Earth orbits/Astronomy/Quiz

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This exploded view of the EXOSAT satellite shows the instruments and the principal spacecraft subsystems. Credit: ESA, Brian G. Taylor and others on the EXOSAT programme.

Earth-orbit astronomy is a lecture of radiation astronomy courses project that may be included in courses like principles of radiation astronomy.

You are free to take this quiz at any time.

Once you’ve read and studied the lecture itself, the links contained within the article/lecture, listed under See also, External links, and in the {{radiation astronomy resources}} template, you should have adequate background to get 100 %.

Suggestion: Have the lecture available in a separate window.

Enjoy learning by doing!

Quiz[edit]

  

1 A U.S. government project conducting research into the firing of high-velocity projectiles high into the atmosphere using a two stage light gas gun, with the ultimate goal of propelling satellites into Earth orbit was called

.

2 Complete the text:

Match up the altitude region with its altitude:
troposphere - A
stratosphere - B
mesosphere - C
thermosphere - D
exosphere - E
58 to 68 km

.
surface to between 8,000 and 18,000 m

.
143 km to 153 km

.
10,818 to 10,828 km

.
818 km to 828 km

.

3 Which of the following are associated with the Earth's radius?

the delta of the Mississippi river is higher than its source
a unit of distance in astronomy and geology
falls between the equatorial maximum and the polar minimum
the geoid length
a balloon
McMurdo Station
Greenland

4 True or False, The Saturn V put Skylab into Earth orbit.

TRUE
FALSE

5 Which of the following are theoretical radiation astronomy phenomena associated with a satellite in orbit around the Earth?

background radiation
a charged particle wind which emanates out of a beam line
gravity
near the barycenter for the Earth-Moon system
swirls of tan, green, blue, and white in the water
electric arcs
chlorophyll-containing phytoplankton aloft in the upper atmosphere

6 Complete the text:

Match up the altitude with its concept:
altitude - A
meters above sea level - B
indicated altitude - C
absolute altitude - D
true altitude - E
height - F
pressure altitude - G
density altitude - H
altitude in terms of distance above a certain point

masl

.
usually a vertical distance measurement

.
altitude in terms of the density of the air

.
the altimeter reading

.
altitude in terms of air pressure

.
altitude in elevation above sea level

.
distance above the ground directly

.

7 Which of the following are observatories on Earth?

Chandra X-ray Observatory
Big Bear
TRACE
Kodaikanal
the Hubble
Lomnický štít
McMath-Pierce
SOFIA

8 Yes or No, A sunrise may be detected by an airborne observatory.

Yes
No

9 Which of the following are observatories on Earth?

Chandra X-ray Observatory
Giza Pyramids
TRACE
Tuorla Observatory
the Hubble
Aldershot Observatory
Stonehenge
SOFIA

10 True or False, A sunrise may be detected by an Earth-orbit observatory.

TRUE
FALSE

11 Complete the text:

Match up the item letter with each of the possibilities below:
Balloons - A
Sounding rockets - B
Aircraft assisted launches - C
Orbital rocketry - D
Shuttle payload - E
Heliocentric rocketry - F
Exploratory rocketry - G
Lunar rover - H
Ranger 5

microcalorimeter arrays

.
MeV Auroral X-ray Imaging and Spectroscopy

.
Lunokhod 2

.
ALEXIS

.
Ulysses

.
Broad Band X-Ray Telescope

.
Solar Heliospheric Observatory

.

12 Yes or No, A Low Earth Orbit (LEO) is 6,530 to 8,370 km distant from the center of the Earth.

Yes
No


Hypotheses[edit]

  1. Earth-orbit astronomy from sufficient altitude should be able to almost replace sounding rockets.
  2. The much lower cost of balloons or sounding rockets keeps them as a value.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

{{History of science resources}}