Latin/Infinitives Lesson 2

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Salvēte omnēs! Welcome back to Latin for Wikiversity. Here you can peruse a new lesson in Latin, in a simple format. If you would like to catch up, you can find a directory of lessons, a classified vocabulary list, and Memrise courses at the links on the right.

We continue with Latin sentences using infinitives this week. As we saw last time, many Latin verbs require a complementary infinitive to make sense. This time, we’ll continue with practice, remembering that the infinitive is the 2nd principal part in the vocabulary listings. The infinitive endings for regular verbs in the 4 conjugations look like this: “are, ēre, ere, ire” (portare, monēre, mittere, audire). Deponent verbs have infinitive endings that look like

ārī, ērī, ī, īrī
hortārī, verērī, sequī, orīrī

These same endings will be typical of the present passive infinitive, if/when we eventually get to it. The 3rd conjugation form, with no “r” in it, is the hardest to remember. This lesson we’re also putting in some new verbs that we somehow overlooked in all our previous verb lessons.

New Vocabulary[edit | edit source]

Latin English Audio (Classical) Notes
exspectō, 1 wait, wait for
pernoctō, 1 spend the night, stay all night long n.b. for “spend time” in general, you may use “sumo”
incipiō, incipere, incēpī, inceptus, 3 (i-stem) begin, undertake
ineō, inīre, iniī (inīvī), initus, irreg. go in, enter, begin

New Sentences[edit | edit source]

Latin English Notes
Lūcia rīdēre incipit. Lucia begins to laugh.
Intellegere incipiunt. They are beginning to understand.
Incipere volunt. They want to begin.
Quīnque diēs exspectat. He waits five days.
Duās horās exspectāre dēbēs. You ought to wait two hours.
Exspectāre nōn possum! I cannot wait!
Vīsne hīc pernoctāre? Do you want to spend the night here?
Foris pernoctāre nōlō. I do not want to spend the night outside.
Domum ineō. I enter/go into the house.
Licetne mihi inīre domum? May I enter/go into the house?
Fierī potest. It is possible, it can happen/be done.
Fierī nōn potest. It is impossible, it cannot happen.
Mārcus vult fierī medicus. Marcus wants to become a doctor.
Gāius fierī imperātor vult. Gaius wants to become commander.
Nōlunt fierī vīgilēs pūblicī. They do not want to become policemen.
Sequī raedam albam incipiō. I am beginning to follow the white car.
Potesne cum Mārcō loquī? Can you speak with Marcus?
Māter tēcum loquī vult. Mother wants to talk to/with you.
Gāius cōnārī potest. Gaius can try.
Morī nōlumus. We do not want to die.
Aqua fervēre incipit. The water begins to boil.
Dēbēs hoc ūtī. You should use this.
Recordārī nōn possum. I cannot remember.

Practice[edit | edit source]

Practice and learn the words and phrases in this lesson
Step one First learn the words using this lesson:
Step two Next try learning and writing the sentencing using this:
Note that the Memrise stage covers the content for all lessons in each stage.
If you are skipping previous stages you may need to manually "ignore" the words in previous levels (use the 'select all' function)

We’ll have more infinitives next time. Valēte et habēte bonam fortūnam!