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A Robinson projection map of the Earth is displayed in the diagram. Credit: United States Central Intelligence Agency's World Factbook.

Geography is the field of science dedicated to the study of Earth's physical and human phenomena. The study of geography explores the interaction between human societies and their physical environments. A broad third field of study arose as a result of the impact of human activity on the physical environment - environmental geography. The branches of geography can thus broadly be divided into physical, environmental and human geography. These branches can be further subdivided into more specialized sub-disciplines.

What is geography?[edit]

Geography is the study of the Earth and its features(PAST PRESENT AND FUTURE) and of the distribution of life on the earth, including human life and the effects of human activity. Geography research addresses both the questions of where, as well as why, geographical phenomena occur.

   Geography includes the study of the Lithosphere, Atmosphere, Hydrosphere and the Biosphere. Geography studies the natural happenings in all the spheres mentioned above with a little change in concept as regards the Biosphere; it rather studies the various behaviors and attitudes of living organisms towards their natural environment, and how those attitudes Shape the natural environment.

The Eminent Greek figure Eratosthenes is regarded as the 'The Father of Geography'.

Geography topics[edit]

Basic topics in geography include:

  • Nature of geography
  • Scope of geography
  • Branches of geography
  • Geography by region
  • History of geography
  • Geographical features
    • Continents
    • Landforms
    • Natural and Built environment
  • Basic geography concept
  • Application of Geography


Learning projects[edit]

School of Geography Help form this School...

External links[edit]

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