Korean/Words/ㅁ

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-ㄱ-ㄲ-ㄴ-ㄷ-ㄸ-ㄹ-ㅁ-ㅂ-ㅃ-ㅅ-ㅆ-ㅇ-ㅈ-ㅉ-ㅊ-ㅋ-ㅌ-ㅍ-ㅎ-
말+/말씀+/물+/불+
Basics/News/Notes/Legend

마로니에[edit | edit source]

A horse chestnut tree
Roman: maronie
From; French marronnier [1]
Noun
  1. 칠엽수과의 낙엽 교목. 줄기는 높이가 20~25미터이고 둘레가 6미터에 이르는 것도 있다. 잎은 마주나고 장상 복엽으로 길이가 20cm 정도인데 끝이 뾰족하고 톱니가 있다. 5~6월에 흰 바탕에 붉은 무늬가 있는 종 모양의 꽃이 원추(圓錐) 화서로 핀다. 마롱이라고 하는 열매는 삭과(蒴果)로 가시가 있고 단맛이 많은 전분질이어서 식용한다. 유럽 남부가 원산지이며 세계 4대 가로수, 정원수로 세계 각지에서 재배한다. ≒서양칠엽수. (Aesculus hippocastanum) [2] [3]
    horse chestnut tree
Synonyms
  • 서양칠엽수 (seoyang-chil-yeobsu)
  • 가시칠엽수 (gasi-chil-yeobsu) [4]
  • 일본칠엽수 (ilbon-chil-yeovsu) Aesculus turbinata
Hypernyms
Relatives
French confusion
marronnier d’Inde [7]
Synonymes
Antonymes
See also

마롱[edit | edit source]

The horse chestnut fruits (inedible!)
Roman: marong
From: French marron [17]
Noun
  1. 마로니에의 열매. 구워 먹는 밤의 하나로 지름 6cm 정도의 공 모양이며, 가시 모양의 돌기가 있는데 안에 한두 개의 씨가 들어 있다. [18]
    horse chestnut fruit [19]
Relatives
See also
  • 말밤* (mal-bam*, toward "horse chestnut" instead!)
The sweet chestnut fruits

마름[edit | edit source]

Water caltrop, aka. water chestnut (Trapa natans cf. Trapa japonica) fruits
A 16th-century caltrop
Corm of (Chinese) water chestnut (Eleocharis dulcis)
Roman: mareum
Older: < 마람 (maram) < 말암 (mal-am) < 말왐 (mal-wam) < 말ㅸㅏㅁ (mal-vam[20]) < 말밤 (mal-bam) [21]
Noun
  1. 마름과에 속한 한해살이풀. 연못이나 늪에서 자란다. 뿌리는 진흙 속에 박고 줄기는 물위에까지 가늘고 길게 뻗는다. 잎은 줄기 꼭대기에 뭉쳐나고 삼각형이며, 잎자루에 공기가 들어 있는 부낭(浮囊)이 있어서 물위에 뜬다. 여름에 흰 꽃이 피며 마름모꼴의 열매가 열리는데 이것을 까서 먹는다. 한국, 일본, 중국 등지에 분포한다. 학명은 Trapa japonica이다. [22] [23]
    water caltrop, aka. water chestnut [24]
Compounds
Relatives
Comparatives
From water caltrop #Translations
  • Chinese: 菱角 (língjiao)
  • Danish: hornnød
  • Finnish: vesipähkinä
  • Hungarian: sulyom
  • Japanese: (ヒシ, hishi)
  • Korean: 마름 (mareum)
  • Russian: чёртов оре́х (čórtov oréx)
  • Spanish: castaña de agua
Alias
The water caltrop is any of three extant species of the genus Trapa: Trapa natans, Trapa bicornis and the endangered Trapa rossica. It is also known as water chestnut, buffalo nut, bat nut, devil pod, ling nut, lin kok, ling jow, ling kio nut, mustache nut or singhada.

[...]

The generic name Trapa is derived from the Latin word for "thistle", calcitrappa, as also is another common name for the water caltrop.

The Chinese name is língjiǎo (菱角), líng meaning "caltrop" and jiǎo meaning "horn". This is often rendered as ling nut by English-speakers.

-- Wikipedia: Water caltrop

See also

만들다[edit | edit source]

Roman: mandeul-da
Older: 믱글다 (mving-gvl-da)
Verb [28]
  1. 노력이나 기술 따위를 들여 목적하는 사물을 이루다.
    to make cf. German machen
See also

만지다[edit | edit source]

Roman: manjida
Older: 지다 (mvnjida), 니다 (mvnida)
Verb [29] [30]
  1. 손을 대어 여기저기 주무르거나 쥐다. 다루어 쓰다.
    to handle, manage
Synonyms
  • 손대다 (son-daeda, "to touch with the hand")
  • 쓰다듬다 (sseudadeumda, "to touch softly with the hand")
  • 어루만지다 (eoru-, "to touch softly with the hand")
  • 매만지다 (mae-, "to handle carefully")
  • 주무르다 (jumureuda, "to handle kneadingly")
  • 다루다 (daruda, "to handle, treat")
  • 쥐다 (jwida, "to catch with hand")
Relatives
  • 손 (son, "hand")
  • 만들다 (mandeulda, "to make")
Comparatives
  • English: manage
  • French: manier
  • Italian: maneggiare
  • Portuguese: manejar
  • Spanish: manejar

많다[edit | edit source]

Ten thousands
Roman: manh-da
Sound: [만ː타]
Older: 만ᄒᆞ다 (manho-da)
Adjective [31] [32]
  1. 수효나 분량, 정도 따위가 일정한 기준을 넘다.
    many
Relatives
  • 만 (, man, "ten thousands")
Comparatives
many #Translations
  • Danish: mange, mangen
  • Dutch: menig
  • English: many [33]
  • Faroese: mangur
  • Finnish: moni, monta
  • French: manig
  • German: manch
  • Icelandic: margur
  • Korean: 많다 (manh-da)
  • Norwegian: mang, mange
  • Swedish: många

[edit | edit source]

A horse
Roman: mal
Noun
  1. 말과의 포유류. 어깨의 높이는 1.2~1.7미터이며, 갈색ㆍ검은색ㆍ붉은 갈색ㆍ흰색 따위가 있다. 네 다리와 목ㆍ얼굴이 길고 목덜미에는 갈기가 있으며, 꼬리는 긴 털로 덮여 있다. 초식성으로 3~4세에 성숙하고 16~20세까지 번식하는데, 4~6월이 번식기이고 수태한 후 335일 만에 한 마리의 새끼를 낳는다. 성질이 온순하고 잘 달리며 힘이 세어 농경, 운반, 승용, 경마 따위에 사용한다. [34] [35]
    horse
Compounds
  • 말- (mal-, prefix meaning "large")
Comparatives
mearh #Old English (“horse”) mare #Translations
  • Irish: marc
  • Welsh: march
  • Old Frisian: mar
  • Old High German: marah
  • Old Norse: marr
  • Dutch: merrie
  • German: (obsolete) Mähre
  • Icelandic: meri
  • Norwegian: merr
  • Swedish: märr

말-[edit | edit source]

Man o' War (1917-1947) [36] at the age of three
Roman: mal-
Alias: 왕-(王-, wang-, "king-")
Prefix
  1. ‘큰’의 뜻을 더하는 접두사. [37] [38]
    horse- (Usage notes: The noun can be used attributively in compounds and phrases to add the sense of large and/or coarse.) [39]
Compounds
말- 왕-
  • 개미 (-gaemi, "horse ant")
  • 거머리 (-geomeori, "horse leech")
  • 거미 (-geomi, lit. "horse spider")
  • (-gom, lit. "horse bear")
  • 매미 (-maemi, lit. "horse cicada")
  • (-beol, "horse bee")
  • 잠자리 (-jamjari, lit. "horse dragonfly")
  • 파리 (-pari, "horse fly")
  • 개미 (-gaemi, lit. "king ant")
  • 거미 (-geomi, lit. "king spider")
  • (-ge, "king crab")
  • 매미 (-maemi, lit. "king cicada")
  • (-beol, lit. "king bee")
  • 새우 (-sae-u, lit. "king lobster")
  • 잠자리 (-jamjari, lit. "king dragonfly")
  • 지네 (-jine, lit. "king centipede")
  • 파리 (-pari, lit. "king fly")
Chinese Sino-Korean Korean English
螞蟻 (mǎyǐ) 마의 (馬蟻, ma-ui) 말개미 (mal-gaemi) horse ant
螞蜂 (mǎfēng) 마봉 (馬蜂, ma-bong) 말벌 (mal-beol) *horse-bee [40]
馬蜂 (mǎfēng) 마봉 (馬蜂, ma-bong) 말벌 (mal-beol) *horse-bee
馬蛭 (mǎzhì) 마질 (馬蛭, ma-jil) 말거머리 (mal-geomeori) horse-leech
螞蟥 (mǎhuáng) 마황 (馬蟥, ma-hwang) 말거머리 (mal-geomeori) horse-leech
Comparatives
From large #Translations
Celtic Others

말갛다[edit | edit source]

The sunrise in the morning
Pearl necklace
Princess Margaret [44] in 1965, wearing a pearl necklace
Roman: malgah-da
Adjective
  1. 산뜻하게 맑다. [45] [46]
    to be highly clear, clean, fresh [47]
Doublets
  • 맑다 (malgda, "clear, clean, pure; fresh, sunny")
  • 묽다 (mulgda, "to be dilute, watery, of thin solution")
Compounds
Relatives
  • (mul, "water")
Comparatives
From morning #Translations From pearl #Translations
  • Danish: morgen
  • Dutch: morgen
  • English: morning [49]
    Middle English: morwe
    Old English: morgen
  • Faroese: morgun
  • German: Morgen
  • Icelandic: morgunn
  • Norwegian: morgen, morgon
  • Swedish: morgon
  • Armenian: մարգարիտ (margarit)
  • Avar: маргъал (marġal)
  • Azerbaijani: mirvari, cf. Persian
  • Bulgarian: маргари́т (margarít)
  • Georgian: მარგალიტი (margaliṭi)
  • Greek: μαργαριτάρι (margaritári)
  • Italian: margarita [50]
  • Latin: margarita [51]
    • Medieval Latin: perla (mid-13c.) [52]
  • Old English: meregrot
  • Pashto: مرغلره‎ (murghalara)
  • Persian: مروارید‎ (morvârid)
See also
  • 밝다 (balg-da, "to be bright")
  • 붉다 (bulg-da, "to be red")
  • (bul, "fire")

말개미[edit | edit source]

Formica rufa, also known as the red wood ant, southern wood ant, or horse ant, is ...
A caterpillar being bitten by F. rufa
Roman: mal-gaemi
Noun [53]
  1. ‘왕개미’를 일상적으로 이르는 말. [54] [55] [56]
    a horse ant, or Formica rufa if you like. [57]
Synonyms
  • 왕개미 (王-, wang-gaemi, lit. "king ant") [58]
  • 홍개미 (紅-, hong-gaemi, lit. "red ant") [59] [60]
Relatives
Comparatives
말개미 #Korean "horse ant"
(mal, "horse") + 개미 (gaemi, "ant")
馬蟻 #Sino-Korean
(ma, "horse") + (ui, "ant")
螞蟻 #Chinese
(, "insect") + (, "ant") [61]
horse ant #English
horse ("horse") + ant ("ant")
https://www.websters1913.com/words/Horse [62]
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Formica_rufa
Pherdeameise #German
Pferd ("horse") + e + Ameise ("ant")
https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rote_Waldameise
Pferdeameise f. (동물) 붉은가슴개미
See also

말거머리[edit | edit source]

A horse leech on Wikipedia
Roman: mal-geomeori
Noun [63]
  1. 거머릿과의 환형동물. 몸의 길이는 10cm, 폭은 1.7cm 정도이며, 등은 누런 녹색이고, 배는 연한 녹색에 검고 작은 반점이 줄지어 있다. 몸은 대칭형으로 다소 평평하고 긴 가락 모양이다. 사람의 피부에 상처를 내기는 하나 피를 빨지는 못하며 조개류를 먹고 산다. 논이나 연못에 사는데 한국, 일본, 중국 등지에 분포한다. [64] [65]
    a horse-leech [66]
Relatives
Comparatives
Asiatic & Finno-Ugric Germanic & Slavic
馬蛭 #Chinese
(, "horse") + (zhì, "leech")
馬蛭 #Japanese Kotobank
ウマ (uma, "horse") + ビル (biru, "leech")
말거머리 #Korean
(mal, "horse") + 거머리 (geomeori, "leech")
đỉa trâu #Vietnamese
đỉa ("leech") + trâu ("water buffalo")
&
hobukaan #Estonian wp
hobu ("horse") + kaan ("leech")
hevosjuotikas #Finnish wp
hevos ("horse") + juotikas ("leech")
lópióca #Hungarian wp
("horse") + pióca ("leech")
Paardenbloedzuiger #Dutch wp
paarden ("horse") + bloedzuiger ("leech")
horse leech #English
horse ("horse") + leech ("leech")
Pferdeegel #German wp
Pferde ("horse") + Egel ("leech")
hesteigle #Norwegian wp
hest ("horse") + eigle ("leech")
hästigel #Swedish wp
häst ("horse") + igel ("leech")
&
pijavka koňská #Czech wp
pijavka ("leech") + koňská ("horse")
pijawka końska #Polish wp
pijawka ("leech") + końska ("horse")
ко́нская пия́вка #Russian
ко́нская ("horse") + пия́вка ("leech")
Wikt: horse-leech #Translations in History [67] [68]
larger than the common leech
  • Chinese:
  • Czechs: pijavka koňská
  • Estonian: hobukaan
  • Finnish: hevosjuotikas (fi)
  • German: Pferdeegel m
  • Hungarian: lópióca
  • Japanese: ウマヒル (umahiru)
  • Korean: 말거머리 (malgeomeori)
  • Norwegian: hesteigle
  • Polish: pijawka końska
  • Russian: конская пиявка f (kónskaja pijávka) [69]
  • Swedish: hästigel
  • Vietnamese: đỉa trâu [70]
See also
  • 말- (mal-, "large; coarse")
  • (mal, "horse")

Korean/Words/말두

말뚝[edit | edit source]

RR: malttug > malttuk

  1. 땅에 두드려 박는 기둥이나 몽둥이. 아래쪽 끝이 뾰족하다.
    peg, spike, stake, pole
Compounds
  • 말뚝 + 박다(malttug + bagda, "to drive, hammer, strike a peg (into)")
Comparatives
Language horse peg
French: cheval cheville
Galician: cabalo chavella
Occitan: caval cavilha
Portuguese: cavalo cavilha
Spanish: caballo clavija
Korean: 말(mal) 말뚝(malttug)

말뫼[edit | edit source]

The King's Grave [71] -- Kiviksgrave burial site near Kivik, Sweden
Royal burial mounds at Gamla Uppsala
Burial mounds of the Silla kings in Korea
Roman: malmoe
From: Swedish Malmö [72]
Noun
  1. 스웨덴 남부에 있는 항구 도시. 건너편의 코펜하겐과는 철도 연락선으로 연결된다. [73]
    Malmö
Associatives
  • Native Korean 말뫼 from Middle Korean ᄆᆞᆯ 뫼 (molmoe) [74] aka. 말메 (malme), 말미 (malmi)
    1. high mountain; high tomb, tumulus
w: Tumulus
  • A tumulus (plural tumuli) is a mound of earth and stones raised over a grave or graves. Tumuli are also known as barrows, burial mounds or kurgans, and may be found throughout much of the world. A cairn, which is a mound of stones built for various purposes, may also originally have been a tumulus.
w: Dolmen
  • A dolmen (...) is a type of single-chamber megalithic tomb, usually consisting of two or more vertical megaliths supporting a large flat horizontal capstone or "table". Most date from the early Neolithic (4000–3000 BC) and were sometimes covered with earth or smaller stones to form a tumulus. [...] In many instances, the covering has weathered away, leaving only the stone "skeleton" of the mound intact.
  • The etymology of the German: Hünenbett, Hünengrab and Dutch: hunebed - with Hüne/hune meaning "giant" - all evoke the image of giants buried (bett/bed/grab = bed/grave) there. [75]
w: Großmugl
  • Großmugl is a town in the district of Korneuburg in Lower Austria in Austria.
  • The name of the village literally translates as "large steep hill," and refers to a nearby tumulus (locally known as the Leeberg) that is believed to have been erected by the people of the Kalenderberg culture, probably around 600-500 B.C.
The Leeberg, Central Europe's largest hill grave, rises from the fields near Großmugl
  • Mugel : (slang, dialect, Austria, Southern German) hillock"
    aka. Mugl
  • Hügel : hill
  • Hügelgrab from Hügel (“mound”) + Grab (“grave”)
  • Grabhügel from Grab (“grave”) + Hügel (“mound”)

말뫼*[edit | edit source]

Roman: malmoe
Alias: 말메, 말미 [76]
Faded; ᄆᆞᆯ뫼 (molmoe)
Hanja: 馬山, 斗山 [77]
Noun
  1. 스웨덴 남부에 있는 항구 도시. 건너편의 코펜하겐과는 철도 연락선으로 연결된다. [78]
    Malmö
  2. 큰 뫼 또는 묘. [79]
    (literally) a big or high mount or mound
Components
  • (mal, "horse; big volume measuring device")
  • (moe, "mount, mound")
  • (ma, "horse")
  • (du, "mal") [80]
  • (san, "mount, mound")
Compounds
  • 말미오름 (malmi-oreum) Jeju proper name of a mount [81]
See also

말밤[edit | edit source]

Roman: mal-bam
Hanja: 末栗 [82]
Noun
  1. ‘마름’의 방언(강원, 경상, 충북). [83] [84]
    (etymon, now dialect) water caltrop, water chestnut
Synonyms
  • 마름 (mareum) [85]
  • 물밤 (mul-bam, dialectic, lit. "water chestnut")
Antonyms
See also
  • 말밤* (mal-bam, toward "horse chestnut")

말밤*[edit | edit source]

The horse chestnut fruits, aka. conkers
The sweet chestnut fruits
Roman: mal-bam*
Alias: *말밤 (assumed of sense)
Hanja: 末栗 (literally "coarse chestnut" hence actually "horse chestnut")
Noun
  1. 학명 Aesculus hippocastanum 의 한 고유/차입 번역어. [86]
    horse chestnut [87]
Synonyms
  • 마로니에 (maronie, "horse chestnut") -- the loanword from French. [88]
  • 서양칠엽수 (seoyang-chil-yeobsu, "horse chestnut") [89]
  • 가시칠엽수 (gasi-chil-yeobsu) [90]
  • 일본칠엽수 (ilbon-chil-yeovsu) Aesculus turbinata [91]
Antonyms
Relatives
  • 말밤 (mal-bam, "water caltrop, water chestnut") -- the etymon, now dialect.
  • 마름 (mareum, "water caltrop, water chestnut") -- the corrupted, now canonized.
  • 물밤 (mul-bam, "water caltrop, water chestnut") -- the dialect, conforming to "water chestnut."
Comparatives
Selected from horse chestnut #Translations
Germanic Latinic [93] Slavic, etc.
  • French: marronnier,
    marronnier d’Inde
  • Italian: ippocastano,
    castagno d'India
  • Portug.: castanha-da-índia
  • Spanish: castaño de Indias
  • Bulgarian: конски кестен
    (konski kesten)
  • Finnish: hevoskastanja
  • Russian: ко́нский кашта́н
    (kónskij kaštán)
  • Slovak: pagaštan konský
  • Turkish: at kestanesi
  • Welsh: marchgastanwydden
References

말벌[edit | edit source]

A hornet or *horse-bee
Roman: mal-beol
Noun [94]
  1. ‘호박벌’을 일상적으로 이르는 말. 동물 말벌과의 벌을 통틀어 이르는 말. 동물 말벌과의 벌. 몸은 암컷이 2.5cm, 수컷이 2cm 정도이며, 검은 갈색에 갈색 또는 누런 갈색의 털이 나 있다. [95] [96]
    a hornet [97]
Relatives
  • (beol, "bee")
Comparatives
말벌 #Korean
(mal, "horse") + (beol, "bee")
馬蜂 #Chinese
(, "horse") + (fēng, "bee")
морин зөгий #Mongolian [98]
морин (morin, "horse") + зөгий (zögij, "bee")
eşek arısı #Turkish
eşek (eşek, "mule") + arısı (arısı, "bee's")
ձիաբոռ #Armenian
ձի (ji, "horse") + ա (a, interfix) + բոռ (boṙ, "bee")
lódarázs #Hungarian
(, "horse") + darázs (darázs, "bee")
shellan cabbyl #Manx
shellan ("bee") + cabbyl ("horse")
פֿערדבין #Yiddish
פֿערד‎ (ferd, "horse") +‎ בין‎ (bin, "bee")
*pferdebiene #German
Pferd ("horse") + e + Biene ("bee") [99]
*horse bee #English
horse ("horse") + bee ("bee")

말씀[edit | edit source]

The Tower of Babel [100]
The Tower of Babel narrative in Genesis 11:1–9 is an origin myth meant to explain why the world's peoples speak different languages. [101] Nevertheless,
God confused no language;
people have made so many!
Roman: malsseum
Focus: 말 (mal) [102]
Noun
  1. 사람의 생각이나 느낌 따위를 표현하고 전달하는 데 쓰는 음성 기호. 곧 사람의 생각이나 느낌 따위를 목구멍을 통하여 조직적으로 나타내는 소리를 가리킨다. [103]
    language, speech [104]
Compounds
  • 말뜻 (mal-tteut, "meaning of speech, language") [105] [106]
Comparatives
Norse See also
  • Old Norse: mál
  • Faroese: mál
  • Icelandic: mál
  • Danish: mål
  • Norwegian: mål
  • Swedish: mål
See also
  • (tteut, "intention; meaning; significance")

말뜻[edit | edit source]

Fourth Apple logo (since 1999) [108]
First Apple logo (1977-1998) [109]
Roman: mal-tteut
Focus: (tteut)
Noun [110]
  1. 말이 가지는 뜻이나 속내.
    meaning of speech or text [111] [112]
WORLD or
Referent
intended
WRITER
Thought
  decoded ↑  
 
  ↓ encoded 
Thought
READER

extended
Symbol
or WORD
WRITER takes WORD for WORLD;
READER takes WORLD for WORD.
[113]
Relatives
  • 말씀 (mal-sseum, "speech, language")
  • (tteut, "meaning, signification; intention; significance")
Comparatives
English: to mean Englsih: meaning
  • Danish: betyde
  • Dutch: duiden
  • German: bedeuten
  • Icelandic: þýða
  • Korean: 뜻하다 (tteut-hada)
  • Norwegian: tyda
  • Swedish: betyda
  • Danish: betydning
  • Dutch: duiding
  • German: Bedeutung
  • Icelandic: þýðing
  • Korean: 뜻 (tteut)
  • Norwegian: betydning
  • Swedish: betydelse
The occasional prefix "de-" looks redundant in a way.

맑다[edit | edit source]

The sunrise in the morning
Pearl necklace
Princess Margaret [114] in 1965, wearing a pearl necklace
Roman: malg-da
Older: ㅁㆍㄺ다 (molg-da)
Adjective
  1. 잡스럽고 탁한 것이 섞이지 아니하다. 구름이나 안개가 끼지 아니하여 햇빛이 밝다. [115]
    to be fresh, clear, sunny [116]
Doublets
  • 말갛다 (malgah-da, "to be highly clear, clean, fresh") [117]
  • 묽다 (mulg-da, "to be dilute, watery, of thin solution")
Relatives
  • (mul, "water")
Comparatives
From morning #Translations From pearl #Translations
  • Danish: morgen
  • Dutch: morgen
  • English: morning [118]
    Middle English: morwe
    Old English: morgen
  • Faroese: morgun
  • German: Morgen
  • Icelandic: morgunn
  • Norwegian: morgen, morgon
  • Swedish: morgon
  • Armenian: մարգարիտ (margarit)
  • Avar: маргъал (marġal)
  • Azerbaijani: mirvari, cf. Persian
  • Bulgarian: маргари́т (margarít)
  • Georgian: მარგალიტი (margaliṭi)
  • Greek: μαργαριτάρι (margaritári)
  • Italian: margarita [119]
  • Latin: margarita [120]
    • Medieval Latin: perla (mid-13c.) [121]
  • Old English: meregrot
  • Pashto: مرغلره‎ (murghalara)
  • Persian: مروارید‎ (morvârid)
See also
  • 밝다 (balg-da, "to be bright, to dawn")
  • 이울다 (iul-da, "to wane, wither, fade")

맘마[edit | edit source]

Roman: mamma
Noun [122] [123]
  1. 어린아이의 말로, ‘밥’을 이르는 말. [124]
    (childish reduplication [125]) food, milk, meal
    cf. mamma,[126] pap from Latin pappa [127]
Synonyms
  • (bab), cf. pap "soft food"
Relatives
  • 엄마 (eomma, "mom, momy")
  • (jeoj, "milk")
Comparatives
mamma #Translations pap #Translations, etc.
  • Catalan: mama
  • English: mamma
  • Galician: mama
  • Irish: mama
  • Latin: mamma [128]
  • Portuguese: mama
  • Spanish: mama
  • Dutch: pap
  • English: pap [129]
  • German: Papp
  • Georgian: ფაფა (papa)
  • Latin: pappa [130]
  • Sorbian: papa
See also
  • 까까 (kkakka, childish talk "cake")

[edit | edit source]

RR: mas > mat

  1. 음식 따위를 혀에 댈 때에 느끼는 감각.
    taste
Compounds
  • 맛 + 나다 (mat-nada, "to taste (good, bad, sweet, bitter)")
  • 맛 + 있다 (mat-itda, "to enjoy the taste of something")
Relatives
  • 먹다 (meokda, "to eat")
    Cf. schmecken #German "to taste"
    1. To taste (good, bad, sweet, bitter, etc.)
    2. To enjoy the taste of something

매다[edit | edit source]

Korean homi,[131] similar to the hoe
A hoe, two-handed, used for digging rows
Roman: maeda
Verb [132] [133]
  1. 논밭에 난 잡풀을 뽑다.
    to weed (unwanted grasses out of a cultivated area) [134]
Relatives
  • 호미 {homi, "hoe") [135] cf. w: Homi
  • 김 (gim, "weed, unwanted grass")
  • 잡풀 (jabpul, "weed, unwanted grass")
  • 잡초 (jabcho, "weed, unwanted grass")
Comparatives
  • mow @ Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary
    to cut down with a scythe or sickle or machine;
    to cut the standing herbage (as grass) of.
  • mow @ Collins Concise Dictionary
    to cut down (grass, crops, etc.), with a hand equipment or machine;
    to cut down the growing vegetation of (a field, lawn, etc.).
mow #Translations
Germanic
Norse
hoe #Translations
  • Danish: hakke
  • Dutch: hak
  • English: hoe
  • French: houe
  • German: Hacke [137]
  • Norwegian: hakke
  • Swedish: hacka

머구리[edit | edit source]

Roman: meoguri
Noun [138] [139]
  1. ‘개구리1’의 방언(함경).
    (dialect) frog
Synonyms
Relativs
Comparatives

Korean/Words/먹다 Korean/Words/메

메뚜기[edit | edit source]

RR: mettugi [144]
  1. (literally, "meadow hopper") grasshopper, locust
Related terms
  • 메 (me) from 뫼 (moe, "mount; mound, tumulus")
Compares
Germanic Norse
See also

Korean/Words/메밀

메아리[edit | edit source]

RR: meari

Noun
  1. 울려 퍼져 가던 소리가 산이나 절벽 같은 데에 부딪쳐 되울려오는 소리.
    mountain resounding, echo [145]
Synonyms
  • 산울림 (san-ullim, lit., "mount (re)sounding, echoing")
Derivatives
  • 메아리치다 (meari-chida "to resound (되받아 소리치다), reverberate (되받아치다)") [146]
Associatives
  • (moe, "mount") > 뫼아리 > 메아리
  • (, san, "mount") > 산울림
  • 악쓰다 (ag-sseuda, "to cry, peal, roar, sound loud, shout, wail, yell")
  • 가슴앓이
  • 속앓이
  • 옹알이, 옹아리(북한)
  • 아리랑, 아라리
Comparatives
메아리-치다
wikt: echo #Translations
Afrikaans: eggo
Bulgarian: е́хо (ého)
Catalan: eco 
Danish: ekko 
Dutch: echo 
English: echo 
French: écho 
Galician: eco 
Georgian: ექო (eko)
German: Echo 
Greek: ηχώ (ichó)
Icelandic: bergmál* 
Italian: eco 
Macedonian: ехо (eho)
Norwegian: ekko 
Polish: echo 
Portuguese: eco 
Romanian: ecou 
Russian: э́хо (éxo)
Slovene: eho 
Spanish: eco 
Swedish: eko 
악-쓰다
as a condition enough to make an echo
  1. to sound, ring, peal("to utter or sound loudly)
  2. (with accusative) to let it sound
  1. sound, noise
  1. to make a sound; move with noise; rush; roar
  1. to make a soft rustling or murmuring sound
  1. I wail (in distress)
  1. to cry, to wail
  1. to cry, wail
  1. to cry out, as in sorrow or anguish

멧돼지[edit | edit source]

RR: met-dwaeji [147]
  1. (literally, "mountain pig"), wild pig, wild boar
Hypernyms
Related terms
  • (me) from (moe, "mount; mound, tumulus")
Compares
Germanic Baltic CJK
See also

Korean/Words/모닥불

모도다[edit | edit source]

Roman: mododa
Canon: 모으다 (mo-eu-da)
Verb [152] [153]
  1. ‘모으다’의 옛말. ("한데 합치다")
    (vt.) to gather, collect
Synonyms
Relatives
  • 모이다 (moi-da, (vi.) "to gather, meet")
  • 모두 (modu, "all")
  • (mot, "moat, pond")
  • (moe, "mount, mound, motte")

Korean/Words/모두 Korean/Words/모으다

[edit | edit source]

Roman: mog
Noun
  1. 척추동물의 머리와 몸통을 잇는 잘록한 부분. 어떤 물건에서 동물의 목과 비슷한 부분. [154] [155]
    neck [156]
Relatives
- Narrowing [157]
  • 손목 (son-, "wrist")
  • 발목 (bal-, "ankle")
  • 골목 (gol-, "alley")
  • 길목 (gil-, "turning point") [158]
  • 병목 (beong-, "bottleneck")
- Binding
Compounds
Comparatives
From uvula #Translations
Germanic Nordic Latinic Others

[edit | edit source]

The 17th-century fortified town of Naarden, Netherlands, surrounded by the moat
Roman: mot
Older: 몯 (mot)
Noun
  1. 넓고 오목하게 팬 땅에 물이 괴어 있는 곳. [163] [164]
    pond, pool; moat [165]
Homonyms
  • 못 (mot, "nail")
Synonyms
Compounds
  • 연못 (yeon-, "pond")
  • 성밑못 (seongmit-, "moat," lit. "moat below the defensive wall")
Comparatives
  • moat
  • fosse: ditch or moat
fossa #Latin 1. (in general) A ditch, trench, moat, fosse. 2. A boundary [166]
fosse #English 1. A ditch or moat
fossé #English 1. (obsolete, chiefly Scotland) A fosse or ditch. [17th–19th c.]
fossé #French 1. ditch; trench; moat
fosso #Italian 1. ditch, 2. moat

Korean/Words/뫼

[edit | edit source]

The natural water cycle
Global water cycle
The Pacific Ocean. [168]
The world ocean is also collectively known as just "the sea". Being 3,688m deep on average, it covers 71% of Earth's surface, and contains 97% of Earth's water!
Roman: mul
Noun [169] [170]
  1. 자연계에 강, 호수, 바다, 지하수 따위의 형태로 널리 분포하는 액체. 순수한 것은 빛깔, 냄새, 맛이 없고 투명하다. 산소와 수소의 화학적 결합물로, 어는점 이하에서는 얼음이 되고 끓는점 이상에서는 수증기가 된다. 공기와 더불어 생물이 살아가는 데 없어서는 안 될 중요한 물질이다.
    water
  2. 못, 내, 호수, 강, 바다 따위를 두루 이르는 말.
    a body of water, eg., pond, lake, brook, river, sea, etc.
Synonyms
  • 바다 (bada, "sea, mere")
  • 호수 (hosu, "lake, mere")
  • (mot, "moat, pond")
  • 시내 (sinae, "brook")
  • (nae, "river")
  • 강 (gang, "river")
Antonyms
Compounds
  • 물바다 (-bada, "flood" lit. "water sea" or "sea of water")
  • 바닷물 (badat-, "sea water")
  • 호수물 (hosu-, "lake water")
  • 시냇물 (sinaet-, "brook water")
  • 강물 (gang-, "river water")
  • 눈물 (nun-, "tears")
  • 콧물 (kot-, "snot, snuff, snival, drivel, nose dripping, nose runnings")
  • 큰물 (keun-, "flood")
  • 한물 (han-, "flood")
Relatives
  • 묽다 (mulgda, "to be watery")
  • 무르다 (mureuda, "to be soft, tender, flabby") [171]
  • 마르다 (mareuda, "to dry")
  • 미르 (mireu, "dragon")
  • 미리내 (miri-nae, "Milky Way" lit. "dragon river")
Maxims
  • 관해난수 (觀海難水, gwanhaenansu)
    To see the sea makes it hard to talk about water.
    The more I see the sea, the harder I say water.
Comparatives
sea #Translations [172]
Germanic & Latinic Slavic & Others
Germanic
  • Danish: sø
  • Dutch: meer, zee
  • English: mere, sea
    • Scots: se
  • German: Meer, See
  • Faroese: sjógvur
  • Icelandic: sjór
  • Norwegian: sjø
  • Swedish: sjö
Latinic
  • Aragonese: mar
  • Asturian: mar
  • Catalan: mar
  • Corsican: mari
  • French: mer
  • Friulian: mâr
  • Galician: mar
  • Italian: mare
  • Latin: mare
  • Occitan: mar
  • Portuguese: mar
  • Romanian: mare
  • Sardinian: mare
  • Sicilian: mari
  • Spanish: mar
  • Venetian: mar
Slavic
  • Aromanian: mari
  • Belarusian: мо́ра (móra)
  • Bulgarian: море́ (moré)
  • Czech: moře
  • Macedonian: море (more)
  • Polish: morze
  • Russian: мо́ре (móre)
  • Rusyn: мо́ре (móre)
  • Serbo-Croatian: море (more)
  • Slovak: more
  • Slovene: morje
  • Sorbian: mórjo
  • Udmurt: море (more)
  • Ukrainian: мо́ре (móre)
Others
  • Breton: mor
  • Cornish: mor
  • Dalmatian: mur
  • Estonian: meri
  • Finnish: meri
  • Irish: muir
  • Karelian: meri
  • Livonian: mer
  • Manx: mooir
  • Sami: mearra
  • Scottish Gaelic: muir
  • Veps: meri
  • Welsh: môr

Korean/Words/물개

물레[edit | edit source]

Mahatma Gandhi spinning yarn on a spinning wheel.
Roman: mulle
Noun [173] [174]
  1. 솜이나 털 따위의 섬유를 자아서 실을 만드는 간단한 재래식 기구.
    w: spinning wheel
  2. 도자기를 만들 때, 흙을 빚거나 무늬를 넣는 데 사용하는 기구. 축의 아래와 위에 넓고 둥근 널빤지를 대어 만드는데 아래 판을 발로 돌리면 위 판도 함께 돌아 그 회전력을 이용하여 작업한다.
    w: potter's wheel
Compounds
  • 물레바퀴 (-bakwi, "spinning wheel; watermill wheel")
  • 물레방아 (-bang-a, "watermill")
Relatives
  • 물레바퀴 (mulle-bakwi, "spinning, gyrating [175] wheel")
  • 굴레바퀴 (gulle-bakwi, "rolling wheel")
물레바퀴
  1. 물레에 딸린 바퀴. 바퀴가 돌아감에 따라 가락이 돌면서 실을 감게 된다.
  2. 물레방아에 붙어 있는 큰 바퀴. 물의 힘으로 돌면서 방아를 움직이게 한다.
굴레바퀴
  1. ‘굴렁쇠’의 방언 (강원).
  2. ‘굴렁쇠’의 북한어.
굴렁쇠
  1. 어린아이 장난감의 하나. 쇠붙이나 대나무 따위로 만든 둥근 테로서, 굴렁대로 굴리며 논다.
굴렁쇠선 [-線]
  1. 한 원이 일직선 위를 굴러갈 때, 이 원의 원둘레 위의 한 점이 그리는 자취.
물방아
  1. 물의 힘으로 공이를 오르내리게 하여 곡식을 찧거나 빻는 기구를 통틀어 이르는 말.
    참조어: 물레방아
물바퀴
  1. 물방아의 바퀴.
Comparatives
From mill #Translations
Germanic Romance Others
  • Danish: mølle
  • Dutch: molen
  • English: mill
  • Faroese: mylla
  • German: Mühle
  • Norwegian: mølle
  • Swedish: mölla
  • Catalan: molí
  • French: moulin
  • Italian: mulino, mola
  • Latin: mola
  • Portuguese: moinho
  • Spanish: molino
  • Belarusian: млын (mlyn)
  • Bulgarian: ме́лница (mélnica)
  • Cornish: melin
  • Czech: mlýn
  • Korean: 물레방아 (mulle-bang-a)
  • Polish: młyn
  • Russian: ме́льница (mélʹnica)
  • Ukrainian: млин (mlyn)
  • Welsh: melin
See also
  • 방아 (bang-a, "milling, grain-pounding")

Korean/Words/묽다 Korean/Words/뭍 Korean/Words/뮈다

미르[edit | edit source]

"A fisherboy dived into the water and brought up a pearl from beneath the chin of a black dragon." From Chinese Fairy Book (Richard Wilhelm)/45
Artist: George W. Hood
Roman: mireu
Alias: 미리 (miri)
Noun [176] [177]
  1. ‘용’의 옛말.
    (obsolete) The oriental dragon with a very long body.[178]
Synonyms
Compounds
Relatives
  • (mul, "water, body of water, esp. river")
Comparatives
(The mysterious Eurasian uses)
From Wikipedia
  • Amir al-Mu'minin (...) is an Arabic title that is usually translated "Commander of the Faithful" or "Leader of the Faithful".
  • The Gur-e-Amīr or Guri Amir (...‎) is a mausoleum of the Turco-Mongol conqueror Timur (also known as Tamerlane) in Samarkand, Uzbekistan. [...] Gur-e Amir is Persian for "Tomb of the King".
  • Mir Osman Ali Khan, ..., was the last Nizam (ruler) of the Princely State of Hyderabad, the largest princely state in British India.
  • Kashmir would be derived from either kashyapa-mir (Kashyapa's Lake) or kashyapa-meru (Kashyapa's Mountain).

미리내[edit | edit source]

Roman: miri-nae
Noun [186]
  1. ‘은하수(銀河水)’의 방언(제주).
    (Jeju dialect) Milky Way, literally, "dragon river"
Synonyms
Relatives
Comparatives

Korean/Words/밀

[edit | edit source]

Roman: mid
Sound: 믿
Older: 밋 (mid)
Hanja:
Adverb [187] [188]
  1. ‘그리고’, ‘그 밖에’, ‘또’의 뜻으로, 문장에서 같은 종류의 성분을 연결할 때 쓰는 말.
    and, besides, in addition
Synonyms
Comparatives
with #Translations, etc.
  • Danish: med, ved
  • Dutch: met
  • English: mid, with
  • Faroese: með, við
  • German: mit
  • Icelandic: með
  • Norwegian: med
  • Swedish: med, vid

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. marronnier #French
    1. chestnut tree
    2. horse-chestnut tree
  2. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=마로니에
    ≒서양칠엽수. (Aesculus hippocastanum)
    (학명)Aesculus hippocastanum
  3. '식용한다'?
  4. 열매는 밤과 닮았지만, 사포닌과 글루코사이드가 들어있는 등 약한 독성을 띄고 있어서 먹을 수 없다.
  5. marron #French
    1. chestnut
    2. horse-chestnut
  6. 마로니에의 열매. 구워 먹는 밤의 하나로 지름 6cm 정도의 공 모양이며, 가시 모양의 돌기가 있는데 안에 한두 개의 씨가 들어 있다.
  7. So called perhaps because of misbelief that the origin is India.
  8. Literally, "sea or water chestnut"
  9. Literally, "horse chestnut"
  10. 1. chestnut, 2. horse chestnut.
  11. French marron confuses many senses, including water, horse, coarse, chestnut, horse or chestnut color, etc.
  12. Literally, "white chestnut," perhaps because of the horse-chestnut's whitish flower
  13. Literally, "common chestnut." Which sense of the marronier at all?
  14. Literally, "horse chestnut"
  15. Literally, "false chestnut"
  16. "chestnut"
  17. This confuses the inedible "horse chestnut" and the edible "sweet chestnut," perhaps unwisely. Korean loaned the former only.
  18. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=마롱
  19. Inedible! As such, the above Korean definition would be misleading.
  20. The soft labial ㅸ, hence /v/. This descendant meant not only "water caltrop" but also "caltrop," according to 교학고어사전, p.538, equating to 마름쇠.
  21. The oldest 말밤 is still used widely as a dialect, together with 물밤 (mul-bam).
  22. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=마름
  23. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/마름
  24. Either enjoys few Western #Translations.
  25. The Hanja translations include 능철(菱鐵, lit. "(water) caltrop iron"), 철릉(鐵菱, lit. "iron caltrop"), etc.
  26. A folk Sino-Korean name (鄕名, 향명, hyang-meong)
  27. Hence lit. the homonym "horse chestnut," as it were!
  28. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=만들다
  29. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=만지다
  30. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/만지다
  31. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=많다
  32. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/많다
  33. cf. Old English manig
  34. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말
  35. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/말
  36. Man o' War won 20 of 21 races.
  37. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말-
  38. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/말#Etymology_2
  39. https://www.websters1913.com/words/Horse
  40. Assumed, hence the prefixed asterisk. cf. Yiddish פֿערדבין (ferdbin) lit. "horse bee"
  41. Etymology
    Probably from Latin mās, marem (“male”), with a shift in meaning; alternatively from an irregular shortened form of maior, maiōrem (“bigger”). Compare Romanian mare, and see there for a more detailed etymology.
  42. Etymology
    From Latin maior, maiōrem. Compare also Romanian mare (“large”).
  43. Etymology
    Several theories exist. One possibility is Latin maiōrem, masculine and feminine accusative singular of maiōr (“bigger”), irregularly clipped before the [j] → [d͡ʒ] sound change (the regular form would be *măjoare). Compare also Dalmatian maur (“large”). Another proposed etymology is Latin marem, accusative of mās (“male, man”) (however, the reason for the shift in meaning or the exact semantic development is uncertain; it may be because men are generally larger than women, or from a crossing with magnus, or more likely from use in idiomatic expressions (with equivalents found in many languages) such as s-a făcut mare, which can mean "he has grown up/grown older/become a man or adult", and this may have been eventually extended to mean "he/she has grown bigger", with the sense of the word shifting from "man/adult" to "big"). Less likely is the influence from mare (“sea”). Also found in Aromanian as mari (“big, large”).
  44. w: Princess Margaret (disambiguation)
  45. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말갛다
  46. This Korean adjective may be enough to qualify the clean and clear outlook of the pearl.
  47. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/말갛다
  48. https://ko.dict.naver.com/kokodict/#/search?query=악말갛다 아주 깨끗하고 맑다
  49. While quite exceptional, morning and evening are enough to let know that both stem from verbs. Mostly, such is the case with the other Germanic.
  50. From Latin margarīta, from Ancient Greek μαργαρίτης (margarítēs), from a loanword of Eastern origin.
  51. From Greek, to Italian margarita
  52. While being "of unknown origin," this has overcast Europe.
  53. (mal, "horse") + 개미 (gaemi, "ant")
  54. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말개미
  55. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/말개미
  56. 그러면, 거꾸로, 왕개미는 일상적인 ‘말개미’를 고답적으로 또는 학술적으로 이르는 말인가?
  57. However, you may not like its Korean calque or loan translation 홍개미 that must be 말개미 in Korean context!
  58. 개밋과의 곤충. 몸의 길이는 7~13mm이며, 검은색 또는 갈색이고 금빛 털이 빽빽하게 나 있다. 일개미의 머리는 타원형인데 수컷의 머리는 둥글다. 한국, 일본 등지에 분포한다.
  59. 개밋과의 곤충. 일개미의 몸의 길이는 8mm 정도이며 붉은 갈색이고, 배는 어두운 갈색이다. 암컷은 머리와 가슴이 검은 갈색이고 꽁지는 붉은 갈색이다. 한국, 유럽, 일본, 중국 등지에 분포한다.
  60. This looks like a loan translation of Formica rufa.
  61. Maybe it began with "horse ant"(馬蟻) and ended with simply "ant"(螞蟻), as 馬("horse") corrupted into 螞("insect").
  62. "Horse ant (Zoöl.), a large ant (Formica rufa); -- called also horse emmet."
  63. (mal, "horse") + 거머리 (geomeori, "leech")
  64. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말거머리
  65. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/말거머리
  66. Etymology
    From Middle English horseleche, horse leche (“horse doctor; bloodsucker, leech”), equivalent to horse +‎ leech. So called because it commonly attacks the membrane that lines the inside of the mouth and nostrils of animals, such as horses, that drink at pools where it lives.
  67. Created by User:KYPark, 22 February 2013
  68. All the original {{t}} templates were made {{t-}} but for Finnish {{t+}} by Rukhabot, 2 April 2013.
  69. Added by User: Atitarev, 26 February 2013
  70. Added by User:Wyang, 22 February 2013
  71. cf. 돌무지무덤: 시신 위나 시신을 넣은 석곽(石槨) 위에 흙을 덮지 않고 돌을 쌓아 올린 무덤. 선사 시대부터 고구려ㆍ백제 초기에 나타난다.
  72. Its original name was Malmhaug (with alternate spellings), meaning "Gravel pile" or "Ore Hill".
  73. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말뫼
  74. 교학고어사전, p. 628
    ᄆᆞᆯ 뫼 [명] 말메. [지명(地名)] ¶ ᄆᆞᆯ 뫼:馬山(龍歌:42)
  75. Especially, German Hünengrab literally means the same as Korean 말뫼 (malmoe, "huge tomb").
  76. The former is attested while the latter is not.
  77. Either literally means "high mount or mound."
  78. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말뫼
  79. This historical sense is not yet supported by Korean dictionaries.
  80. Korean mal is a big volune measuring device (18L) equivalent to 10 X (doe, "1.8L").
  81. 말미오름
    별칭: 멀미오름. 말선봉. 두산봉. 마산봉(馬山峰). 각호봉(角虎峰)
    위치: 성산읍 시흥리 산 1-5번지. 구좌읍 종달리 산 13-1번지
    표고: 145.9m 비고:101m 둘레:3,631m 면적:924,938㎡ 형태:복합형
    출처 : 제주환경일보 (http://www.newsje.com)
    Note Sino-Korean 두산봉(斗山峰) and 마산봉(馬山峰), the first two characters of which are Hanja renderings for the native Korean 말뫼.
  82. Literally "coarse chestnut," contrasted with 단밤 (dan-bam, literally and actually "sweet chestnut," or simply (bam, "chestnut"). Meanwhile, French marron confuses "horse chestnut" and "sweet chest nut."
  83. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말밤
  84. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=마름
  85. This canonic term is a corruption of the original 말밤 (末栗, "coarse chestnut"), which may be applicable to the horse chestnut as well, though not yet attested. Recall that the prefix horse means not only "big" but also "coarse" respectively relating to Korean homonyms 말(馬, "horse; big") and 말(末, "last; coarse").
  86. Unauthorized, hence the asterisk.
  87. The prefix "horse" here means "coarse" rather than "large," as is the case with most other botanical compounds. Then, Latin hippo should also mean "coarse" as English "horse" does.
  88. This is implausibly imported, perhaps under the Japanese watering influence; instead, it would be plausible to reuse the native 말밤 which is not used canonically. Also noteworthy is the resemblance of marron to 마름 (mareum) stemming from 말밤.
  89. A mundane Sino-Korean harangue, contrasting to the Japanese as yin-yang, either-or.
  90. 열매는 밤과 닮았지만, 사포닌과 글루코사이드가 들어있는 등 약한 독성을 띄고 있어서 먹을 수 없다. Inedible, in short.
  91. Framing around Japan? By whom?
  92. The [ sweet chestnut ] tree is to be distinguished from the horse chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum, to which it is only distantly related. The horse chestnut bears similar looking seeds (conkers) in a similar seed case, which are not palatable to humans.
  93. Why is the qualifier "of India" used? To avoid using "horse"?
  94. (mal, "horse") + (beol, "bee")
  95. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말벌
  96. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/말벌
  97. Or *horse-bee, as it is much bigger than common bees.
  98. Etymology: Probably a calque of Chinese 馬蜂 (mǎfēng).
  99. cf. Pferdeameise ("horse ant"), Pferdebremse ("horse fly"), Pferdeegel ("horse leech"), Pferdefliege ("horse fly").
  100. by Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1563)
  101. According to the story, a united human race in the generations following the Great Flood, speaking a single language and migrating eastward, comes to the land of Shinar. There they agree to build a city and a tower tall enough to reach heaven. God, observing their city and tower, confounds their speech so that they can no longer understand each other, and scatters them around the world.
  102. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/말
  103. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말씀
  104. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/말씀
  105. (mal, "language") + (tteut, "meaning")
  106. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말뜻
    말이 가지는 뜻이나 속내.
  107. Originally "triangle of reference" as coined in The Meaning of Meaning, 1923.
  108. My symbolism for WORD (SYMBOL)
  109. My symbolism for WORLD (REFERENT)
  110. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=말뜻
  111. It is quite problematic to say common-sensically that either speech or text or even a word in itself, say, "Apple's apple" has some meaning. Such may well be called "word magic," as per early Ogden and Richards. Lots of background knowledge is required to say that it is likely to mean the logo of Apple Inc. Yet to be cleared is which of the varieties exactly, say, "rainbow logo" or "black logo". Therefore, either "Apple's apple" or "Apple logo" is not precise even though concise. Language should be concise (so as not to be a harangue!) at the cost of being precise. Even if possible, the 1:1 map is nonsense! The map is not the territory. That is to say, the WORD is not the WORLD. The one is one thing; the other is another. Words make no magic, but the mind does, in such a way that "READER retrieves WORLD for WORD."
  112. Man's mind is trained more or less successfully to retrieve the precise WORLD from the concise WORD given, the rainbow Apple logo from the black logo given.
  113. Therefore, the writer and the reader may not agree, as blue and red.
  114. w: Princess Margaret (disambiguation)
  115. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=맑다
  116. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/맑다
  117. 산뜻하게 (기분이나 느낌이 깨끗하고 시원하게) 맑다.
  118. While quite exceptional, morning and evening are enough to let know that both stem from verbs. Mostly, such is the case with the other Germanic.
  119. From Latin margarīta, from Ancient Greek μαργαρίτης (margarítēs), from a loanword of Eastern origin.
  120. From Greek, to Italian margarita
  121. While being "of unknown origin," this has overcast Europe.
  122. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=맘마
  123. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/맘마
  124. This definition is rather implausible, for it is regardless of childish food. 어른의 ‘밥’보다 어린이 ‘먹이’ 관점이 아쉽다.
  125. Like Latin pappa, this is "the word with which infants call for food."
  126. (anatomy) The milk-secreting organ of female humans ... which includes the mammary gland and the nipple or teat; a breast; an udder
  127. "the word with which infants call for food", like Korean 맘마 (mamma)
  128. "breast, udder, teat, pap"
  129. "soft food"
  130. 1. the word with which infants call for food.
    Etymology 2
    Probably of childish, onomatopoetic origin.
    Descendants
    • Catalan: pap, papa
    • Galician: papa
    • Italian: pappa
    • Portuguese: papa
    • Romanian: papă
    • Spanish: papa
  131. Like the hoe, this can be used for digging rows, but primarily designed for weeding, hence one-handed. Another hand is to handle grass! Such is the case with the sickle, which is handled by one hand while the long grass by another. What a division of labor!
  132. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=매다
  133. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/매다
  134. In Contrast, to mow is to "cut down" outgrown grass, hence the idiom mow down.
  135. This is much more than a mere weeding tool.
  136. To cut down grass
  137. cf. Harke "rake"
  138. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=머구리
  139. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/머구리
  140. This has overridden the titled 머구리 (meoguri) entirely nowadays. Such was not the case, but rather the opposite, in old days.
  141. '개구리'의 방언(전북)
  142. '개구리1'의 방언(평안, 함경)
  143. '잠수부(潛水夫)'의 방언(함북)
  144. Naver: 메뚜기2
    1. 메뚜깃과의 곤충을 통틀어 이르는 말. 겹눈과 세 개의 홑눈이 있고 뒷다리가 발달하여 잘 뛴다. 불완전 변태를 하며 알로 겨울을 난다.
    Wikt: 메뚜기
    1. (literally, "meadow hopper") short-horned grasshopper, locust
  145. From wikt: ἦχος #Ancient Greek (êkhos, "sound"). See: w: Echo (mythology), who is a mountain nymph w: Oread
  146. wikt: verbero #Latin "I beat" 치다!
  147. Naver: 멧돼지
    1. 멧돼짓과의 포유류. 몸의 길이는 1~2미터, 어깨높이는 55~110cm이며, 몸빛은 검은색 또는 검은 갈색이다. 목에서 등에 걸쳐 빳빳한 털이 나 있다. 주둥이가 매우 길고 목은 짧으며 날카로운 엄니가 있다. 잡식성이고 유라시아 대륙 중부ㆍ남부의 산림에 분포한다. ≒산돼지1ㆍ산저(山豬)ㆍ야저. (Sus scrofa)(野豬)
    Wikt: 멧돼지
    1. wild boar (Sus scrofa)
  148. Perhaps more commonly, wild boar #English
  149. Etymology
    From mets ("forest") +‎ siga ("pig").
  150. Synonyms
    Assumed metsä ("forest") +‎ siga ("pig").
  151. Literally, "wild pig," and "mountain pig," respectively.
  152. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=모도다
  153. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/모으다
  154. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=목
  155. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/목
  156. The cognates have not included Old English nēah "near, close," comparative nēar, English near, next, knot, German nah, nach, Latin necto "I bind, unite, connect" etc.
  157. 따라서 장악하기 쉬운 곳.
    Thus something easy to catch. This is where forced bodily binding occurs most often.
  158. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=길목
    큰길에서 좁은 길로 들어가는 어귀.
  159. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=목구멍
    식도와 기도로 통하는 입안의 깊숙한 곳.
  160. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=목젖
    목구멍의 안쪽 뒤 끝에 위에서부터 아래로 내민 둥그스름한 살.
    appendage that hangs from the palate
  161. Etymology
    Borrowed from Late Latin ūvula (“little grape”), diminutive of Latin ūva (“grape”).
    Comments
    • To be precise, uvula should mean "little bunch of grapes," regardless of its metaphoric adequacy. This anomaly may be called the grain-grape or unit-set confusion.
  162. Literally, "little tongue."
  163. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=못
  164. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/못
  165. 1. A deep, wide defensive ditch, normally filled with water, surrounding a fortified habitation.
  166. cf. 해자 (haeja, "moat")
    1. 능(陵), 원(園), 묘(墓) 따위의 경계.
    2. 성 주위에 둘러 판 못.
  167. Etymology
    • (Etymonline) Old English "sheet of water, sea, lake, pool," from Proto-Germanic *saiwa- (...), of unknown origin ...
    • (Wiktionary) probably ... from Proto-Indo-European *sh₂ey-wo- (“to be fierce, afflict”) (compare Latin saevus (“wild, fierce”) ... cf. Korean 세다 (se-da, "to be strong, powerful")
    • (This project) English sea and the like may not mean "sheet of water" (Etymonline) but "seat of water," hence cognate with See of Holy See, both derived from Latin sedes (“seat”) related to Latin verb sedere (“to sit”).
  168. This largest division of the world ocean covers about 46% of Earth's water surface and about 32% of its total surface area, making it 3% larger than all of Earth's land area combined.
  169. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=물
  170. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/물
  171. 표준국어사전
    1. 여리고 단단하지 않다.
    2. 물기가 많아서 단단하지 않다.
  172. European cognates for "sea" is spread so wide.
  173. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=물레
  174. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/물레
  175. "To revolve round a central point"
  176. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=미르
  177. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/미르
  178. Hence, suggestive of the river as a long body of water.
    1. 용(龍: 상상의 동물) dragon, the imaginary creature.
    2. 임금, 천자(天子) king, the son of the heaven
    3. ...
  179. late 14c. loan-translation of Latin Via lactea
  180. Etymology
    From Old French amirail, amiral, from Arabic أَمِير اَلْبَحْر‎ (ʾamīr al-baḥr, “commander of the fleet”).
  181. emir
    • a prince, commander or other leader or ruler in an Islamic nation.
    • a descendant of the prophet Muhammad.
    Etymology
    From Old French emir, from Arabic أَمِير‎ (ʾamīr, “commander, prince”). Akin to amir, Amir and admiral. Doublet of amira.
    Derived terms
    • emirate
  182. Etymology
    Borrowed from Persian میر‎ (mir), from Arabic أَمِير‎ (ʾamīr). Doublet of wikt: अमीर (amīr).
  183. Portrait attributed to Titian (circa 1530)
  184. The last ruler to hold the title of shah
  185. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=미리내
  186. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=및
  187. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/및