Dominant group/Medicine

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This is a painting by Samuel Luke Fildes of a doctor studying a patient. Credit: Samuel Luke Fildes, 1891.

Medicine is the only field that actually has a dictionary definition of dominant group.

Medicine[edit]

Def. "[t]he study of the cause, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of disease or illness"[1] is called medicine.

Dominant group[edit]

A definition of dominant group: "a social group that controls the value system and rewards in a particular society."[2] occurs in Mosby's Medical Dictionary.[2]

Examples from primary sources are to be used to prove or disprove each hypothesis. These can be collected per subject or in general.

  • Accident hypothesis: dominant group is an accident of whatever processes are operating.
  • Artifact hypothesis: dominant group may be an artifact of human endeavor or may have preceded humanity.
  • Association hypothesis: dominant group is associated in some way with the original research.
  • Bad group hypothesis: dominant group is the group that engages in discrimination, abuse, punishment, and additional criminal activity against other groups. It often has an unfair advantage and uses it to express monopolistic practices.
  • Control group hypothesis: there is a control group that can be used to study dominant group.
  • Entity hypothesis: dominant group is an entity within each field where a primary author of original research uses the term.
  • Evolution hypothesis: dominant group is a product of evolutionary processes, such groups are the evolutionary process, produce evolutionary processes, or are independent of evolutionary processes.
  • Identifier hypothesis: dominant group is an identifier used by primary source authors of original research to identify an observation in the process of analysis.
  • Importance hypothesis: dominant group signifies original research results that usually need to be explained by theory and interpretation of experiments.
  • Indicator hypothesis: dominant group may be an indicator of something as yet not understood by the primary author of original research.
  • Influence hypothesis: dominant group is included in a primary source article containing original research to indicate influence or an influential phenomenon.
  • Interest hypothesis: dominant group is a theoretical entity used by scholarly authors of primary sources for phenomena of interest.
  • Metadefinition hypothesis: all uses of dominant group by all primary source authors of original research are included in the metadefinition for dominant group.
  • Null hypothesis: there is no significant or special meaning of dominant group in any sentence or figure caption in any refereed journal article.
  • Object hypothesis: dominant group is an object within each field where a primary author of original research uses the term.
  • Obvious hypothesis: the only meaning of dominant group is the one found in Mosby's Medical Dictionary.
  • Original research hypothesis: dominant group is included in a primary source article by the author to indicate that the article contains original research.
  • Primordial hypothesis: dominant group is a primordial concept inherent to humans such that every language or other form of communication no matter how old or whether extinct, on the verge of extinction, or not, has at least a synonym for dominant group.
  • Purpose hypothesis: dominant group is written into articles by authors for a purpose.
  • Regional hypothesis: dominant group, when it occurs, is only a manifestation of the limitations within a region. Variation of those limitations may result in the loss of a dominant group with the eventual appearance of a new one or none at all.
  • Source hypothesis: dominant group is a source within each field where a primary author of original research uses the term.
  • Term hypothesis: dominant group is a significant term that may require a 'rigorous definition' or application and verification of an empirical definition.

American Medical Association[edit]

“Sayre's activities made orthopedics a successful specialty, but he much annoyed the surgeons by his cutting into their work. The genito-urinary men at this time were also a very dominant group.”[3]

Criminal psychiatry[edit]

Crime “means simply those varieties of behavior or of manifest allegiance which are so experienced by dominant group elements as to touch off the ultimate or primitive defensive responses in question.”[4]

Depression[edit]

"On the verbal tests employed, the dominant group were markedly impaired after five treatments, while the non-dominant group were improved in their performance, presumably because of the lightening of the depression."[5]

Medical ethics[edit]

“I learned that there was a dominant white group and a nondominant black group, and the interactions between the two groups were complicated, often abrasive, and pervasively contentious.”[6]

“I am also concerned that dominant group psychiatrists, some of whom spend little time reflecting on the situation of their nondominant group colleagues, often pursue with enthusiastic single-mindedness the political interests of the dominant group in the context of our professional organizations.”[6]

Neuropsychiatry[edit]

“In a preliminary study by Meyer and Yates,1 it was reported that after temporal lobectomy some intellectual changes take place and that evaluation of the effects of the operation requires a breakdown into dominant and nondominant groups.”[7]

Psychosomatic medicines[edit]

“These findings have added statistical significance when one breaks down this dominant group.”[8]

Psychotherapy[edit]

"Because psychiatrists, and particularly analysts, were the dominant group involved in psychotherapy at this time, they essentially provided the model for the relative newcomers with lower status, such as clinical psychologists."[9]

Social psychiatry[edit]

"The primary condition of racism refers to the psychological mechanisms and psychiatric problems which arise from this issue of power and will be found in the dominant group."[10]

"There are also implications for the process of diagnosis in psychiatry as it relates to the interaction between the dominant group and migrants who tend to be more socially disadvantaged."[11]

Hypotheses[edit]

  1. A dominant group in medicine is the American Medical Association.
  2. Medicine combines certified medical practice, scientific research, with applicable technology.
  3. Remedy can combine nutrition, physicians, scientific research, and applicable technology.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. "medicine". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. February 26, 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-01.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Farlex (2009). "The Free Dictionary by Farlex: Mosby's Medical Dictionary, 8th edition". Elsevier. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
  3. Charles L. Dana (1928). "Early neurology in the United States". Journal of the American Medical Association 90 (18): 1421-4. doi:10.1001/jama.1928.02690450001001. 
  4. George H. Dession (January 1938). "Psychiatry and the conditioning of criminal justice". Yale Law Journal 47 (3): 319. 
  5. A. M. Halliday, K. Davison, M. W. Browne and L. C. Kreeger (August 1968). "A Comparison of the Effects on Depression and Memory of Bilateral E.C.T. and Unilateral E.C.T. to the Dominant and Non-Dominant Hemispheres". The British Journal of Psychiatry 114 (513): 997-1012. doi:10.1192/bjp.114.513.997. PMID 4879296. http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/114/513/997.short. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 Ezra E. H. Griffith (January 2007). Lawrence Prograis Jr., Edmund D. Pellegrino (ed.). Personal Narrative and an African American Perspective on Medical Ethics, In: African American bioethics: culture, race, and identity. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press. pp. 105–26. ISBN 978-1-58901-163-2. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  7. V. Meyer (1959). "Cognitive Changes Following Temporal Lobectomy for Relief of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy". Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry 81 (3): 299-309. http://archneurpsyc.highwire.org/cgi/content/summary/81/3/299. Retrieved 2011-07-26. 
  8. Leon Moses (November 1946). "Psychodynamic and electroencephalographic factors in duodenal ulcer". Psychosomatic medicine 8 (6): 405-9. http://www.psychosomaticmedicine.org/content/8/6/405.short. Retrieved 2011-07-26. 
  9. Sol L. Garfield (February 1981). "Psychotherapy: A 40-year appraisal". American Psychologist 36 (2): 174-83. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.36.2.174. http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/amp/36/2/174/. Retrieved 2012-01-07. 
  10. Aggrey W. Burke (March 1984). "Is Racism a Causatory Factor in Mental Illness?". International Journal of Social Psychiatry 30 (1-2): 1-3. doi:10.1177/002076408403000101. http://isp.sagepub.com/content/30/1-2/1.short. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  11. Gerard Hutchinson and Christian Haasen (May 2004). "Migration and schizophrenia". Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 39 (5): 350-7. doi:10.1007/s00127-004-0766-0. http://www.springerlink.com/content/kupnn1pt51kbwpuj/. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 

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