Latin/Verbs Present 3 Lesson 5

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Salvēte omnēs! Welcome back to Latin for Wikiversity. Here you can peruse a new lesson in Latin, in a simple format. If you would like to catch up, you can find a directory of lessons, a classified vocabulary list, and Memrise courses at the links on the right.

We have one more lesson of verbs for you before we stop adding so much vocabulary. There are a few more deponent verbs and some others with special considerations. After this, we’ll focus on learning how to use verbs in other than the present tense, and not so many completely new words.

“Defective” verbs are verbs that are missing some pieces. We have meminī and ōdī in this lesson. Both have forms for the perfect tense, but with a present meaning. You may remember from a previous lesson, (cog)nōscō, nōscere, nōvī, nōtus = know was used in this way.

New Vocabulary

[edit | edit source]
Latin English Audio (Classical) Notes
injūria, ae injury, injustice, wrong
compleō, complēre, complēvī, complētus, 2   fill, fill up
also, impleō
valeō, valēre, valuī, valitūrus, 2 am strong, am well
oblīvīscor, oblīvīscī, oblītus sum, 3 (deponent) forget Used with gen. of persons, gen. or acc. of things, acc. with neuter pronouns or adjectives.a
patior, patī, passus sum, 3 (i-stem, deponent) allow, suffer, permit
ōdī, ōdisse (only perfect forms used) hate
dēsum, dēesse, dēfuī, dēfutūrus, irreg. fail, be without, be missing Frequently used w. dat

The following three constructions may all mean “remember.” We have already introduced the first, but the second is most common although a little more difficult, and we won’t make any sentences for the less common 3rd option although you will still see it in Latin literature:

Latin English Audio (Classical) Notes
memoriā teneō, tenēre, tenuī, tentus, 2 hold in memory, remember  
meminī, meminisse remember   “defective” verb – only perfect forms used. May be used with gen. or acc.
used with gen. of persons, gen. or acc. of things, acc. with neuter pronouns or adjectives
recordor, recordārī, recordātus sum, 1 (deponent) call to mind, remember

New Sentences

[edit | edit source]
Latin English Notes
Pōculum vīnō compleō. I fill the cup with wine.
Lūcia pōculum aquā complet. Lucia fills the cup with water.
Balneum aquā complent. They fill the bath with water.
Gāius meminit. Gaius remembers.
Meministīne? Do you remember?
Mātris meae meminī. (Matrem meam memoriā teneo.) I remember my mother.
Omnia meminimus. We remember everything.
Discipulī librum/librī meminērunt. The students remember the book.
Nōmen/nōminis ejus oblīvīscor. I forget his name.
Paula Mārcī oblīvīscitur. Paula forgets Marcus.
Magistrōrum bonōrum nōn oblīvīscimur. We do not forget good teachers.
Amīci meī pecūniae/pecūniam saepe oblīvīscuntur. My friends often forget their money.
Tempus dēest. Time is lacking/there isn’t enough time.
Tempus mihi dēest. I do not have time. (Lit. Time is lacking for me).  
Pecūnia nōbīs dēest. We do not have money.
Clāvēs dēsunt. The keys are missing.
In hōc dēsum. I am lacking in this (respect).  
In hōc valeō. I am strong in this respect.
Nōs dēsumus. We are the ones failing/We are to blame.
Sī valēs, valeō. If you are well, I am well. (frequent greeting in Roman letters.)
Puer patitur. The boy is suffering.
Injūriam patior. I suffer/endure an injury.
Injūrias patiuntur. They suffer injustices.
Parentēs meī hoc nōn patiuntur. My parents do not allow this.  
Rēs difficilēs patimur. We are enduring difficult things.
Eum ōdī. I hate him.
Gāius Mārcum ōdit. Gaius hates Marcus.
Inter sē ōdērunt. They hate each other.
Ōdī et amō. I hate and I love. The poet Catullus describing a complicated relationship.


[edit | edit source]
Practice and learn the words and phrases in this lesson
Step one First learn the words using this lesson:
Step two Next try learning and writing the sentencing using this:
Note that the Memrise stage covers the content for all lessons in each stage.
If you are skipping previous stages you may need to manually "ignore" the words in previous levels (use the 'select all' function)

If you have questions or comments about this lesson, leave them on the talk page. Next time we’ll move on to infinitives. Valēte et bonam fortūnam!