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가을[edit | edit source]
- 가을걷이 (-geod-i, "harvesting") 
- Semantic steps
- Koreean 여름 (yeoreum, "summer") also meant 열매 (yeol-mae, "fruit; seed").
- These succeeded Old English hærfest "autumn, fall; harvest" whose dual senses are parallel to Korean counterpart 가을 (ga-eul).
- This sense must have next made sense of "autumn" in English, while it is now unseen in other Germanic cognates, though related to Latin carpo "I seize, pick, pluck, harvest".
- 가을에 익은 곡식을 거두어들임.
- Proto-Germanic *harbistaz
- autumn, fall
- Western cognates:
Latin carpo (“I pluck, pick, harvest”)
Greek καρπός (karpós, “fruit”), κείρω (keírō, “to cut off”)