Sustainable Development Goals
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), officially known as Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is a set of 17 "Global Goals" with 169 targets between them. Spearheaded by the United Nations through a deliberative process involving its 193 Member States, as well as global civil society, the goals are contained in paragraph 54 United Nations Resolution A/RES/70/1 of 25 September 2015. The Resolution is a broader intergovernmental agreement that acts as the Post 2015 Development Agenda (successor to the Millennium Development Goals). The SDGs build on the Principles agreed upon under Resolution A/RES/66/288, popularly known as The Future We Want. It is a non-binding document released as a result of Rio+20 Conference held in 2012 in Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil.
The SDGs were in large measure informed by the perspective reflected in the often quoted assertion by Ban Ki-moon, the United Nations Secretary-General from 2007 to 2016, that "we don’t have plan B because there is no planet B".
On 19 July 2014, the UN General Assembly's Open Working Group (OWG) on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) forwarded a proposal for the SDGs to the Assembly. The proposal contained 17 goals with 169 targets covering a broad range of sustainable development issues. These included ending poverty and hunger, improving health and education, making cities more sustainable, combating climate change, and protecting oceans and forests. On 5 December 2014, the UN General Assembly accepted the Secretary-General's Synthesis Report which stated that the agenda for the post-2015 SDG process would be based on the OWG proposals.
The Intergovernmental Negotiations on the Post 2015 Development Agenda (IGN) began in January 2015 and ended in August 2015. Following the negotiations, a final document was adopted at the UN Sustainable Development Summit September 25–27, 2015 in New York, USA. The title of the agenda is Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Lesson Learned from Millenium Development Goals
- High focus on development, but sustainability is underrepresented in MDG
- Elaborate the performance indicators to measure the impact of activities must be improved
- Spatial Mapping of SDG Activities
Staring Transformation defined by 17 SDGs
On 25 September 2015, the 194 countries of the UN General Assembly adopted the 2030 Development Agenda titled Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Following the adoption, UN agencies under the umbrella of the United Nations Development Group, decided to support an independent campaign to help communicate the agreed Sustainable Development Goals to a wider constituency. Known as Project Everyone, the independent campaign introduced the term Global Goals and was supported by corporate institutions and other International Organizations. Because this decision was made without the approval of the member states, it met resistance. In addition, several sections of civil society and governments felt the UNDG ignored "sustainability," even though it was the most important aspect of the agreement. That the term "Global Goals" also refers to several other processes not related to the United Nations was another concern.
The Official Agenda for Sustainable adopted on 25 September 2015 has 92 paragraphs. Paragraph 51 outlines the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and the associated 169 targets.
The 17 SDGs are listed below, together with some of their key facts and figures:
List of SDG
- SDG Background
- SDG 1: No Poverty
- SDG 2: Zero Hunger
- SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being
- SDG 4: Quality Education
- SDG 5: Gender Equality
- SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation
- SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy
- SDG 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth
- SDG 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
- SDG 10: Reduced Inequalities
- SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities
- SDG 12: Responsible Consumption and Production
- SDG 13: Climate Action
- SDG 14: Life Below Water
- SDG 15: Life on Land
- SDG 16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions
- SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals
- SDG Cross Cutting SDG Issues
- (Targets and Indicator) If goals are defined, the acoomplishment of targets had to be validated/assessed and indicators had to be defined. Analyse the SDG targets and SDG indicators that were defined on August 2015 by 169 proposed targets for these goals and 304 proposed indicators to show compliance.. Before looking at published targets and indicators try to derive for yourself, how you would assess your activities and if your activities contributed to sustainability.
- (Implementation: personal view) Are there any activities in your professional private, that related to one or more SDGs at you work. Are there any options to contribute on that. Can you describe obstacles of implementing activities.
- (Implementation: organisational view) Because the concept is global approach is it necessary of focus implementation of the SDGs universities, governments, organisations but also citizens work on several topics at the same time everywhere. In each country, governments must translate the goals into national legislation, develop a plan of action, allocate a budget, be open and search for partners. Developing countries need the support of rich countries, and coordination at the international level is crucial.
- (Communicating the Goals) The comprehesivness of SDGs is the foundation that understanding of the concept could lead into action (see Jakob Trollbäck, icons were developed for every goal, the title was shortened to its essence from "The 17 Sustainable Development Goals" to "Global Goals", dedicated workshops and conferences developed on the topic of communicating the #GlobalGoals - s.a. the Global Festival of Ideas for Sustainable Development at the UNO headquarters in Bonn in march 2017; the endeavour was opened up so everybody could participate, etc.). How can you contribute in your company, academic institute, ... user-driven innovation.
- (Short-term/long-term goals) growing inequality and increasingly challenges to get basic resources for the every day life challenges communities and occupies their capacity. It is working against sustainable thinking because primary needs had to be fulfilled first. Explore
- (Systems Thinking) For dealing with the complexity and often interlinking of the goals with each other, several techniques and methodologies are used, e.g. at the Global Festival of Ideas for Sustainable Development at the UNO headquarters in Bonn in march 2017, the 2030 Hive Mind game was used: "The SDGs are highly interdependent – objectives overlap; policies compete and complement; countries have to set priorities, sequence their efforts and manage trade-offs. The game simulates some of these complexities to spark inventive solutions and build alliances. This was not a modelling exercise, although the game was built on empirical evidence. Nor was it prescriptive. The game was designed to help people, regardless of their backgrounds, engage in a complex decision-making process.".
- (Project Analysis) Explore the Project Children Project in India. Assign Sustainable Development Goals to the project! What are the key features for getting closer to sustainability and what are possibilities reaching people that are not reached with necessary sustainable services.
- (User-Driven Innovation) Wikiversity is a learning environment and provides the possiblity to share and build on knowledge. Share your humanitarian ideas for projects and document your "lessons learnt" on project subpage for SDGs. Make cross-reference to other project with similar approaches.
- Economics of climate change mitigation
- List of countries by Social Progress Index
- Millennium Development Goals
- Post-2015 Development Agenda
- Action for climate empowerment (ACE)
- Education 2030 Agenda
- United Nations - Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- This learning module including submodules incorporates text from a free content work. Licensed under CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0 Licence statement: Making Sense of MOOCs: A Guide for Policy-Makers in Developing Countries, 17-18, Patru, Mariana; Balaji, Venkataraman, UNESCO. UNESCO.
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