Motivation and emotion/Lectures/Nature of emotion

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Lecture 07: Nature of emotion
This is the seventh lecture for the motivation and emotion unit of study.

Overview[edit | edit source]

This lecture discusses key questions about the psychology of emotion.

Take-home messages:

  • Emotions involve subjective feelings, physiological and neurological change, expressive behaviour, and guide motivation
  • Emotions serve adaptative, functional purposes

Outline[edit | edit source]

Figure 1. Emotions are triggered by significant life events and have at least four distinct components: feelings, bodily arousal, social expression, and goal-directed sense of purpose (Reeve, 2018)
  • What is an emotion?
  • What causes an emotion?
  • How many emotions are there?
  • What good are emotions?
  • How can we control our emotions?
  • What is the difference between emotion and mood?

Core emotions[edit | edit source]

Plutchik's wheel of emotions represents the valence and intensity of core emotions using colour. More detail.

According to Reeve (2018):

  • Fear
  • Anger
  • Disgust
  • Sadness
  • Interest
  • Joy

Other candidates:

  • Contempt
  • Surprise

Readings[edit | edit source]

  1. Chapter 12: Nature of emotion: Six perennial questions (Reeve, 2018)

Multimedia[edit | edit source]

  • Feeling all the feels (CrashCourse Psychology #25, YouTube) (2:01 mins): an introduction to emotion
  • Emotions and the brain (Sentis, YouTube, 2012) (2:02 mins): a simple, clear explanation of emotions, the brain, and emotion regulation
  • Inside out - Meet Riley's emotions (Pixar, YouTube, 2015) (3:08 mins): Trailer for the animated movie Inside Out which provides an entertaining look at our inner emotions and memories
  • What is an emotion? (Paul Ekman) (Mind with Heart, 2012, YouTube) (7:35 mins): Paul Ekman explains what emotion is, why we have emotions, and how they can be regulated
  • Lie to me (Quicksubs, YouTube, 2015) (2:01 mins): Trailer for a TV series about lie detection through analysis of facial expression and body language

Slides[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]


Recording[edit | edit source]

Lecture 07 (2023)

References[edit | edit source]

Ekman, P. & Cordaro, D. (2011). What is meant by calling emotions basic. Emotion Review, 3, 364–370.

James, W. (1884). What is an emotion? Mind, 9, 188–205.

External links[edit | edit source]