Risk Management - Content Matrix
|RISK: Where is the risk?||e.g GIS Tutorial for Risk Maps||Implement Spatial Risk Mapping||e.g. Identify Pathway of Toxicants to Humans|
|RESPONSE: Where are the resources?||e.g. Tutorial of Resource Allocation with GIS||e.g. Implement access to risk mitigation resource by application of mobile devices||e.g. Research about Optimization of Resource Allocation applicable for Risk Mitigation|
|EDUCATION: Do the people know?||e.g. Tutorial for Risk Mitigation app for mobile devices||e.g. Implementation of Risk Literacy Programmes||e.g. Living Lab Research for Capacity Building of Risk Literacy|
Risk management is the
- (Risk) identification, assessment, and prioritization of risks as the effect of uncertainty on objectives
- (Response) coordination for an improved preparedness for the determined risk, followed by coordinated and economical application of resources to minimize, monitor, and control the probability and/or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities for risk mitigation.
- (Education) learn to identify risks and perform an appropriate response are approached in the module about Risk Literacy.
Systemic Connectivity: The application and allocation of resources for risk mitigation is part of the response to the identified risk. The response (e.g. vector control for mosquitos, education in risk literacy) in turn changes risk due to better preparedness. Assessment of risk mitigation activities triggers an alteration of allocation and application of resources to improve risk mitigation in the next loop. Education helps, that individuals can respond appropriately to risk.
Origin of Course Development
The development of courses for Risk management as a learning content builds of the Open Community Approach to support Capacity Building for Risk Literacy and provide access to risk management knowledge (see EFG-SGH). The objective is to support learning and comprehension of decision making process under uncertainty to minimize negative impacts on the community, improve awareness of the risk and better preparedness in case of a negative events. The spatial patterns of risk and the spatial availability of resources for risk mitigation are main aspect of the spatial decision support. The results of the [w:Community_of_practice|community of practice] at the Expert Focus Group for Space and Global Health and generalisations derived from international activities for disaster management are the foundations for this course. Tailored capacity building for community needs can be developed and shared in Wikiversity.
Subtopics of Risk Mitigation
- Modelling of Risks and Response Maps for Spatial Decision Support Systems
- Global Health and One Health
- User-driven spatial activities by application Mobile Devices as Decision Support Clients
- Spatial Decision Support Systems and Geographic Information Systems
- Short-term long-term drivers in Risk Management: If risk exposed communities battle to survive the next week, long term health risk may be of low priority for the community. Short term economical benefits (e.g. application of less argochemical with the same harvest yield) could lead to a long term health risk mitigation by less exposure to toxic substances. In this course context economical risk are regarded as linked with other aspect of risks for environment and health and not as pure financial optimization for companies.
- Living Labs as a Research Environment is applied as research concept for risk mitigation. A living lab is a user-centred, open innovation ecosystem, considers the spatial pattern of risk and resource in a territorial context (e.g. city, agglomeration, region), integrating concurrent research and innovation processes within a public-private-people partnership.
- Application of Space Technology for Risk Management.
- Risk Literacy, Real-World Lab and Augmented Reality for about capacity building with Open Educational Resouces
- Trust in Data, Information and Knowledge
- Clean Drinking Water is a required resource for supporting health of humans and in general to life on earth. Apply the concept of Risk Management to drinking water and create a link to diseases like Cholera.
Information for Teachers
- Create tailored Wikibooks according to prerequisites of learners,
Quality Assurance of Course Material
The Wikiversity Enviroment is regarded as working environment with the Quality Assurance of the Wiki-Community. Nevertheless the educational institution may want to create snapshot of quality assured articles at a certain time. The following processes is suggested:
- Quality Assurance as Part of the Wiki Community: perform a quality assurance of the selected articles, topics, ... in Wikipedia and Wikiversity that are relevant for a certain course (e.g. GIS and Health) and add scientific citations, respond to , ...
- Wikibook Export & Publication: Publish the Wikibook with date, names of team members, that did the final quality assurance for creating the course material. So this procedure freezes a snapshot of Wiki content as reference for course material of an University in the year , that is available e.g. in learning management system the e.g. a University works with.
- Public-Private-Versioning (PPV): Private versioning are performed by a group of authors that allow public read access to the repository and write access is limited to the group of authors. trust in capacity building material is mainly the trust of potential users in the quality assurance of the group of authors. Private versioning can be realized e.g. in GitHub. This provides a transparency for
Who created, altered, what, when?
Just like a wiki is allows a private versioning of content and the trust in a group authors might lead to decision to use the last quality assured version in the private versioning system instead the lasted version in wiki. References in the wikiversity content to quality assured private version are recommended to insert in the learning resource. It is not necessary that the quality assured versions are stored in GitHub as technical solution. Quality assured Capacity Building material can be published by an organization on the web portal. In turn public available resources need a OER license, so that the capacity building material can be adapted to local and regional requirements and constraints.
- Open Educational Resources are helpful, so people can access risk mitigation resources and learn about options for risk mitigation. Explore the application of PanDocElectron in conjunction with Wikiversity for the generation and adaptation of Educational Resources for improvment of Risk Literacy.
- Learner learn being an Author: A guiding principle of risk management learning resources is, that learner are encouraged to take over the role of an author in Wikiversity. This is incorporated by different user profiles:
- Academic Novice: e.g. look for citations to have more or updated scientific evidence for a specific content
- Academic Intermediate: e.g. Add a section to a wikiversity learning resource based on new scientific results
- Academic Expert: e.g. restructure a learning resource due to the evolution of content
- General Novice User: e.g. add a new use-case of the learning resource and report difficulties in application of the learning resource and ask for improvement
- General Intermediate: e.g. create wikiversity pages the explain the requirements and constraints of a setting in which an Open Educational Resource (OER) could support risk mitigation and [risk literacy].
- General Expert: develop, maintain, improve content in Wikiversity, design learning tasks with the educational background.
- Definition: Risk management
- PanDocElectron - Convert Capacity Building Material from the Educational Content Sink Wikiversity
- Demo of Quiz in Wikiversity: especially useful in the learning resource Risk Literacy to test the skills of the learner to be aware of certain risks and the knowledge to mitigate the risk.
- Expert Focus Group for Space and Global Health
In order to start this wikiversity initiative the following support was appreciated to iniated an infrastructure that is sustainable with an Open Community benefit for participating institutions.
- Living Lab Support for Risk Management by Prof. Dr. Marlien Herselmann (South Africa).
- Support for IT-Strategies for Batch Systems and Certificates by Dr. Adele Botha (South Africa).
- Support for Networking Support in the Risk Management in the Context of Proposals by Dr. Melanie Platz (Germany)
- support in structuring and linking the learning resources (Prof. Dr. Dave Braunschweig)
- WHO - Risk Mitigation Programme - Clean Care Safer Care (2005) - http://www.who.int/gpsc/background/en/
- Hubbard, Douglas (2009). The Failure of Risk Management: Why It's Broken and How to Fix It. John Wiley & Sons. p. 46.
- Boccardo, P. (2013). New perspectives in emergency mapping. European Journal of Remote Sensing, 46(1), 571-582.
- Von Hippel, E. (1986). Lead users: a source of novel product concepts. Management Science 32, 791–805.
- Chesbrough, H.W. (2003). Open Innovation: The new imperative for creating and profiting from technology. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
- Almirall, E., Wareham, J. (2011). Living Labs: Arbiters of Mid- and Ground- Level Innovation. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 23(1), 2011 pp. 87-102.
- Bilgram, V.; Brem, A.; Voigt, K.-I. (2008). User-Centric Innovations in New Product Development; Systematic Identification of Lead User Harnessing Interactive and Collaborative Online-Tools, in: International Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. 12, No. 3, pp. 419-458.
- Pallot M. (2009). Engaging Users into Research and Innovation: The Living Lab Approach as a User Centred Open Innovation Ecosystem. Webergence Blog. http://www.cwe-projects.eu/pub/bscw.cgi/1760838?id=715404_1760838
- WHO Campaign - Clean Care Safer Care - Tools, rationals, self-assessment - 2005-2015 - http://www.who.int/infection-prevention/campaigns/clean-hands/background/en/