Social Victorians/People/Derby

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Stanley (see also the Stanley page)
  • Earl of Derby
    • Edward Henry Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby (1869 – 21 April 1893)[1]
    • Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby (21 April 1893 – 14 June 1908)
    • Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby (14 June 1908 – 4 February 1948)
  • Lord Stanley
    • Edward Henry Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby (1851–1869)[1]
    • Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby (1869– 21 April 1893)
    • Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby (21 April 1893 – 14 June 1908)
  • 1st Baron Stanley of Preston, in the County Palatine of Lancaster
    • Frederick Arthur Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley (1886 – 1893)
    • Edward George Villiers Stanley, 2nd [was there a 2nd baron??] Baron Stanley (1893–1908), styled Lord Stanley
  • Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe
  • Frederick Stanley
  • Courtesy title of the heir apparent of the earl is Lord Stanley.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: British

Residences[edit | edit source]

  • Family seat: Knowsley Hall, near Liverpool, Merseyside

Family[edit | edit source]

  1. Lord Sackville Arthur Cecil (16 March 1848 – 29 January 1898)
  2. Lady Mary Arabella Arthur Cecil (26 April 1850 – 18 August 1903)
  3. Lady Margaret Elizabeth Cecil (1850 – 11 March 1919)
  4. Lord Arthur Cecil (3 July 1851– 16 July 1913)
  5. Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Lionel Cecil (21 March 1853 – 13 January 1901)
  • Edward Henry Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby (21 July 1826 – 21 April 1893)[1]


  • Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby (15 January 1841 – 14 June 1908)[3]
  • Constance Villiers Stanley (1840 – 17 April 1922) [they had 8 sons and 2 daughters, 7 and 1 of whom, respectively, survived to adulthood]
  1. Katherine Mary Stanley ( – 21 October 1871)
  2. Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby (4 April 1865 – 4 February 1948)
  3. Admiral Hon. Sir Victor Albert Stanley (17 January 1867 – 9 June 1934)
  4. Hon. Sir Arthur Stanley (18 November 1869 – 4 November 1947)
  5. Geoffrey Stanley (18 November 1869 – 16 March 1871)
  6. Brig.-Gen. Hon. Ferdinand Charles Stanley (28 January 1871 – 17 March 1935)
  7. Lt.-Col. Rt. Hon. Sir George Frederick Stanley (14 October 1872 – 1 July 1938)
  8. Colonel Hon. Algernon Francis Stanley (8 January 1874 – 10 February 1962)
  9. Lady Isobel Constance Mary Stanley (2 September 1875 – 30 December 1963)
  10. Lt.-Col. Hon. Frederick William Stanley (27 May 1878 – 9 August 1942)


  • Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby (4 April 1865 – 4 February 1948)[4]
  • Lady Alice Maude Olivia Montagu (1862 – 23 July 1957)[5]
  1. Lady Victoria Alice Louise Stanley (24 June 1892 – 26 November 1927)
  2. Rt. Hon. Sir Edward Montagu Cavendish Stanley, Lord Stanley (9 July 1894 – 16 October 1938)
  3. Colonel Rt. Hon. Oliver Frederick George Stanley (4 May 1896 – 10 December 1950)

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Friends[edit | edit source]

  • Sir Wilfred Laurier

Organizations[edit | edit source]

  • Eton College, Windsor, Berkshire
  • Conservative party
  • Grenadier Guards, last promotion to Captain
  • Freemasons
  • Queen Victoria's Militia Aide-de-Camp 1877–1901
  • King Edward VII's Militia Aide-de-Camp 1901–1908

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1889 January 5, Edward George Villiers Stanley and Lady Alice Maude Olivia Montagu married.[5]

1897 July 2, Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl and Constance Villiers Stanley, Countess of Derby attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House, as did their sons Edward George Villiers Stanley and George Frederick Stanley.

1898 February 15, the Earl and Countess Derby were on a ship traveling away from the U.K., along with the Hon. A. Stanley and Lady J. Stanley as well as, possibly, other friends:

Quite a large number of prominent "Society" names appear in the list of passengers booked by the new P. and O. steamer India, taking passengers for Australia and New Zealand. They include the Earl and Countess of Derby, Viscountess Hampden, Lord Durham, Lady Chelsea [?], Lady St. Oswald, Lady Drummond-Hay and Miss Drummond-Hay, the Hon. A. Stanley, Lady J. Stanley, Mrs. Trench, Sir J. Woodburn and Lady Woodburn. I find, however, that in the majority of cases these distinguished passengers are not traveling beyond Egypt or India. There is, however, a probability that some of them may extend their travels to Australia and New Zealand.[6]

1898 December 10, Lady Isobel Constance Mary Stanley and Sir John Francis Gathorne-Hardy married.[7]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Constance Villiers Stanley, Countess of Derby (at 36 in the list of attendees), sat at Table 3 in the first seating for supper and was dressed as the

  • "Duchess of Orleans. Rich blue silk stamped with purple velvet and trimmed with antique lace, edged with gold; front and vest of gold and white brocade, the former showing bands of gold embroidery laid on horizontally. Train of brocaded velvet to match the bodice, draped down one side with pink satin and held down here and there with diamond ornaments. Coronet-shaped cap of lace, sprinkled with diamonds, and lappets."[8]:7, Col. 7b
  • "Duchess of Orleans. Rich blue silk stamped with purple velvet and trimmed with antique lace, edged with gold. Front and vest of gold and white brocade, the former showing bands of gold embroidery laid on horizontally. Train of brocaded velvet to match the bodice, draped down one side with pink satin, and held down here and there with diamond ornaments, coronet-shaped cap of lace sprinkled with diamonds and lappets."[9]

Lafayette's portrait of "Constance (née Villiers), Countess of Derby as Duchess of Orleans" in costume is #103 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "The Countess of Derby as Duchess of Orleans," with a Long S in Countess and Duchess.[11]

Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby (at 210), sat at Table 12.

Lord Stanley (at 188), probably Edward George Villiers Stanley, sat at Table 9. He was married to Lady Alice Maude Olivia Montagu Stanley, Luise's daughter; she is likely to have been known as Lady A. Stanley.

Lafayette's portrait of "Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby as an officer of the Grenadier Guards, XVII Century" in costume is #172 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "Lord Stanley, M.P., as an officer of the Grenadier Guards XVII Century."[12]

Lafayette's portrait of "Sir George Frederick Stanley as Maro (period of Louis XVI)" in costume is #101 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "The Hon. G. Stanley as Maro (period of Louis XVI)."[13]

Lady A. Stanley (at 157), probably Lady Alice Maude Olivia Montagu Stanley, was in the procession of duchesses and sat at Table 5, escorted by the Duke of York.[8]:7, Col. 5a

Lafayette's portrait of "Alice Maud Olivia (née Montagu), Countess of Derby when Lady Alice Stanley as Diana" in costume is #100 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Alice Stanley as Diana."[14]

Lady Isobel Constance Mary Stanley (at 655), daughter of Constance, Countess of Derby and Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, also attended and is discussed on the Stanley page.

Whoever Lady or the Hon. J. Stanley was, she (or, less likely, he) were traveling in Australia and New Zealand in February 1898 with Lady A. Stanley and the Earl and Countess of Derby.

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Lady Alice Maude Olivia Montagu was the daughter of Luise Friederike Auguste Gräfin von Alten, who became Duchess of Devonshire on 16 August 1892.
  2. These Stanleys are also discussed on the Stanley page.
  3. The family of the Earl of Derby whose portraits are in the Album are the following: Constance Villiers Stanley, Countess of Derby; Lord Edward Stanley; Lady Alice Stanley; Lady Isobel Stanley; the Hon. George Stanley; The Hon. Frederick "William" Stanley.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby". Wikipedia. 2020-08-27. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Edward_Stanley,_15th_Earl_of_Derby&oldid=975202827. 
  2. "Mary Stanley, Countess of Derby". Wikipedia. 2020-05-15. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mary_Stanley,_Countess_of_Derby&oldid=956811075. 
  3. "Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  4. "Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-04.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Lady Alice Maude Olivia Montagu." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-04.
  6. "Personal Items from London, From Our Own Correspondent." New Zealand Herald 15 February 1898, Tuesday: 6, Col. 2b. Papers Past https://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers.
  7. "Lady Isobel Constance Mary Stanley." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-04.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  9. "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1a–4c The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515 (accessed January 2020).
  11. "Constance (née Villiers), Countess of Derby as Duchess of Orleans."  Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158464/Constance-ne-Villiers-Countess-of-Derby-as-Duchess-of-Orleans (accessed October 2020).
  12. "Stanley, M.P., as an officer of the Grenadier Guards." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158535/Edward-George-Villiers-Stanley-17th-Earl-of-Derby-as-an-officer-of-the-Grenadier-Guards-XVII-Century (accessed February 2020).
  13. "Sir George Frederick Stanley." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158462/Sir-George-Frederick-Stanley-as-Maro-period-of-Louis-XVI (accessed June 2019).
  14. "Alice Maud Olivia (née Montagu), Countess of Derby when Lady Alice Stanley as Diana." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158461/Alice-Maud-Olivia-ne-Montagu-Countess-of-Derby-when-Lady-Alice-Stanley-as-Diana (accessed October 2020).