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- The essence of the proposal involved three necessary types of learning and respective types of teaching: knowing what, knowing how, and knowing why: One of these was lacking from present-day practice after kindergarten and first grade.
- Didactic instruction (traditional lecturing) was ... the primary mode of teaching being applied in the traditional system. Its purpose was for the acquisition of organized knowledge or facts. Adler placed the least value on this form of knowledge, arguing that it generally fades away with time [...]
- Coaching is performed so that the student may acquire skills, such as reading, writing, speaking, listening, calculating, problem-solving, estimating, measuring, and exercising critical judgement. Skills are habits, not memories, thus are much more durable than memories, especially memories not based upon understanding. [...]
- The Socratic method (extended discussion) is the only path to understanding basic ideas and values. This cannot be acquired through didactic teaching or coaching. The basis of discussion cannot be textbooks, but must be works of art and books that deal with ideas and values. Adler states that our teachers are totally untrained for this. [...]
Chronology[edit | edit source]
- Literature/1990/Adler [^]
- Adler, Mortimer J. & Geraldine van Doren (1988). Reforming Education: The Opening of the American Mind. New York: Macmillan. [^]
- Bloom, Allan (1987). The Closing of the American Mind: How Higher Education Has Failed Democracy and Impoverished the Souls of Today's Students. New York: Simon & Schuster. [^]
- Adler, Mortimer J. (1984). The Paideia Program: An Educational Syllabus: Essays by the Paideia Group.
- Adler, Mortimer J. & Paideia Group (1983). Paideia Problems and Possibilities: A Consideration of Questions Raised by The Paideia Proposal. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Adler, Mortimer J. & Paideia Group (1982). The Paideia Proposal: An Educational Manifesto. New York: Simon & Schuster. [^]
- Literature/1977/Adler [^]
- Literature/1972/Adler [^]
- Hutchins, Robert, ed. (1952). Great Books of the Western World. Encyclopaedia Britannica. [^]
- Bernal, J. D. (1939). The Social Function of Science. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd. [^]
- Wells, H. G. (1938). World Brain. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran & Co. [^]
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