Latin/Verbs Present 2 Lesson 3

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Salvēte omnēs! Welcome back to Latin for Wikiversity. Here you can peruse a new lesson in Latin, in a simple format. If you would like to catch up, you can find a directory of lessons, a classified vocabulary list, and Memrise courses at the links on the right.

We have added several verbs, but still have a long way to go. All of our new verbs this lesson are in the 3rd conjugation. Two of them are “i-stem” verbs, which have some characteristics of 4th conjugation verbs but still belong in the 3rd. Also, we've used the medieval invention of the letter J and use it in jaciō ... but purists prefer to stick with the letter I whenever it is used as a consonant. We’ll try to give both versions in the Memrise course whenever that is an issue. For the record, we've used punctuation and capital letters even though they weren’t systematized until modern times.

One more note: these verbs have many different shades of meaning, and there are other Latin verbs that are sometimes used as synonyms. We can’t possibly introduce every different usage, or every synonym, so we haven’t tried at this point. They’ll need to be picked up at a more advanced level, when we are more confident with basic conjugations.

New Vocabulary[edit | edit source]

Latin English Audio (Classical) Notes
pīla, ae ball
dēbitum, ī  debt
pretium, ī  price
agō, agere, ēgī, āctus, 3 do, act, drive, give
capiō, capere, cēpī, captus, 3 (i-stem) take, catch, capture
emō, emere, ēmī, ēmptus, 3 buy, gain
jaciō (iaciō), jacere, jēcī, jactus, 3 (i-stem) throw, cast, hurl
lūdō, lūdere, lūsī, lūsus, 3 play
solvō, solvere, solvī, solūtus, 3 loose, release, pay (off)
vēndō, vēndere, vēndidī, vēnditus, 3 sell

New Sentences[edit | edit source]

Latin English Notes
Lūcia domum emit. Lucia buys a house.
Gāius Lūciae pōculum cafeae emit. Gaius buys Lucia a cup of coffee.
Quattuor librōs emō. I buy four books.
Quid emis? / Quid emitis? What are you buying?
Pānem et caseum emimus. We are buying bread and cheese.
Mārcus et Paula terram in Italiā emunt. Marcus and Paula buy land in Italy.
Quis solvit? Who is paying?
Rem solvimus. We are paying (the thing, the bill).
Dēbitum solvit. He pays the debt.
Pretium magnum solvitis. You pay a big price.
Tibi solvō. I am paying you.
Nāvem solvunt. They set sail (lit., they loose the ship).
Pecūniā solvunt. They pay in/with money/cash.
Quid vēndis / vēnditis? What are you selling?
Librōs vēndimus. We are selling books.
Vīnum vēndit. He is selling wine.
Mārcus pīlā lūdit. Marcus plays with a ball/ Marcus plays ball.
In aquā lūdimus. We are playing in the water.
Puerī puellaeque lūdunt. The boys and girls are playing.
Pater agit. Dad is taking action/doing something.
Quid Gāius et Mārcus agunt? What are Gaius and Marcus doing?
Grātiās puellīs puerīsque agimus. We thank the girls and boys.
Pīlam jacit. He throws the ball.
Aquam in ignem jacimus. We are throwing water on the fire.
Puerī pīlās in puellās jaciunt. The boys are throwing balls at the girls.
Lūcia diārium jacit. Lucia throws away the newspaper.
Pōculum mānū capiō. I take the cup in/with my hand.
Cōnsilium capimus. We take counsel/ We make a plan.
Pīlam capit. He catches/takes the ball.
Pecūniam capit. He takes the money.
Id capis. You are taking it.
Mīlitēs oppidum capiunt. The soldiers capture the town.
Pater piscēs capit. Dad is catching fish.
Fēlēs mūrem capit. The cat catches the mouse.

Practice[edit | edit source]

Practice and learn the words and phrases in this lesson
Step one First learn the words using this lesson:
Step two Next try learning and writing the sentencing using this:
Note that the Memrise stage covers the content for all lessons in each stage.
If you are skipping previous stages you may need to manually "ignore" the words in previous levels (use the 'select all' function)

As always, if you have questions, comments or corrections please let us know on the talk page. Valēte!