Motivation and emotion/Tutorials/Personality, motivation and emotion

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Tutorial X: Personality, motivation and emotion
This is the fifth tutorial for the motivation and emotion unit of study.

Overview[edit | edit source]

This tutorial is about individual differences in emotion. Stable characteristics that differ between individuals are referred to as personality and some personality traits are related to emotion - in particular, neuroticism is associated with psychological distress amd extraversion is associated with happiness.

The tutorial reviews the Reeve (2009) personality, motivation and emotion chapter, discusses the big 5 personality traits and their connection with emotion, and discusses three other personality measures (a BIS/BAS survey, the Sensation Seeking Scale, and the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory). Finally, the tutorial conducts a final wiki-blitz on book chapters.

Reading[edit | edit source]

  • Reeve (2009, Ch 13)

Big 5 personality factors and happiness/unhappiness[edit | edit source]

Review (by class generating):

BIS/BAS[edit | edit source]

A 10-item BIS/BAS self-test is suggested by (Reeve, 2009, p. 62), based on items by Carver and White (1994), and measuring:

  • Behavioural Inhibition System (BIS; right prefrontal lobe sensitivity; 4 items); greater sensitivity to:
    • punishment
    • negative emotion
    • avoidance-oriented behaviours
  • Behavioural Activation System (BAS; left prefrontal lobe sensitivity; 6 items); greater sensitivity to:
    • reward
    • positive emotion
    • approach-oriented behaviours
BIS/BAS Survey Short Version

The results will look something like:

You are motivated by:

  • BAS Reward sensitivity: anticipation or occurrence of reward: 85%
  • BAS Drive: pursuit of desired goals: 100%
  • BAS Fun seeking: desire for new rewards and impulsive approach to potential rewards: 69%
  • BIS: anticipation of punishment: 75%

Sensation seeking scale[edit | edit source]

There are four factors:[1]

  1. Thrill and adventure seeking (10 items) - desire to engage in sports or activities involving some physical danger or risk such as mountain climbing, parachute jumping, scuba diving, speeding in a car, etc.
  2. Experience seeking (10 items) - desire to seek new experiences through the mind and senses by living in a nonconforming life style with unconventional friends, and through travel.
  3. Disinhibition (10 items) - need to disinhibit behaviour in the social sphere by drinking, partying and seeking variety in sexual partners.
  4. Boredom susceptibility (10 items) - aversion for repetitive experience of any kind, routine work, or even dull or predictable people. Other items indicate a restless reaction when things are unchanging.

Complete the SSS (online or from handout), score your total and factor scores, and then contribute your data to the class graph and data sheet (if willing).

Discuss the constructs and distributions.

Time perspective[edit | edit source]

  • Self-test online: Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (52-items).
    • Note that the display of the graph at the end does not work and means are not provided for all dimensions, but you can compare your scores with the 'optimal' profile
  • Watch and discuss video: Philip Zimbardo prescribes a healthy take on time (Philip Zimbardo, 6:31 min, TED talk, 2009)
  • These are the time perspective factors:
    • Past Negative
    • Past Positive
    • Present Fatalism
    • Present Hedonism
    • Future
    • Transcendental Future
  • According to Zimbardo:
    • The best profile is a blend of:
      • high past-positive
      • moderately high future orientation
      • moderate present selected hedonism
      • i.e., you like your past, work for the future – but not so hard that you become a workaholic – and choose when to seek pleasure in the present.[2]
    • The worst time-perspective profile is a blend of:
      • high present fatalism
      • high of past-negative.
      • i.e., these people are living in a negative past and think nothing they do can change it. [3]
  • Zimbardo's two books on this topic are:

Book chapter development[edit | edit source]

Wikiblitz[edit | edit source]

  1. Class review - invite a list of outstanding questions about the chapters, write them up on the board, and address them
  2. Wiki-blitz/Make-over:
    1. Last chance to do some live tutorial demos and fixes/enhancements - anyone want any live fixes performed by the tutor? Call for volunteer book chapter pages, then apply wiki-blitz/make-over for layout and images etc.

See also[edit | edit source]