Social Victorians/People/Ilchester

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Fox-Strangways
  • Fox-Strangeways, though this is a misspelling
  • Earl of Ilchester
    • Henry Fox-Strangways, 5th Earl of Ilchester (10 January 1865 – 6 December 1905)
    • Giles Stephen Holland Fox-Strangways, 6th Earl of Ilchester (6 December 1905 – 29 October 1959)
  • Lady Ilchester
    • Countess Mary Eleanor Anne Dawson Fox-Strangways (1872–1905)
  • Lord Stavordale
    • Giles Fox-Strangways, Lord Stavordale (1874–1905)

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: British[1]

Family[edit | edit source]

  • Henry Edward Fox-Strangways, 5th Earl of Ilchester (13 February 1847 – 6 December 1905)[2]
  • Lady Mary Eleanor Anne Dawson (1852 – 25 October 1935)[3]
  1. Giles Stephen Holland Fox-Strangways, 6th Earl of Ilchester (31 May 1874 – 29 October 1959)
  2. Lady Muriel Augusta Fox-Strangways (23 November 1876 – 7 January 1920)
  3. Hon. Denzil Vesey Fox-Strangways (26 February 1879 – 7 March 1901)


  • Giles Stephen Holland Fox-Strangways, 6th Earl of Ilchester (31 May 1874 – 29 October 1959)[4]
  • Lady Helen Mary Theresa Vane-Tempest-Stewart Fox-Strangways (8 September 1876 — 14 January 1956)[5]
  1. Lady Mary Theresa Fox-Strangways (23 January 1903 – 26 January 1948)
  2. Edward Henry Charles James Fox-Strangways, 7th Earl of Ilchester (1 October 1905 – 21 August 1964)
  3. Hon. John Denzil Fox-Strangways (21 March 1908 – 28 June 1961)
  4. Lady Mabel Edith Fox-Strangway (17 February 1918 – )


  • Lady Muriel Augusta Fox-Strangways (23 November 1876 – 7 January 1920)[6]
  • Major George Hugh Digby (21 September 1867 – 20 October 1914)[7]

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

1872 February 8, Henry Fox-Strangeways and Lady Mary Dawson married.[3]

1874, Henry Fox-Strangeways inherited the Holland House estate in London from a distant cousin in the Holland barony.[1]

1897 July 2, Giles Fox-Strangways, Lord Stavordale and Lady Muriel Augusta Fox-Strangways, who were brother and sister, attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House.

1902 January 25, Giles Fox-Strangways and Lady Helen Vane-Tempest-Stewart married.[6]

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

At the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball, Giles Fox-Strangways, Lord Stavordale (at 78) was dressed as Petrarch in the Italian procession:

  • "Young Petrarch. Violet tunic and long mantle with a red velvet hood, crowned with a wreath of golden laurel."[8]:8, Col. 1b
  • He was in the Italian procession as Petrarch, escorting Lady Alice Montagu as Laura.[8][9]

Lafayette Lafayette's portrait of "Giles Stephen Holland Fox-Strangways, 6th Earl of Ilchester when Lord Stavordale as Petrarch" in costume is #90 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "Lord Stavordale as Petrarch."[11]

Lady Muriel Fox Strangways (at 403) (or Lady M. Fox-Strangways[9] or Lady M. Fox-Strangeways[12][13]),

  • "as 'Lady Sarah Lennox,' one of Queen Charlotte's bridesmaids, wore a bodice of white satin covered with silver. The sleeves were of old lace, and the dress was embroidered to match the bodice."[14]:6, Col. 1a
  • "Lady Muriel Fox Strangways as 'Lady Sarah Lennox,'" one of Queen Charlotte's bridesmaids, wore a bodice of white satin covered with silver. The sleeves were of old lace, and the dress was embroidered to match the bodice."[15]:6, Col. 1a

Henry Van der Weyde's portrait of "Lady Muriel Augusta Digby (née Fox-Srangways [sic]) as Lady Sarah Lennox, one of the bridesmaids of Queen Charlotte A.D. 1761" in costume is #210 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[10] The printing on the portrait says, "Lady Muriel Fox Strangeways [sic] as Lady Sarah Lennox one of the bridesmaids of Queen Charlotte A.D. 1761."[16]

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Major George Hugh Digby died in an accident in 1914 and not, apparently, in World War I.

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Henry Fox-Strangways, 5th Earl of Ilchester". Wikipedia. 2020-06-05. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Henry_Fox-Strangways,_5th_Earl_of_Ilchester&oldid=960964614. 
  2. "Henry Edward Fox-Strangways, 5th Earl of Ilchester." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Lady Mary Eleanor Anne Dawson." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  4. "Giles Fox-Strangways, 6th Earl of Ilchester". Wikipedia. 2020-09-13. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Giles_Fox-Strangways,_6th_Earl_of_Ilchester&oldid=978198919. 
  5. "Lady Helen Mary Theresa Vane-Tempest-Stewart." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Lady Muriel Augusta Fox-Strangways." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  7. "Major George Hugh Digby." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-17.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House." Morning Post Saturday 3 July 1897: 7 [of 12], Col. 4a–8 Col. 2b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000174/18970703/054/0007.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Ball at Devonshire House." The Times Saturday 3 July 1897: 12, Cols. 1a–4c The Times Digital Archive. Web. 28 Nov. 2015.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  11. "Giles Stephen Holland Fox-Strangways, 6th Earl of Ilchester when Lord Stavordale as Petrarch." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158448/Giles-Stephen-Holland-Fox-Strangways-6th-Earl-of-Ilchester-when-Lord-Stavordale-as-Petrarch.
  12. "The Duchess of Devonshire's Great Ball. Remarkable Social Function. Crowds of Mimic Kings & Queens. Panorama of Historical Costume. An Array of Priceless Jewels." Western Gazette 9 July 1897: 2 [of 8], Col. 7a–c. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000407/18970709/009/0002.
  13. “Fancy Dress Ball at Devonshire House. A Brilliant Spectacle.” Derbyshire Advertiser and Journal 10 July 1897, Saturday: 6 [of 8], Cols. 5a–6a. British Newspaper Archive http://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0001084/18970710/136/0006.
  14. "Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Ball. A Brilliant Spectacle. Some of the Dresses." London Daily News Saturday 3 July 1897: 5 [of 10], Col. 6a–6, Col. 1b. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000051/18970703/024/0005 and https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000051/18970703/024/0006.
  15. "The Duchess of Devonshire's Fancy Dress Ball. Special Telegram." Belfast News-Letter Saturday 03 July 1897: 5 [of 8], Col. 9c [of 9]–6, Col. 1a. British Newspaper Archive https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/BL/0000038/18970703/015/0005.
  16. "Muriel Fox Strangeways as Lady Sarah Lennox." Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball Album. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158573/Lady-Muriel-Augusta-Digby-ne-Fox-Srangways-as-Lady-Sarah-Lennox-one-of-the-bridesmaids-of-Queen-Charlotte-AD-1761.