Motivation and emotion/Tutorials/Individual emotions
Tutorial 5: Individual emotions
This page is complete for 2019.
This tutorial is about individual emotions and time perspective.
20 Individual Emotions in 3 Categories (based on Reeve, 2018)
|Basic (7)||Self-conscious (5)||Cognitively complex (8)|
- Handout: 20 Individual Emotions Matching Exercise
- What are the three categories of emotion? (see Slide 3 of Lecture 09)
- Basic (7)
- Self-conscious (5)
- Cognitively complex (8)
- What is the difference between shame and guilt?
- Guilt focuses on behaviour; shame focuses on self
- Guilt is private; shame is public
- What are the two types of envy?
- Benign envy focuses on self-improvement
- Malicious envy focuses on undermining another
- What are the different causes and consequences of disappointment and regret?
- Disappointment involves not perceiving that one's behaviour could have been different
- Regret involves perceiving that one's behaviour could have been different and is stronger
- What are the two aspects of pride?
- Authentic (based on actual achievements)
- Narcissistic (based on a desire to be better/more dominant than others)
- What is the difference between empathy and compassion?
- Empathy mirrors the feelings of another
- Compassion involves action to help another
- What are the two aspects of gratitude?
- If the receiver focuses on what was received (e.g., $50), then the receiver may feel indebted to repay, leading to an exchange-based relationship
- If the receiver focuses on the giver (e.g., a friend), then the receiver may feel cared for and loved, leading to a communal relationship
- What is the opposite of hope?
Time perspective - ZTPI
- Self-test online: Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (56/61 items).
- Note that the display of the graph at the end does not work
- Compare your scores with the:
- Past Negative (M = 3.00)
- Past Positive (M = 3.22)
- Present Fatalism (M = 3.22)
- Present Hedonism (M = 2.33)
- Future (M = 3.69)
- Transcendental Future
- 'Optimal' profile
- High Past Positive (like your past)
- Moderate Present Hedonism (choose when to select pleasure in the present) 
- Moderately high Future orientation (work for the future)
- The worst time-perspective profile includes:
- High Past Negative
- High Present Fatalism
- "These people are living in a negative past and think nothing they do can change it."
- Watch and discuss video: Philip Zimbardo prescribes a healthy take on time (Philip Zimbardo, 6:31 min, TED talk, 2009)
- Zimbardo's two books on this topic are:
- Chapter 14: Individual emotions (Reeve, 2018)
Book chapter development
- Peer reviewing / Social contributions
- Interactive features
- Wiki-blitz based on outstanding questions about the chapters
- Author guidelines
- Tutorial 05 recording, 2017
Zimbardo, P. G. & Boyd, J. N. (2009). The time paradox: Using the new psychology of time to your advantage. New York, NY: Free Press.