Korean/Words/ㅎ

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-ㄱ-ㄲ-ㄴ-ㄷ-ㄸ-ㄹ-ㅁ-ㅂ-ㅃ-ㅅ-ㅆ-ㅇ-ㅈ-ㅉ-ㅊ-ㅋ-ㅌ-ㅍ-ㅎ-
말+/말씀+/물+/불+
Basics/News/Notes/Legend


하나[edit | edit source]

Chinese character for "one"
Evolution of the Arabic numeral 1 symbol from the Brahmin Indians to the Europeans
Shang Dynasty bronze script character for tian (天), which translates to Heaven and sky. [1]
Roman: hana
Numeral [2] [3]
  1. [수사] 수효를 세는 맨 처음 수.
    one
  2. [명사] 뜻, 마음, 생각 따위가 한결같거나 일치한 상태.
    oneness
Relatives
  • 하늘 (haneul, "heaven; Heaven, heavenly god")
  • (han, adj. "one")
Compounds
Comparatives
  • Danish: én
  • Dutch: één, een
  • English: one
  • German: ein
  • Greek: ένα (éna), ancient: ἕν (hén)
  • Korean: 하나 (hana), 한 (han)
  • Latin: ūnus, ūna
  • Norwegian: én, éin
  • Swedish: en

Korean/Words/하느님

Korean/Words/하늘

Korean/Words/하늬


하얗다[edit | edit source]

Roman: hayah-da
Adjective [6] [7]
  1. 깨끗한 눈이나 밀가루와 같이 밝고 선명하게 희다.
    to be white
Synonyms
Relatives
  • (hae, "sun")

[edit | edit source]

RR: han
RR: han [8]
  1. one
Relatives

Korean/Words/한글

Korean/Words/한말


한물[edit | edit source]

Roman: hanmul
Noun
  1. 홍수. 비가 많이 와서 강이나 개천에 갑자기 크게 불은 물. [10]
    flood, deluge, or a great body of water. [11]
Synonyms
Comparatives

Korean/Words/한양


할퀴다[edit | edit source]

Roman: halkwida
Verb [12] [13]
  1. 손톱이나 날카로운 물건으로 긁어 상처를 내다.
    to scratch, scrape
Relatives
Comparatives
  • "to rub a surface with a sharp object"
scratch #Translations
Germanic
  • Danish: klø
  • Dutch: krassen, krabben
  • English: scatch, scrape
  • German: kratzen
  • Swedish: klösa
Latinic
  • French: gratter
  • Italian: grattare
  • Occitan: gratar
Slavic
  • Polish: skrobać
  • Russian: цара́пать (carápatʹ)
  • Slovak: škrabať
Others
  • Estonian: kratsima
  • Hungarian: karcol
  • Korean: 긁다 (geukda), 할퀴다 (halkwida)


[edit | edit source]

Roman: hae
Older: (hvi) [14]
Noun [15] [16]
  1. sun
  2. year [17]
Compounds
  • 햇귀 (haet-gwi) from 귀 (hvit-gwi) radiant sunbeam, lit., sun's ear [18]
  • 햇귀엣골 (haet-gwiet-gol) from 귀엣골 (hvit-gwiet-gol) sun's halo, lit., sun's earring
  • 햇무리 (haet-muri) from 모로 (hvit-moro) sun's halo [19]
  • 햇바퀴 (haet-bakwi) from 바회 (hvit-bahoe) sun, lit., sun's wheel
  • 햇빛 (haet-bit) from 빛 (hvit-bit) sunlight
Relatives
Comparatives


해바라기[edit | edit source]

Roman: hae-baragi
Older; 희브라기 (hvibv-ragi)
Noun [23] [24]
  1. 국화과의 한해살이풀. 높이는 2미터 정도이며, 잎은 어긋나고 넓은 달걀 모양인데 가장자리에 굵은 톱니가 있다. 8~9월에 노란색의 큰 두상화(頭狀花)가 줄기 끝이나 가지 끝에 피고 열매는 수과(瘦果)를 맺는다. 씨는 기름을 짜서 등유로 쓰거나 식용하고 줄기 속은 이뇨, 진해, 지혈에 약재로 쓴다. 관상용이고 중앙아메리카가 원산지로 세계 각지에 분포한다.
    sunflower
Synonyms
  • 향일화 (向日花, hyang-il-hwa)
Relatives
  • 해 (hae, "sun") from (hvi, "white; sun")
  • 바라보다 (bara-boda, "to look (forward) to")
  • 바라다 (barada, "to desire, want")
  • 보다 (boda, "to see, look at")
Comparatives
The following translations center around the sun.
Western European Others
Germanic
  • Dutch: zonnebloem
  • English: sunflower
  • German: Sonnenblume
Norse
  • Danish: solsikke
  • Faroese: sólblóma
  • Icelandic: sólblóm
  • Norwegian: solsikke
  • Swedish: solros
Romance
  • French: tournesol
  • Galician: mirasol, xirasol
  • Italian: girasole
  • Portuguese: girassol
  • Spanish: girasol, tornasol, mirasol
Slavic
  • Belarusian: слане́чнік (slanjéčnik)
  • Czech: slunečnice
  • Polish: słonecznik
  • Russian: подсо́лнечник (podsólnečnik), подсо́лнух (podsólnux)
  • Slovene: sončnica
  • Ukrainian: со́няшник (sónjašnyk), со́нях sónjax)
Finno-ugric, etc.
  • Finnish: auringonkukka
  • Hungarian: napraforgó
  • Lithuanian: saulėgrąža
Asiatic
  • Chinese: 向日葵 (xiàngrìkuí)
  • Japanese: 向日葵 (ひまわり, himawari)
  • Korean: 해바라기 (haebaragi), 향일화 (向日花, hyang-il-hwa)
  • Vietnamese: hướng dương (向陽)


해오라기[edit | edit source]

Gray heron ((Ardea cinerea)
Roman: hae-oragi
Older: < 오라기, 해아로비 < 아로비, 하야로비, 해야로비 < 야로비, 해오리 < 오리, etc.
Noun [28]
  1. [해오라기] 왜가릿과의 새. 몸의 길이는 56~61cm이고 똥똥하며 다리가 짧다. 등 쪽은 검은색, 배 쪽은 흰색, 날개는 회색이며, 다리는 겨울에는 누런색, 여름에는 붉은색이다. 4~8월에 2일 간격으로 3~6개의 알을 낳는다. 물고기ㆍ새우ㆍ개구리ㆍ곤충 따위를 잡아먹으며, 소나무ㆍ삼나무 따위의 숲 속에서 주로 밤에 활동한다. 여름새로 유라시아, 아프리카에 널리 분포하는데 우리나라에는 경기도 이남에 도래한다. [29]
  2. [백로] 왜가릿과의 새 가운데 몸빛이 흰색인 새를 통틀어 이르는 말. 부리ㆍ목ㆍ다리는 길고, 두루미와 비슷하나 다소 작다. 보통 나무 위에 둥지를 틀고 무논, 호수, 해안 등지에서 물고기, 개구리, 수생 곤충 따위를 잡아먹고 산다. [30]
    egret, great egret, white heron [31]
Synonyms
  • 오라기 (hvi-oragi) obsolete [32] [33]
  • 하야로비 (haya-robi) obsolete < 야로비 (hviya-robi) obsolete
  • 백로 (白鷺, baegro)
Antonyms
  • 왜가리 (waegari, "grey heron")
  • 벽로 (碧鷺, byeogro, "grey heron," lit. "blue heron")
  • 창로 (蒼鷺, changro, "grey heron," lit. "blue heron")
Relatives
  • 희다 (hui-da, "to be white")
  • 다 (hvi-da, "to be white") obsolete
Comparatives
heron #Translations grey heron #Translations
  • Chinese: 蒼鷺 (canglu), 鷺 (lu)
  • Danish: hejre
  • Dutch: reiger
  • English: heron
  • Faroese: hegri
  • Finnish: haikara
  • French: héron
  • German: Reiher
  • Icelandic: hegri
  • Japanese: シラサギ (白鷺, shirasagi)
  • Korean: 해오라기 (hae-oragi)
  • Korean: 백로 (白鷺, baengno)
  • Norwegian: hegre, heire
  • Old English: hrāgra
  • Old French: hairon, heiron
  • Old High German: heigaro, reigaro
  • Old Norse: hegri
  • Swedish: häger
  • Chinese: 蒼鷺 (cāng lù)
  • Dutch: blauwe reiger [34]
  • English: grey heron
  • Faroese: hegri
  • German: Graureiher
  • Icelandic: gráhegri
  • Japanese: アオサギ (蒼鷺, aosagi)
  • Korean: 왜가리 (waegari)
  • Korean: 창로 (蒼鷺, changro), 벽로 (碧鷺, byeogro)
  • Norwegian: gråhegre
  • Swedish: gråhäger


해자[edit | edit source]

What Nanjing looked like in the Ming Dynasty.
Note its well-done defensive wall and moat.
Willem Blaeu's 1652 map of Utrecht
Roman: haeja
Older: 희즈 (hvijv)
Hanja: 垓字
Noun [35] [36]
  1. 능(陵), 원(園), 묘(墓) 따위의 경계.
    edge, boundary (of a garden, graveyard, mausoleum, etc.), cf. hedge [37] [38]
  2. 성 주위에 둘러 판 못.
    moat [39] dug around the defensive wall
Synonyms
  • 성밑못 (城밑못, seongmitmot, literally, "moat below the defensive wall")
  • 성하지 (城下池, seonghaji, literally, "moat below the defensive wall")
  • 성호 (城壕, 城濠, seongho, "water-filled")
  • 성황 (城隍, seonghwang, "without water") [40]
    • 서낭신 < 성황신 (城隍神, seonghwangsin) [41]
    • 서낭당 < 성황당 (城隍堂, seonghwangdang) [42]
  • 황 (隍, hwang) (dry moat; also such ditch, trench)
  • 호 (濠, 壕, ho) (water-filled moat; also such ditch, trench)
  • 참 (塹, cham, "trench")
  • 참호 (塹壕, chamho, "trench")
Relatives
  • 해 (垓, hae, "boundary, edge (of land); defence")
  • (mot, "pond, pool; moat")
Comparatives
Germanic
English: The Hague Copenhagen
Dutch: Den Haag Kopenhagen
German: Den Haag Kopenhagen
Nordic
Danish: Haag København [46]
Icelandic: Haag Kaupmannahöfn
Norwegian: Haag København
Swedish: Haag Köpenhamn
Slavic
Czech: Haag Kodaň
Polish: Haga Kopenhaga
Bulgarian: Ха́га (Hága) Ко́пенхаген (Kópenhagen)
Russian: Гаа́га (Gaága) Копенга́ген (Kopengágen)
Ukrainian: Гаа́ґа (Haága) Копенга́ген m (Kopenháhen)
Latinic
Latin: Haga Hafnia
French: La Haye Copenhague
Italian: L'Aia Copenaghen
Portuguese: Haia Copenhague, Copenhaga
Spanish: La Haya Copenhague

햇귀[edit | edit source]

햇귀
旭日旗
(きょくじつき, Kyokujitsu-ki)
The Rising Sun Flag
RR: haetgwi [47]
  1. the rising sun's rays, literally, sun's ear. [48]
Derivatives
  • 햇귀엣골 or 해귀엣골 (haegwietgol, "the halo of the sun")
Comparatives


햇물[edit | edit source]

RR: haetmul [49]
  1. halo of the sun. [50]
Synonyms
Compares

Korean/Words/호미

Korean/Words/혹

Korean/Words/홍등가

환하다[edit | edit source]

RR: hwan-hada [51]
  1. sunny, bright, light, clear
  2. open, wide open, wide
  3. clear, unambiguous
Relatives
  • 보다 (boda, "to see")
  • 보이다 (boida, "to be seen")
  • 비다 (biuda, "to be void, empty")
  • 비우다 (biuda, "to (make) void, empty")
  • 비추다 (bichuda, "to shed light")
  • 비치다 (bichida, "to shine")
  • 빛 (bit, "light")
  • 빗 (bit, "comb")
  • 빗다(bitda, "to comb")
  • 빗살 (bitsal, "tooth of a comb")
  • 햇빛 (baetbit, "sunlight")
  • 햇살 (baetsal, "sun's rays")


황제[edit | edit source]

Emperor of emperors
Roman: hwangje
Hanja: 皇帝, 黃帝
Noun
  1. 황제 (皇帝)
    emperor
  2. 황제 (黃帝)
    (primordial) emperor of emperors, lit., yellow emperor [52]
Associatives
  • kuning #Indonesian ("yellow")
  • kuning #Old Dutch ("king")
  • kun #Japanese ("king")
  • kun #Min_Nan ("king")
Suffix -ing
  • "Forming derivative nouns (originally masculine), with the sense ‘son of, belonging to’, as patronymics or diminutives."
See also

후레아들[edit | edit source]

RR: hure-adeul [54]
  1. son of a whore, son of a bitch
Alternatives
  • 호레아들 (hore-adeul)
  • 호래아들 (horae-adeul)
Synonyms
  • 호래자식 (horae-jasik) [55]
  • 호로자식 (horo-jasik) [56]
  • 후레자식 (hure-jasik)
Relatives
Comparatives
Germanic Norse


Korean/Words/훈



Korean/Words/휙획


Korean/Words/훈들다



흩뿌리다[edit | edit source]

Roman: heut-ppurida [61]
Older:
Hanja:
Verb
  1. 마구 흩어지게 뿌리다 "to spray dispersing randomly" [62]
Relatives
Comparatives


희다[edit | edit source]

In Taoism, white represents the yang or male energy, one of the two complementary natures of the universe.
Roman: 희다 (hui-da)
Older: 다 (hvi-da)
Adjective [63] [64]
  1. 눈이나 우유의 빛깔과 같이 밝고 선명하다.
    to be white
Synonyms
Relatives
  • (hae, "sun; year") [65] from (hvi)
  • (bit, "light") [66]
  • 해빛 (haebit, lit., "sunlight") [67]
  • 햇빛 (haetbit, lit., "sun's light") [68] from 빛 (hvitbit)
Comparatives
Germanic Nordic Slavic [69]

Korean/Words/희귀엿골

Footnotes[edit | edit source]

  1. This bronze script looks like the personification of Heaven.
  2. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=하나
  3. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/하나
  4. Used by protestants, probably to emphasize the oness of God.
  5. From 하늘 (haneul, "heaven") + 님 (nim, honorific suffix)
  6. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=하얗다
  7. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/하얗다
  8. Naver: 한1
    1. 그 수량이 하나임을 나타내는 말.
    2. ‘어떤’의 뜻을 나타내는 말.
    3. ‘같은’의 뜻을 나타내는 말.
    Wikt: 한 #Etymology_2
    1. one
    2. (before a numeral) about, around
  9. which killed around 140,000 people.
  10. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=한물
  11. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/한물
  12. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=할퀴다
  13. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/할퀴다
  14. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/entry/koko/6c8dfef4b08645a6951d64bb3328c168
  15. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=해
  16. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/해
  17. It would be only science that a word like this makes sense of both sun and year together.
  18. cf. 旭日旗 (kyoku-jitsu-ki, "The Rising Sun Flag")
  19. cf. 日の丸 (hi-no-maru, "the flag of Japan")
  20. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=희다
    https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/희다
  21. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=하얗다
    https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/하얗다
  22. 日章旗
  23. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=해바라기
  24. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/해바라기
  25. Template:번역 확장 필요
    이 문서는 영어 위키백과의 Nycticorax nycticorax 문서를 번역하여 문서의 내용을 확장할 필요가 있습니다.
  26. 해오라기 • (hae-oragi)
    1. black-crowned night heron, night heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
    2. (~속) any of the birds in the genus Nycticorax
  27. 몸길이는 56~61cm이다. 머리와 등은 녹색 광택이 있는 검은색이고, 날개는 회색이며, 아랫면은 흰색이다.
  28. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/해오라기
  29. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=해오라기
  30. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=백로
  31. See also: Egret, Little egret, Great egret and Eastern great egret @ Wikipedia.
  32. From (hvi, "white") + 오라기 (oragi), which appears a metathesis of the obsolete 오가리 (ogari, "heron")
  33. Alternative forms include 오리, 올, 올아비, 아로비, 야로비, etc. The obsolete syllable (hvi, "white; sun") became 희 (hi, "white") or 해 (hae, "sun").
  34. Calling the grey heron "blue heron" is oriental, hence exceptional in Europe.
  35. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=해자
  36. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/해자
  37. As English hedge is only physically defined as "fence" in the dictionary, you'd better compare Korean 해자 (haeja, "border, boundary; moat") with Dutch Den Haag ("The Hague") or 's-Gravenhage, based on haag ("hedge"). In such Dutch toponyms, there's no physical sense of "fence" but just "border, boundary, enclosure" or the like.
  38. 's-Gravenhage #Etymology
    From the 17th century des graven hage ("the count's hedge"), referring to the Count of Holland. The older name was Den Haghe ("the hedge"), which continues into the modern name of the city.
  39. The etymology relating to English motte ("mound, hillock") is problematic. It is like confusing the river with the mount, however related both may be.
    1. (literary, historical) city wall and moat; protected city
    2. (mythology, religion) City God, god of the moat and the walls
  40. 토지와 마을을 지켜 준다는 신
  41. 서낭신을 모신 집
  42. Dutch Den Haag, short form of 's-Gravenhage, from Middle Dutch des Graven hage (1400s), literally, "the Count's hedge[-enclosed hunting grounds]"
  43. The last part hagen may be the plural form of Dutch haag.
  44. 덴헤이그 vs. 코펜헤이그
  45. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/K%C3%B8benhavn#Danish
    Descendants
    • → Swedish: Köpenhamn
    • → Low German: Kopenhagen
      • → German: Kopenhagen
      • → English: Copenhagen
      • → French: Copenhague
      • → Italian: Copenhaghen
      • → Russian: Копенгаген (Kopengagen)
    Comments
    • This Wiktionary claim may be overdone.
  46. 햇귀
  47. 표준국어대사전 정의
    1. 해가 처음 솟을 때의 빛.
    2. =햇발(사방으로 뻗친 햇살).
  48. Naver: 햇물1
    1. [haetmul] > [haemmul], which is easier to pronounce.
    1. =햇무리(햇빛이 대기 속의 수증기에 비치어 해의 둘레에 둥글게 나타나는 빛깔이 있는 테두리).
  49. Naver: 환하다1
    1. 빛이 비치어 맑고 밝다.
    2. 앞이 탁 트여 넓고 시원스럽다.
    3. 무슨 일의 조리나 속내가 또렷하다.
    Wikt: 환하다
    1. bright, light, radiant
  50. Yellow Emperor #As ancestor
    "Throughout history, several sovereigns and dynasties claimed (or were claimed) to descend from the Yellow Emperor."
    • kun #Min Nan
    • kun #Japanese
  51. Naver: 후레아들
    1. =후레자식(배운 데 없이 제풀로 막되게 자라 교양이나 버릇이 없는 사람을 낮잡아 이르는 말).
  52. Naver: 호래자식
    어원: ←홀+-의+자식(子息)
    1. 배운 데 없이 막되게 자라 교양이나 버릇이 없는 사람을 낮잡아 이르는 말. ≒호노자식ㆍ호래아들.
  53. Naver: 호로자식 (胡奴子息)
    1. ‘호래자식(배운 데 없이 막되게 자라 교양이나 버릇이 없는 사람을 낮잡아 이르는 말)’의 잘못.
    Naver: 호노자식 (胡奴子息)
    1. =호래자식
  54. Naver: 홀-
    1. ((몇몇 명사 앞에 붙어))‘짝이 없이 혼자뿐인’의 뜻을 더하는 접두사.
  55. Naver: 호리1
    1. 소 한 마리가 끄는 간편한 쟁기.
  56. Naver: 겨리1
    1. 소 두 마리가 끄는 쟁기.
  57. hore #Old English
    IPA [ˈhoː.re]
    Descendants
  58. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=흩뿌리다
  59. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=희다
  60. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/희다
  61. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=해
    https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/해
  62. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=빛
  63. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=해빛
  64. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=햇빛
    https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/햇빛
  65. "light"
  66. IPA: /kʋiːt/