Introduction to Swedish/Numbers and plurals

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Grammar[edit]

Counting numbers up to ten:

nollzero
ettone
tvåtwo
trethree
fyrafour
femfive
sexsix
sjuseven
åttaeight
nionine
tioten

DECLENSIONS w:Declension

Well, it is hard to remember which noun is which type. However, it is important for mastering Swedish. Using the wrong declension will be noticed. Always learn a new noun by repeatedly saying like: "en glosa, flera glosor" (one translated word, several translated words) and you will build up a proper grammatical vocabulary.

Gender: Common nouns are labeled type 1. and neuter nouns are labeled type 2.

Plural types are labeled: 1x-8x, where x is the declension sub type.

Regular nouns type 1.1a (-or)

en flicka, flera flickora girl, several girls
en väska, flera väskora bag, several bags
en lampa, flera lampora lamp, several lamps

Regular nouns type 1.2a (-ar)

en bil, flera bilara car, several cars
en väg, flera vägara road, several roads
en boll, flera bollara ball, several balls

Regular nouns type 1.2b (-ar)

en stubbe, flera stubbara stub, several stubs
en gubbe, flera gubbaran old man, several old men
en stege, flera stegara ladder, several ladders

Regular nouns type 1.2c (-ar)

en vinkel, flera vinklaran angle, several angles (geometry)
en ängel, flera änglaran angel, several angels (heavenly)
en tistel, flera tistlara thistle, several thistles

Regular nouns type 1.2d (-ar)

En tjäder
en kateder, flera katedrara teacher's desk, several teacher's desks
en tjäder, flera tjädrara cappercaillie, several cappercaillies

Irregular nouns type 1.3a (-er)

en sak, flera sakera thing, several things
en musikal, flera musikalera musical, several musicals

Irregular nouns type 2.3b (-er)

ett frö, flera fröna seed, several seeds

Irregular nouns type 1.3c (-er)

en regel, flera reglera rule, several rules

Regular nouns type 2.4a (-n)

ett äpple, flera äpplena apple, several apples

Regular nouns type 2.5a (-)

ett träd, flera träda tree, several trees
ett barn, flera barna child, several children
ett försök, flera försöka trial, several trials

Irregular nouns type 1.5b (-)

en lärare, flera lärarea teacher, several teachers
en skräddare, flera skräddarea tailor, several tailors
King Charles XII, victory at the battle of Narva 1700.

Irregular nouns type 1.6a (-r)

en fiende, flera fienderan enemy, several enemies

Regular (borrowed Latin 2:nd declension) of nouns type 2.7a (-a)

ett faktum, flera faktaa fact, several facts
ett centrum, flera centraa centre, several centres

Regular (borrowed Latin nouns type 2.8a) (-ier)

ett stadium, flera stadiera state, several states

Irregular (borrowed English declension) of nouns type 1.9a (-s)

en browser, flera browsersa web browser, several web browsers

Irregular (borrowed English declension) of nouns type 2.9b (-s)

ett fan, flera fansa fan, several fans
ett kid, flera kids (slang)a kid, several kids


for type 1.9a you may also use plural form browsrar (type 1d declination) for a better adaption to Swedish.

Example Sentences[edit]

Där hänger några stänger. Some rods are hanging there.
Fyra flickor leker med två bollar. Four girls play with two balls
Barn klättrar gärna i träd. Children like climbing trees.
Tre gubbar har tillsammans sex stycken ögon. Three men have altogether six eyes.
Försök att lära dig alla dessa fem regler! Try to learn all these five rules!
Min dator klarar att ha fyra browsers öppna samtidigt. My computer manages to have four web browsers open at the same time.
Klockan sex tände vi åtta lampor. At 6 o'clock we lit eight lamps.
Romarna hade inte siffran noll. The romans did not have the number zero.

Example Text[edit]

Till lektionerna behöver ni ta mer er pennor, sudd, anteckningsböcker samt era bärbara datorer. Mobiltelefonerna får vara påslagna, men jag vill inte höra några ringsignaler och heller inte att ni sitter och pratar i era telefoner under lektionstimmarna. Om någon bryter mot detta kommer vederbörande få svåra extrauppgifter som måste lösas för att få godkänt i mina ämnen.

To the lessons you need to bring pencils, erasers, note books and your lap tops. Cellular phones may be turned on but I don't want to hear any signals and neither that you talk in your phones during the lessons. If somebody violates this, that person will receive difficult extra tasks which needs to be solved in order to graduate in my subjects.

Exercises[edit]

Please translate into Swedish
1. Karin has three cellular phones.
2. We have a lot of enemies!
3. Some roads go to Uppsala.
4. My tailors tasks are easy.
5. Five pupils study four subjects.
Please translate into English
6. Du bryter mot en regel!
7. Hans sitter och pratar med två lärare.
8. Ett telefonnummer har minst sex siffror.
9. En flicka sitter framför katedern.
10. Ni har åtta lektionstimmar i dag.

Glossary[edit]

ett barn, flera barna child, several children
att behövato need
en bil, flera bilara car, several cars
en boll, flera bollara ball, several balls
en browser, flera browsersa web browser, several web browsers
ett centrum, flera centraa centre, several centres
ettone
ett faktum, flera faktaa fact, several facts
femfive
en fiende, flera fienderan enemy, several enemies
en flicka, flera flickora girl, several girls
fyrafour
ett försök, flera försöka trial, several trials
en gubbe, flera gubbaran old man, several old men
en kateder, flera katedrara teacher's desk, several teacher's desks
en lampa, flera lampora lamp, several lamps
en lektion, flera lektionera lesson, several lessons
en lärare, flera lärarea teacher, several teachers
nionine
nollzero
en pennaa pencil, a pen
sexsix
sjuseven
en skräddare, flera skräddarea tailor, several tailors
ett stadium, flera stadiera state, several states
en stege, flera stegara ladder, several ladders
tioten
trethree
ett träd, flera träda tree, several trees
tvåtwo
en stubbe, flera stubbara stub, several stubs
en sudd, flera suddaran eraser
en tistel, flera tistlara thistle, several thistles
en tjäder, flera tjädrara cappercaillie, several cappercaillies
en vinkel, flera vinklaran angle, several angles (geometry)
en väg, flera vägara road, several roads
en väska, flera väskora bag, several bags
åttaeight
en ängel, flera änglaran angel, several angels (heavenly)