Latin/Occupation Lesson 2

From Wikiversity
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Salvēte omnēs! Welcome back to Latin for Wikiversity. Here you can peruse a new lesson in Latin, in a simple format. If you would like to catch up, you can find a directory of lessons, a classified vocabulary list, and Memrise courses at the links on the right.


Today we continue with occupations. There are many Latin synonyms for words like “job”, “worker,” “boss,” etc. Where possible we've give you some synonyms in parentheses after the word we prefer.

New Vocabulary[edit]

Latin English Audio (Classical) Notes
advocātus, ī  lawyer, advocate
coquus, ī  cook
faber, fabrī
artifex, artificis
opifex, opificis
operarius, ī
builder, smith, carpenter, workman, craftsman  
 
 
 
tabernārius, iī
caupōna, ae
caupōnārius, iī
shopkeeper  
 
 
negōtium, iī business, occupation literally “no leisure”
ōtium, iī leisure, pleasure
jūdex, jūdicis (m.) judge
iūdex, iūdicis
mercātor, mercatōris (m.)
negōtiātor, negōtiātōris (m.)
merchant, trader, businessman
tōnsor, tōnsōris (m.) barber
opus, operis (n.)
mūnus, mūneris
negōtium, iī 
labor, labōris
work, job, employment
negōtiōsus, a, um busy, full of business

New Sentences[edit]

Latin English Notes
Māter coqua bona est. Mother is a good cook.
Coquus in caupōnā est. He is a cook in a restaurant.
Advocātus et jūdex librōs legunt. The lawyer and the judge read the books.
Advocātī malī lēgem nesciunt. The bad lawyers do not know the law.
Advocātum meum vocō. I am calling my lawyer.
Jūdex ēsurit. The judge is hungry.
Jūdicēs et advocātī in illā caupōnā edunt. The judges and lawyers eat in that restaurant.
Gāius opus bonum habet. Gaius has a good job.
Hic liber magnum opus est. This book is a great work.
Pecūnia mihi opus est. I need money. This construction is used frequently to express need: the thing needed is put in the nominative or ablative, and the person who needs it in the dative.
Amīcī omnibus opus sunt. Everyone needs friends.
Labōrat/ Opus facit. He is working.
Lūcia in tabernā opus facit. Lucia works in a shop.
Lūcia tabernāria (caupōna) est. Lucia is a shopkeeper.
Multī tabernāriī in Rōmā sunt. There are many shopkeepers in Rome.
Lūcia et Mārcus mercatōrēs sunt. Lucia and Marcus are merchants.
Mercatōrēs in hōc oppidum nōn saepe veniunt. Merchants do not often come to this town.
Frāter meus tōnsor est. My brother is a barber.
Gāius in sellā tōnsōris sedet. Gaius is sitting in the barber’s chair.
Faber est. He is a builder. (smith, worker, craftsman)
(faber) ferrārius blacksmith these words could be considered adjectives modifying faber or another synonym for worker, but are often used as nouns standing alone.
(faber) aurārius goldsmith
(faber) lignārius carpenter
(faber) mechanicus mechanic
(faber) plumbārius plumber
Fabrī opus celeriter faciunt. The craftsmen work quickly.
Negōtium prīmum, tum ōtium. Business first, then pleasure.
Negōtiōsus est. He is busy.
Ōtium sine litterīs mors est. Leisure without literature is death. Seneca. What’s vacation without something to read?

Practice[edit]

Practice and learn the words and phrases in this lesson
Step one First learn the words using this lesson:
Step two Next try learning and writing the sentencing using this:
Note that the Memrise stage covers the content for all lessons in each stage.
If you are skipping previous stages you may need to manually "ignore" the words in previous levels (use the 'select all' function)

We’ll have another lesson of occupational vocabulary and sentences next time. As always, feel free to leave comments or questions on the talk page. Grātiās vōbīs agō!