Social Victorians/People/Rothschild Family

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Members[edit | edit source]

  • Mr. Alfred de Rothschild
  • Miss Alice de Rothschild
  • Mr. and Mrs. Leopold de Rothschild

Titles[edit | edit source]

  • Some of the Barons de or von Rothschild have a European, especially an Austrian title. These are the U.K. titles.
  • Baron de Rothschild [U.K.], created 29 June 1885[1]
    • Nathan Mayer de Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild (29 June 1885 – 31 March 1915), the U.K. title
  • 1st Baronet Rothschild [U.K.], created 12 January 1847[2]
    • Sir Anthony Nathan Rothschild, 1st Bt. (12 January 1847 – 4 January 1876)
  • 1st Baron Battersea of Battersea, co. London and of Overstrand, Norfolk [U.K.], created 5 September 1892[3]
    • Cyril Flower, 1st and last Baron Battersea of Battersea (5 September 1892 – 27 November 1907)

Demographics[edit | edit source]

Anselm Salomon von Rothschild

  • Nationality: Austrian
  • Branch of the family: Vienna branch

Residences[edit | edit source]

  • Anselm Salomon von Rothschild and then his unmarried younger sister Alice Charlotte Rothschild (1847–1922): Waddesdon Manor, Buckinghamshire[4]
  • Cyril and Constance Flower, Lord and Lady Battersea: Aston Clinton, Buckinghamshire, England

Family[edit | edit source]

  • Anselm Salomon von Rothschild, baron (29 January 1803 – 27 July 1874)[4]
  • Charlotte Nathan Rothschild (1807–1859)
  1. Mayer Anselm Leon (1827–1828)
  2. "Julie" Caroline Julie Anselm (1830–1907), married Adolph Carl von Rothschild (1823–1900), son of Carl Mayer von Rothschild at Naples
  3. Mathilde Hannah von Rothschild (1832–1924), married Freiherr Wilhelm Carl von Rothschild (1828–1901)
  4. Sarah Luisa (1834–1924), married Baron Raimondo Franchetti (1829–1905)
  5. Nathaniel Anselm (1836–1905)
  6. Ferdinand James (1839–1898)
  7. Albert Salomon (1844–1911)
  8. Alice Charlotte (1847–1922)


  • Baron Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (22 November 1807 – 3 June 1879)[5]
  • Charlotte de Rothschild (1819 – 13 March 1884)[6]
  1. Evelina de Rothschild (1839 – 4 December 1866)
  2. Leonora de Rothschild ( – 6 January 1911)
  3. Nathan Mayer de Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild (8 November 1840 – 31 March 1915)
  4. Alfred Charles de Rothschild (20 July 1842 – 31 January 1918)
  5. Leopold de Rothschild (22 November 1845 – 29 May 1917)


  • Evelina de Rothschild (1839 – 4 December 1866)
  • Ferdy (Ferdinand James Anselm), Freiherr von Rothschild (17 December 1839 – 17 December 1898)[7]


  • Natty (Nathan Mayer) de Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild (8 November 1840 – 31 March 1915)[1]
  • Emma Louise von Rothschild (1844 – January 1935)[8]
  1. Walter (Lionel Walter) Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild (8 February 1868 – 27 August 1937)
  2. Charlotte Louisa Adela Evelina Rothschild (3 April 1873 – 9 May 1947)
  3. Nathaniel Charles Rothschild (9 May 1877 – 12 October 1923)


  • Leopold de Rothschild (22 November 1845 – 29 May 1917)
  • Marie Perugia Rothschild (1862-1937)[9]
  1. Lionel Nathan de Rothschild (25 January 1882 – 28 January 1942)
  2. Evelyn Achille de Rothschild (6 January 1886 – )
  3. Anthony Gustav de Rothschild (26 June 1887 – 5 February 1961)


  • Sir Anthony Nathan Rothschild, 1st Bt. (29 May 1810 – 4 January 1876)[2]
  • Louisa Montefiore ( – 22 September 1910)[10]
  1. Constance de Rothschild (1843 – 22 November 1931)
  2. Annie Rothschild (1844 – 21 November 1926)


  • Constance de Rothschild (1843 – 22 November 1931)[11]
  • Cyril Flower, 1st and last Baron Battersea of Battersea (30 August 1843 – 27 November 1907)


  • Walter (Lionel Walter) Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild (8 February 1868 – 27 August 1937)[12] (unmarried relationship)
  • Marie Barbara Fredenson ()[13]
    1. Olga Alice Muriel Rothschild ( – 1992)

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Acquaintances[edit | edit source]

Friends[edit | edit source]

Ferdinand de Rothschild

Organizations[edit | edit source]

Alfred Charles de Rothschild

  • Bank of England, director[14]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1840 March 30, Sir Anthony Nathan Rothschild and Louisa Montefiore married.[10]

1867 April 17, Nathan Mayer de Rothschild and Emma Louisa Rothschild married.[8]

1877 November 22, Constance de Rothschild and Cyril Flower married.[11]

1881 January 19, Leopold de Rothschild and Marie Perugia married.[9]

1897 July 2, a number of members of the extended Rothschild family attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House, including Lady (Emma Louise von Rothschild) and Lord Rothschild (Nathan Mayer de Rothschild), Baron F. de Rothschild, Mr. and Mrs. L. Rothschild (possibly Leopold and Marie Perugia Rothschild), Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild, Alfred Rothschild (?), Cyril Flower, Lord Battersea, and Constance de Rothschild Flower, Lady Battersea. Louisa, Lady de Rothschild also attended.

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, at least two women who might be called Lady Rothschild attended, I think. Because of the photographs in the album in the National Portrait Gallery, however, they can be distinguished. Louisa, Lady Rothschild was married in 1840, so she was born probably somewhere around 1920; her husband, Sir Anthony Nathan Rothschild, was born in 1810 and died in 1876; so she was possibly around 75 at the ball. Emma, Lady Rothschild and Nathan Mayer de Rothschild were married in 1867, a generation later; she was born in 1844, so she was 53 or so at the time of the ball; her portrait is not in the album. Emma, Lady Rothschild and Nathan, Lord Rothschild were in the first seating for supper, the highest status of the Rothschilds at the ball, in this social network in any case.

  1. Cyril Flower, Lord Battersea is at 110
  2. Constance de Rothschild Flower, Lady Battersea, is at 328
  3. Emma Louise von Rothschild, Lady Rothschild is at 112
  4. Nathan Mayer de Rothschild, Lord Rothschild is at 216
  5. Louisa, Lady de Rothschild is at 674
  6. Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild is at 330
  7. Mr. L. Rothschild, possibly Leopold de Rothschild, is at 567
  8. Mrs. L. Rothschild, possibly Marie Perugia Rothschild, is at 568
  9. Alfred Rothschild is at 633

Cyril Flower, Lord Battersea and Constance de Rothschild Flower, Lady Battersea[edit | edit source]

Cyril Flower (at 110), Lord Battersea

  • was dressed as Lord Hunsdon, a "Gentleman of the Court of Queen Elizabeth, in cerise and silver brocade, copied from an old picture by Jacquemin."[15]:8, Col. 1c
  • was dressed "in cerise and silver brocade copied from an old Jacquemin."[16]:5, Col. 7a

Elliott & Fry's portrait of "Cyril Flower, 1st Baron Battersea as Lord Hunsdon in the Elizabethan Procession" in costume is #74 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[17] The printing on the portrait says, "Lord Battersea as Lord Hunsdon in the Elizabethan procession," with a Long S in procession.[18]

Constance de Rothschild Flower (at 328), Lady Battersea, was dressed as Lady Hunsdon in the Queen Elizabeth procession.

  • Lady Battersea "was perfectly dressed as a lady of the Elizabethan period, in a cream velvet train and bodice, with stomacher and front of red velvet, the latter studded with exquisite pearls. This was trimmed with old silver galon and a Medici collar of lace embroidered in pearls."[16]:6, Col. 1b
  • "Lady Battersea was perfect [sic?] dressed as a lady of the Elizabethan period in a cream velvet train and bodice, with stomacher and front of red velvet, the latter studded with exquisite pearls. This was trimmed with old silver gallon, and a Medici collar of lace embroidered in pearls."[19]:6, Col. 1b

Emma, Lady Rothschild and Nathan Mayer, Lord Rothschild[edit | edit source]

Emma Louise von Rothschild, Lady Rothschild (at 112) sat at Table 11, escorted by the Earl of Suffolk.

  • She was dressed as "Anne of Cleves. Bodice in black velvet, black satin skirt and facings, petticoat and undersleeves in old blue and gold brocade, embroidered in gold. All the jewels were real old ones of the period."[15]:8, Col. 1c
  • "Lady Rothschild was beautifully attired as a Lady of the Tudor period, after a picture by Holbein."[16]:6, Col. 1b
  • "Lady Rothschild was beautifully attired as a lady of the Tudor period, after a picture by Holbein."[19]:6, Col. 1b
  • "[S]uch dresses as those of ... Messrs. Ferdinand and Alfred Rothschild, as an Austrian and French noble of the 16th century, were of extraordinary truth and beauty."[20]
  • "Lady Rothschild’s costume, as Anne of Cleves, looked beautiful with its petticoat and undersleeves of old blue and gold brocade, embroidered with gold, and its black satin skirt and bodice of black velvet. All Lady Rothschild’s jewels were authentic antique gems of the period."[21]

Nathan Mayer de Rothschild, Lord Rothschild (at 216) sat at Table 12 and was dressed as Swiss Burgher in the Queen Elizabeth procession.

Louisa, Lady de Rothschild[edit | edit source]

Louisa Montefiore, Lady de Rothschild (at 674):

  • "[S]uch dresses as those of Lady Rothschild, after Holbein's Lady Vaux, of Messrs. Ferdinand and Alfred Rothschild, as an Austrian and French noble of the 16th century, were of extraordinary truth and beauty."[20]

Henry Van der Weyde's portrait of "Louisa (née Montefiore), Lady de Rothschild as Lady Vaux (after Holbein)" in costume is #182 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[17] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Rothschild as Lady Vaux (after Holbein)" ("Lady Rothschild as Lady Vaux").[22]

Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild[edit | edit source]

Baron F. de Rothschild or Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild (at 330) was Casimir Count Patatine of Bavaria in the Queen Elizabeth procession.

  • "Baron F. de Rothschild appeared as Casimir, Count Palatine of Bavaria."[23]
  • "as an Austrian noble of the 16th century."[20]
  • "[S]uch dresses as those of ... Messrs. Ferdinand and Alfred Rothschild, as an Austrian and French noble of the 16th century, were of extraordinary truth and beauty."[20]

Lafayette's portrait of "Ferdinand James Anselm de Rothschild, Baron de Rothschild as Casimir Count Palatine" in costume is #218 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[17] The printing on the portrait says, "Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild as Casimir Count Palatine."[24]

Leopold de Rothschild and Marie Perugia Rothschild[edit | edit source]

Mr. Leopold de Rothschild (at 567): John Thomson's portrait of "Leopold de Rothschild as Duc de Sully" in costume is #115 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[17] The printing on the portrait says, "Mr. Leopold de Rothschild as Duc de Sully."[25]

Mrs. Leopold (Marie Perugia) Rothschild (at 568): Alice Hughes's portrait of "Marie Rothschild (née Perugia) as Zobeida" in costume is #114 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[17] The printing on the portrait says, "Mr. Leopold de Rothschild as Zobeida."[26]

Two children of Leopold and Marie de Rothschild also attended, as pages of the "wife of the Doge," Evelyn Achille de Rothschild (at 669) and Anthony Gustav de Rothschild (at 670). Their portraits appear in the Album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[17] One person is described as Dogaressa in the Album: Louise (Mrs. Arthur) Sassoon (at 202); two men are called doges: Lord Wilbraham Egerton of Tatton (at 591) and Edward Bootle-Wilbraham, the Earl of Lathom (at 125).

Alice Hughes's portrait of "Evelyn Achille de Rothschild as a page to the Doge's Wife" in costume is #165 in the album. The printing on the portrait says, "Master Evelyn de Rothschild as a page to the Doge's Wife."[27]

Alice Hughes's portrait of "Anthony Gustav de Rothschild as a page to the Doge's Wife" in costume is #166 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[17] The printing on the portrait says, "Master Anthony de Rothschild as a page to the Doge's Wife."[28]

Alfred Rothschild[edit | edit source]

Alfred Rothschild (at 633) was present as well.

  • Alfred Rothschild was dressed "as [a] French noble of the 16th century.[20]
  • "[S]uch dresses as those of ... Messrs. Ferdinand and Alfred Rothschild, as an Austrian and French noble of the 16th century, were of extraordinary truth and beauty."[20]

John Thomson's portrait of "Alfred Charles de Rothschild as King Henry III" in costume is #224 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[17] The printing on the portrait says, "Mr. Alfred Charles de Rothschild as Henry III."[29]

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Baron Lionel Nathan de Rothschild and Sir Anthony Nathan Rothschild were brothers.
  2. Natty (Nathan Mayer) de Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild and Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, met and became friends at Cambridge; neither graduated.[30]
  3. I'm guessing that Mr. and Mrs. L. Rothschild were Leopold and Marie Perugia Rothschild because Lionel Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild, Nathan and Emma's son, never married.
  4. The letterpress on the portrait in the Album in the NPG calls Louisa (née Montefiore), Lady de Rothschild Lady Rothschild.
  5. Mayer Amschel Rothschild (23 February 1744 – 19 September 1812), who founded the banking and family dynasty, stipulated that Rothschild children were to marry 1st or 2nd cousins, though some — like Anselm Salomon von Rothschild's sister Betty, who married her uncle — married other near relatives.[4]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Nathan Mayer de Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Sir Anthony Nathan Rothschild, 1st Bt." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  3. "Cyril Flower, 1st and last Baron Battersea of Battersea." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Anselm Salomon von Rothschild". Wikipedia. 2020-08-16. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anselm_Salomon_von_Rothschild&oldid=973334060. 
  5. "Baron Lionel Nathan de Rothschild." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  6. "Charlotte de Rothschild." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  7. "Ferdinand de Rothschild". Wikipedia. 2020-08-16. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ferdinand_de_Rothschild&oldid=973342192. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Emma Louise Rothschild." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Marie Perugia." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Louisa Montefiore." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Constance de Rothschild." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  12. "Lionel Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  13. "Marie Barbara Fredenson." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-27.
  14. "Alfred Charles de Rothschild." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-26.
  15. 15.0 15.1 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 17.5 17.6 17.7 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  18. "Cyril Flower, 1st Baron Battersea as Lord Hunsdon in the Elizabethan Procession." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158430/Cyril-Flower-1st-Baron-Battersea-as-Lord-Hunsdon-in-the-Elizabethan-Procession.
  19. 19.0 19.1 "The Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Dress Ball. Special Telegram." Belfast News-Letter Saturday 03 July 1897: 5 [of 8], Col. 9c [of 9]–6, Col. 1a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000038/18970703/015/0005.
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 20.3 20.4 20.5 "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1a–4c The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  21. “The Devonshire House Ball. A Brilliant Gathering.” The Pall Mall Gazette 3 July 1897, Saturday: 7 [of 10], Col. 2a–3a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000098/18970703/019/0007.
  22. "Lady Rothschild as Lady Vaux." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158545/Louisa-ne-Montefiore-Lady-de-Rothschild-as-Lady-Vaux-after-Holbein.
  23. “Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House. A Brilliant Spectacle.” Derbyshire Advertiser and Journal 10 July 1897, Saturday: 6 [of 8], Cols. 5a–6a. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0001084/18970710/136/0006.
  24. "Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild as Casimir Count Palatine." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158581/Ferdinand-James-Anselm-de-Rothschild-Baron-de-Rothschild-as-Casimir-Count-Palatine.
  25. "Leopold de Rothschild." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158477/Leopold-de-Rothschild-as-Duc-de-Sully.
  26. "Marie Rothschild (née Perugia)." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158476/Marie-Rothschild-ne-Perugia-as-Zobeida.
  27. "Master Evelyn de Rothschild." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158528/Evelyn-Achille-de-Rothschild-as-a-page-to-the-Doges-Wife.
  28. "Master Anthony de Rothschild." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158529/Anthony-Gustav-de-Rothschild-as-a-page-to-the-Doges-Wife.
  29. "Alfred Charles de Rothschild as Henry III." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158587/Alfred-Charles-de-Rothschild-as-King-Henry-III.
  30. "Nathan Rothschild, 1st Baron Rothschild". Wikipedia. 2020-07-31. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nathan_Rothschild,_1st_Baron_Rothschild&oldid=970472427.