Korean/Words/가을

From Wikiversity
< Korean‎ | Words
Jump to navigation Jump to search

말+/말씀+/물+/불+
Basics/News/Notes/Legend

가을[edit | edit source]

Autumn leaves are about to fall!
Harvesting in autumn. Harvest also means autumn, at least in British dialect.
Roman: ga-eul
Alias: 가슬 (ga-seul)
Older: 읋 (gv-eulh) < 그읋 (gv-vlh)
Noun [1] [2]
  1. 한 해의 네 철 가운데 셋째 철. 여름과 겨울의 사이... [3]
    autumn, fall [4]
  2. 벼나 보리 따위의 농작물을 거두어들임.
    harvest [5]
Compounds
  • 가을걷이 (-geod-i, "harvesting") [6]
Comparatives
From autumn #Translations
  • Danish: høst
  • Dutch: herfst
  • Old English: hærfest [7]
  • German: Herbst
  • Icelandic: haust
  • Norwegian: høst, haust
  • Swedish: höst
Semantic steps
Dual First [8] Next
여름 summer+α 과실 fruit+α 하계 summer
가을 autumn+α 수확 harvest 추계 autumn
  1. https://ko.dict.naver.com/#/search?query=가을
  2. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/가을
  3. Koreean 여름 (yeoreum, "summer") also meant 열매 (yeol-mae, "fruit; seed").
  4. These succeeded Old English hærfest "autumn, fall; harvest" whose dual senses are parallel to Korean counterpart 가을 (ga-eul).
  5. This sense must have next made sense of "autumn" in English, while it is now unseen in other Germanic cognates, though related to Latin carpo "I seize, pick, pluck, harvest".
  6. 가을에 익은 곡식을 거두어들임.
  7. Proto-Germanic *harbistaz
    1. harvest
    2. autumn, fall
  8. Western cognates:
    Latin carpo (“I pluck, pick, harvest”)
    Greek καρπός (karpós, “fruit”), κείρω (keírō, “to cut off”)