. Ludwig Neumann, at 452]
  236. "Lord Henry Cavendish-Bentinck as the King of Poland; Lady Olivia Caroline Amelia Cavendish Bentinck (née Taylour) as Mademoiselle Ixe, by Lafayette." [Lord Henry Cavendish Bentinck, at 262; Lady Olivia Cavendish Bentinck, at 263]
  237. "Agnes Adela (née Kindersley), Lady Herschell as Night, by W. & D. Downey." [Lady Agnes Herschell, at 497]
  238. "Farrer Herschell, 1st Baron Herschell as Lord Chief Justice Sir Edward Coke, by W. & D. Downey." [Lord Farrar Herschell, at 496]
  239. "Charlotte Frances Frederica Spencer (née Seymour), Countess Spencer as the Countess of Lennox in the Elizabethan procession, by Lafayette." [Charlotte, Countess Spencer, at 192]
  240. "Grace Augusta Denison (née Fane), Countess of Londesborough when Viscountess Raincliffe as Catherine II of Russia, by John Thomson." [Grace, Viscountess Raincliffe, at 75]
  241. "Mary Venetia James (née Cavendish-Bentinck) as Elizabeth Cavendish, daughter of Bess of Hardwick, by Henry Bullingham." [Mrs. Arthur James, at 318]
  242. "Fanny Octavia Louisa (née Spencer-Churchill), Lady Tweedmouth as Queen Elizabeth I; Edward Marjoribanks, 2nd Baron Tweedmouth as the Earl of Leicester, by Lafayette." [Fanny Marjoribanks, Lady Tweedmouth, at 85; Edward Marjoribanks, Baron Tweedmouth, at 109]
  243. "Mary (née Goelet), Duchess of Roxburghe as Scheherazade, by John Thomson." [Mary Goelet, Miss Ogden Göelet, at 228]
  244. "Clarisse Bischoffsheim (née Biedermann) as Anne of Austria, wife of Louis XIII of France, by Lafayette." [Mrs. Clarissa Bischoffsheim, at 429]
  245. "Alfred Beit as Frederick Henry of Nassau Stadholder, A.D. 1628-1647, by John Thomson." [Mr. Alfred Beit, at 384]
  246. "Violet Alice Maud (née Franklin), Lady de Trafford as Semiramis, Queen of Assyria, by Henry Bullingham." [Lady Violet de Trafford, at 238]
  247. "Hon. Muriel Agnes Heathcote-Drummond-Willoughby (née Stuart-Erskine) as La Marquise de Vintimille du Luc; Rosalie Louisa Erskine (née Sartoris), Countess of Buchan when Lady Cardross as La Duchesse de Lavis, by Lafayette." [The Hon. Muriel Erskine, at 278; Lady Rosalie Cardross, at 276]
  248. "Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, 4th Baron Kenyon as Guido Cavalcanti, by Walery." [Lord Kenyon, Baron Lloyd Tyrell-Kenyon, at 167]
  249. "Rose Pepys (née Nevill), Countess of Cottenham as Duchesse de Villars from the time of Louis XV, by Lafayette." [Lady Rose Leigh, at 337]
  250. "Sophie Florence Lothrop (née Sheridan), Lady Wavertree (later Fisher) as Vivien; William Hall Walker, 1st Baron Wavertree as Merlin, by Lafayette." [Mrs. Sophie Walker, at 584; Mr. Hall Walker, at 583]
  251. "Lady Eva Sarah Louisa Dugdale (née Greville) as her great aunt Lady Anne Bingham, by Alice Hughes." [Lady Eva Dugdale, at 609]
  252. "Ellen Constance ('Nellie') Needham (née Baldock), Countess of Kilmorey as Comtesse du Barri, by John Thomson." [Nellie, Countess of Kilmorey, at 207]
  253. "John George Stewart-Murray, 8th Duke of Atholl when Marquess of Tullibardine and Lord George Stewart-Murray as two Highland gentlemen, A.D. 1745, by Lafayette." [John George Stewart-Murray, Marquess of Tullibardine, at 343; Lord George Stewart-Murray, at 344]
  254. "Grace Cecile Lowther (née Gordon), Countess of Lonsdale as the Countess of Essex from the time of Elizabeth, by Byrne & Co." [Grace, Countess of Lonsdale, at 211]
  255. "Sir Charles Edward Cradock-Hartopp, 5th Bt as Napoleon I; Millicent Florence Eleanor (née Wilson), Lady Cradock-Hartopp (later Countess Cowley and Mrs Duberly) as the Empress Josephine, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Sir Charles Hartopp, at 111; Millicent, Lady Hartopp, at 488]
  256. "Lady Helena Gleichen (Countess Helena Emily Gleichen) as Joan of Arc, by Henry Bullingham." [Countess Helena Gleichen, at 17]
  257. "John Charles Pratt, 4th Marquess Camden as Duc de Richelieu, by Lafayette." [John, Marquess Camden, at 341]
  258. "Lady Anne Florence Adelaide Duncombe (née Montagu) as a Lady of the Court of Marie Stuart, by Elliott & Fry." [Lady Florence Duncombe, at 456]
  259. "Sir Donald Mackenzie Wallace as Algernon Sidney, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Sir Donald Mackenzie Wallace, at 114]
  260. "Beatrix Jane (née Craven), Countess Cadogan as Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia (after Honthorst), by Lafayette." [Beatrix Jane Craven, Countess Cadogan, at 55]
  261. "Susan Margaret (née MacKinnon), Duchess of Somerset as Jane, Queen of England, wife to King Henry VIII and mother to King Edward VI, by Sir Edward John Poynter, 1st Bt." [Susan St. Maur, Duchess of Somerset, at 209]
  262. "Algernon St Maur, 15th Duke of Somerset as Edward, Duke of Somerset, Lord Protector of England, by Byrne & Co." [Algernon St. Maur, Duke of Somerset, at 27]
  263. "Emily Theresa (née Villiers), Lady Ampthill as the Princess de Lamballe, by Lafayette." [Emily, Lady Ampthill, at 420]
  264. "John Seymour Wynne-Finch as Cosmo, Grand Duke of Tuscany, by Henry Van der Weyde." [Major John Seymour Wynne-Finch, at 681]
  265. "Blanche (née Maynard), Lady Gordon-Lennox as Princess de Lamballe, by Otto (Otto Wegener)." [Lady Blanche Gordon-Lennox, at 333]
  266. "Florence Anne (née Cole), Lady Delamere as Hortense Beauharnais, by Lafayette." [Lady Florence Cole, at 239]
  267. "Evelyn Elizabeth Brinton (née Forbes) as the Archduchess Elisabeth of Austria, by Alice Hughes." [Evelyn Elizabeth Forbes James, at 364]
  268. "William Dodge James as Monsieur d'Artagnan, by Le Conteur." [ William Dodge James, at 686]
  269. "Lady Ethel Maud Warrender (née Ashley-Cooper) as Duchesse de Lauzun, La Grande Mademoiselle, by Lafayette." [Lady Maud Warrender, at 520]
  270. "George Cavendish-Bentinck as William, Baron Bentinck, A.D. 1643, by Lafayette." ["George" William George Cavendish-Bentinck, at 687]
  271. "William Henry Grenfell, Baron Desborough as Mercutio, by Lafayette." [Mr. William Henry Grenfell, at 222]
  272. "Ethel Anne Priscilla ('Ettie') Grenfell (née Fane), Lady Desborough as Marie de Medici; Sir William Vernon Harcourt as Simon, Lord Harcourt, Lord Chancellor 1710; Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour as a gentleman of Holland, by Lafayette." [Ethel (Mrs. W. H.) Grenfell, at 200; Sir William Harcourt, at 128; the Right Hon. A. J. Balfour, at 86]
  273. "Beatrix Louisa (née Lambton), Countess of Pembroke and Montgomery as Mary Sidney, Countess of Pembroke, after the picture by Marcus Gheeraedts, by Lafayette." [Beatrix Herbert, the Countess of Pembroke, at 146]
  274. "Sidney Herbert, 14th Earl of Pembroke, 11th Earl of Montgomery as William, 1st Earl of Pembroke after Holbein, by Lafayette." [Sidney Herbert, 14th Earl of Pembroke, at 181]
  275. "Margaret Emma Alice ('Margot') Asquith (née Tennant), Countess of Oxford and Asquith as an Oriental Snake Charmer, by Alexander Bassano." [Margot Asquith, at 217]
  276. "Dorothy Blanche ('Doreen', née Boyle), Viscountess Long as Urania, Goddess of Astronomy, by Alexander Bassano." [Lady Doreen Long, at 484]
  277. "Mary Louise Elizabeth Douglas-Hamilton (née Montagu, later Forster), Duchess of Hamilton as Mary Hamilton, Lady in Waiting to Mary Queen of Scots, by Lafayette." [Mary Louise Douglas-Hamilton, Duchess of Hamilton, at 166]
  278. "Rachel (née Gurney), Countess of Dudley as Queen Esther, by Henry Bullingham." [Rachel, Countess of Dudley, at 31]
  279. "Frances Evelyn ('Daisy') Greville (née Maynard), Countess of Warwick as Marie Antoinette, by Lafayette." [Daisy, Countess of Warwick, at 53]
  280. "A.M. Biddulph, by John Thomson." [Mr. A. M. Biddulph, possibly Algernon Myddleton Biddulph, at 268]
  281. "Gwladys Robinson, Marchioness of Ripon when Countess de Grey as Cleopatra, by W. & D. Downey." [Gwladys Robinson, Countess de Grey, at 136]
  282. "Edith Amelia (née Ward), Lady Wolverton as Britannia, by Lafayette." [Edith Glyn, Lady Wolverton, at 130]
  283. "Constance Edwina (née Cornwallis-West), Duchess of Westminster (later Mrs Lewis) as a Courtier in the train of the Queen of Sheba, by Lafayette." [Shelagh" Constance Edwina Cornwallis-West, at 383]
  284. "Henry Chaplin, 1st Viscount Chaplin as Marshal Lefevre, by Lafayette." [Mr. Henry Chaplin, 379]
  285. "Olive Louisa Blanche Guthrie (née Leslie, later Stirling) as 'La Belle', after Titian, by Lafayette." [Mrs. Olive Guthrie, at 291]
  286. "Mary Alice (née Palmer), Baroness von André (later Baroness Wedel Jarlsberg) as Desdemona, by Lafayette." [Mrs. Mary Von André, at 289]

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. The album is not all James Stack Lauder, and it does not reflect his larger career.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Harris, Russell. "The Ball." Narrated in Calm Prose: Photographs from the V&A's Lafayette Archive of Guests in Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's Diamond Jubilee Ball, July 1897. 2011.
  2. "Politics and Persons." St. James's Gazette Tuesday 6 July 1897: 13 [of 16], Col. 1a. British Newspaper Archive
  3. "Court and Personal." Dublin Daily Express 7 July 1897, Wednesday: 4 [of 8], Col. 9b. British Newspaper Archive
  4. "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1a–4c The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  5. "Some Personal Notes." Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser Wednesday 17 October 1900: 8 [of 8], Col. . British Newspaper Archive
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery
  7. "S. Cavendish as Count Chotak." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery
  8. "Johann Karl, Count Chotek of Chotkow and Wognin". Wikipedia. 2020-11-19.,_Count_Chotek_of_Chotkow_and_Wognin&oldid=989519966.,_Count_Chotek_of_Chotkow_and_Wognin.