Emotion refers to short-lasting affective states which occur in response to significant life events.
Emotions are complex - they involve physiology, cognition, behaviour, and social communications, as well as feelings. However, the main reason for the occurrence of different emotions is that they each serve a motivational function.
Questions about emotion
- What is an emotion?
- What causes an emotion?
- What type of emotions are there?
- What functions do emotions serve?
- How can we regulate emotions?
- What is the difference between emotion and mood?
- How can emotion be measured?
- What are the consequences of emotion?
- How can emotion be changed?
- How and why did emotions evolve?
- How are the emotions of animals and humans similar and how do they vary?
What is emotion?
- "short-lived, feeling-purposive-expressive-bodily responses that help us adapt to the opportunities and challenges we face during important life events" (Reeve, 2018, p. 288)
- "synchronised brain-based systems that coordinate feeling, bodily response, purpose, and expression so to ready the individual to adapt successfully to life circumstances" (Reeve, 2018, p. 289)
- "short-lived psychological-physiological phenomena that represent efficient modes of adaptation to changing environmental demands" (Levenson, 1994, p. 123)
Types of emotion
Some of the main types of emotion are:
The causes of emotion are debated; they could be caused primarily by:
- physiological responses first, followed by cognitive interpretation
- cognitive responses first, followed by physiological responses
- a combination of physiological and cognitive responses
What emotions do you think are depicted in each of these images?