Motivation and emotion/Tutorials/20 emotions

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Tutorial 09: 20 emotions

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This is the ninth tutorial for the motivation and emotion unit of study.

Overview[edit | edit source]

This tutorial discusses the nature and functions of 20 individual emotions.

Individual emotions[edit | edit source]

Emotion knowledge can be developed by learning to distinguish a wide range emotions.

When dealing with many emotions, it helps to chunk them into categories.

According to Reeve (2018), which emotions fit into these three categories? (see Table 1)

  1. Basic (7)
  2. Self-conscious (5)
  3. Cognitively complex (8)

Table 1

20 Individual Emotions Organised Into Three Categories (based on Reeve, 2018; links go to Wikipedia articles)

Basic (7) Self-conscious (5) Cognitively complex (8)
Fear Shame Envy
Anger Guilt Gratitude
Disgust Embarrassment Disappointment
Contempt Pride Regret
Sadness Triumph Hope
Joy Schadenfreude
Interest Empathy

Matching exercise[edit | edit source]

  1. In pairs, discuss and complete the 20 Individual Emotions Matching Exercise

Discussion[edit | edit source]

  1. What is your "favourite" or "most interesting" emotion(s)?
  2. What is the difference between shame and guilt?
    1. Both involve feeling bad about the standard of the self's behaviour.
    2. Shame is public; Guilt is private
    3. Shame focuses on self; Guilt focuses on behaviour
  3. What are the two types of envy?
    1. Benign: Focuses on self-improvement (building up)
    2. Malicious: Focuses on undermining another (tearing down)
  4. What is the difference between disappointment and regret?
    1. Both involve experiencing an outcome that is worse than expected.
    2. Disappointment: Perceives that one's behaviour could not have lead to a different outcome
    3. Regret: Perceives that, had one's behaviour been different, a better outcome could have been achieved
  5. What are the two aspects of pride?
    1. Authentic: Based on actual achievements)
    2. Narcissistic/Hubristic: Based on a desire to be better/more dominant than others
  6. What is the difference between empathy and compassion?
    1. Empathy: Mirrors the feelings of another
    2. Compassion: Motivates action to help another
  7. What are the two aspects of gratitude?
    1. Indebtedness Exchange-based relationship: If the receiver focuses on what was received (e.g., $50), then the receiver may feel indebted to repay, leading to an exchange-based relationship
    2. Care Communal relationship: If the receiver focuses on the giver (e.g., a friend), then the receiver may feel cared for and loved, leading to a communal relationship
  8. What is the opposite of hope?
    1. Fear

Readings[edit | edit source]

Project work[edit | edit source]

  • Book chapter development guided by student questions which often include:

Recording[edit | edit source]

See also[edit | edit source]


References[edit | edit source]

Reeve, J. (2018). Understanding motivation and emotion (7th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. The School Locker. Google Books. Instructor companion site. UC Library. ISBN: Paperback 978-1-119-36760-4, E-text 978-1-119-36765-9. Rent e-text.