Latin/Food Lesson 1

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Salvēte!

Now that we have a basic familiarity with the first three declensions, it’s time to have some fun with everyone’s favorite subject, food! For a guide to previous lessons and a classified vocabulary list, be sure to check out the links on the right.

For today’s lesson, there is no new grammar. Just review the cases of nouns for the 3 declensions; we’ll mainly be using nominative and accusative.

New Vocabulary[edit | edit source]

1st declension, f. unless otherwise noted
Latin English Notes
cafea, cafeae coffee
orȳza, ae rice
socolāta, ae  chocolate (alternative to chocolātum or chocolāta
thea, theae tea
2nd declension: m. ending in –us; n. ending in –um
Latin English Audio (Classical) Notes
cāseus, ī  cheese  
chocolātum, ī  chocolate
crūstulum, ī  cookie
ōvum, ī  egg
pullus, ī  chicken  
Latin English Audio (Classical) Notes
3rd declension: gender noted
jūs, jūris (n.) soup, broth, gravy   sometimes ius, since the letter J was developed in the middle ages; and also this word is used to mean law
lac, lactis (n.) milk
piscis, piscis (m.) fish

New Sentences[edit | edit source]

Latin English Notes
Cibus est bonus. Food is good.
Pānis nōn est malus. The bread is not bad.
Pānem edō. I eat the bread.
Cafeam bibō . I drink coffee.
Cafeam cum lacte et saccharō bibis. You drink coffee with milk and sugar.
Jūs est bonum. The soup is good.
Jūs bonum edis. You eat the good soup.
Puer crūstulum edit. The boy eats the cookie.
Puerī parvī multa crūstula edunt. Little boys eat many cookies.
Multum saccharum in crūstulō est. There is a lot of sugar in the cookie.
Puella lac bibit. The girl drinks milk.
Puerī sūcum, sed hominēs vīnum bibunt. The boys drink juice, but the men drink wine.  
Homō frāgum edit. The man eats a strawberry.
Virī frāga edunt, sed fēminae māla edunt. The men eat strawberries, but the women eat apples.
Pullus nōn est in ōvō. The chicken is not in the egg.
Mārcus ōva edit. Marcus eats eggs.
Paula pullum edit. Paula eats chicken.
Piscis in aquā est. The fish is in water.
Piscem edimus. We eat fish.
Vīnum bibimus, sed theam bibitis. We drink wine, but you drink tea.
Pullum cum orȳzā editis. You (pl.) eat chicken with rice.
Orȳzam cum pullō editis. You (pl.) eat rice with chicken.
Chocolātum cum lacte est bonum.
Socolāta cum lacte est bona.
Chocolate with milk is good. Or Chocolāta cum lacte est bona.
Vir cāseum edit. The man eats the cheese.
Cāseus cum pisce nōn est bonus. Cheese with fish is not good.
Cāseum edunt et vīnum bibunt. They eat cheese and drink wine.
Ab ōvō ūsque ad māla. From the egg to the apples. traditional idiom for “from beginning to end”, the starter course to dessert

Practice[edit | edit source]

Practice and learn the words and phrases in this lesson
Step one First learn the words using this lesson:
Step two Next try learning and writing the sentencing using this:
Note that the Memrise stage covers the content for all lessons in each stage.
If you are skipping previous stages you may need to manually "ignore" the words in previous levels (use the 'select all' function)

I think the vocabulary of food is a good way to practice combining the first three declensions. There is a lot of food vocabulary to come in future lessons. Some of the vocabulary is relatively modern in origin, since coffee, tea, chocolate, sugar, etc. were not known to the Romans. For those interested in historical authenticity, I highly recommend looking at the Roman cookbook: Apicius, dē rē coquīnāria

Valēte!