Reproductive health/Glandular system
Exocrinology[edit | edit source]
Exocrine organs are glands with ducts.
Endocrinology[edit | edit source]
Endocrine organs are ductless glands.
Hypothalamus[edit | edit source]
The hypothalamus regulates hormone cycles. Neuroestradiol, gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) , and gonadotropin inhibitory hormone (GnIH) are produced in the hypothalamus. Glucocorticoids produced by the adrenal gland due to stress promote GnIH and inhibit GnRh.
Pituitary (hypophysis)[edit | edit source]
There is a link connecting the posterior pituitary to the anterior by a vein and to the hypothalamus.
Anterior (adenohypophysis)[edit | edit source]
Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) is responsible for estrogen. Lutenizing hormone (LH) is also responsible for estrogen, along with testosterone, and progestin. FSH and LH are gonadotrophins, and their production is controlled by either GnIH or GnRh.
Posterior (neurohypophysis)[edit | edit source]
Adrenal glands[edit | edit source]
Glucocorticoids are produced by the adrenal glands.
Corpus luteum[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
References[edit | edit source]
- Adetunji (December 2013), "The brain also produces the sex hormone oestrogen", JCEM, The Conversation, doi:10.1210/jc.2013-2140Adetunji (December 2013), "The brain also produces the sex hormone oestrogen", The Journal of Neuroscience, The Conversation, doi:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3878-13.2013
- Sanders (June 2009), "Stress puts double whammy on reproductive system, fertility", PNAS, University of California - Berkeley
- "Pituitary gland". Britannica. (2012).
- Sanders (December 2009), "New human reproductive hormone could lead to novel contraceptives", PLoS ONE, University of California - Berkeley
- "Prolactin". Encyclopedia Britannica. (2012).