Korean/Words/ㅂ

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말+/말씀+/물+/불+
Basics/News/Notes/Legend

바다[edit | edit source]

RR: bada

  1. sea
  2. large area where something flourishes
    • 불바다 (bul-bada, lit., "sea of fire" or vuurzee in Dutch exactly!) [1]
Relatives
  • 받다 (badda, "to support, receive")
  • 바다 (bada, "sea")
  • 바닥 (badag, "base, bottom")
  • 바당 (badang, "base, bottom")
  • 바당 (badang, Jeju dialect for "sea")
  • 바닿 (badah, old spell for "sea")
  • 바랄 (baral, old spell for "sea")
  • 바르 (bareu, Jeju dialect for "sea")
  • 바ᄅᆞᆯ (barwl, old spell for “sea”)
  • 바를 (bareul, Jeju dialect for "sea")
  • 바탕 (batang, "base, basis")
  • 버텅 (beoteong, "stepping stone")
  • 발 (bal, "foot")
  • 밭 (bat, "(flower) bed, (wheat) field")
Comparatives
  • вода #Russian (voda, "water")
  • water #Dutch ("water, body of water"), Listen to the audio.
  • Wasser #German ("water, body of water")
  • vatn #Icelandic ("water, body of water"); etc.
  • vadum #Latin (pl. vada)
    1. A shallow, ford, shoal.
    2. A body of water; sea, stream.
    3. The bottom of a body of water.
  • wadan #Old English
  • wade #English
  • bat #English
  • base #English
  • vase #English
  • vat #English
  • bath #English
  • Baden #German ("bath")
  • bottom #English
  • ball #English ("front bottom of foot")
  • bottom #English
  • foot #English
  • بحر #Arabic (bahr, "sea, large river")
Criticism
(Secondary research)
wikt: Reconstruction:Proto-Korean/patak
Etymology
Alexander Vovin suggests that this is a loan from Old Japanese (wata, “sea; ocean”).

The above reads that Proto-Korean for "sea" may be a loan from Old Japanese. This hypothesis may be well falsified by checking up how thickly both words for "sea" are related to other terms respectively in reality, as per mass comparison as it were. For Korean, see the Relatives and Comparatives above.

See also

RR: badag > badak

Noun
  1. 평평하게 넓이를 이룬 부분.
    plain, wide flat area
  2. 물체의 밑부분.
    bottom, bed, floor
  3. 지역이나 장소.
    place, area, ground
Noun 2
  1. '바다'의 방언 (경남, 전남)
    Dialect for "sea"
Relatives
  • 받다 to receive; support, propup; butt, head
  • 바다 sea; body of water
  • 바당 (obsolete) floor; (Jeju dialect) sea;
  • 바탕 base, ground
  • 마당 yard, ground
Comparatives

Korean/Words/바람


바람벽[edit | edit source]

Ashlar wall - Inca wall at Machu Picchu, Peru
Roman: baram-byeog
Split: 바람 (baram, possibly "nearby, surrounding") + 벽 (, byeog, "wall")
Noun
  1. 방이나 칸살의 옆을 둘러막은 둘레의 벽. [3]
    wall
Relatives
  • 바람
  • 바래다
  • 바래다주다
Comparatives
defensive wall defensive wall common wall
  • Danish: mur
  • Icelandic: múr
  • Norwegian: mur 
  • Swedish: mur
  • Danish
  • Icelandic
  • Norwegian: voll
  • Swedish: vall
  • Danish: væg
  • Icelandic: veggur
  • Norwegian: vegg
  • Swedish: vägg

Korean/Words/바르다

Korean/Words/박

Korean/Words/박다

박쥐[edit | edit source]

RR: bakjwi

  1. A bat (or, rearmouse, reermouse, reremouse, flindermouse, flittermouse, fluttermouse, flying-mouse, chiropter, chiropteran, etc.), from Middle English balke.
Etymology
Korean/Words/밝쥐 (balgjwi), a compound of 밝다 (balgda, "to be bright-eyed") + 쥐 (jwi, "rat")

Korean/Words/반달

Korean/Words/반하다

받다[edit | edit source]

RR: badda

  1. to receive, take
Relatives
  • 받들다 (baddeulda, "to support, uphold, esteem")
  • 바치다 (bachida, "to dedicate")
  • 받치다 (badchida, "to support, back up")
  • 받침 (badchim, "support, pad")
  • 바다 (bada, "sea")
  • 바닥 (badag, "base, bottom")
  • 바당 (badang, "base, bottom")
  • 바당 (badang, Jeju dialect for "sea")
  • 바닿 (badah, old spell for "sea")
  • 바랄 (baral, old spell for "sea")
  • 바르 (bareu, Jeju dialect for "sea")
  • 바를 (bareul, Jeju dialect for "sea")
  • 바ᄅᆞᆯ (barwl, old spell for “sea”)
  • 바탕 (batang, "base, basis")
  • 버텅 (beoteong, "stepstone")
  • 발 (bal, "foot")
  • 밭 (bat, "(flower) bed, (wheat) field")
  • 버티다 (beotida, "to resist, hold out, stand out; endure; prop up")
Comparatives
See also

Korean/Words/받이

Korean/Words/발

Korean/Words/발바리

밝다[edit | edit source]

RR: balg-da > bak-da

Adjective
  1. to be bright, light, clear, otherwise than dark, unclear
  2. to be bright, intelligent, etc.
  3. to be (in process of) dawning and morning
Antonyms
하얗다 까맣다
hayahda kkamahda
white, west black, north
Relatives
Bat
Comparatives
Tongues Remarks
"white"
Volga and Kama
Volga and Kama

The two merging Russian rivers Volga and Kama, possibly meaning respectively "white" and "black," thus, "west" and "north" as per the oriental tradition. As such, their etymology should be oriental, and Korean might be above all other candidates.

Volga
Kama
Volga Bulgaria
See also
  • w: Udmurt, perhaps literally meaning "upper river liver" as per Korean. Suggest otherwise!

Korean/Words/밟다


[edit | edit source]

Roman: bam [밤ː]
Noun
  1. 밤나무의 열매. 가시가 많이 난 송이에 싸여 있고 갈색 겉껍질 안에 얇고 맛이 떫은 속껍질이 있으며, 날것으로 먹거나 굽거나 삶아서 먹는다. [4] [5]
    chestnut
Relatives
Compounds
  • 단밤 (dan-, lit. "sweet chestnut") [6]
  • 말밤 (mal-, lit. "coarse chestnut" cf. 末栗)
  • 말밤* (mal-, "horse chestnut" [7])
  • 물밤 (mul-, lit. "water chestnut") [8]
  • 밤색 (-saeg, "brown" lit. "chestnut color")
Comparatives
See also

Korean/Words/밤불

Korean/Words/밤색

Korean/Words/밥

Korean/Words/밧줄


방아[edit | edit source]

Roman: bang-a
Older: 방하 (bang-ha)
Noun [9] [10]
  1. 곡식 따위를 찧거나 빻는 기구나 설비를 통틀어 이르는 말. 물방아, 디딜방아, 물레방아, 연자방아, 기계 방아, 쌍방아 따위가 있다.
    cf. Old Norse and Icelandic banga [11] > English bang
Compounds
  • 디딜방아 (didil-, "treadmill type")
  • 물(레)방아 (mulle-, "watermill type")
  • 연자방아 (yeonja-, "animal-engine type")
  • 방앗공이 (bang-at-gong-i, "pestle, pounder")
Relatives
  • 찧다 (jjih-da, "to pound")
  • 빻다 (ppah-da, "to pulverize")
Comparatives
bang #Etymology, etc.
  • English: bang
  • Icelandic: banga
  • Old Norse: banga

Korean/Words/방죽

Korean/Words/밭

Korean/Words/뱌비다


버들강아지[edit | edit source]

Etymology illustrated by pussy willow catkins from a children's book
Roman: beodeul-gangAji [12]
Older: 버들개야지 (beodeul-gaeyaji)
Hanja:
Noun [13]
  1. 버드나무의 꽃. [14]
버들강아지
See also

버텅아래[edit | edit source]

RR: beoteong-arae

  1. Your, His or Her Majesty
Synonyms
Comparatives
  • Majesty
    The common majesty is "the quality of being impressive and great." What could physically justify the royal Majesty? It may be especially when His/Her Majesty leads the great noble crowd. Likewise is the case with the Korean counterpart, which is a metonym from Korean 버텅 (beoteong, "stepstone" + 아래 (arae, "the lower part"), possibly a calque from Sino-Korean 폐하 (pyaeha) from Chinese 陛下, all suggesting the noble gathering below the royal stepstone. As such, great nobility, east and west, must act as a measure, metaphor and/or metonym for great royalty and/or majesty.
Comments
  • This entry is to enter 표준국어대사전 (pyojun-gukeo-daesajeon), too.



[edit | edit source]

Roman: beol
Noun
  1. 벌목의 곤충 가운데 개미류를 제외한 곤충을 통틀어 이르는 말. [16] [17]
    bee
Relatives
  • (kkul, "honey")
Compounds
Comparatives
bee honey
See also

Korean/Words/벌판


[edit | edit source]

Roman: beom
Noun
  1. 고양잇과의 포유류. 몸의 길이는 2미터 정도이며, 등은 누런 갈색이고 검은 가로무늬가 있으며 배는 흰색이다. 꼬리는 길고 검은 줄무늬가 있다. 삼림이나 대숲에 혼자 또는 암수 한 쌍이 같이 사는데 시베리아 남부에서 인도, 자바 등지에 분포한다. [18] [19]
    tiger
Synonyms
Compounds
Comparatives
From cougar #Translations
  • Bulgarian: пу́ма (púma)
  • Czech: puma
  • Danish: puma
  • Dutch: poema
  • English: puma
  • Estonian: puuma
  • Faroese: puma
  • Finnish: puuma
  • French: puma
  • Galician: puma
  • Georgian: პუმა (ṗuma)
  • German: Puma
  • Greek: πούμα (poúma)
  • Hungarian: puma
  • Indonesian: puma
  • Irish: púma
  • Italian: puma
  • Japanese: ピューマ (pyūma)
  • Javanese: puma
  • Khmer: ពូម៉ា (puumaa)
  • Korean: 퓨마 (pyuma)
  • Malay: Rumi: puma
  • Occitan: puma
  • Persian: پوما‎ (pumâ)
  • Polish: puma
  • Portuguese: puma
  • Quechua: puma
  • Romanian: pumă
  • Russian: пу́ма (púma)
  • Slovak: puma
  • Slovene: puma
  • Spanish: puma
  • Swahili: puma
  • Swedish: puma
  • Turkish: puma
  • Welsh: pwma


벼락[edit | edit source]

Strokes of cloud-to-ground lightning during a thunderstorm
Sound of a thunderstorm [22]
Jael shows the slain Sisera to Barak, by James Tissot.
Roman: byeorag
Noun [23] [24]
  1. 공중의 전기와 땅 위의 물체에 흐르는 전기 사이에 방전 작용으로 일어나는 자연 현상.
Synonyms
Korean Sino-Korean
Compounds
  • 돈벼락 (don-, "blessing with money") [31]
  • 벼락부자 (-buja, "an overnight millionaire")
Relatives
Comparatives
Adapted from
lightning #Translations
Adapted from
thunder #Translations
  • Akkadian: 𒉏𒄈 (birqu)
  • Arabic: بَرْق‎ (barq)
  • Aramaic: ܒܪܩܐ‎ (barqā)
  • Ge'ez: በረቀ (bäräḳä)
    • Tigre: በርቅ (bärḳ)
  • Hebrew: בָּרָק‎ (barák) [32]
  • Korean: 벼락 (byeorak)
  • Persian: برق‎ (barq)
  • Somali: biriq
  • Tajik: барқ (barq)
  • Ugaritic: 𐎁𐎗𐎖 (brq)
  • Uyghur: بەرق‎ (berq)
  • Indonesian: guruh
  • Malay: guruh
  • Kazakh: күркіреу (kürkirew)
  • Kyrgyz: күркүрөө (kürküröö)
  • Belarusian: гром (hrom)
  • Bulgarian: гръм (grǎm)
  • Czech: hrom
  • Polish: grom
  • Russian: гром (grom)
  • Serbo-Croatian: гром (grom)
  • Slovak: hrom
  • Slovene: grom
See also
  • 구름 (gureum, "cloud") as the phenomenal source of 벼락 "thunderbolt"
  • 구르다 (gureuda, "to roll") as the onomatopoeic source of 구름 "cloud"


[edit | edit source]

Berlin Wall in 1986
Seawall [33] and beach of Wenduine, Belgium, on the North Sea.
Roman: byeog
Hanja:
Noun [34] [35]
  1. 집이나 방 따위의 둘레를 막은 수직 건조물.
    wall
  2. 극복하기 어려운 한계나 장애를 비유적으로 이르는 말.
    barrier, obstacle
Compounds
Relatives
See also: (What's common in the following?)
Comparatives
From veggr #Old Norse, etc.
  • Cantonese: 壁 (bek, bik)
  • Danish: væg, vægge, vegg
  • Faroese: veggur
  • Icelandic: veggur
  • Korean: 벽 (壁, byeog)
  • Norwegian: vegg
  • Old English: wǣġ
  • Old Norse: veggr
  • Swedish: vägg

Korean/Words/변두리

Korean/Words/별

Korean/Words/보다

Korean/Words/보름


보리[edit | edit source]

Roman: bori
Noun [38] [39]
  1. 볏과의 두해살이풀. 줄기는 높이가 1미터 정도이고 곧고 속이 비었으며, 마디가 길다. 잎은 어긋나고 긴 선 모양으로 겉이 매끄러우며 나란히맥이 있다. 꽃은 5월에 수상(穗狀) 화서로 달리는데 이삭에는 까끄라기가 있다. 알이 껍질에서 잘 떨어지는지에 따라 쌀보리와 겉보리로, 파종 시기에 따라 가을보리와 봄보리로 나눈다. 보리쌀은 보리밥ㆍ맥주ㆍ된장ㆍ빵 따위의 원료이고, 줄기는 여름 모자ㆍ공예품ㆍ제지용ㆍ퇴비 따위에 쓴다. 서남아시아, 이집트가 원산지로 전 세계 온대 지방에서 재배한다.
    barley, cf. Old English bere
Comparatives
From beer #Translations
  • Dutch: bier
  • English: beer
  • German: Bier
  • Icelandic: bjór
  • Old English: bēor
  • Old French: biere
  • Old Norse: bjórr


보풀[edit | edit source]

The seeds of the poplar tree are easily dispersed by the wind, thanks to the fine hairs surrounding them. --Wikipedia: Populus
The seeds of a cottonwood (Populus deltoides) --Wiktionary: cottonwood
Roman: bopul
Noun
  1. 종이나 헝겊 따위의 거죽에 부풀어 일어나는 몹시 가는 털. [40] [41]
    fluff [42]
Relatives
  • 포플러 (popeulleo) from poplar
  • 포퓰러 (popyulleo) from popular
  • 포플린 (popullin) from poplin
  • 뽀뿌링 (ppoppuring) likely from Japanese pronunciation
Comparatives
Uses
  • 보풀펄럭이다
    bopul-i peolleok-ida
    Fluffs are fluffing.
See also

Korean/Words/볼

Korean/Words/볼록


부글부글[edit | edit source]

Boiling water keeps bubbling, hence reduplication in itself!
Roman: bugeul-bugeul
Older:
Hanja:
Adverb [43] [44]
  1. 액체가 (주로 끓을 때) 요란스럽게 잇따라 많은 거품을 일으키는 소리나 겉보기.
    (reduplication as in boiling of liguid) bubblingly.
Compounds
Relatives
  • 거품 (geopum, "bubble" as an outcome from bubbling)
  • 끓다 (kkeulhda, "to boil," necessarily bubbling)
Comparatives
  • Adapted from bubble #Translations, equivalent to 거품 (geopum) above,
    demonstrating the global reduplicating nature of bubbles!
Egyptian Arabic: بقبيقة‎ (buʾbēʾa)
Aragonese: bambolla 
Armenian: պղպջակ (płpǰak)
Assamese: বুৰবুৰণি (burburoni)
Asturian: burbuya 
Basque: burbuila
Belarusian: бу́рбалка (búrbalka)
Bengali: বুদ্বুদ (budbud)
Catalan: bombolla 
Czech: bublina 
Danish: boble 
Galician: burbulla, gurgulla 
Greek/Ancient: πομφόλυξ (pomphólux)
Gujarati: બબલ (babal)
Hindi: बुलबुला (bulbulā), बुदबुदा (budbudā)
Hungarian: buborék 
Latvian: burbulis 
Lithuanian: burbulas 
Maori: mirumiru
Marathi: बुडबुडा (buḍbuḍā)
Nepali: बबल (babal)
Norwegian: bubla 
Oriya: ବୁଦ୍ ବୁଦ୍ (bud bud)
Portuguese: borbulha 
Punjabi: ਬੁਲਬੁਲਾ (bulbulā)
Sanskrit: बुद्बुद (budbuda)
Sindhi: بدبدو‎ (budibudō)
Sinhalese: බුබුළු (bubuḷu)
Slovak: bublina 
Spanish: burbuja 
Swedish: bubbla 
Vietnamese: bong bóng 
See also

Korean/Words/부르다


부풀다[edit | edit source]

Female bosoms
Lips.
Roman: bupul-da
Verb [46] [47]
  1. 살가죽이 붓거나 부르터 오르다.
    to swell
  2. 종이나 헝겊 따위의 거죽에 부풀이 일어나다.
    to get fluffy, fuzzy, nappy, shaggy
Synonyms
  • 붓다 (bus-da, "to swell")
Relatives
  • 보풀 (bopul, "fluff, nap")
Comparatives
"bosom" "lip"
See also

Korean/Words/북


[edit | edit source]

Fire! [48] 불이야! [49]
Roman: bul
Noun [50] [51]
  1. 물질이 산소와 화합하여 높은 온도로 빛과 열을 내면서 타는 것.
    fire
Antonyms
  • (mul, "water, body of water")
Comparatives
Adapted from wikt: fire #Translations & #Etymology
Germanic Nordic Others
  • Dutch: vuur
  • English: fire
    Old English: fȳr, bæl
  • German: Feuer
    Old High German: fiur
    Alemannic German: Füür
  • Limburgish: vuur
  • Danish: bål
  • Icelandic: bál
    Old Norse: bál
  • Norwegian: bål
  • Swedish: bål
  • Greek: φωτιά (fotiá)
    Ancient: πῦρ (pûr)
  • Korean: 불 (bul)
  • Tocharian A: por
  • Tocharian B: puwar
See also


불개미[edit | edit source]

Roman: bul-gaemi
Noun
  1. 붉은색의 작은 개미를 통틀어 이르는 말. [52] 단것을 좋아하는 습성이 있다. 개밋과의 곤충. 일개미의 몸의 길이는 5~8mm이며, 어두운 붉은 황색에 더듬이와 배는 갈색이고 온몸에 누런색 여린 털이 빽빽이 나 있다. 암컷의 몸의 길이는 0.9~1.1cm이며, 머리와 가슴은 붉은 황색이다. 일본잎갈나무의 잎으로 높은 집을 짓고 그 밑 땅속에서 사는데 한국, 일본 등지에 분포한다.[53]
    fire ant [54]
Relatives
  • 불 (bul, "fire")
  • 개미 (ant, "ant")
Comparatives
See also


불거지다[edit | edit source]

A tent with a bulge in the side.
Roman: bulgeojida [55]
Older:
Hanja:
Verb [56]
  1. 물체의 거죽으로 둥글게 툭 비어져 나오다. [57]
  2. 어떤 사물이나 현상이 두드러지게 커지거나 갑자기 생겨나다. [58]
Relatives
  • 불룩 (bulluk, "bulgingly")
  • 볼록 (bollok, "less bulgingly")
  • 붉어지다 (bulgeojida, "to get red") [59]
  • 밝아지다 (balgajida, "to get brightened")
    See: 밝다 (balgda, "to be bright")
Comparatives
Czech: boule 
Dutch: bult
German: Beule 
Korean: 부루퉁이 (burutung-i)
Spanish: bulto
Swedish: bula
Dutch: wol
German: Wolle
Latvian: vilna 
Lithuanian: vilna 
Macedonian: во́лна (vólna) 
Polish: wełna
Slovene: volna
Dutch: volk 
German: Volk 
Norwegian: folk 
Swedish: folk 

French: peuple 
Italian: popolo 
Latin: populus 

Korean/Words/불곰

Korean/Words/불나비


불다[edit | edit source]

The fire breath is an extension of blowing the fire.
Roman: bul-da
Verb [60] [61]
  1. 바람이 일어나서 어느 방향으로 움직이다.
    (for the wind) to blow
  2. 입을 오므리고 날숨을 내어보내어, 입김을 내거나 바람을 일으키다.
    to blow (the fire, wind intrument, etc.), to produce an air current, to propel by an air current.
Relatives
Comparatives
From #Translations
Germanic
  • Dutch: blazen
  • English: blow
  • German: blasen
  • Old Frisian: blā
Nordic
  • Danish: blæse
  • Faroese: blása
  • Norwegian:
  • Swedish: blåsa

Korean/Words/불두덩

Korean/Words/불룩

Korean/Words/불리다

불바다[edit | edit source]

RR: bulbada

Compound of 불(bul, "fire") + 바다(bada, "sea," also, a figure for a large area), literally, "sea of fire"
  1. conflagration, i.e., "a large fire extending to many objects, or over a large space; a general burning".
Compares

Korean/Words/불알

Korean/Words/붉다


붓다[edit | edit source]

A bud starting to open
Opening flower buds
Roman: but-da
Sound: [붇ː따]
Noun [62] [63]
  1. 살가죽이나 어떤 기관이 부풀어 오르다.
    to swell
Homonyms
  • 액체나 가루 따위를 다른 곳에 담다. (to pour)
Synonyms
Relatives
  • 움트다 (umteu-da, "to bud")
  • 싹트다 (ssakteu-da, "to bud")
  • 부르트다 (bureuteu-da, "to blister, swell up")
  • 벌어지다 (beol-eo-ji-da, "to unfold")
Comparatives
From bud #Translations [64]
  • Czech: pupen
  • English:bud
  • French: bourgeon, bouton
  • Italian: boccio
  • Macedonian: пупка (pupka)
  • Russian: буто́н (butón)
  • Portuguese: botão
  • Spanish: botón, brote
  • Venetian: buto, but

비치다[edit | edit source]

RR: bichida

  1. 빛이 나서 환하게 되다.
    • to shine
Relatives
  • 비추다 (bichuda, "to shine or shed light on")
  •   (bich, "light")
  • 빛나다 (bichnada, "to shine"), the compound of (bich, "light") + 나다(nada, "to come out")
Comparatives
"to shine"

Korean/Words/빌다

[edit | edit source]

RR: bich or bit

  1. light, ray, gleam; gloss; flash
  2. color, hue, tint
  3. look, sign
  4. prospect, hope
Comparatives
Meaning "white"
See also

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. One of the most terrific threats of North Korea is such that they could/would make Seoul a sea of fire.
  2. This looks and sounds like a compound of Korean 바닥 (badak, "flat place") + 산 (san, "mount"), cf. 고원 (高原, gowon, lit., "high flat place").
  3. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=바람벽
  4. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=밤
  5. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/밤#Etymology_2
  6. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=단밤
  7. Assumed, hence the asterisk, as originally meaning "coarse chestnut."
  8. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=물밤
  9. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=방아
  10. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/방아
  11. The last "-a" is nothing but a verbal suffix.
  12. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=버들강아지
  13. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/버들강아지
  14. Literally, "willow puppy," contrasting with "willow catkin," explicating "willow flower," that is, catkin
  15. 폐하 1 陛下
    1. 황제나 황후에 대한 경칭.
    폐하 2 陛下
    1. 뜰의 층계 아래.
  16. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=벌
  17. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/벌
  18. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=범
  19. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/범
  20. "Puma" is the common name used in Latin America and most parts of Europe. The term puma is also used in the United States. The first use of puma in English dates to 1777, introduced from Spanish, and prior from the Quechua language in the 16th century, where it means "powerful".
  21. The cougar holds the Guinness record for the animal with the greatest number of names, with over 40 in English alone.
  22. You miss a thundercrack here.
  23. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=벼락
  24. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/벼락
  25. The Korean order is also thunder followed by lightning as "천둥번개". But the natural order is lightening followed by thunder, of course.
  26. (mimic) cf. 번쩍
  27. (onomatopoeic) See also
    • 우르렁 (ureureong, "thundering sound") cf. 으르렁 (eureureong, "deep roaring sound as of the lion")
    • 구름 (gureum, "cloud" as the source of lightning and thunder) cf. 구르다 (gureuda, "to roll")
  28. 번개우레 is proposed to replace 천둥번개. However, 벼락 is everything anyway!
  29. 천둥과 번개를 동반하는 대기 중의 방전 현상.
  30. 천둥과 번개를 동반한 비.
  31. 갑자기 한꺼번에 생긴 많은 돈을 비유적으로 이르는 말.
  32. Etymology
    Barak ברק means lightning in Hebrew. Barcas, the surname of the famous Hamilcar Barca, is the Punic equivalent of the name.
  33. Dutch zeedijk
  34. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=벽
  35. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/벽
  36. Often surrounded by the moat to make more defensive.
  37. https://ko.dict.naver.com/kokodict/#/search?query=장벽 障壁
    1. 가리어 막은 벽.
    2. 둘 사이의 관계를 순조롭지 못하게 가로막는 장애물.
    3. 장애가 되는 것이나 극복하기 어려운 것.
  38. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=보리
  39. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/보리
  40. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=보풀
  41. Korean 보풀 (bopul) itself is a reduplication; it is even doubled as 보풀보풀 (bopul-bopul).
  42. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/보풀
  43. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=부글부글
  44. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/부글부글
  45. The suffix -거리다 (-georida) is used for reduplication.
  46. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=부풀다
  47. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/부풀다
  48. A village on fire by Franciszek Kostrzews (1862) Paintings in the National Museum in Warsaw
  49. Literally, it is fire!
  50. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=불
  51. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/불
  52. This part of definition suggests that Korean "fire ant" is because of its red color rather than painful sting.
  53. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=불개미
  54. Fire ants sting painfully, hence the name, East and West.
  55. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=불거지다
  56. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/불거지다
  57. to bulge, protrude
  58. to emerge, come out, be exposed
  59. This sense is unlikely, or less unlikely than the next.
  60. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=불다
  61. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/불다
  62. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=붓다
  63. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/붓다
  64. "newly formed leaf or flower that has not yet unfolded"