Stars/Astronomy/Quiz

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This is a blue astronomy image of the Sun. Credit: A. Friedman.

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Quiz[edit]







Point added for a correct answer:   
Points for a wrong answer:
Ignore the questions' coefficients:

1

Which of the following elements have or appear to have lines occurring in the spectra of Vega?

hydrogen
helium
lithium
beryllium
boron
carbon
nitrogen
oxygen
fluorine
neon

2

True or False, Molecular lines for H2O in the spectra for Vega are likely from water vapor in the Earth's atmosphere or the accretion disk around Vega.

TRUE
FALSE

3

Which of the following is not a spectral class A star?

Sirius A
Vega
Bellatrix
Deneb
Altair
Fomalhaut

4

The heavier element lines that occur in the spectrum of Vega are

lanthanum (La)
calcium (Ca)
uranium (U)
titanium (Ti)
silicon (Si)
iron (Fe)

5

Which of the following are associated with classical Cepheids as a standard candle?

characteristic mottling
young, disk objects
recent star formation
incipient resolution
pulsation phenomenon
easy to recognize
correction for absorption

6

True or False, RS Canum Venaticorum variables are close binary stars having active chromospheres which can cause large stellar spots.

TRUE
FALSE

7

Which of the following are the differences between a star and an astronomical yellow source?

a star may emit predominantly green rays
an astronomical yellow source is spherical
a yellow star is an astronomical yellow source
a star with nuclear fusion in its chromosphere emits neutrinos, but a yellow source with no nuclear fusion ongoing does not
a yellow source may be cloud like
an astronomical yellow source may be a rocky object

8

Complete the text:

Match up the likely type of star fission with each of the possibilities below:
a triple-component stellar multiple - A
massive star fission - B
semidetached binary - C
a separating close contact binary - D
ZAMS system - E
tight, circular orbit, impossible to tell eclipses - F
lobate star - G
coronal mass ejection - H
BH Centauri

.
Plaskett's Star (HR 2422)

.
Betelgeuse

W Ursae Majoris

.
Beta Lyrae

.
V1010 Ophiuchi

object is confirmed to be co-moving

.
Sun

.

9

Which of the following is a technetium star?

Alpha Camelopardalis
R Geminorum
TT CVn
S Camelopardalis
HR 107
HR 774

10

True or False, α Sagittarii may be the first detected UV source in the constellation Sagittarius.

TRUE
FALSE

11

Which of the following are X-radiation astronomy phenomena associated with stellar surface fusion?

luminosities below ~3 x 1038 erg/s
a few SSS with luminosities ≥1039 erg/s
synchrotron radiation
a photosphere
a polar diameter that exceeds ever so slightly the equatorial diameter at solar cycle minimum
super soft X-rays
hot active regions with temperatures hot enough to fuse hydrogen
sunspots at the feet of coronal loops

12

Main sequence variable stars of late spectral types, usually K or M, exhibiting variations in luminosity due to rotation, starspots and other chromospheric activity are called.

13

Which of the following is not a spectral class F star?

Polaris
Alrakis
Bellatrix
Procyon
Canopus
Wezen

14

True or False, To date, all of the reported hypervelocity stars (HVSs), which are believed to be ejected from the Galactic center, are blue.

TRUE
FALSE

15

Which of the following is a spectral class C or carbon star?

Alpha Camelopardalis
R Leporis
TT CVn
S Camelopardalis
Pistol Star
Y Canum Venaticorum

16

The type star that goes through fairly extreme changes of brightness: for instance, in 1952, its brightness increased by 75 times in only 20 seconds, is what star?

17

Which of the following is not a spectral class O star?

Alpha Camelopardalis
Tau Canis Majoris
Plaskett's star
Sirius A
Pistol Star
Zeta Puppis

18

Complete the text:

Match up the stellar image with the radiation astronomy:
meteor astronomy - A
neutrino astronomy - B
gamma-ray astronomy - C
X-ray astronomy - D
ultraviolet astronomy - E
visual astronomy - F
violet astronomy - G
blue astronomy - H
yellow astronomy - I
red astronomy - J
orange astronomy - K
infrared astronomy - L
radio astronomy - M
280557main oblate purplesun HI.jpg

.
Wfullb.jpg

.
Coronal Mass Ejection.gif

.
Sun image through solar telescope.jpg

.
Sun in X-rays Recovered.png

.
Sun5GHz.jpg

.
STEREO B EUVI 171.jpg

.
Neusun1 superk.jpg

.
Orange Sun in Boracay, Philippines.jpg

.
Sun920607.jpg

.
Latest nsoHe.gif

.
Blueberrysun friedman 1296.jpg

.
Gamma sun.jpg

.

19

Which of the following are green radiation astronomy phenomena associated with the Sun?

the color of the upper rim as seen from Earth
an excess brightness at or near the edge of the Sun
the iron XIV green line
neutron emission
polar coronal holes
meteor emission
changes in the line-blanketing

20

True or False, A star-forming region is a region of the celestial sphere within which predominately very young stellar objects (YSOs) are located and their formation is likely occurring.

TRUE
FALSE

21

Which of the following is a shell star?

Gamma Cassiopeiae
Capella
Sun
Beta Canis Minoris
Tau Ceti
Achernar

22

Alpha Centauri A as a star has what green astronomy property?

it's a primordial population III star
it passes once a year across the Lockman Hole
silicates have been discovered in its interior structure
it has a surface temperature of 5790 K
optical reflectance studies have found evidence of magnesium
it has a surface temperature of ~700 K

23

Which stars of the alpha Centauri system are known to have stellar active regions?

Proxima Centauri
Alpha Centauri B
Barnard's star
Alpha Centauri A
Rigel Kent
Alpha Centauri C
Alpha Centauri D

24

Complete the text:

Match up the type of star with each of the characteristics below:
solar twin - A
solar analog - B
solar type - C
double star - D
binary - E
visual binary - F
astrometric binary - G
spectroscopic binary - H
eclipsing binary - I
detached binary - J
semidetached binary - K
contact binary - L
common-envelope binary - M
area of gravitational pull exceeds the other component

.
same line of sight

.
wobbling around a point

.
no close companion with an orbital period of ten days or less

.
resolved binary using visual astronomy

.
periodic variation in radial velocity

.
each component fills the other's area of gravitational pull

.
F8V through K2V

.
unstable mass transfer from one to the other

.
mutual eclipses

.
two orbiting around each other

no stellar companion

.
one component does not exceed the gravitational pull area

.

25

Which of the following is a barium star?

Alpha Camelopardalis
Zeta Capricorni
TT CVn
S Camelopardalis
HR 107
HR 774

26

Red-giant stars have (or theoretically may have) these in common:

potential 22Ne
helium-burning shells
non-standard neutrino losses
Lithium red line
N stars display F abundances up to 30 times the solar system value
RGB and AGB stars
a radius between 200 and 800 times that of the Sun

27

Which of the following is a mercury-manganese star?

Alpheratz
Alrakis
20 Tauri
Procyon
Canopus
γ Canis Majoris

28

Complete the text:

Match up the white dwarf classification with its distinctive characteristic:
DA - A
DB - B
DC - C
DO - D
DQ - E
DX - F
DZ - G
a helium-rich atmosphere, indicated He II spectral lines

.
a helium-rich atmosphere, indicated He I spectral lines

.
spectral lines are insufficiently clear to classify

.
no strong spectral lines

.
a metal-rich atmosphere

.
a carbon-rich atmosphere

a hydrogen-rich atmosphere

.

29

True or False, Regulus is a likely first violet source in Leo.

TRUE
FALSE

30

Complete the text:

Match up the approximate luminosity class with each of the stellar class possibilities below:
0 - A
I - B
II - C
III - D
IV - E
V - F
VI - G
VII - H
giants

.
supergiants

.
white dwarfs

.
main-sequence

.
bright giants

.
subdwarfs

.
subgiants

hypergiants

.

31

Which of the following are characteristics of a solar-like binary?

Teff ≤ 6000 K
break up of a triple-component stellar system
none of the captured bodies localize near the Sun
some captured bodies may localize near Jupiter
the Jupiter system may be a control group

32

Complete the text:

Solar-type stars are

stars with a B-V color between

and 0.80.

33

True or False, Sirius is a likely first red source in Canis Major.

TRUE
FALSE

34

Which of the following is not a spectral class B star?

Spica
Tau Canis Majoris
Bellatrix
Rigel
Regulus
Achernar

35

Complete the text:

Match up the observation with the binary star:
Sirius A and B - A
Algol A and B - B
Albireo - C
WISE J1049-5319 - D
Mizar A - E
Minkowski 2-9 - F
New-binary-star-third-closest-to-sun-3.jpg

.
Sirius A and B Hubble photo.jpg

.
Planetary Nebula M2-9.jpg

.
Albireo.jpg

.
MizarA npoi big.gif

Algol AB movie imaged with the CHARA interferometer - labeled.gif

.

36

Which of the following is not a spectral class M star?

Betelgeuse
Antares
Proxima Centauri
Barnard's star
VY Canis Majoris
Algol B

37

Complete the text:

Match up the effective temperature with its spectral class:
O - A
B - B
A - C
F - D
G - E
K - F
M - G
L - H
T - I
Y - J
7,000 K

.
2,000 K

15,000 K

.
4,000 K

.
400 K

9,000 K

.
3,000 K

.
5,500 K

45,000 K

.
1,000 K

38

True or False, Alshain may be the first yellow source in the constellation Aquila.

TRUE
FALSE

39

Which of the following is not a spectral class G star?

Alpha Centauri A
Capella
Sun
Procyon
Tau Ceti
Kepler-22

40

Complete the text:

Capella B has a surface temperature of approximately

, is spectral type

, has an orbital period with Capella A of about

, and is a

variable.

41

Which of the following is a spectral class S star?

BD Camelopardalis
S Ursae Majoris
Chi Cygni
Deneb
Altair
Fomalhaut

42

The Sun as a star has what geographical property?

it's a primordial population III star
it passes once a year across the Lockman Hole
silicates have been discovered in its interior structure
optical reflectance studies have found evidence of magnesium
it has a surface temperature of ~700 K
it has a longitude and latitude grid system for locating active regions

43

Which of the following is a lead (Pb) star?

V Arietis
Bellatrix
Rigel
LP 625-44
Regulus
Achernar

44

Complete the text:

Magnetic fields can be created in

stratified (non-convective) layers in a

rotating star.

45

Imaging brown dwarfs involve which of the following:

far-infrared (submillimeter) observations at 350 microns
neutrino detection
heating of the nearby gas and dust
near-infrared covering 1.3 and 2.2 microns
infrared covering 4.5 and 8.0 microns

46

True or False, HR 4731, α2 Cru is an infrared source in the constellation Crux.

TRUE
FALSE

47

Complete the text:

Match up the star with the constellation:
Capella - A
Sirius - B
Deneb - C
Anser - D
Altair - E
Vega - F
Vulpecula

.
Canis Major

.
Lyra

.
Cygnus

.
Aquila

Auriga

.

48

Which of the following is not a spectral class K star?

Alpha Centauri B
Epsilon Eridani
Arcturus
Aldebaran
Tau Ceti
Algol B

49

True or False, The Sun may be a first radio source in the constellation Pisces.

TRUE
FALSE

50

Which of the following is or may be an original binary companion to the Sun?

the planet Mercury
Ouranus
Saturn
Jupiter
Earth
Nemesis

51

Phenomena associated with some brown dwarfs are which of the following?

lithium
a temperature well below the stellar range
methane absorption
the lithium test
X-rays
T dwarfs

52

Complete the text:

While exceptions may occur, match up the star class letter with each of the X-ray possibilities below:
star class - O
star class - B
star class - A
star class - F
star class - G
star class - K
star class - M
LX >> Lv

.
constant X-ray luminosity across the class

independent of visual luminosity

.
LX ~ 10-3Lbol

.
abrupt onset of X-ray emission across the class

.
LX ~ 10-7Lbol

.
LX << 10-3Lbol

.

53

Phenomena associated with a solar analog star are

no stellar companion
temperature within 500 K solar
metallicity of 50-200% solar
orbital period of greater than 11 d
K0V permitted
K1V permitted

54

True or False, BH Centauri is an overcontact system.

TRUE
FALSE

55

Which of the following are theoretical radiation astronomy phenomena associated with a star?

possible orbits
a hyperbolic orbit
nuclear fusion at its core
nuclear fusion in its chromosphere
near the barycenter of its planetary system
accretion
electric arcs
impact craters
radar signature


Hypotheses[edit]

Main source: Hypotheses
  1. The current metallicity of a star may depend on the presence of coronal clouds.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

{{Astronomy resources}}{{Principles of radiation astronomy}}