Bengali Language

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বাংলা ভাষা
Baang•laa Bhaa•shaa

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This course is intended to teach the Bengali language. The Bengali taught here is (unless mentioned otherwise) the standard colloquial version of the Bengali language that is widely used in the media both in the country of Bangladesh and in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Who is this course for?[edit]

The principal Bengali-speaking area of the world
Bengali letters and digits

This is a comprehensive course for people who want to develop linguistic (lexical, grammatical and phonetic) and communication skills in the Bengali language.

First contact[edit]

Let's dive straight into some simple Bengali sentences to give you a first impression of how Bengali is structured.

Sentence 1 : I speak Bengali.

আমি
aa•mi
বাংলা
baang•laa
বলি
bo•li
I Bengali (Language) speak.
Subject Direct Object Verb
aa = আ
m = ম
mi = মি
Aami = আমি
b = ব
baa = বা
baang = বাং
l = ল
laa = লা
baanglaa = বাংলা
b = ব
bo = ব
l = ল
li = লি
boli = বলি

Note : The simple affirmative present tense Bengali sentence follows the Subject-Object-Verb (SOV) word order. To learn more about this, see Bengali Word Order

Sentence 2 : I do not speak Bengali.

আমি
aa•mi
বাংলা
baang•laa
বলি
bo•li
না
naa.
I Bengali (Language) speak not.
Subject Direct Object Verb Negative marker for Present
aa = আ
m = ম
mi = মি
aami = আমি
b = ব
baa = বা
baang = বাং
l = ল
laa = লা
baanglaa = বাংলা
b = ব
bo = ব
l = ল
li = লি
Boli = বলি
n = ন
naa = না

Note : The simple negative present tense Bengali sentence adds the negative marker -naa after the verb to make it negative.

Sentence 3 : Do you speak Bengali ? (informal you)

তুমি
tu•mi
কি
ki
বাংলা
baang•laa
বল?
baw•lo?
You (informal) [no meaning] Bengali (Language) speak?
Subject yes-no question marker
without meaning
Direct Object Verb
t = ত
tu = তু
m = ম
mi = মি
tumi = তুমি
k = ক
ki = কি
b = ব
baa = বা
baang = বাং
l = ল
laa = লা
baanglaa = বাংলা
b = ব
baw = ব
l = ল
lo = ল
bawlo = বল

Note :

1.The dummy yes/no question marker ki is placed right after the Subject.

2. Also, as the subject changes from aami (I) to tumi (You), observe that the form of the present tense verb changes. To learn more about this, see Verbs

List of Grammar Lessons (not in order)[edit]

List of Vocabulary Lessons (not in order)[edit]

Appendices[edit]