Social Victorians/People/Adele Grant Capell

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Also Known As[edit | edit source]

  • Family name: Grant, Capell
  • Adele Capell, Countess of Essex (14 December 1893 – 28 July 1922)
  • the Dowager Countess of Essex
  • See the page for the Earl of Essex for all the details about that family.

Demographics[edit | edit source]

  • Nationality: She, American

Residences[edit | edit source]

  • Family estate: Cassiobury House, Watford Hertfordshire (until 1920)
  • London residence (as of the 1920s anyway): 72 Brook Street, Mayfair

Family[edit | edit source]

  • George Devereux de Vere Capell, 7th Earl of Essex (24 October 1857 – 25 September 1916)[1]
  • Ellenor Harriet Maria Hartford Capell (28 May 1860 – 31 December 1885)[2]
    1. Algernon George de Vere Capell, 8th Earl of Essex (21 February 1884 – 8 December 1966)[3]
  • Adele Grant Capell ( – 28 July 1922)[4]
    1. Lady Iris Mary Athenais de Vere Capell (1895-1977)
    2. Lady Joan Rachel de Vere Capell (1899-1979)

Relations[edit | edit source]

  • Father: David Beach Grant
  • Uncle: R. Suydam Grant

Acquaintances, Friends and Enemies[edit | edit source]

Friends[edit | edit source]

Organizations[edit | edit source]

Timeline[edit | edit source]

Adele Grant cancelled her wedding to the Earl of Cairns the day before the wedding was to occur.

1893 December 14, 2:30 p.m., Adele Grant married George Devereux de Vere Capell, 7th Earl of Essex, his second wife. Her uncle R. Suydam Grant gave her away; Archdeacon Farrar led the service, and Arthur Sullivan played the organ.

1897 July 2, George, 7th Earl of Essex and Adele Capell, Countess of Essex, attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball at Devonshire House.

1902, George, 7th Earl of Essex bought for Adele the Essex Tiara, providing 759 brilliant and 289 rose-cut diamonds for the design, "which was inspired by a Malaysian headdress" and made by Cartier.[5]

1905 September 28, Algernon George de Vere Capell, 8th Earl of Essex and Mary Eveline Stewart Freeman married.

1916 September 25, George, the 7th Earl died, making Algernon George de Vere Capell the 8th Earl of Essex and Adele the Dowager Countess of Essex.

1920, Adele Capell and her stepson, the 8th Earl of Essex, sold Cassiobury House.

Costume at the Duchess of Devonshire's 2 July 1897 Fancy-dress Ball[edit | edit source]

George, Earl of Essex (at 64) and Adele Grant Capell, Countess Essex (at 194) attended the Duchess of Devonshire's fancy-dress ball. She was in the Duchess Procession and sat at Table 10.

Henry Bullingham's portrait of "Adela (née Grant), Countess of Essex as Berenice, Queen of Palestine" in costume is #197 in the album presented to the Duchess of Devonshire and now in the National Portrait Gallery.[6] The printing on the portrait says, "The Countess of Essex as Berenice Queen of Palestine," with a Long S in Countess and Essex.[7]

Questions and Notes[edit | edit source]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. "George Capell, 7th Earl of Essex". Wikipedia. 2020-05-12. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=George_Capell,_7th_Earl_of_Essex&oldid=956261860. 
  2. "Ellenor Harriet Maria Harford." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-12.
  3. "Algernon George de Vere Capell, 8th Earl of Essex." "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Retrieved 2020-10-13.
  4. "Adele Capell, Countess of Essex". Wikipedia. 2020-06-09. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Adele_Capell,_Countess_of_Essex&oldid=961549086. 
  5. "The Cartier Essex Tiara." "Tiara Thursday." The Royal Order of Sartorial Splendor 6 November 2014 http://orderofsplendor.blogspot.com/2014/11/tiara-thursday-cartier-essex-tiara.html.
  6. "Devonshire House Fancy Dress Ball (1897): photogravures by Walker & Boutall after various photographers." 1899. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait-list.php?set=515.
  7. "Countess of Essex as Berenice Queen of Palestine." Diamond Jubilee Fancy Dress Ball. National Portrait Gallery https://www.npg.org.uk/collections/search/portrait/mw158560/Adela-ne-Grant-Countess-of-Essex-as-Berenice-Queen-of-Palestine.