From Wikiversity
< Korean‎ | Words
Jump to navigation Jump to search







펄럭[edit | edit source]

The flag of the United Nations is flagging or flapping in the wind.
Birds of a feather flock together. For example, gulls do in a feeding frenzy.
Roman: peolleog
Adverb [1] [2]
  1. 깃발 따위가 바람에 이리저리 나부끼는 소리든 꼴이든 둘다든.
    (imitative) In such a way that something like a flag is flapping or fluttering in (or as blown by) the wind.
    This serves as the stem of the following frequentatives:
    • 펄럭펄럭 (-peoleok) adv. (reduplication)
    • 펄럭이다 (-ida) v.
    • 펄럭대다 (-daeda) v.
    • 펄럭거리다 (-georida) v.
  • flag #English and Germanic and Slavic translations
  • Danish: flag
  • Dutch: vlag
  • English: flag
  • German: Flagge
  • Icelandic: flagg
  • Norwegian: flagg
  • Swedish: flagga
  • Belarusian: флаг (flah)
  • Bulgarian: флаг (flag)
  • Czech: vlajka
  • Polish: flaga
  • Russian: флаг (flag)
  • fly #English and Germanic translations
  • Danish: flyve
  • Icelandic: fljúga
  • Norwegian: flyge
  • Swedish: flyga
  • Dutch: vliegen
  • German: fliegen
  • Low German: flegen
  • West Frisian: fleane
  • Old English: flēogan
  • English: fly
  • bird #English, and Germanic translations
  • Danish: fugl
  • Icelandic: fugl
  • Norwegian: fugl
  • Swedish: fågel
  • Dutch: vogel
  • German: Vogel
  • Low German: Vagel
  • West Frisian: fûgel
See also




포도[edit | edit source]

A bunch of grapes
Crimson glory vine [7] fruits, sold in Mungyeong, Korea
Roman: podo
Hanja: 葡萄
Noun [8] [9]
  1. 포도과의 낙엽 활엽 덩굴성 나무. 덩굴은 길게 뻗고 덩굴손으로 다른 것에 감아 붙는다. 잎은 어긋나고 원형이며 3~5개로 얕게 갈라진다. 첫여름에 엷은 녹색의 꽃이 원추(圓錐) 화서로 피고, 열매는 둥근 모양의 장과(漿果)로 가을에 익는다. 서부 아시아가 원산지로 온대 지방에 분포한다. ≒포도나무. (Vitis vinifera)
  2. 포도나무 열매. 자줏빛, 푸른빛, 검은빛 따위의 여러 가지가 있다. 포도당, 비타민 따위가 함유되어 있으며 맛은 달고 새큼하다. 날로 먹거나 건포도 또는 포도주로 가공하여 먹는다.
    grain of grape cf. French grain de raisin [10] [11]
  • 머루 (meoru, “wild grape, (obsolete) grape”) [12]
  • 포도송이 (-song-i, "a bunch of grapes") [13] [14]
  • 산포도 (san-, "wild grape," lit. "mountain grape")
Germanic Norse Latinic
See also
  • 목젖 (mokjeot, "uvula," lit. "throat teat")



풀무[edit | edit source]

The bellows inhale and exhale as the lungs do.
The lungs inhale and exhale as the bellows do.
Roman: pulmu
Older: 불무 (bulmu), 불모 (bulmo)
Noun [15] [16]
  1. 불을 피울 때에 바람을 일으키는 기구. [17]
  • (bul, "fire")
  • 바람 (baram, "wind" ie air flow)
  • 부레 (bure, "bladder")
  • 부아 (bua, "lung")
  • (bol, "cheek; ball (of thumb, feet, shoes, etc.)"
  • 볼기 (bolgi, "buttocks")
  • 볼록 (bollok, "convex") (mild, weak imitative) [19]
  • 불룩 (bollok, "convex") (wild, strong imitative) [20]
  • 불다 (bulda, "to blow")
  • 부르다 (bureuda, "to swell, bulge" adj. "to be full, bulging")
  • 부풀다 (bupulda, "to swell, bulge")
  • 불리다 (bullida, "to make (something) swell; to make (iron) hardened")
  • 불거지다 (bulgeojida, "to bulge")
The accordion is a musical bellows, as it were. [21]

품다[edit | edit source]

Roman: pumda
Verb [22]
  1. 괴어 있는 물을 계속해서 많이 푸다.
    to repeatedly draw water from its body, likely using a certain device. (frequentative)
    cf. Middle English pumpe, German pumpen (frequentative)
Germanic Latinic



Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=펄럭
  2. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/펄럭
  3. Note: flock #Etymology 2 ("tufts of wool or cotton")
  4. Now fowl replaced by bird since 14th c.
  5. Compare with poultry, i.e., "domestic fowl (e.g. chickens, ducks, turkeys, and geese) raised for food (either meat or eggs)." Then what is the fowl in itself?
  6. bridd, brid "young bird, chick" > bird
  7. Vitis coignetiae, called crimson glory vine, is a plant belonging to the genus Vitis that is native to the temperate climes of Asia, where it can be found in the Russian Far East, (Sakhalin); Korea; and Japan (Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku). It was described botanically in 1883. It is called meoru (머루) in Korean and yama-budo (ヤマブドウ) in Japanese.
  8. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=포도
  9. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/포도
  10. Most European words for "grape" originally meant "bunch" rather than "grain" as of grapes.
  11. English raisin "dried grape" from French raisin "grape" from Latin racēmus "cluster or bunch of grapes, berries or similar fruits"
  12. Compare:
  13. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=포도송이
    1. 한 꼭지에 모여 달린 포도알의 덩어리.
      a bunch or cluster of grapes
  14. Wikt: 송이
    1. a bunch of flowers, grapes, mushrooms; a flake of snow
      • 포도 송이 (podo song-i, "a bunch of grapes")
  15. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=풀무
  16. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/풀무
  17. Instead of the bellows, you may use your cheek and mouth as well as lungs to blow the fire.
  18. (informal, archaic) the lungs
  19. Antonym: 오목 (omog, "concave")
  20. Antonym: 우묵 (umug, "concave")
  21. Accordion § Bellows
    The bellows is the most recognizable part of the instrument, and the primary means of articulation. The production of sound in an accordion is in direct proportion to the motion of the bellows by the player. In a sense, the role of the bellows can be compared to the role of moving a violin's bow on bowed strings. For a more direct analogy, the bellows can be compared to the role of breathing for a singer.
  22. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=품다
    1. 낮은 곳의 물을 높은 곳의 논이나 밭으로 퍼 올리는 데 쓰는 농기구.
      a long bucket to pump or draw water up to a higher field