# Risk Literacy

Risk Literacy is understood as the ability to perceive the risk individuals, communities and environment is exposed to and a derive appropriate decision from the awarness about the risk. The term's meaning has been expanded to include the ability to use detect actively the risk, identify risk mitigation resources and other means to understand and use these resources. Risk perception is the subjective judgment people make about the severity and/or probability of a risk, and may vary person to person. Any human endeavor carries some risk, but some are much riskier than others.[1]

## Risk and Response

Basic Risk and Response Cycle

Risk Literacy is understood as the ability to

• (Risk) perceive and process risks (Risk Awareness)and
• (Response) perform activities of risk mitigation.

If we consider risk as:

${\displaystyle Risk=Probability\times Impact}$

risk awareness might refer to the probability and/or the impact of events for the exposed population. Citizens might regard a risk as not high because the probability is not high (e.g. accident in an atomic power plant) or they might be very afraid of the risk because they aware of the huge impact on society, long-term contamination of areas and the impact on public health. Scientific assessment of risk literacy involves both

• the comprehension about the probability and
• the comprehension about the impact.