IC3/Using an Operating System

From Wikiversity
< IC3
Jump to: navigation, search
Operating system placement.svg

An operating system (OS) is a collection of software that manages computer hardware resources and provides common services for computer programs. The operating system is a vital component of the system software in a computer system. Application programs usually require an operating system to function.[1]

This lesson introduces using an operating system and helps learners prepare for the IC3 Computing Fundamentals certification exam.

Objectives and Skills[edit]

Objectives and skills for the using an operating system portion of IC3 certification include:

Objectives[2]

  • Identify what an operating system is and how it works, and solve common problems related to operating systems
  • Use an operating system to manipulate a computer’s desktop, files and disks
  • Identify how to change system settings, install and remove software

Skills[3]

  • What is an OS and what does it do? Difference between applications and OS, common OS features, software/hardware relationship, updates, software
  • Manage computer files and folders: Directory and folder hierarchy and structure, file/folder management, common file extensions and default behavior
  • Manage computer configuration, Control Panel, OS drivers: Basic Desktop Customization, power states, power options, power down, hibernating, user accounts and rights
  • Troubleshooting: Backup/Restore: Offsite, external, cloud, versioning of backups, drivers

Readings[edit]

  1. Wikipedia: Operating system
  2. Wikipedia: Desktop environment
  3. Wikipedia: File Explorer
  4. Wikipedia: Filename extension
  5. Wikipedia: Control Panel (Windows)
  6. Wikipedia: Device Manager
  7. Wikipedia: Device driver
  8. Wikipedia: Power management
  9. Wikipedia: User (computing)
  10. Wikipedia: Backup
  11. Wikipedia: Backup rotation scheme

Multimedia[edit]

  1. YouTube: What is an Operating System
  2. YouTube: Windows 10 as Fast As Possible
  3. YouTube: The Windows Control Panel - CompTIA A+ 220-802: 1.5
  4. YouTube: MCTS 70-680: Power Options
  5. YouTube: Creating a New Account in Windows 10
  6. YouTube: How to Create a System Image Backup of Windows 10 and Recover from it - GUI
  7. YouTube: Installing a Window Operation System
  8. YouTube: The Easy Guide to Windows File Management (Part 1)
  9. YouTube: The Easy Guide to Windows File Management (Part 2)
  10. YouTube: How To Use Android 4 Tablets - Basics Of The Operating System - Tutorial For Android
  11. YouTube: How to install dual (multiple) Operating Systems in one hard drive
  12. YouTube: Operating System OS - Learn how to use it
  13. YouTube: Windows 10 OS Beginners Guide Tutorial
  14. YouTube: 7 Hidden Windows 10 Tips and Tricks
  15. YouTube: Computer Basics Understanding Operating Systems
  16. YouTube: How to fix 5 common Mac problems: Mac troubleshooting
  17. YouTube: What is Linux?

Activities[edit]

  1. Complete the tutorial Understanding Operating Systems.
  2. Complete the tutorial Getting to Know Your Computer's OS.
  3. Complete one or more of the following tutorials:
  4. Complete one or more of the following tutorials:
  5. Review Using Windows Explorer. Use Windows Explorer to manage files and folders.
  6. Review Working with Control Panel. Use Windows Control Panel applets to manage computer configuration.
  7. Review Power management. Use Power Options to configure Windows power settings.
  8. Review Lesson 1: Managing User Accounts. Create and manage user accounts on your computer.
  9. Complete the tutorial Backing Up Your Files. Create a full system backup of your computer.
  10. Complete the tutorial Bringing Your Files With You.

Lesson Summary[edit]

  • An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.[4]
  • The operating system is a component of the system software in a computer system.[5]
  • The operating system acts as an intermediary between programs and the computer hardware.[6]
  • Application programs usually require an operating system to function.[7]
  • Operating systems perform basic tasks, such as recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, keeping track of files and directories on the disk, and controlling peripheral devices such as disk drives and printers.[8]
  • The operating system is also responsible for security, ensuring that unauthorized users do not access the system.[9]
  • The operating system provides a user interface and allows communication between the user and the machine.[10]

Key Terms[edit]

character-based interface
A user interface based on characters rather than graphics.[11]
command-line interface
A means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).[12]
Chrome OS
An operating system designed by Google that is based on the Linux kernel and uses the Google Chrome web browser as its principal user interface.[13]
custom application
An application programmed for a specific purpose, typically for a specific client.[14]
file manager
A computer program that provides a user interface to manage files and folders.[15]
force quit
A command that is used in several popular operating systems to send signals to running processes in order to request the termination of the process.[16]
file format
A standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file.[17]
Java
A set of computer software and specifications developed by Sun Microsystems, which was later acquired by the Oracle Corporation, that provides a system for developing application software and deploying it in a cross-platform computing environment.[18]
Linux
A computer operating system (OS) assembled under the model of free and open-source software development and distribution.[19]
macOS
A series of graphical user interface–based operating systems developed by Apple Inc. for their Macintosh line of computer systems.[20]
Microsoft Windows
A metafamily of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.[21]
open-source software (OSS)
Computer software with its source code made available with a license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose.[22]
operating system (OS)
System software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.[23]
platform
The combination of hardware and operating system software upon which application software is built.[24]
root directory
In a computer file system, it is the first or top-most directory in a hierarchy.[25]
safe mode
Intended to help fix most, if not all problems within an operating system. It is also widely used for removing rogue security software.[26]
shell
A user interface for access to an operating system's services.[27]
system software
Computer software designed to provide services to other software. Examples of system software include operating systems, computational science software, game engines, industrial automation, and software.[28]
taskbar
An element of a graphical user interface which has various purposes. It typically shows which programs or applications are running on the device, as well as provide links or shortcuts to other programs or places, such as a start menu, notification area, and clock.[29]
UNIX
A family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, developed in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.[30]
upgrade
A replacement of hardware, software or firmware with a newer or better version, in order to bring the system up to date or to improve its characteristics.[31]
virtual memory
A memory management technique that is implemented using both hardware and software that maps virtual memory addresses used by a program into physical addresses in computer memory.[32]

Assessments[edit]

See Also[edit]

References[edit]

Nuvola apps edu miscellaneous.svg Type classification: this is a lesson resource.
Progress-0500.svg Completion status: this resource is ~50% complete.