Latin/Basics Lesson 2

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Salvēte omnēs! Welcome back to Latin for Wikiversity. Here you can peruse a new lesson in Latin, in a simple format. If you would like to catch up, you can find a directory of lessons, a classified vocabulary list, and Memrise courses at the links on the right.

Here is a second lesson for those of you interested. Latin has no article adjectives. Enjoy!

New vocabulary[edit]

Latin English Audio (Classical) Notes
mālum, i apple  
is, ea, id he, she, it as subject pronoun
you singular, as subject pronoun)
edit he eats/ she eats
es you are
est he is/ she is/ it is

Review vocabulary[edit]

Latin English Audio (Classical) Notes
puella, ae girl
 puer, ī  boy
 fēmina, ae woman
vir man
homō, hominis man
sum I am

Sentences[edit]

Latin English Notes
 Mālum apple/ an apple/ the apple
Puer est. He is a boy.
Edit. He eats./ She eats.
 Is puer est. He is a boy. notā bene - Subject pronouns are infrequently used in Latin, since every verb contains an ending that indicates person and number. But it's probably useful to introduce them at this point as an optional part of a sentence, especially when used with nouns that are gender-specific.
Is edit. He eats.
Puella est. She is a girl.
Puella edit. The girl eats.
Ea est puella. She is a girl.
 Fēmina es. You are a woman.
 Tū es fēmina/ Tū fēmina es. You are a woman.
Es vir. You are a man.
Est vir. He is a man.
 Ea fēmina est. She is a woman.
Is est vir. He is a man.
 Vir mālum edit. The man eats an apple. notā bene - This is our first sentence with a direct object, but we dodge the difficulty of inflecting nouns into the accusative case for now, since neuter nouns like mālum are the same in both nominative and accusative case. Also note that conventional Latin word order is SOV, with the verb at the end, but this is by no means a rule of syntax and is frequently ignored. The real trick is to learn to pay close attention to the endings of nouns and verbs.
 Fēmina mālum edit. The woman eats the apple.
 Homō est. He is a man. remember there are two commonly used nouns for man.
Puella es. You are a girl.
Puella edit malum. The girl eats an apple.
 Mālum est. It is an apple. "Malum est" means "It is bad," and "Mālum malum est." means "It is a bad apple," but let's wait for a future lesson for that!

Practice[edit]

Practice and learn the words and phrases in this lesson
Step one First learn the words using this lesson:
Step two Next try learning and writing the sentencing using this:
Note that the Memrise stage covers the content for the first three lessons

We hope you've enjoyed this basic Latin lesson. Gratiās vōbīs agō!