Korean/Words/ㅎ

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말+/말씀+/물+/불+
Basics/News/Notes/Legend


하나[edit | edit source]

Chinese character for "one"
Evolution of the Arabic numeral 1 symbol from the Brahmin Indians to the Europeans
Shang Dynasty bronze script character for tian (天), which translates to Heaven and sky. [1]
Roman: hana
Numeral [2] [3]
  1. [수사] 수효를 세는 맨 처음 수.
    one
  2. [명사] 뜻, 마음, 생각 따위가 한결같거나 일치한 상태.
    oneness
Relatives
  • 하늘 (haneul, "heaven; Heaven, heavenly god")
  • (han, adj. "one")
Compounds
Comparatives
  • Danish: én
  • Dutch: één, een
  • English: one
  • German: ein
  • Greek: ένα (éna), ancient: ἕν (hén)
  • Korean: 하나 (hana), 한 (han)
  • Latin: ūnus, ūna
  • Norwegian: én, éin
  • Swedish: en

Korean/Words/하느님

Korean/Words/하늘

Korean/Words/하늬


하얗다[edit | edit source]

Roman: hayahda [6]
Older:
Hanja:
Adjective [7]
  1. to be white
Relatives

[edit | edit source]

RR: han
RR: han [8]
  1. one
Relatives

Korean/Words/한글

Korean/Words/한말


한물[edit | edit source]

Roman: hanmul
Noun
  1. 홍수. 비가 많이 와서 강이나 개천에 갑자기 크게 불은 물. [10]
    flood, deluge, or a great body of water. [11]
Synonyms
Comparatives

Korean/Words/한양

Korean/Words/할퀴다


[edit | edit source]

Roman: hae [12]
Older: (hvi) [13]
Hanja:
Noun [14]
  1. sun
  2. year [15]
Compounds
  • 햇귀 (haet-gwi) from 귀 (hvit-gwi) radiant sunbeam, lit., sun's ear [16]
  • 햇귀엣골 (haet-gwiet-gol) from 귀엣골 (hvit-gwiet-gol) sun's halo, lit., sun's earring
  • 햇무리 (haet-muri) from 모로 (hvit-moro) sun's halo [17]
  • 햇바퀴 (haet-bakwi) from 바회 (hvit-bahoe) sun, lit., sun's wheel
  • 햇빛 (haet-bit) from 빛 (hvit-bit) sunlight
Relatives
Comparatives

해바라기[edit | edit source]

RR: haebaragi [21]
해바라기2
  1. sunflower
Synonyms

Korean/Words/해오라기


해자[edit | edit source]

What Nanjing looked like in the Ming Dynasty.
Note its well-done defensive wall and moat.
Roman: haeja
Hanja: 垓字
Noun [22] [23]
  1. 능(陵), 원(園), 묘(墓) 따위의 경계.
    edge, boundary (of a garden, graveyard, mausoleum, etc.), cf. hedge [24] [25]
  2. 성 주위에 둘러 판 못.
    moat [26]
Synonyms
  • 성밑못 (城밑못, seongmitmot, literally, "ditch below the defence wall")
  • 성하지 (城下池, seonghaji, literally, "ditch below the defence wall")
  • 성호 (城壕, 城濠, seongho, "water-filled")
  • 성황 (城隍, seonghwang, "without water") [27]
    • 서낭신 < 성황신 (城隍神, seonghwangsin) [28]
    • 서낭당 < 성황당 (城隍堂, seonghwangdang) [29]
  • 황 (隍, hwang) (dry moat; also such ditch, trench)
  • 호 (濠, 壕, ho) (water-filled moat; also such ditch, trench)
  • 참 (塹, cham, "trench")
  • 참호 (塹壕, chamho, "trench")
Relatives
  • 해 (垓, hae, "boundary, edge (of land); defence")
  • (mot, "pond, pool; moat")
Associatives
Comparatives
Adapted from wikt: The Hague #Translations and wikt: Copenhagen #Translations [32]
Germanic
English: The Hague Copenhagen
Dutch: Den Haag Kopenhagen
German: Den Haag Kopenhagen
Nordic
Danish: Haag København [33]
Icelandic: Haag Kaupmannahöfn
Norwegian: Haag København
Swedish: Haag Köpenhamn
Slavic
Czech: Haag Kodaň
Polish: Haga Kopenhaga
Bulgarian: Ха́га (Hága) Ко́пенхаген (Kópenhagen)
Russian: Гаа́га (Gaága) Копенга́ген (Kopengágen)
Ukrainian: Гаа́ґа (Haága) Копенга́ген m (Kopenháhen)
Latinic
Latin: Haga Hafnia
French: La Haye Copenhague
Italian: L'Aia Copenaghen
Portuguese: Haia Copenhague, Copenhaga
Spanish: La Haya Copenhague

햇귀[edit | edit source]

햇귀
旭日旗
(きょくじつき, Kyokujitsu-ki)
The Rising Sun Flag
RR: haetgwi [34]
  1. the rising sun's rays, literally, sun's ear. [35]
Derivatives
  • 햇귀엣골 or 해귀엣골 (haegwietgol, "the halo of the sun")
Comparatives


햇물[edit | edit source]

RR: haetmul [36]
  1. halo of the sun. [37]
Synonyms
Compares

Korean/Words/혹

환하다[edit | edit source]

RR: hwan-hada [38]
  1. sunny, bright, light, clear
  2. open, wide open, wide
  3. clear, unambiguous
Relatives
  • 보다 (boda, "to see")
  • 보이다 (boida, "to be seen")
  • 비다 (biuda, "to be void, empty")
  • 비우다 (biuda, "to (make) void, empty")
  • 비추다 (bichuda, "to shed light")
  • 비치다 (bichida, "to shine")
  • 빛 (bit, "light")
  • 빗 (bit, "comb")
  • 빗다(bitda, "to comb")
  • 빗살 (bitsal, "tooth of a comb")
  • 햇빛 (baetbit, "sunlight")
  • 햇살 (baetsal, "sun's rays")


황제[edit | edit source]

Emperor of emperors
Roman: hwangje
Hanja: 皇帝, 黃帝
Noun
  1. 황제 (皇帝)
    emperor
  2. 황제 (黃帝)
    (primordial) emperor of emperors, lit., yellow emperor [39]
Associatives
  • kuning #Indonesian ("yellow")
  • kuning #Old Dutch ("king")
  • kun #Japanese ("king")
  • kun #Min_Nan ("king")
Suffix -ing
  • "Forming derivative nouns (originally masculine), with the sense ‘son of, belonging to’, as patronymics or diminutives."
See also

후레아들[edit | edit source]

RR: hure-adeul [41]
  1. son of a whore, son of a bitch
Alternatives
  • 호레아들 (hore-adeul)
  • 호래아들 (horae-adeul)
Synonyms
  • 호래자식 (horae-jasik) [42]
  • 호로자식 (horo-jasik) [43]
  • 후레자식 (hure-jasik)
Relatives
Comparatives
Germanic Norse


Korean/Words/훈

Korean/Words/휙획



흩뿌리다[edit | edit source]

Roman: heut-ppurida [48]
Older:
Hanja:
Verb
  1. 마구 흩어지게 뿌리다 "to spray dispersing randomly" [49]
Relatives
Comparatives


희다[edit | edit source]

Roman: 희다 (huida) [50]
Usual: 히다 (hida)
Older: 다 (hvida, h`ida) [51]
Hanja:
Adjective [52]
  1. to be white
Relatives
  • (hae, "sun; year") [53] from (h`i)
  • (bit, "light") [54]
  • 해빛 (haebit, lit., "sunlight") [55]
  • 햇빛 (haetbit, lit., "sun's light") [56] from 빛 (h`itbit)
  • 하얗다 (hayahda, "to be white") [57]
Comparatives
Germanic Nordic Slavic [58]

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. This bronze script looks like the personification of Heaven.
  2. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=하나
  3. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/하나
  4. Used by protestants, probably to emphasize the oness of God.
  5. From 하늘 (haneul, "heaven") + 님 (nim, honorific suffix)
  6. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=하얗다
  7. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/하얗다
  8. Naver: 한1
    1. 그 수량이 하나임을 나타내는 말.
    2. ‘어떤’의 뜻을 나타내는 말.
    3. ‘같은’의 뜻을 나타내는 말.
    Wikt: 한 #Etymology_2
    1. one
    2. (before a numeral) about, around
  9. which killed around 140,000 people.
  10. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=한물
  11. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/한물
  12. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=해
  13. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/entry/koko/6c8dfef4b08645a6951d64bb3328c168
  14. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/해
  15. It would be only science that a word like this makes sense of both sun and year together.
  16. cf. 旭日旗 (kyoku-jitsu-ki, "The Rising Sun Flag")
  17. cf. 日の丸 (hi-no-maru, "the flag of Japan")
  18. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=희다
    https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/희다
  19. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=하얗다
    https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/하얗다
  20. 日章旗
  21. Wikt: 해바라기
  22. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=해자
  23. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/해자
  24. As English hedge is only physically defined as "fence" in the dictionary, you'd better compare Korean 해자 (haeja, "border, boundary; moat") with Dutch Den Haag ("The Hague") or 's-Gravenhage, based on haag ("hedge"). In such Dutch toponyms, there's no physical sense of "fence" but just "border, boundary, enclosure" or the like.
  25. 's-Gravenhage #Etymology
    From the 17th century des graven hage ("the count's hedge"), referring to the Count of Holland. The older name was Den Haghe ("the hedge"), which continues into the modern name of the city.
  26. The etymology relating to English motte ("mound, hillock") is problematic. It is like confusing the river with the mount, however related both may be.
    1. (literary, historical) city wall and moat; protected city
    2. (mythology, religion) City God, god of the moat and the walls
  27. 토지와 마을을 지켜 준다는 신
  28. 서낭신을 모신 집
  29. Dutch Den Haag, short form of 's-Gravenhage, from Middle Dutch des Graven hage (1400s), literally, "the Count's hedge[-enclosed hunting grounds]"
  30. The last part hagen may be the plural form of Dutch haag.
  31. 덴헤이그 vs. 코펜헤이그
  32. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/K%C3%B8benhavn#Danish
    Descendants
    • → Swedish: Köpenhamn
    • → Low German: Kopenhagen
      • → German: Kopenhagen
      • → English: Copenhagen
      • → French: Copenhague
      • → Italian: Copenhaghen
      • → Russian: Копенгаген (Kopengagen)
    Comments
    • This Wiktionary claim may be overdone.
  33. 햇귀
  34. 표준국어대사전 정의
    1. 해가 처음 솟을 때의 빛.
    2. =햇발(사방으로 뻗친 햇살).
  35. Naver: 햇물1
    1. [haetmul] > [haemmul], which is easier to pronounce.
    1. =햇무리(햇빛이 대기 속의 수증기에 비치어 해의 둘레에 둥글게 나타나는 빛깔이 있는 테두리).
  36. Naver: 환하다1
    1. 빛이 비치어 맑고 밝다.
    2. 앞이 탁 트여 넓고 시원스럽다.
    3. 무슨 일의 조리나 속내가 또렷하다.
    Wikt: 환하다
    1. bright, light, radiant
  37. Yellow Emperor #As ancestor
    "Throughout history, several sovereigns and dynasties claimed (or were claimed) to descend from the Yellow Emperor."
    • kun #Min Nan
    • kun #Japanese
  38. Naver: 후레아들
    1. =후레자식(배운 데 없이 제풀로 막되게 자라 교양이나 버릇이 없는 사람을 낮잡아 이르는 말).
  39. Naver: 호래자식
    어원: ←홀+-의+자식(子息)
    1. 배운 데 없이 막되게 자라 교양이나 버릇이 없는 사람을 낮잡아 이르는 말. ≒호노자식ㆍ호래아들.
  40. Naver: 호로자식 (胡奴子息)
    1. ‘호래자식(배운 데 없이 막되게 자라 교양이나 버릇이 없는 사람을 낮잡아 이르는 말)’의 잘못.
    Naver: 호노자식 (胡奴子息)
    1. =호래자식
  41. Naver: 홀-
    1. ((몇몇 명사 앞에 붙어))‘짝이 없이 혼자뿐인’의 뜻을 더하는 접두사.
  42. Naver: 호리1
    1. 소 한 마리가 끄는 간편한 쟁기.
  43. Naver: 겨리1
    1. 소 두 마리가 끄는 쟁기.
  44. hore #Old English
    IPA [ˈhoː.re]
    Descendants
  45. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=흩뿌리다
  46. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=희다
  47. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/entry/koko/6479f82e45364904ab0291c8321f33c4
  48. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/희다
  49. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=해
    https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/해
  50. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=빛
  51. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=해빛
  52. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=햇빛
    https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/햇빛
  53. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=하얗다
    https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/하얗다
  54. "light"
  55. IPA: /kʋiːt/