Motivation and emotion/Tutorials/Measuring emotion

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Tutorial 08: Measuring emotion

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This is the eighth tutorial for the motivation and emotion unit of study.

Overview[edit | edit source]

  • This tutorial discusses measurement of emotion, with a focus on the Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS), a common measure of emotion used in research

Measuring emotion[edit | edit source]

Commonly used, general measures of emotion used in non-clinical research are:

PANAS[edit | edit source]

Complete the PANAS[edit | edit source]

Complete the 20-item Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS; Watson & Clark, 1999):

  1. PANAS-20 (Google Form)
  2. Hard-copy handout

Items and factors[edit | edit source]

Table 2

PANAS-20 Positive and Negative Affect Items

Positive affect Negative affect
Active Afraid
Alert Ashamed
Attentive Distressed
Determined Guilty
Enthusiastic Hostile
Excited Irritable
Inspired Jittery
Interested Nervous
Proud Scared
Strong Upset

Distributions[edit | edit source]

Examine class distributions of positive affect (PA) and negative affect (NA) composite score means (see Table 3)

Table 3

PANAS-20 Positive and Negative Affect Norms

Source PA NA
Watson et al. (1988) 29.7 14.8
Watson & Clark (1994) 35.7 19.5
Motivation & emotion (2000) 34.2 24.6

Discuss[edit | edit source]

  1. Temporal framing
  2. Correlation between PA and NA
  3. Test-retest reliability
  4. Short vs. long (PANAS-X)

Project work[edit | edit source]

Topic development feedback
  1. See chapter discussion page
  2. Address the topic (sub-title question)
  3. Avoid too much background information; focus directly on the topic; cut to the chase
  4. Consider introducing a case study or example to catch reader interest in the Overview
  5. Ensure coverage of theory and research; then good quality written expression; then the bells and whistles e.g., links, examples/case studies, feature boxes, quizzes etc.
  6. Reference formatting: use APA 7th ed - infographic

Recording[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]

Lectures and tutorials

References[edit | edit source]

Thompson, E. R. (2007). Development and validation of an internationally reliable short-form of the positive and negative affect schedule (PANAS). Journal of Cross-cultural Psychology, 38(2), 227-242.

Watson, D., & Clark, L. A. (1999). The PANAS-X: Manual for the positive and negative affect schedule-expanded form.

Watson, D., Clark, L. A., & Tellegen, A. (1988). Development and validation of brief measures of positive and negative affect: the PANAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54(6), 1063.

External links[edit | edit source]