Talk:Motivation and emotion/Book/2017/Time perspective and happiness

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Research suggestions[edit]

Hey Rachel, I did some research on time perspective for a past unit and it seemed having a balanced time perspective had the strongest link with happiness i.e. being flexible in switching between perspectives based on the situation, personal resources etc. This chapter provides a critical summary of research on BTP up to 2015. Stolarski, M., Wiberg, B., & Osin, E. (2015). Assessing temporal harmony: The issue of a balanced time perspective. In Time Perspective Theory; Review, Research and Application (pp. 57-71). Springer International Publishing.
This article might also be useful for looking at the relationship of each particular dimension with mood: Stolarski, M., Matthews, G., Postek, S., Zimbardo, P. G., & Bitner, J. (2014). How we feel is a matter of time: Relationships between time perspectives and mood. Journal of Happiness Studies, 15, 809-827. doi:10.1007/s10902-013-9450-y
Wishing you all the best for your chapter development --u3122707 (discusscontribs) 02:55, 31 August 2017 (UTC)

Hi Rachel, We have similar topics (I am doing Time perspective and relationships). I have also found research which suggests a balanced time perspective is a strong predictor of well-being and happiness, however, what a balanced time perspective actually is seems unclear as there has been contradictory findings. This book chapter gives quite a bit of info on balanced time perspective and its relationship with well-being: Boniwell, I., & Zimbardo, P. G. (2015). Balancing time perspective in pursuit of optimal functioning. Positive Psychology in Practice: Promoting Human Flourishing in Work, Health, Education, and Everyday Life, Second Edition, 223-236.] Another good book which lots of info on time perspective is: Zimbardo, P., & Boyd, J. (2008). The time paradox: The new psychology of time that will change your life. New York, NY: Free Press. Its available in the UC library (BF 468. Z56) for 7 days. Hope this helps. Good luck with your chapter.--WJDHR (discusscontribs) 10:46, 2 September 2017 (UTC)

Hi Rachel, it might be interesting to look at time perspective across cultures. Theres some interesting studies using the Zimbardo Stanford time perspective inventory as a measure. this google scholar search will show you a heap of studies done using different cultural samples. --U3099598 (discusscontribs) 04:50, 29 September 2017 (UTC)

Direct edits[edit]

Hi Rachel Thanks for your lovely comment on my user page. I can't imagine doing an assignment like this in a second language - I'm in 'awe' of you!! I've made a few direct edits to your chapter you can review here All the best --u3122707 (discusscontribs) 23:47, 17 October 2017 (UTC)

Heading casing[edit]

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FYI, the convention on Wikiversity is for lower-cased headings. For example, use:

==Cats and dogs==

rather than

==Cats and Dogs==

-- Jtneill - Talk - c 06:45, 12 October 2017 (UTC)

Topic development review and feedback

The topic development has been reviewed according to the marking criteria. Written feedback is provided below, plus there is a general feedback page. Please also check the chapter's page history to check for editing changes made whilst reviewing through the chapter. Responses to this feedback can be made by starting a new section below and/or contacting the reviewer. Topic development marks will be available later via Moodle. Keep an eye on Announcements. Note that marks are based on what was available before the due date, whereas the comments may also be based on all material available at time of providing this feedback.

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Title, sub-title, TOC[edit]

  1. Excellent

User page[edit]

  1. Created
  2. Used effectively

Social contribution[edit]

  1. List social contributions on the user page - not on the chapter page
  2. Excellent

Section headings[edit]

  1. Underdeveloped. Needs more detail to flesh out a structured response to the topic
  2. I've adjusted some of the heading levels
  3. Consider what the top-level headings are going to be, and then consider the sub-heading structure for the main sections

Key points[edit]

  1. The main theory is/should be time perspective, based on work by Zimbardo, including his book "The Time Paradox", a copy of which is held by the UC Library, and the 5-6 types of time perspective that it describes.
  2. The other main theory should be around what is happiness (there are different types) - e.g., see positive psychology work promoted by Seligman (e.g., For example, Present Hedonism may be associated with Pleasure, but may not be so helpful for Eudaimonia and Meaning which are other aspects of happiness. These three type of happiness could provide a good theoretical structure to explore in relation to the dimensions of time perspective.


  1. Figures added effectively.
  2. To improve, consider expanding the detail in the Figure captions - how does the image illustrate a point being made in the text?
  3. Also consider expanding the image size, where relevant.


  1. Very good.
  2. Use the new recommended format for dois -
  3. Do not include issue numbers for journals which are continuously numbered within a volume


  1. Good effort
  2. Formatting has been improved
  3. Also link to other time perspective chapters - e.g., see Category:Motivation and emotion/Book/Time perspective and happiness chapters - Category:Motivation and emotion/Book/Happiness
  4. Importantly, note that there was a 2016 chapter on this topic which wasn't satisfactory as a professional summary of the psychology theory and research on the topic, hence the topic has been relisted for 2017. But you should look to incorporate and build on the strengths of what was covered: Motivation and emotion/Book/2016/Time perspective and happiness

-- Jtneill - Talk - c 06:45, 12 October 2017 (UTC)

Hi Rachel, Thank you for reading my chapter and providing feedback. It was perfect timing as I was writing about a balanced time perspective when you suggested that article - which I used so thank you! I have read yours and it looks great! As it is currently, I would suggest reducing the amount of feature boxes you have but I'm guessing you are still in the process of adding content. I noticed you briefly mentioned the Swedish version of the ZTPI, if you were looking to expand further, Mollineri et al (Molinari, L., Speltini, G., Passini, S., & Carelli, M. G. (2016). Time perspective in adolescents and young adults: Enjoying the present and trusting in a better future. Time & Society, 25(3), 594-612 ) say it is a more reliable measure for adolescents' time perspective as it distinguishes between future thoughts of happiness, joy, hope etc. and future thoughts of worry and anxiety as the distinction is particularly relevant for adolescents with a more uncertain future. Maybe there is a difference in the relationship between TP and happiness between younger and older people. Also, I noticed you have the same issue with adding wikipedia links to your page as I had - it doesn't actually go to the wiki page. Instead of 'edit' if you do 'edit source' then type for example Emotion and then publish, it will add the wiki link. Happy studying! --WJDHR (discusscontribs) 02:36, 20 October 2017 (UTC)

I just realised that typing the syntax in here has created the link instead of showing the format. I've changed the first three wiki links you have (Lewin, emotion and motivation). Go to edit source and notice the difference between those three and the subsequent wikipedia links, then you can change them. Cheers --WJDHR (discusscontribs) 02:48, 20 October 2017 (UTC)

Chapter review and feedback[edit]

This chapter has been reviewed according to the marking criteria. Written feedback is provided below, plus there is a general feedback page. Please also check the chapter's page history to check for editing changes made whilst reviewing through the chapter. Responses to this feedback can be made by starting a new section below and/or contacting the reviewer. Chapter marks will be available later via Moodle, along with social contribution marks and feedback. Keep an eye on Announcements.

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  1. Overall, this is a well prepared chapter, with solid background about theory and research.
  2. For additional feedback, see these copyedits.


  1. Relevant theory was well described and explained.


  1. Good coverage of research involving the relation between the target constructs is provided.
  2. When describing important research findings, indicate the size of effects in addition to whether or not there was an effect or relationship.

Written expression[edit]

  1. Written expression is generally good.
    1. Some paragraphs are overly long. Each paragraph should communicate one key idea in three to five sentences.
    2. Abbreviations (such as e.g., i.e.., etc.) should only be used inside parentheses.
  2. Layout
    1. Sections which include sub-sections should also include an introductory paragraph (which doesn't need a separate heading) before branching into the sub-headings.
    2. Feature boxes were overused. Some have been removed to simplify the presentation.
  3. Learning features
    1. Interwiki links are well used.
    2. Basic use of images.
    3. Basic use of tables.
    4. No use of quizzes.
    5. Some use of case studies.
  4. Spelling, grammar, and proofreading
    1. Spelling can be improved - e.g., see the [spelling?] tags.
    2. The grammar for some sentences could be improved - e.g., see the [grammar?] tags.
  5. APA style
    1. Citations
      1. Use ampersand (&) inside brackets and "and" outside brackets.
      2. In-text citations should be in alphabetical order
    2. References are not in full APA style e.g.,
      1. Check and correct italicisation
      2. Do not include issue numbers for journals which are continuously numbered within volumes.

Multimedia feedback

The accompanying multimedia presentation has been marked according to the marking criteria. Marks are available via the unit's Moodle site. Written feedback is provided below, plus see the general feedback page. Responses to this feedback can be made by starting a new section below. If you would like further clarification about the marking or feedback, contact the unit convener.



  1. Overall, this is a basic, but effective presentation.

Structure and content[edit]

  1. A good structure is used with well selected content.
  2. Perhaps consider using more examples and less theory.
  3. There wasn't really any specific mention of research?


  1. Audio pacing was good, with some variation in intonation - let your personality come through!
  2. Visual pacing and text was good. Don't use font any smaller than what was used.
  3. Consider including more images/figures.

Production quality[edit]

  1. The presentation was well produced.
  2. Include the title and the sub-title.
  3. Consider using a Creative Commons license.

-- Jtneill - Talk - c 03:39, 23 November 2017 (UTC)