Psychiatry

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Psychiatry combines psychology and other techniques with the practice of medicine. Credit: TillyHarper.

Psychiatry involves the study and treatment of mental illness, emotional disturbance, and abnormal behavior.

Theoretical psychiatry[edit]

Def. the "branch of medicine that subjectively diagnoses, treats, and studies mental illness and behavioural conditions"[1] is called psychiatry.

Dominant group[edit]

"Plasma testosterone was determined in 36 male prisoners; 12 with chronic aggressive behavior, 12 socially dominant without physical aggressiveness and 12 who were not physically aggressive or socially dominant. A battery of psychological tests--the Scale of Susceptibility to Annoyances, the California Personality Inventory, the Adjective Check List, the Garabedian Index of Prison Socialization, the Lykken Measure of Anxiety, and the Buss-Durkee Hostility Inventory--were administered over the same time period. There was a significantly higher level of plasma testosterone in the aggressive group as compared with the nonaggressive group or with the other two groups combined. The socially dominant group also had a significantly higher level of testosterone than the nonaggressive group."[2]

"In the socially dominant group the only correlation reaching significance was that of succorance with testosterone (0.58, P < 0.05)."[2]

Readings[edit]

Criminal psychiatry[edit]

Crime “means simply those varieties of behavior or of manifest allegiance which are so experienced by dominant group elements as to touch off the ultimate or primitive defensive responses in question.”[3]

Neuropsychiatry[edit]

“In a preliminary study by Meyer and Yates,1 it was reported that after temporal lobectomy some intellectual changes take place and that evaluation of the effects of the operation requires a breakdown into dominant and nondominant groups.”[4]

Psychotherapy[edit]

"Because psychiatrists, and particularly analysts, were the dominant group involved in psychotherapy at this time, they essentially provided the model for the relative newcomers with lower status, such as clinical psychologists."[5]

Social psychiatry[edit]

"The primary condition of racism refers to the psychological mechanisms and psychiatric problems which arise from this issue of power and will be found in the dominant group."[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. "psychiatry, In: Wiktionary". San Francisco, California: Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 26 April 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-28.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Joel Ehrenkranz, Eugene Bliss, Michael H. Sheard (November/December 1974). "Plasma testosterone: correlation with aggressive behavior and social dominance in man". Psychosomatic Medicine 36 (6). http://journals.lww.com/psychosomaticmedicine/Abstract/1974/11000/Plasma_Testosterone__Correlation_with_Aggressive.2.aspx. Retrieved 2016-03-12. 
  3. George H. Dession (January 1938). "Psychiatry and the conditioning of criminal justice". Yale Law Journal 47 (3): 319. 
  4. V. Meyer (1959). "Cognitive Changes Following Temporal Lobectomy for Relief of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy". Archives of Neurology & Psychiatry 81 (3): 299-309. http://archneurpsyc.highwire.org/cgi/content/summary/81/3/299. Retrieved 2011-07-26. 
  5. Sol L. Garfield (February 1981). "Psychotherapy: A 40-year appraisal". American Psychologist 36 (2): 174-83. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.36.2.174. http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/amp/36/2/174/. Retrieved 2012-01-07. 
  6. AW Burke (March 1984). "Is racism a causatory factor in mental illness? An introduction". International Journal of Social Psychiatry 30 (1-2): 1-3. doi:10.1177/002076408403000101. PMID 6706482. http://isp.sagepub.com/content/30/1-2/1.short. Retrieved 2016-03-18. 

External links[edit]

{{Dominant group}}{{Gene project}}{{Humanities resources}}